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Standard Poultry Biosecurity Plan
Proper biosecurity can prevent the spread of disease from
Humans (hands, hair, footwear)
Vehicles (contaminated vehicles and equipment)
Animals (domestic and wild, including rodents)
Carcasses (those that are improperly disposed of) and manure, litter, debris, and feathers
Flocks (other people's backyard flocks, particularly if the birds are housed outside
Company Communications Plan Guidelines:
Train employees with standard biosecurity polices
Define trigger points to increase or decrease biosecurity
Should have a notification system for communicating change in disease status to essential employees, suppliers, and customers
Employee Protocol Plan Guidelines:
Park their vehicle in specified parking area only
Report to work in clean clothes and dedicated footwear
Wear clothing and footwear approved by the management
Wash hands prior to starting work and before and after eating
Use and maintain all footbaths they pass if applicable
Are not allowed into poultry production areas unless scheduled to work
Stay in designated work areas on the premises
Service birds from clinically normal to sick
Work with poultry before working with other species especially swine
Report all abnormal bird mortality to their supervisor
Will not bring visitors on farm without prior company approval
Must have 72 hours between travel out of the country or to a high risk area before returning to work
Not own birds, pet birds or have contact with birds outside of work
Notify management if employees visit exhibitions or sales involving any class of birds, hunt or visit migratory bird sites
Cannot hunt, fish, trap on a work day prior to coming to work and must have 12 hours downtime after hunting, fishing or trapping
Delivery Vehicle Guidelines:
Truck drivers must stay in designated areas and cannot enter poultry houses
Truck drivers must keep trucks and trailers visibly clean inside and out
Feed spills should be minimized and cleaned up as required
Premise Security Guidelines:
Entrances to premises will be secured
Entrance policy should be defined for all types off traffic onto the premises
Visitor policy will include stranger and intruder policies
No pets or other types of poultry are allowed into the poultry house
Do not loan to, or borrow equipment or vehicles from other farms
Flock Management Plan Guidelines:
Keep an “all-in”, all-out” production method
Do not bring birds from slaughter channels back to the farm, especially live bird markets
Keep incoming poultry separate from unsold birds
Avoid visiting other poultry farms, poultry shows and fairs. After such a visit bathe, change footwear and clothing before working with own flock
Wild Bird Plan Guidelines:
Protect poultry flocks from coming into contact with wild or migratory birds
Wild bird nests must be removed as soon as they are discovered
Will bird roosting sites and feed spill will be minimized
Buildings should be maintained to prevent wild bird intrusion
Keep poultry away from any source of water that may be contaminated by wild birds
Dead Bird and Manure Disposal Plan Guidelines:
Daily removal and disposal of dead birds as performed: composting, burial, incineration
Manure handling and disposal procedures
Cleaning and Disinfecting:
Clean first before disinfecting
Clean all dirt and manure off surface of equipment
Laundry or dish soap works well
Do tires and undercarriage of vehicles
Wash down with a good disinfectant to kill poultry viruses
Shoes can be brushed or scrubbed off and then sprayed with disinfectant
Low plastic pan or bin, wide enough to fit adult's foot and shallow enough to step into easily
Plastic doormat (fake grass mats work well)
A disinfectant that works well for most situations, such as Tek-trol (from Bio-Tek industries) or One Stroke Environ (available from Steris Corporation)
Mix the disinfectant with water following label instructions
Put doormat in plastic pan
Add disinfectant so that the bottom of the “grass” is wet
Walk through footbath, wiping feet on mat
When liquid starts to get dirty, empty and put in new disinfectant
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- Biosecurity for poultry producers
Developing a biosecurity plan for your poultry farm
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- Biosecurity risks to poultry farms
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A biosecurity plan documents the various biosecurity risks within and outside of your property and outlines measures to manage these risks. Having a plan in place will help to minimise the introduction and spread of infectious pathogens and disease, and in turn help protect the productivity and profitability of your business.
Your biosecurity plan should include:
A property map
On your property map, identify your boundary, and then mark out your production area boundary which is the area where your sheds and range areas are. The first line of defence against disease entering your property is by having a secure boundary. Many online mapping resources are available. These can be used to look beyond your property boundary to see where other poultry farms are located and the distance between farms.
An outline of the production stages
Draw a flow chart of the production stages of the business and the potential biosecurity risks that could occur at each stage. These will vary depending on the production system.
The Poultry Hub has examples of layer (egg) farm sequences and meat chicken farm sequences .
What your inputs are (i.e what enters your farm)
Identify what comes onto the farm. Anything that enters the farm has the potential to introduce disease and food safety pathogens.
Some examples of what may enter a poultry farm include:
- pests–wild animals, vermin, insects
- bedding material
- drinking and watering equipment
- egg flats, cartons and fillers
- other animals–domestic pets and domestic livestock, other poultry.
It is important to identify, control and monitor all movement onto and within your property by animals, people, vehicles and equipment as they are all potential risks.
What your outputs are (i.e what leaves your farm?)
Biosecurity is also about preventing the spread of pests and disease off the farm. Identifying your farm outputs will highlight any potential ways that disease and food safety pathogens could leave the farm. Examples include:
- meat product
- live animals
Measures to manage the risk of biosecurity matter entering your farm
Biosecurity matter is disease, or a pathogenic agent that can cause disease. Disease and food safety pathogens can enter and exit a farm in many ways. It is important to identify the location of all entry and exit risks and to have procedures in place to reduce or manage these risks. The main risks of disease spread are:
- contaminated people
- contaminated equipment and vehicles
- wild birds, wild animals and vermin
- domestic animals
- poultry movement
- feed and water
The Biosecurity Act 2014 has more information about biosecurity matter.
Keeping routine records is important for production and performance purposes, and also demonstrates that you've met your general biosecurity obligation .
Always keep records of:
- deliveries including feed, gas, egg flats
- visitors including contractors, service people and vets
- vaccinations and medications administered
- water usage
- water quality, chlorine levels and any treatments
- feed consumption
- shed conditions
- bird movements, including new or replacement birds and spent hens
- sales (i.e. where your birds, eggs, or meat are sold)
- rodent control
- staff training.
A range of biosecurity records templates and examples are available from Farm Biosecurity.
- Read the Farm Biosecurity toolkit and find resources for biosecurity planning.
- Use the Farm Biosecurity Action Planner to help assess the risks on your farm and take steps to address them.
- Learn more about farm biosecurity from Biosecurity Queensland.
- Watch a series of biosecurity related educational videos from Farm Biosecurity.
- Previous Biosecurity risks to poultry farms
- Next Biosecurity and free-range poultry farming
- Last reviewed: 29 Nov 2016
- Last updated: 29 Nov 2016
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Poultry Health & Welfare Program
“The success of the poultry industry starts with the care and wellbeing of the bird. USPOULTRY provides information and tools to our members to achieve optimal animal welfare.”
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Biosecurity practices are proven, cost effective techniques to control and prevent the spread of diseases in poultry operations. In an expanding global economy, it is of extreme importance to protect the health of our flocks in order to maintain and improve efficiencies and minimize economic losses due to disease outbreaks. This website is intended to highlight these measures and provide guiding concepts.
Biosecurity Plan Building and Training
Infectious Disease Risk Management: Practical Biosecurity Resources for Commercial Poultry Producers The Infectious Disease Risk Management: Practical Biosecurity Resources for Commercial Poultry Producers discuss in detail the main biosecurity practices in poultry production. This DVD can be used for building biosecurity plans and personnel training.
To order this DVD, go to the USPOULTRY Training Resources page under "Biosecurity" and submit an order request.
NPIP Biosecurity Principles Template (2021 Update) This guide serves as template to build and maintain biosecurity plans following the NPIP biosecurity principles. This can be used to track implementation and continuous improvement activity.
To request access to this guide, go to the USPOULTRY Training Resources page under "Biosecurity" and submit an access request.
NPIP Biosecurity Audit Form Downloadable template.
Poultry Biosecurity If you already have a biosecurity plan, compare it to the checklist on the poultrybiosecurity.org Web site and make sure all the items are included in your plan. If not, enhance your biosecurity plan.
USDA Biosecurity Self-Assessment
Any type of poultry production runs into the risk of acquiring diseases that disrupts production, damages your investment, and has a negative impact to your livelihood. The scope of past disease outbreaks demonstrated that the biosecurity of poultry facilities needs to be strengthened to reduce the risk of future infections as much as possible.
To assist poultry producers in implementing effective biosecurity plans, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) worked with State, academic, and industry experts to develop this biosecurity checklist.
Spotlight on Biosecurity Diseases like highly pathogenic avian influenza can reach beyond the commercial poultry industry, impacting backyard and hobby flocks as well. Large disease outbreaks like the HPAI outbreak in 2014-2015 can even affect consumer prices and product availability. It is important that anyone who has contact with poultry should follow some basic biosecurity practices to help protect their birds.
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Biosecurity Self-Assessment Biosecurity approaches fall into two categories. Structural biosecurity is built into the physical construction and maintenance of a facility. Operational biosecurity encompasses the standard operating procedures (SOPs) that minimize the chance of virus entering the poultry house and compliance with those SOPs. Over the long term, poultry producers will need to consider both operational and structural biosecurity to reduce their overall risk of disease.
This document emphasizes the elements for improving biosecurity that are believed to be the most effective. Based on expert opinion and experience, the highest risks for the introduction and spread of disease are personnel who enter the poultry buildings, shared equipment and shared crews, procedures for disposal of dead birds, and manure management. These elements should be the highest priority in allocating resources for improved biosecurity. Further, three concepts may be new to most existing biosecurity plans and should be strongly considered for all commercial operations: a biosecurity coordinator, a line of separation for each building, and a perimeter buffer area.
APHIS recommends producers to develop a site-specific plan to implement enhanced operational biosecurity as soon as feasible. In addition, effective biosecurity requires vigilance; producers should put a system in place to verify that biosecurity enhancements are being followed. Lastly, this checklist assumes that infections are limited to animals. Special precautions will be needed if the virus mutates to affect people.
USDA Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Response Policy On this page: Response and Policy Information, FAD PReP Resources for HPAI, Information About Prior Outbreaks, Other USDA Resources, HPAI Response Plan
Defend the Flock Program USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is committed to helping everyone protect our poultry - from commercial enterprises that raise the poultry and eggs that we consume to individuals who raise chickens and other breeds in their backyards to bird lovers who participate in shows and fairs.
Wild birds, rodents, and insects.
The presence of wildlife can increase the risk of disease entering a farm. Insects and rodents can also be vectors of disease affecting poultry. It is necessary to control these safely for both humans and animals alike.
Veterinary Entomology Website A pest management and education resource for animal owners and producers, extension agents, veterinarians, wildlife professionals, and the public.
Any poultry operation may encounter routine mortality. Adequate removal and disposal of mortality is required to ensure the health of a poultry flock.
CAST Poultry Carcass Disposal Carcass disposal remains one of the major problems facing poultry meat and egg producers. As in all types of food-animal production, some poultry die at the farm level and must be disposed of in a safe and environmentally sound manner.
Use of Composting for the Disposal of Dead Animals Recent high-profile disease outbreaks in the United Kingdom (UK), North America and Australia have focussed the attention of biosecurity agencies on finding alternatives to rendering, on-farm burial, sanitary landfilling and pyre burning for carcass disposal in future outbreaks of emergency animal diseases. Composting of farm animal mortalities is one possible alternative as it appears to meet the biosecurity, environmental, and public health objectives of safe carcass disposal.
Reporting of Elevated Morbidity or Mortality
A disease outbreak requires prompt response and one of the most important steps to eliminate a mayor disease outbreak may require the elimination of poultry flocks. Here you'll find resources that demonstrate how to properly eliminate and dispose of a diseased flock.
Mortality Management Options During an Avian Influenza Outbreak Mortality management practices have pros and cons and should be carefully considered, based on the situation at hand. Site assessment, biosecurity, severity of outbreak and available resources are key elements that influence the decision-making process when selecting the most appropriate option.
Poultry Mass Mortality Composting Options Every farm needs a mass mortality plan! Select a composting option that matches the nature and extent of losses, resources available and farm situation.
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Poultry farm biosecurity basics.
Let's go back to the basics—the basics of poultry biosecurity that is. Defending your flock against disease and pests starts with your biosecurity program.
Biosecurity is broadly defined as the prevention of disease-causing agents entering or leaving any place where they can pose a risk to humans, animals or the safety and quality of a food product. On a commercial poultry farm, that means keeping the bacteria, viruses, fungi and pests that cause contagious diseases away from your birds.
Developing a sound biosecurity plan for your property and personnel is an integral part of raising healthy, profitable flocks. But where do you even start?
Three Categories of Biosecurity
Biosecurity can be broken into three major categories: conceptual, structural and procedural.
Conceptual biosecurity is like the foundation of your farm and revolves around the location of your facilities.
This mostly pertains to isolating your farm from other poultry farms, public roads or areas where large populations of animals may gather, such as slaughterhouses, agricultural fairgrounds or wetlands. It's important to distance your farm because other animals can be carriers of poultry disease-causing organisms.
Structural biosecurity deals with physical factors such as farm layout, house design and air filtration within the houses.
Is there adequate drainage around your poultry houses to prevent standing water? Do vehicles on the farm have clear paths to follow? Are houses being maintained properly to ensure that they provide an appropriately sealed environment for your poultry flocks?
Procedural biosecurity refers to routines and procedures that prevent the introduction and spread of infectious diseases, like avian influenza virus and Exotic Newcastle disease, within a farm or facility. To reduce the risk of introducing infectious diseases, these practices should be under constant review and altered in response to outbreaks, emergencies and changes on farms.
Biosecurity procedures include disinfecting equipment, use of personal protective equipment (PPE) for individuals entering houses and use of disinfectants. Contract poultry growers should be sure to follow their company's biosecurity protocols.
Four Biosecurity Measures for Poultry Farms
So what can you do on your farm? Here are a few of the basics.
1. Limit your contact with other birds—commercial or wild.
If you are visiting another farm, be sure to take precautions such as showering, changing clothes and disinfecting your vehicle before entering their farm or returning to your own.
Non-commercial poultry populations pose an extremely high risk to commercial operations. It is always a good idea to limit contact with wild birds, waterfowl, backyard flocks and fairs or poultry shows. In cases where contact cannot be avoided, be sure to take proper precautions.
2. Don’t borrow disease.
Unfortunately, this means not borrowing much of anything—at least, not without cleaning it first! Shared supplies, such as tools and equipment, can carry all sorts of germs. To prevent exposing your birds to disease through contaminated equipment, thoroughly clean anything you borrow.
Items made of wood or cardboard should not be shared due to the materials' porous nature, which makes it very difficult and almost impossible to clean adequately.
3. Make sure that your personnel are up-to-date and educated on all biosecurity measures.
For a biosecurity plan to work, it must be implemented correctly. Be sure that farm workers and everyone entering the farm—especially those entering the poultry houses—are aware of the importance of biosecurity and proper use of available PPE and disinfectants.
4. Spend time with your birds daily.
Although life on a poultry farm can be hectic and tiresome, spending time in your commercial poultry production environment to be familiar with your flock's behavior can make it much easier for you to know the signs of illness when they appear.
A grower once told me that the best thing you can put on your farm is your shadow! Increased mortality, gasping for air, watery or green diarrhea, lack of energy and poor appetite are some of the earlier clinical signs of catastrophic poultry illnesses.
A biosecurity program has three main components: conceptual, structural and procedural. On your farm, it's important to implement strategies to keep pathogens and pests away to prevent sick birds. Keep your distance from other birds—commercial or otherwise. Don’t borrow disease! Educate your personnel, and always, always spend time with your birds.
Biosecurity may be your key to preventing an avian influenza outbreak and limiting additional flock infections from other poultry diseases.
For more information on biosecurity and other poultry farming topics, be sure to like and subscribe to our YouTube channel . If you have questions about our videos or products, reach out to our Poultry Sales Rep, Allen Reynolds, at [email protected] , or give us a call at 800-608-3755 .
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Chapter 16 - biosecurity plan.
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Poultry producers operate within a complex global food system and are the first line of defense in our food security system. Biosecurity refers to procedures used to prevent the introduction and spread of disease-causing organisms in poultry flocks.
The benefits of biosecurity include:
- Helps keep out diseases
- Reduces the risks
- Limits the spread of disease
- Improves overall health of the flock
- Reduces mortality losses
- Improves profitability
Developing and practicing daily biosecurity procedures as best management practices on poultry farms will reduce the possibility of introducing infectious diseases. Contract poultry growers should be familiar with the specifics of their company’s biosecurity protocols and work closely with company representatives to implement those programs. Before implementing biosecurity programs, contract producers should check with poultry company personnel to be sure the measures taken are consistent and compatible with their company’s policies.
In developing a biosecurity plan, consider the five W’s
- W ho is on your farm?
- W hat is brought on to your farm?
- W hen are they there?
- W here have they been?
- W hy are they there?
Remember: “Doing the little things now may prevent the need to do major things later.”
Keep visitors to a minimum
Human transportation of disease-causing organisms is one of the more serious threats to biosecurity.
- Growers should restrict visitors and make sure that any visitor to their farm has a good reason to be there. Lock buildings. Do not be afraid to ask any visitors where they have been. They should not have been on a poultry farm within 48 hours before visiting yours.
- Growers should provide protective covering such as boots, coveralls, and headgear to any visitors that work with, or have had recent contact with poultry. This would include friends, neighbors, relatives, equipment and utility service personnel.
- Visitors should never enter poultry houses unless approved by the grower or company personnel.
- Traffic through poultry houses should always flow from younger to older birds .
- Keep records of visitors that have been on the farm. If a problem arises, knowing who was there will help in limiting additional flock infections.
- Post signs at the entrance to the farm indicating that entry to the farm and facilities are restricted.
Limit your visit to other poultry farms
Poultry growers should refrain from visiting other poultry operations unless absolutely necessary. When ever it is necessary to visit another farm, growers should be sure to exercise additional precautions such as showering and changing clothes before arriving and washing any vehicle before entering a farm. It will be very important for growers to wear protective clothing including boots, coveralls and headgear and to clean and disinfect all clothing and equipment before returning to their facilities. Showering and changing into clean clothes will also be necessary. If your vehicle is used when visiting another poultry operation make sure it is cleaned and disinfected before and after the visit.
In addition to precautions before and after visiting other poultry farms, take care when:
- Hunting, especially if you will be around waterfowl
- Parks where there are wild birds, especially waterfowl
- Flea markets
Keep all animals out of poultry houses
Animals can be carriers of poultry disease-causing organisms. Growers should not allow pets such as dogs, cats or other animals in their houses. Some growers will allow their dogs to walk the houses with them, but this is risky because the dogs may have been exposed to other animals or birds that have been contaminated with disease organisms. Poultry houses should be kept as closed as possible to prevent wild birds from getting inside. Wild birds utilizing the feeders and defecating in the houses can be a source of disease.
Practice sound rodent and pest control programs
Rats, mice, and insects such as flies and darkling beetles can carry and spread microorganisms. Growers should consult with their poultry company and practice effective rodent and insect control programs. Eliminating or reducing as many of these pests as possible will reduce the risk of contracting or spreading a disease. See Chapter 13 for more information on pest control.
Keep areas around houses and feed bins clean
Keeping grass and weeds cut around poultry houses and removing used equipment or trash is beneficial in keeping rodent and insect populations under control. Thick grass or weeds and old equipment provide refuge and habitat for rats, mice and insect pests that can spread disease. Spilled feed should be cleaned up regularly and not allowed to collect for long periods of time. Spilled feed around the feed bins will attract birds, rats, mice and insects.
Farm biosecurity is important to keep your animals healthy and your business productive. Small steps can make a difference and prevent diseases in your livestock (cattle, swine, sheep, goats) and poultry.
Use the categories below to find tools to help with disease prevention on your farm:
Step 1: Movement Risks and Biosecurity
Step 2: Biosecurity Checklist – Livestock and Poultry
Step 3: Biosecurity Plan Template for Livestock and Poultry
Animal health and disease monitoring, animal movements, carcass disposal, cleaning and disinfection, feed and water, isolation and quarantine, manure, litter and bedding management, step 2: biosecurity checklist – swine, step 2: biosecurity checklist – dairy, step 2: biosecurity checklist – beef, step 2: biosecurity checklist – sheep, step 3: biosecurity plan template – swine, step 3: biosecurity plan template – beef, step 3: biosecurity plan template – sheep, step 3: biosecurity plan template – dairy, protecting the herd/flock, vehicles and equipment, wildlife and rodent control.
Biosecurity Train the Trainer
Protect Beef Cattle Infographic
Protect birds infographic, protect dairy cattle infographic, protect pigs infographic, protect sheep infographic.
Enhanced Biosecurity – Secure Beef Supply
Enhanced biosecurity – secure milk supply, enhanced biosecurity – secure pork supply, enhanced biosecurity – secure sheep and wool supply, secure poultry supply biosecurity.
Disease Transmission Routes
Preventing disease in livestock & poultry: direct contact, preventing disease in livestock & poultry: fomites, preventing disease in livestock & poultry: aerosol, preventing disease in livestock & poultry: oral/ingestion, poultry diseases by transmission routes, small ruminant diseases by transmission routes, swine diseases by transmission routes.
Development of this material was made possible through grants provided to the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University, College of Veterinary Medicine from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service through the National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program (NADPRP) and National Institute of Food and Agriculture, under award number AWD-021794-00001 through the North Central Region Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (NCR-SARE) program under project number ENC19-176. USDA is an equal opportunity employer and service provider. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the USDA. Iowa State University is an equal opportunity provider. Full non-discrimination statements or accommodation forms can be found on the ISU Extension Diversity pages .
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Biosecurity Entry Education Trailer (BEET)
- BEET serves to educate and train people on how they can enhance poultry barn biosecurity.
- Using the trailer, people can assess and practice their biosecurity plans for entry into poultry barns.
Biosecurity for pigeon lofts
- Biosecurity in your loft helps prevent disease in your loft.
- Biosecurity is a set of steps you must take to prevent or reduce disease in your loft.
Poultry biosecurity risks: identifying flows
Define system boundaries around barns and farmsteads and lines of separation to separate clean from dirty areas.
Be aware of every flow that crosses system boundaries and lines of separation.
Poultry biosecurity basics
- Learn about common biosecurity breaks.
- How to avoid biosecurity errors.
- Basics for organic and pastured poultry flocks
- Preventing disease spread in small flocks (videos)
Writing a biosecurity plan using National Poultry Improvement Plan audit principles
- It is a best practice to have, maintain and use a site-specific, operational biosecurity plan, no matter the annual production size.
- A site-specific biosecurity plan allows you to best fit your individual farm needs.
Planning for emergencies
Operations Contingency Plan for Commercial Poultry Producers
Contingency Plan for Commercial Pasture Poultry Production
Contingency Plan for Urban Poultry Keepers
- These forms will automatically download to your device. You will need a current version of Adobe Reader DC to fill out and save the form.
- Download the appropriate PDF to outline essential livestock care if you or your managers experience illness, injury, or another emergency when you may need outside people to provide care.
- Contingency plans cover essential care only. They are not comprehensive care plans.
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Components of Biosecurity in Poultry Farms: Why Is Biosecurity Essential, and How Can You Practice It?
- November 1, 2022
- 8 minutes Read
Table of Contents
Biosecurity is the name of necessary preventative strategies and safety measures protecting animals against pathogens, germs, diseases, and other lethal substances threatening their welfare. This article will discuss the main components of Biosecurity in poultry farms and how poultry farmers can practice Biosecurity.
Biosecurity for the Environment:
The components of Biosecurity in poultry farms are not just relevant to animals but instead have a considerable impact on various segments of our world, such as economics, food quality, and the ecosystem at large. It is critical to human health that strict measures ensure the health and quality of the poultry.
Biosecurity is the most cost-effective disease prevention and control approach for poultry, pork, and other livestock farms worldwide. A study conducted in Finland stated that when measuring the costs of Biosecurity on poultry farms, they found that for a batch of 75,000 broilers, the total cost would be €2,700 . Read more about Biosecurity-the Ultimate guide on the informative blog of Folio3.
What Are the Main Components of Biosecurity in Poultry Farms?
The main components of Biosecurity in poultry farms are three:
This level of Biosecurity has to do with the location of the farm, its layout, and its adequacy as a safe and healthy abode for the animals and farmers have to ensure the farm is free from disease and infections. Biosecurity Enhance Poultry Farm Productivity and Efficiency .
Farm management, as a central component of Biosecurity, involves locating the farm in an area that is not densely populated and does not receive a lot of traffic.
Secondly, the farm structure must be wired/fenced or gated enough to protect the poultry from feral animals, wild birds, and rodents.
There must be separate areas for deliveries and visitors that are not near the designated portions for the poultry animals.
The animals’ packed feed and water ponds must be checked for standard quality and stored in a safe, non-toxic region. Fumes, toxic waste, and animal carcasses should be removed from poultry houses and treated sustainably.
The sheds need to have much lighting, ventilation, and optimal temperature .
The second principal component of Biosecurity for poultry farms focuses on the micro-level, the poultry itself.
Biosecurity begins with the active purchase of animals in the first place. The Poultry farmers should choose healthy chicks that have been vaccinated for diseases early on, such as Marek’s disease.
Each bird should be individually examined by certified vets and should not be placed with the existing flock until after 10 days of isolation.
A reliable preventative measure in flock management is the all-in-all-out method. Batches of birds habituating together will permanently inhabit the same flock house simultaneously and will not be mixed with other clusters.
Moreover, Biosecurity for poultry farms obligates farmers to schedule routine checkups with vets and keep track of vaccinations that require subsequent doses.
Flock Management ensures protection against lethal diseases such as Newcastle’s disease, Salmonellosis, Coccidiosis, Mycoplasmas, and Coli bacillus, among others.
What happens when all the protective steps are taken, yet an animal falls sick? An infected bird poses a severe threat to the rest of the livestock. Now, the third principal component of poultry management, Disease control , comes into practice.
Disease management is a reactive approach and comes into play once the disease has touched the farm and needs to be urgently managed and eliminated.
Once a bird is sick, it must be isolated from the rest of the flock and farmland workers. Moreover, the henhouses must be evacuated and disinfected before birds can inhabit them.
Disease control constitutes, along with treatment measures, the subtraction of potential carriers for the disease, for example, blood, animal corpse that has not been removed for some hours, wet feed, litter, bird droppings, and animals such as rats, mice, and insects such as betting flies and pests can endanger animal health in a poultry farm.
Biosecurity Basics for Poultry Growers:
Here are ten essential factors that every poultry grower should consider for the maintenance of animal health and security:
Stay informed: A poultry farmer must be equipped with relevant information on biosecurity guidelines set by International standard-setting organizations and bodies like the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
- Stay Informed: The poultry grower should be familiar with some common symptoms in disease-afflicted animals and be driven by substantial training to detect illnesses early on.
- Training of caretaking staff: Every person working in the poultry farm must be adequately trained to manage and care for the poultry. The team should also be prepared to maintain hygiene on both personal and environmental levels.
Sanitation Training Is Necessary for the Cleaning Staff:
- Stay on top of your schedules and plan proactively: Poultry farmers should have up-to-date records of vaccinations, vet visits, and follow-ups ready to be viewed instantly. Using animal safety software in this regard would enable the poultry grower to keep track of every batch on the poultry farm.
- Every area in a poultry farm requires special attention, but specific biosecurity practices are needed for safe, disease-free hatcheries .
There Are Three Main Elements of Biosecurity in Hatcheries:
Cleaning the hatcheries before disinfection is crucial because organic matter such as shells, dust, feathers, and litter can hide harmful microorganisms under them and elevate the growth of such pathogens. Every surface, including the incubators’ walls, insides, exteriors, and floors, must be swept and mopped thoroughly.
Disinfecting chemicals such as alcohol-based disinfectants, Hydrogen peroxide, and Peracetic acid can be used as powerful germ-killers. Disinfectant chemicals must not be used while the chicks are still in the hatcheries.
For this process, a lethal gas called Formaldehyde is used. The hatchery is closed to create humidity and block any leaks from the gas. About 24-30 C is optimal for the fumigation, which exterminates all pests from the hatchery.
What Is Biosecurity Preparedness Analysis for Poultry on Large and Small Farms?
A detailed survey conducted in UAE with over 37 licensed commercial poultry farms examined the readiness of poultry farms to prevent biological hazards and contain transmissible diseases.
The survey considered four factors: quarantining, human and traffic flow, cleaning and disinfection, and adhering to vaccination schedules.
The 10-volume Agriculture journal of MDPI UAE states that the methods used for this survey were Cumulative Distribution Functions (CDFs) and Artificial Neural Network statistical (ANN) to categorize Biosecurity on farms, including segregation for large and small farms and to recognize areas requiring improvements. The ANN correlates preparedness in the critical areas to the poultry farms’ biophysical and business features, such as the number of annual livestock cycles, farm capacity, the total size of the farms, compactness, and the number of biosecurity workers.
This study finds that more firm implementation of vaccination protocol, isolation, and human and vehicle-flow controls for disinfection are direly needed.
The study also found that poultry farms address biosecurity preparedness differently based on the various forms of production on large or small farms and for broilers or layers.
Biosecurity measures are increasingly implemented worldwide, and poultry farmers now realize the importance of disease prevention strategies for not just the livestock but for economic security and the smooth running of the supply chain.
It is only with a strict following of farm management regulations, disinfection, and contact control that Biosecurity can be certainly achieved.
However, Antibiotic resistance, evolving pathogens, and advanced mutations in microorganisms have challenged Biosecurity and called for an alliance between modern technology and strategic poultry farmworkers to ensure animals are kept safe from health hazards.
Thanks to Food Safety Software, maintaining Biosecurity procedures and tracking produce on farms is simpler than ever.
Folio3 has pioneered the art of delivering sophisticated, personalized software to agriculture and Food Businesses, optimizing their business efficiency exponentially. Folio3 has successfully developed and delivered traceability, as well as Food Safety software for poultry farms as well as software for Biosecurity Management on Pig Farms .
1) What constitutes flock management?
It involves various practices such as proper and frequent livestock testing, timely vaccination and medication, and quarantining of affected animals until full recovery is achieved.
2) How is Disease Control Achieved?
It is achieved by the early detection and treatment of infected birds. Culling and disposal of infected birds is imperative.
3) Do all poultry farms have the same Biosecurity plan?
No. The Biosecurity plan adopted by any farm depends on various factors such as the specific risks present on that farm, bird types, climate, and location. These factors, among others, are considered when a Biosecurity plan is devised.
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- Poultry biosecurity basics
- Animals and livestock
- Poultry health
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in Minnesota and the Midwest can cause great loss to commercial poultry farms. HPAI represents a change in what avian producers have come to expect, given spring introductions of avian influenza are usually rare. Biosecurity is key to preventing or reducing the extent of possible virus introduction.
Biosecurity basics for on-farm employees
Cleaning and disinfection
HPAI risk usually is caused by indirect or direct contact with virus-contaminated people, equipment and wild birds.
Line of separation
With introductions into single barns on multi-barn sites, barn biosecurity is key. You need a line of separation around each barn in addition to the separation area for the farm unit. Lines of separation define clean areas from dirty areas.
Always assume the area around the barn is contaminated.
Avoid bringing outside contamination inside the barn.
Have a secure entry of people and equipment to the barn.
Avoiding biosecurity errors
Post barn entry and exit protocols that provide lines of separation.
Provide barn-specific clothing, supplies and equipment to reduce traffic between barns and other farm areas.
Clean and disinfect anything that enters the barn.
Review protocols with farm staff and get input from staff and others on how to improve.
Common biosecurity break excuses
None of these excuses are acceptable reasons for breaking biosecurity protocols.
I am only going to spend a few minutes in the barn so I don’t need to put on barn-specific clothing.
I have an emergency and need to fix a fan, feed line, etc. and the tools are in the other barn. I will just run over there quickly and bring them back.
I skipped putting on boots and coveralls or using hand sanitizer because the supplies weren’t available.
I don’t want to give up my lucky ball cap. It goes with me everywhere.
The door to the barn is locked and I have an armful of supplies and can’t unlock the door. So I put the boxes on the ground and then unlock the door.
I leave the entryway door open for convenience while I’m working in the barn.
I was hunting and decided to stop by the farm and see how the flock was doing.
I’ll set the dead birds outside the door and deal with them later.
Smith is going to work for me over the weekend. Ummm…I think they know the biosecurity protocols?
A survey of poultry farms by Racicot and coworkers, 2011, 2012 using video and audits to track compliance revealed:
Few facilities posted barn entry protocols.
Barn entry protocols for farm personnel barn weren’t as strict as visitor protocol.
While most farms used some inside/outside separation when entering the barn, few took added precautions such as washing hands and changing to barn-specific clothing.
People followed entry protocols less closely for short visits.
Defining clean and dirty areas at entry influenced protocol compliance. Compliance was less if a physical separation of these areas wasn’t present.
Some unidentified individuals were videotaped in the barns.
Most biosecurity errors involved cross-contamination of clean areas (barn) and contaminated (outside) at entry.
The swine industry moved to an entry system called the Danish Entry to overcome problems with swine viruses. The keys to the Danish entry system are:
A biosecure entrance to the farm.
The entrance area has separate clean and dirty areas (line of separation).
Upon entry in the “dirty” area:
People remove their outer clothing and footwear.
Wash and disinfect hands.
Move to a clean area where clean protective clothing, such as boots and coveralls, are provided (boots should be put on before coveralls).
People complete the protocol in reverse when exiting the building.
Every person entering and exiting a farm site must understand and follow the biosecurity protocols the farm has in place. Biosecurity is key to keeping animals healthy and farms productive.
Contact the farm owner or manager to help you through their biosecure protocol. Protocols may differ by farm. Some farms may require days of downtime between visits to other farms.
Ensure that you clean and disinfect all of your tools and equipment after every use. Keeping disinfectant sprays and disposable gloves and boot covers in your service vehicle may be helpful.
Be aware of the common ways disease might be introduced to a farm. People may carry disease onto a farm by:
- Boots or footwear
- Electronic devices
- Unwashed body
Vehicles may also introduce disease to farms including:
- Feed trucks
- Rendering trucks
- Waste or recycling trucks traveling to a farm site or home
- Manure handling equipment
- Livestock trucks and trailers
- ATV’s, UTV’s, and other tractors
Biosecurity often starts at the outer boundary of a farm site, known as a perimeter buffer area. This boundary separates the barns and animal areas from other areas on the farm site. Make sure you understand where this boundary is, what items are allowed to cross the boundary, and the protocol for you, your equipment, and service vehicle.
A second boundary known as the line of separation may exist in a few locations on the farm site. Barn walls often define the line of separation, which separates the animals inside from potential outside disease exposure. Lines of separation separate “clean” and “dirty” areas. Barn entries will have a line of separation that you will cross as you enter or exit. Farms may require additional steps, but at a minimum when entering a barn:
- Enter through designated biosecure entries.
- Remove and store outside clothing and footwear on the dirty side.
- Disinfect hands after removing outside clothing and footwear.
- Step over the line of separation to the biosecure, clean side.
- Put on barn-specific clothing and footwear.
- Enter animal area.
Farms may require additional steps, but at a minimum when exiting a barn:
- Always exit barns through designated biosecure entries.
- Remove and store barn-specific clothing and footwear on the biosecure, clean side.
- Disinfect hands.
- Step over the line of separation to the dirty side.
- Put on outside clothing and footwear.
- Exit through the designated biosecure exit.
Authors: Sally Noll, Extension poultry scientist; Carol Cardona Extension specialist, poultry virologist; Abby Schuft, poultry Extension educator; Kevin Janni, Extension engineer
Reviewed in 2021
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Biosecurity on the poultry farm
Biosecurity in poultry farms involves a set of fundamental practices and strategies. These measures prevent the entry and transmission of pathogens in the farms, thus minimizing the negative impact they can have on poultry production.
Jerson Andr辿s Cu辿llar S叩enz - 29/12/2020
What is biosecurity?
Biosecurity is defined, in general terms, as the set of sanitary and preventive measures that, if applied permanently, prevent and avoid the entry and exit of infectious agents. These measures should be applied in general in all animal production systems. In the following article we will specifically address biosecurity on farms dedicated to poultry production in all its forms: laying hens, broilers, or reproductive birds. There are manuals that each producer association or animal health institution publishes in each country. These are often called the Manual of Good Biosafety Practices. Besides, some emphasize the recommended measures for each type of poultry production.
There are a large number of infectious diseases whose prevention and control measures are strongly related to the biosecurity managed on the farm. Such diseases as Avian cholera, Newcastle disease , Marek’s disease, Salmonellosis, Coccidiosis , Mycoplasmosis, Colibacillus, and Avian Influenza , among others.
The ten most important aspects of poultry biosecurity will be mentioned below:
Biosecurity in poultry farms: Shed infrastructure
Biosecurity includes the physical plant where the poultry farm is installed. Numerous details are taken into account and are listed below:
- Location : The farm should be located away from urban centers and other animal production systems, especially away from pig farms. This biosecurity measure prevents the mobilization of infectious agents.
- Environmental management : All environmental regulations required by the region must be investigated and are to be followed. This prevents the appearance of diseases through good management of wastewater, dead birds, the presence of animals from outside the farm and correct use of chemicals, among others.
- Entry and exit : The farm must have a comfortable entrance for vehicles and external personnel; Likewise, there must be a parking area away from the poultry production area. This entrance and exit must-have cleaning and disinfection mechanisms to avoid the movement of microorganisms and ensure the biosecurity of the farm.
- Disinfection points : Each area of the poultry farm must have well-marked cleaning and disinfection points, which must be used permanently by all workers and external personnel.
- Protection : The infrastructure of the shed must have protection from the external environment, preventing the entry of insects, rodents, or wild birds, which can mobilize microorganisms to poultry fram. It must also have protection against solar radiation, strong winds, and rain.
- Management of the internal environment : the shed must have good lighting, adequate ventilation systems , registration and control of temperature and humidity. All of this maintains a biosecure environment for birds and staff.
- Distance : according to the regulations of each country, there must be a minimum distance between the sheds that reduces the movement of microorganisms through the air, the vectors, and the personnel themselves. Also, it facilitates different procedures.
- Materials : the shed must be built with materials that allow adequate washing, cleaning, and disinfection and that facilitate these processes.
- Signaling : All areas and their respective activities, must be signposted to facilitate their execution and avoid operational errors. Disinfection points, entrances and exits, clean and dirty areas, transit areas, emergency exits, dangerous areas, storage rooms, among others, must be signposted. If the area handles complete processes, it is good that there is a visible and permanent protocol there.
- Maintenance : all equipment and instruments used on the farm must have periodic maintenance to ensure its proper functioning. Besides, these must be cleaned and disinfected frequently.
Video: Proper washing, cleaning of “Twist” feeders (Giordano Poultry Plast) (Giordano Poultry Plast)
Biosecurity in poultry farms: Personnel and activities
An important component within biosecurity is the measures carried out by the staff working on the farm or by outsiders.
- Outside Personnel : Outside people entering the farm are advised to bathe and wear appropriate clothing that belongs to the same farm and is clean. This prevents microorganisms from entering into the farm. People who have been in recent contact with other poultry farms or have signs of respiratory or gastrointestinal diseases are advised not to enter.
- Disinfection : it is essential that all personnel clean and disinfects their work instruments in all the different. For example: do this every time they enter a shed.
- Movement of the personnel : whenever possible it is advised that the personnel working on the farm live right there in a secluded area prepared for this. Another possibility is that they live nearby and under no circumstances work or enter other neighboring farms because this favors the mobilization of microorganisms.
- Staff health : farmworkers should not stay on the farm when they have dermatological conditions or communicable diseases. This could imply a risk to themselves and to the poultry. They should report these conditions and attend the doctor.
- Hygienic practices : workers should be urged to have good hygiene all the time. They should not commit practices such as eating, drinking, or smoking in the sheds, as well as spitting, sneezing, coughing, or lying on contaminated surfaces, among others.
- Training : training sessions for all poultry farm workers on biosecurity issues should be strengthened. This constant exercise guarantees good practices.
- Cleaning the farm : the staff is in charge of cleaning the entire farm. This includes many processes such as correct sweeping of the areas, washing with water and detergents, among others.
- Farm disinfection : when all the birds in a production cycle have left, the staff must empty the facilities and wash and disinfect each area. Personnel must be trained in the correct use of disinfectants to ensure the elimination of microorganisms.
- Records : the staff must keep a good record of all the processes carried out on the farm that include: change and maintenance of equipment, entry and exit of trucks and people, use of disinfectants, mortality, and sick birds, etc.
- Emergencies : farm operators must have first aid equipment, a first aid kit, and be trained to respond and request help in the event of an eventuality such as accidents, illness, or dangers (fire, power outages).
Video: Broilers Eating (video by Giordano Poultry Plast)
Biosecurity in poultry farms: Poultry and production
In addition to the biosecurity measures described, there are some others focused on the management of birds and their different requirements.
- All-in and all-out system : it consists of the entry and exit of all the birds of the production at the same time, that is, the same group enters and leaves. There should be no crossings of groups of birds of different origins or ages because this facilitates the entry of microorganisms. Besides, it allows that, between productive periods, the entire farm can be emptied, cleaned, and disinfected.
- Vaccination : in poultry farming, each farm must be aware about the diseases that circulate in the region where they are located and vaccinate to prevent them. Vaccination is a vital biosecurity process that every farm must implement to control serious infectious diseases such as Marek’s Disease, Newcastle disease, or Avian Infectious Bronchitis, among others.
- Medicines : all medicines used within the poultry farm must have the legal records of each country. Also, the residuality of these must always be taken into account (the time that the drug can remain in the animal and remain in its meat or eggs). They must be used when strictly necessary due to the costs and effects they generate.
- Mortality : a correct disposition of the carcasses of the birds must be made in a biosecure zone destined for that. Also, if possible, do all the diagnostic tests required to find out the cause of death. Among these tests are necropsy, microbiological samples, serologies, or histopathology, among others.
- Diseases : the farm must make a constant evaluation of the prevalent diseases within its facilities to control them.
- Water and feed : the birds must have fresh, potable, and treated water at all times. Besides, the supplied food must be stored in the required conditions that keep it safe and free from dangerous microorganisms.
- Stress : Some mechanisms must be implemented to reduce the stress of the birds (due to thirst, heat, fear, overcrowding) since this affects their immune system and favors the proliferation of infectious and contagious diseases.
- Egg handling : biosecurity processes must be implemented to ensure proper handling and transport of the egg and keep it safe.
- Waste management : The farm must implement within its biosecurity a program for the management of chicken manure and waste generated by birds, for example, using them for composting.
- Notifiable diseases : if the birds present signs of disease, a complete diagnosis must be made. In the case of Notifiable Diseases, the report is to be submitted to the corresponding authorities. Also, adequate biosecurity measures must be taken (emptying and absolute disinfection, population slaughter, etc.).
The biosecurity in poultry farms involves a set of measures that prevent the appearance of infectious diseases. Its implementation is invaluable and brings great benefits. Within biosecurity, there are approaches in each process or area that also facilitate the execution of activities while making them safe for personnel and production birds.
- Alvarez, F., 2018. Bioseguridad en la avicultura BMEditores. En l鱈nea: https://bmeditores.mx/avicultura/bioseguridad-en-la-avicultura/
- Basicfarm, 2019. 12 principios de bioseguridad para granjas av鱈colas. En l鱈nea: https://basicfarm.com/blog/principios-bioseguridad-granjas-avicolas/
- Federico, F., S. f. Manual de Normas B叩sicas de Bioseguridad de una granja av鱈cola. En l鱈nea: http://www.nieser.com.ar/images/blog/inta-manual-de-normas-basicas-de-bioseguridad.pdf
- Fenavi, 2019. Bioseguridad en la industria av鱈cola. En l鱈nea: https://fenavi.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/BIOSEGURIDAD-EN-LA-INDUSTRIA-AV%C3%8DCOLA.pdf
- ICA, S. f. Las buenas pr叩cticas de bioseguridad en granjas de reproducci坦n aviar y plantas de incubaci坦n. En l鱈nea: https://www.ica.gov.co/getattachment/af9943f9-87a5-4897-9962-2d414fa0fdbf/Publicacion-10.aspx
- OIE, 2019. Medidas de bioseguridad aplicables a la producci坦n av鱈cola. En l鱈nea: https://www.oie.int/fileadmin/home/esp/health_standards/tahc/current/chapitre_biosecu_poul_production.pdf
- Premex, 2018. 10 Mandamientos de bioseguridad en granjas av鱈colas. En l鱈nea: https://www.premex.co/es/blog/nutriendo-juntos/mandamientosdebioseguridadengranjasavicolas
- Ricaurte, S., 2005. Bioseguridad en granjas av鱈colas. Revista electr坦nica de Veterinaria. En l鱈nea:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26447063_Bioseguridad_en_granjas_avicolas
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Jerson Andr辿s Cu辿llar S叩enz
- Farm management
- Poultry Farming
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1. Biosecurity Responsibility
Name of Biosecurity Coordinator: John Doe. Credentials.
The Biosecurity Coordinator is responsible for reviewing the Biosecurity Plan at least once per year. All changes made to the Biosecurity Plan will be documented and dated on the last page of the Biosecurity Plan, titled Biosecurity Plan Changes. At times of heighten risk (need to define heightened risk, examples: when avian influenza is present in neighboring states and/or when farm is in the control zone of an avian influenza outbreak) the Biosecurity Coordinator will review the Biosecurity Plan and track any changes made.
All employees will be trained on farm’s biosecurity plans at the time of hire. New employees sign off on the biosecurity trainings and signed copies of the training will be filed in each employee’s file. In addition to the training at hire, all employees will have continuing training at least once a year, which they will also sign off on. (Include what type of training materials are used. Training materials may include DVD’s, PowerPoints, and handouts and can be found in the biosecurity folder. http://poultrybiosecurity.org/ )
It must be stated in your plan how long you retain training records. The NPIP requirement is a minimum of 3 years.
3. Line of Separation (LOS)
The LOS can be found labeled on the map following the Biosecurity Plan. Generally, the LOS is the walls of the chicken house/flight pen nets.
- Practice good hygiene, including showering daily and wearing freshly laundered clothes.
- May not have any contact with non-company owned birds.
- Leave any personal items outside the LOS
- Wear farm designated footwear
- Step into footbath upon entry and exit of the LOS
- Must park in the designated parking area with all car windows closed
- Must first check in with a farm employee
- Cannot have contact with poultry 72 hours before coming to the farm, unless other arrangements have been made
- Must wear farm designated PPE, including coveralls and boot covers
- Must wash/sanitize hands
- Must step into footbath upon entry and exit of the LOS
4. Perimeter Buffer Area (PBA) – What kind of cleaner do you use?
The PBA is labeled on the map with the LOS. Generally, the PBA is a ten foot surrounding area of any LOS, as well as any buildings that are used daily for poultry production. The PBA is to be kept mowed and debris free.
- Any equipment crossing the PBA must be cleaned and disinfected with ____ cleaner prior to crossing into the PBA.
- Any contract workers should check in with farm personnel prior to entering the PBA. Contract workers should wear farm designated clothing and sign into the visitor log.
Site dedicated personnel should follow the above LOS crossing procedures. Employees must wear freshly laundered, clean clothes, site specific footwear, and wash/sanitize hands.
Visitors will be provided with personal protective equipment (PPE) (this is just an example, could provide just disposable boots, list whatever you do. PPE includes Tyvek coveralls, plastic booties, and hairnets.) Hands should be washed/sanitized before entering the LOS. Any drivers or other contract employees should wear site specific footwear and sanitize hands. Third party contract employees sign off that they will follow farm biosecurity practices.
Anyone that has come in contact with poultry within 48-72 hours will not be permitted access to farm birds. Also, anyone that is feeling ill should not have contact with farm birds.
Employees, visitors, and contract workers should limit activities that could contaminate clothing or vehicles with AI virus including:
- Working at or visiting other poultry sites
- Hunting or contact with wild gamebirds or wild waterfowl
- Living with people who work at other premises with poultry
- Visiting homes with other backyard poultry or waterfowl
- Walking through areas contaminated with waterfowl or wild gamebird feces
6. Wild Birds, Rodents, & Insects
Wild birds, rodents, & insects are monitored by a visual inspection. Any holes/cracks in building siding or foundation are to be repaired as soon as possible. Baits/traps are placed around the farm and checked daily by visual inspection (put more details here such as type of traps/bait stations and type of bait used). If rodent or insect levels are too high (define what acceptable/not acceptable level is for you), corrective actions (can list what those may be, ex: change bait type, add more bait stations), will be taken and documented.
7. Equipment and Vehicles
Vehicles that are used inside the PBA are cleaned and disinfected on a weekly basis or on an as needed basis. If equipment is shared between farms, the inside and outside is cleaned and disinfected prior to crossing the PBA.
- Remove all visible debris
- Wash with water and detergent
- Thoroughly rinse the cleaned area to remove detergent residue
- Allow item to dry completely
- Apply an appropriate disinfectant
- Allow proper contact time. Contact time may vary based on what disinfectant is used but is usually around 10 minutes
Vehicle patterns are attached on the map of the farms. The driveway is graveled and signs stating bio secure area are posted before reaching the PBA.
8. Mortality Disposal— How are they disposed? , Where do you store the dead before being disposed?
Mortality is collected from the barns at least once per day. Mortality should be stored away from the live birds until it is able to be disposed of either by composting, incineration, trash pickup, or rendering- Pick what you do. The storage and disposal method should limit the accessibility of rodents and insects to the mortality. Any storage of dead birds is kept in a secure closed container. If the level of rodents and insects grows too high, bait/trap stations will be used.
9. Manure and Litter Management— What is done with the manure? Do you do anything with the barns before placing new birds? Where do you store the manure?
Any manure storage is done so in a separate closed area to prevent attraction of rodents and insects. Once the manure is removed from the barn, any equipment used for the removal is cleaned and disinfected. Records are kept for any manure sold off the farm. Companies and crews bringing new litter onto the farm have a COC stating they will follow farm biosecurity.
10. Replacement Poultry
Replacement poultry is sourced from company owned flocks. Any replacement poultry bought originates from an NPIP flock with a VS Form 9-3. All VS Form 9-3s are kept in the office for at least three years. Any equipment used for placing replacement poultry is cleaned and disinfected prior and after use. Any third party crews have a COC stating that they follow farm biosecurity.
11. Water Supply
Water is sourced through ________. Water is tested once a year for pH and mineral content.
12. Feed and Replacement Litter— How is feed stored?
Feed is sourced from a third party company. Any third party trucks and crews for feed have a COC stating that they follow farm biosecurity. Any feed spills within the PBA are to be cleaned up immediately as to not attract any wild birds.
13. Reporting of Elevated Morbidity/Mortality— What is the point when you would call OPA and take AI samples?
Elevated mortality for farm is defined as __Need an actual number or percentage_______. Once this level is met or if there is any suspicious mortality or morbidity, the farm manager will call the Ohio Poultry Association until they reach one of the following:
Site map can be hand drawn or an image of the farm and should include:
- Parking areas
- Traffic routes & driveways— if multiple driveways, where do visitors enter? Where do feed trucks enter?
- Mortality storage area(s)
- Manure and Litter storage
- Label buildings
- Anything else that may be involved in daily activities of farm
Standard E – Biosecurity Principles
Based on the flock size as stated in the 9 CFR 53.10, the following minimum management practices and principles are designed to prevent the introduction and spread of infectious diseases.
(1) Biosecurity responsibility
The Biosecurity Coordinator is responsible for the development, implementation, maintenance and ongoing effectiveness of the biosecurity program. Depending on the type and size of poultry operation, the Biosecurity Coordinator’s responsibility could be at the farm, production site, production complex, or company level. The Biosecurity Coordinator should be knowledgeable in the principles of biosecurity. The Biosecurity Coordinator, along with the personnel and caretakers on the farms and production sites are responsible for the implementation of the biosecurity program. The Biosecurity Coordinator should review the biosecurity program at least once during each calendar year and make revisions as necessary.
The biosecurity program should include training materials that cover both farm site-specific procedures as well as premises-wide and/or company-wide procedures as appropriate. All poultry owners and caretakers that regularly enter the perimeter buffer area (PBA) must complete this training. The training must be done at least once per calendar year and documented. New poultry caretakers should be trained at hire. Training records should be retained as stated in Title 9-CFR §145.12(b) and 146.11(e).
(3) Line of Separation (LOS)
The Line of Separation (LOS) is a functional line separating the poultry house(s) and the poultry inside from exposure to potential disease sources. Generally, it is defined by the walls of the poultry building with practical deviations to account for entry points, structural aspects, or outside access areas. The site-specific biosecurity plan should describe or illustrate the boundaries of the LOS and clearly outline the procedures to be followed when caretakers, visitors, or suppliers cross it.
For poultry enclosed in outdoor pens, similar principles for the LOS can be applied for defining and controlling the LOS for each pen. In this circumstance, the walls of the outdoor pens would provide template for defining the LOS to be used when entering or exiting the pens.
For poultry with non-enclosed outdoor access, the LOS is recommended but not required. Further, in an emergency disease state where the transmissible disease risk is heightened, it is highly recommended to enclose all poultry and enforce a LOS.
(4) Perimeter Buffer Area (PBA)
The perimeter buffer area is a functional zone surrounding the poultry houses or poultry raising area that separates them from areas unrelated to poultry production on that site and/or adjoining properties. It is comprised of the poultry houses and poultry raising areas as well as nearby
structures and high traffic areas involved in the daily function of the poultry farm. This would usually include but not be limited to such things as feed bins, manure sheds, composting areas, egg rooms, generators, pump rooms, etc. The site-specific biosecurity plan should describe or illustrate the boundaries of the PBA and clearly outline the procedures that caretakers, visitors, or suppliers must follow when entering and leaving the PBA.
The biosecurity program and/or the site-specific biosecurity plan should include provisions specifically addressing procedures and biosecurity PPE for site-dedicated personnel. The plan should likewise address the procedures and biosecurity PPE for non-farm personnel. The plan should also specify procedures which all personnel having had recent contact with other poultry or avian species should follow before re-entering the PBA.
(6) Wild Birds, Rodents and Insects
Poultry operations should have control measures to prevent contact with and protect poultry from wild birds, their feces and their feathers as appropriate to the production system. These procedures should be reviewed further during periods of heightened risks of disease transmission. Control programs for rodents, insects, and other animals should be in place and documented.
(7) Equipment and Vehicles . The biosecurity plan should include provisions for procedures for cleaning, disinfection, or restriction of sharing of equipment where applicable. Vehicle access and traffic patterns should be defined in the site-specific biosecurity plan.
(8) Mortality Disposal
Mortality should be collected daily, stored and disposed in a manner that does not attract wild birds, rodents, insects, and other animals and minimizes the potential for cross-contamination from other facilities or between premises. It is recommended that dead bird disposal be on-site, if possible. Mortality disposal should be described in the site-specific biosecurity plan.
(9) Manure and Litter Management
Manure and spent litter should be removed, stored and disposed of in a manner to prevent exposure of susceptible poultry to disease agents. Onsite litter and manure storage should limit attraction of wild birds, rodents, insects, and other animals.
(10) Replacement Poultry
Replacement poultry should be sourced from health-monitored flocks which are in compliance with NPIP guidelines. They should be transported in equipment and vehicles that are regularly cleaned, disinfected and inspected. Biosecurity protocols should be in place for equipment and personnel involved in the transport of replacement poultry.
(11) Water Supplies
It is recommended that drinking water or water used for evaporative cooling be sourced from a contained supply such as a well or municipal system. If drinking water comes from a surface
water source, water treatment must be used to reduce the level of disease agents. If surfaces have been cleaned or flushed with surface water, subsequent disinfection should be employed to prevent disease transmission. If water treatment is not possible, a risk analysis should be performed to determine actions needed to mitigate risks.
(12) Feed and Replacement Litter
Feed, feed ingredients, bedding, and litter should be delivered, stored and maintained in a manner that limits exposure to and contamination by wild birds, rodents, insects, and other animals. Feed spills within the PBA (outside of the LOS) should be cleaned up and disposed in a timely fashion.
(13) Reporting of Elevated Morbidity and Mortality
Elevation in morbidity and/or mortality above expected levels, as defined by the biosecurity plan, should be reported as required in the site-specific biosecurity plan and appropriate actions should be taken to rule out reportable disease agents.
Auditing of the biosecurity principles is based on flock size as outlined in 9 CFR 53.10. Audits shall be conducted at least once every two years or a sufficient number of times during that period by the Official State Agency to ensure the participant is in compliance. Each audit shall require the biosecurity plan’s training materials, documentation of implementation of the NPIP Biosecurity Principles, corrective actions taken, and the Biosecurity Coordinator’s annual review to be audited for completeness and compliance with the NPIP Biosecurity Principles. An audit summary report containing satisfactory and unsatisfactory audits will be provided to the NPIP National Office by the OSAs.
Those participants who failed the initial document audit conducted by the NPIP OSA may elect to have a check audit performed by a team appointed by National NPIP Office including: an APHIS poultry subject matter expert, the OSA, and a licensed, accredited poultry veterinarian familiar with that type of operation. If these participants seek to be reinstated as being in compliance with the Biosecurity Principles by the NPIP OSA, they must demonstrate that corrective actions were taken following the audit by the team appointed by NPIP.
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12 poultry farm biosecurity principles you should know
Penn state’s dr. gregory martin offers tips on drafting a biosecurity plan and ensuring it will work during a crisis..
After witnessing the disruption caused by 2015’s avian influenza outbreak , every farmer should ask if their biosecurity plan is strong enough. The most important part of any biosecurity plan is having the right attitude, according to Dr. Gregory Martin, educator and extension specialist at Pennsylvania State University Cooperative Extension. Having all the correct precautions in place doesn't do any good if workers and managers don’t follow the rules.
Martin, who spoke at a forum on disease response at the Midwest Poultry Federation Convention in St. Paul, Minnesota, laid out a basic strategy for farmers to draft their own biosecurity plan and fortify their premises.
Dr. Gregory Martin, a poultry educator at Pennsylvania State University’s Cooperative Extension in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, speaks at the Midwest Poultry Federation Convention in St. Paul, Minnesota. | Austin Alonzo
Martin said operations should focus on establishing three disease barriers on their farm: a physical barrier, keeping disease and its vectors from making contact with the animals; a chemical barrier, killing the disease whenever possible by way of sanitation; and a logical barrier, ensuring farmers establish the correct management processes to minimize disease risk.
A basic biosecurity plan
Due to the avian influenza outbreak of 2015, the USDA has enacted an interim rule that farmers must have a written biosecurity plan on site in order to ensure indemnity payments will go smoothly between the flock owner and the grower.
He advised farmers from all different sizes of operations to fill out a plan, sign it, date it, and keep it on file in the event of another outbreak. Having the documentation on a farm can prove a plan was in effect even if the farm is located inside a disease control zone and is worth the time considering the possible financial implications of an outbreak.
Martin went over the 12 points of the biosecurity planning document:
- A biosecurity coordinator on the farm identified and recorded : An employee on the farm must be declared the biosecurity plan coordinator.
- Organized training with records of training done : Logged information showing the coordinator educated employees on biosecurity at some point.
- Lines of separation on buildings with required sanitation : A physical or figurative line separating the “clean” production area from “dirty” exterior areas. This line means workers and materials are sanitized before crossing the line or that workers establish a barrier, like personal protective equipment (PPE) or washing shoes, before entering a biosecure area.
- Perimeter buffer areas defined : Defining which areas of the farm are “hot” and “cold” in terms of distance between poultry buildings in order to reduce disease transmission by people or vehicles.
- PPE on premise for employees working on the farm : Workers must have access to PPE to protect from bringing a disease into the production area on their clothes or shoes.
- Vector control for multiple species of pests : Having plans in place to stop insects, rodents, wild birds and even pets from entering the house.
- Equipment control in buildings and between buildings : Making sure that, if equipment is being shared between production areas and farms, it is being properly sanitized in between uses.
- A mortality management plan : How dead animals are handled in normal and catastrophic situations. Martin said this includes regular trips to rendering facilities and ensuring there isn’t a breakdown in biosecurity there.
- Manure and old materials management : How old litter and manure are being managed to ensure diseases are not spread. This also applies to garbage and other farm waste.
- Replacement / new stocking : How new birds are brought in. Is there a disinfection step in between the breeder farm and the production area?
- Water management : Periodically testing water to make sure it is free of contaminants. Surface water sources must be monitored closely.
- Feed and new materials management : Ensuring new litter and feed are delivered in a way that minimizes the risk of disease transmission.
Considerations for drafting the plan
When farmers are drawing up a biosecurity plan, they need to think of their operation from the top down and perhaps use an aerial photo of their property to ask themselves the following questions:
- Where are the lines of separation: Where are the areas where disinfection is going to occur? If a farm has more than one operation, livestock, crops, etc. on a single site, special attention must be paid to these areas.
- Where are entry and exit points: How are people getting on and off your farm, and how can that be controlled to create a “one-way” route through the farm – ensuring personnel and equipment always arrives as clean as possible?
- What special steps are you taking to reduce your risk: Martin said farmers need to think about regular visitors, like family, business contacts and delivery drivers, as potential disease vectors. Only necessary personnel should be allowed on the farm, he said, and business meetings should take place off-site. He suggested building a special drop box for mail and package delivery to ensure a delivery vehicle isn’t unwittingly bringing contaminants onto a farm. Martin said farmers in Indiana negotiated with the local electric utility to make sure meter readers weren’t bringing contaminants from farm to farm during the state’s avian influenza outbreak.
- Where are the buffer zones: What’s the distance between “hot” and “cold” zones and how much distance is between them? Martin said the plume trail from the houses should be considered in this part of the plan.
- Are cars getting washed before they come : Martin said farmers should make friends with the local car wash to ensure visitors are getting their cars washed in between farm visits. For farm vehicles, he said rubber floor mats should be used because they are easier to clean. He also suggested people regularly traveling between farms keep disinfectant in their vehicles. Farmers should also consider the cleanliness of their regular visitors like feed, pullet and harvest trucks.
- Are your decontamination areas effective enough : Do disinfection areas really work? Martin said dry chemical footbaths are popular at many farms but they miss critical areas of the shoe, namely, everywhere but the surface that touches the ground. In an outbreak situation, wet footbaths, which cover the whole shoe in disinfectant, must be used.
- How are you keeping rodents and other vermin out of the house : Are there routes for rodents and other vermin to access the production area? Martin said the grass, if there is any near the house, should be kept short to discourage rodents or totally removed. He said rocks are effective because they discourage pests and are sanitized naturally by ultraviolet light from the sun.
General sanitation principles
Along with having a biosecurity plan in place, Martin said farmers should consider the following:
- Is there enough room for the Danish system to work properly : Martin said the Danish system, an anteroom room separating a “clean” interior of the production area – like the chicken house – from the outside, requires a good amount of space to really work. He said some farms are building specific facilities to store and change from clean and dirty footwear because systems wedged into existing structures at the farm are not large enough for the system to prevent contamination.
- Can floors be washed : Martin said floors inside the chicken house must be washable or be refinished to be made washable. Regularly removing the grime from the floor through mopping, sweeping and cleaning cuts down on the “background noise” of viruses and bacteria living in the house. He recommended using linoleum in the house or resurfacing a concrete floor with a sealant or garage paint so it is easier to clean.
- Do you have properly sized PPE : Protective equipment that is too big or too small simply doesn’t work, Martin said. Farmers who have visitors or require staff to wear PPE should ensure they have a variety of sizes of PPE.
- Is air flow ensuring cleanliness : Martin said fans should be oriented so air from the house, with dirt and dust, is blown outside the house, or at least away from the clean areas of the house like the Danish system antechamber or the showers.
Austin Alonzo is editor of WATT PoultryUSA. www.wattglobalmedia.com/contact-us
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Directory Listings - Page 1: Results 1-20 out of 190
Alameda farmers' market.
Visit Alameda Farmers' Market's Facebook Page Haight and Webster St. Alameda, CA Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2013, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, and fruits. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Honey ; Poultry ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Alameda County www.pcfma.com/
Altadena Farmers' Market
Visit Altadena Farmers' Market's Facebook Page 600 W. Palm Street Altadena, CA 91001 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, coffee, fruits, grains, juices, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Juices ; Grains ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Los Angeles County www.altadenafarmersmarket.com/
Alum Rock Village Farmers' Market
Visit Alum Rock Village Farmers' Market's Facebook Page 57 North White Road San Jose, CA Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2015, reported offerings include: organic products, flowers, seafood, vegetables, honey, meat, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, trees, coffee, and fruits. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Honey ; Poultry ; Food & Drink ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Clara County www.pcfma.org/
Angels Camp Farmers Market-Fresh Fridays
Utica Park, Utica Lane Angels Camp, CA 95222 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2012, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, herbs, vegetables, jams, meat, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, soap, and wine. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Herbs & Spices ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Wines ; Vegetables Region: Calaveras County www.angelscampbusiness.com/events/fresh-fridays/
Aptos Farmers Market at Cabrillo College
Visit Aptos Farmers Market at Cabrillo College's Facebook Page 6500 Soquel Drive Aptos, CA 95003 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, trees, coffee, beans, fruits, juices, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Juices ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Cruz County www.montereybayfarmers.org/
Arcata Plaza Farmers' Market
Visit Arcata Plaza Farmers' Market's Facebook Page 9th & H St Arcata, CA 95521 (707) 441-9999 [email protected] Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, coffee, beans, fruits, grains, juices, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Juices ; Grains ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun Region: Humboldt County www.humfarm.org/
Atwater Village Farmers' Market
Visit Atwater Village Farmers' Market's Facebook Page 3250 Glendale Blvd Los Angeles, CA 90039 (323) 463-3171 [email protected] Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, coffee, beans, fruits, grains, juices, mushrooms, tofu, and wild harvested products. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Juices ; Grains ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Los Angeles County www.seela.org/atwater-village-farmers-market/
Visit BeeLoved Farm's Facebook Page 2949 Ponderosa Rd Shingle Springs, CA 95682 (530) 306-8739 [email protected] Map | Directions Hide Map Fresh fruit, vegetables, and more. Categories: Online Shopping ; Farms ; Produce Farms ; Seed & Nut Farms ; Honey ; Olive Oils ; Poultry ; Eggs ; Teas ; Duck ; Fruits & Vegetables ; Rabbit Region: El Dorado County www.beelovedfarm.com/
Berryessa Farmers' Market
Visit Berryessa Farmers' Market's Facebook Page 1376 Piedmont Rd San Jose, CA 95132 (925) 825-7070 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2015, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, flowers, seafood, vegetables, honey, plants, poultry, prepared foods, trees, fruits, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Honey ; Poultry ; Food & Drink ; Mushrooms ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Clara County www.pcfma.org/
Beverly Hills Farmers Market
Visit Beverly Hills Farmers Market's Facebook Page 9300 Civic Center Drive Beverly Hills, CA 90210 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, coffee, fruits, juices, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Juices ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Los Angeles County www.beverlyhills.org/farmersmarket
Big Bear Farmers Market
Visit Big Bear Farmers Market's Facebook Page 42900 Big Bear Blvd City of Big Bear Lake, CA 92315 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, coffee, fruits, grains, mushrooms, and pet food. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Pet Foods ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Grains ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: San Bernardino County www.highdesertfarmersmarket.com/
Blossom Hill Certified Farmers' Market
Santa Teresa Blvd and Highway 85 & 87 Interchange San Jose, CA 95136 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, beans, fruits, grains, juices, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Juices ; Grains ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Clara County www.cafarmersmkts.com/markets/category/blossom
Brentwood Farmers' Market
Visit Brentwood Farmers' Market's Facebook Page First St. and Oak St. Brentwood, CA 94513 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2015, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, soap, fruits, juices, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Juices ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Contra Costa County www.pcfma.org/
California Avenue Farmers' Market
California Ave. and El Camino St. Palo Alto, CA 94304 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2012, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nursery plants, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, and trees. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Greenhouses & Nurseries ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Clara County www.urbanvillageonline.com/
Calistoga Farmers Market
1546 Lincoln Ave Calistoga, CA 94515 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, trees, wine, coffee, fruits, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Coffees ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Wines ; Vegetables Region: Napa County www.calistogafarmersmarket.com/
Cambrian Park Farmers' Makret
Camden Ave. & Union Ave. San Jose, CA 95124 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2012, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nursery plants, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, and trees. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Greenhouses & Nurseries ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Clara County www.urbanvillageonline.com/
Cameron Park Wednesday Farmers' Market
Burke's Junction (Coach Lane) Cameron Park, CA 95682 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, nuts, plants, poultry, soap, and fruits. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Poultry ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Baked Goods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: El Dorado County www.eldoradofarmersmarket.com/
Campbell Farmers’ Market
Visit Campbell Farmers’ Market's Facebook Page Campbell Ave at Central Ave Campbell, CA 95008 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2012, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, crafts, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nursery plants, nuts, plants, poultry, prepared foods, soap, and trees. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Greenhouses & Nurseries ; Arts & Crafts ; Prepared Foods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Santa Clara County www.urbanvillageonline.com/
Carmel Farmers Markets at the Barnyard Shopping Village
Visit Carmel Farmers Markets at the Barnyard Shopping Village's Facebook Page 3690 The Barnyard Carmel, CA 93923 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2014, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, plants, poultry, trees, and fruits. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: Monterey County www.montereybayfarmers.org/
Castro Certified Farmers' Market
Visit Castro Certified Farmers' Market's Facebook Page Noe St. and Market St. San Francisco , CA 94114 Map | Directions Hide Map As of 2015, reported offerings include: organic products, baked goods, cheese, flowers, eggs, seafood, herbs, vegetables, honey, jams, meat, nuts, poultry, prepared foods, soap, beans, fruits, and mushrooms. Categories: Grocers & Markets ; Farmers' Markets ; Soaps ; Honey ; Poultry ; Jams & Jellies ; Food & Drink ; Eggs ; Mushrooms ; Cheeses ; Baked Goods ; Prepared Foods ; Herbs & Spices ; Fruits ; Fish & Seafood ; Plants & Flowers ; Seeds & Nuts ; Meats ; Family Fun ; Vegetables Region: San Francisco County pcfma.org/
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Poultry Farms in Los Altos, CA
- Name (A - Z)
1. Poultry Farming
2. foster poultry farms, 3. a rental center.
From Business: A Rental Center is a family run business since 1977. Members of the BBB, California Rental Association and the American Rental Association and Incorporated in…
4. Central Ohio Bag & Burlap Inc
Serving the Los Altos Area
Fantastic. :D I really enjoy this place.
5. Foster Farms
6. farmers poultry.
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City of Santa Clara
Our City » Departments A-F » Community Development » Planning Division » Specific Plans
Downtown Precise Plan
- Mar 14 Downtown Community Task Force Special Meeting 03/14/2023 6:00 PM - 11:58 PM
- Mar 16 Downtown Community Task Force Meeting - Canceled 03/16/2023 6:00 PM - 11:58 PM
- Apr 20 Downtown Community Task Force Meeting 04/20/2023 6:00 PM - 11:56 PM
Next Downtown Community Task Force (DCTF) Meeting
The next DCTF meeting, meeting #36, will be held in person at 1500 Warburton Avenue in the City Council Chambers and via Zoom on Thursday, February 16, 2023 at 6:00 pm. Please see the information below for joining the meeting remotely.
Zoom Meeting Link: https://santaclaraca.zoom.us/j/91975789377 or by Phone: 1(669) 900-6833 Meeting ID: 919 7578 9377
While participation in the DCTF meetings will be limited to appointees, the meetings will be public and members of the community will have an opportunity to provide input at the meetings.
To view past DCTF meetings, including meeting materials and video recordings, please see the DCTF webpage .
Draft Downtown Precise Plan & Form Based Code
The DCTF reviewed and provided comments on the Draft Downtown Precise Plan Document on May 19, 2022 and Draft Form Based Code (FBC) in June 2022, and the furthered reviewed these documents at the October and November 2022 DCTF meetings. The draft Plan and FBC have been revised to include these comments, as well as comments from other City Departments. The revised Draft Precise Plan and FBC documents can be found at the links below. Any comments on these drafts can be provided to City staff, Lesley Xavier at [email protected] and/or Steve Le at [email protected],gov .
Draft Downtown Precise Plan Document (rev. 11-18-22)
Draft Form Based Code (rev. 11-17-2022)
Downtown Precise Plan Schedule
As we near the end of the planning process, the following are the tasks that still need to be completed prior to taking the plan to City Council for adoption.
The City is preparing an Environmental Impact Report for the proposed Downtown Precise Plan that will be prepared and processed in accordance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) of 1970, as amended.
The City is seeking the views of responsible agencies and the public as to the scope and content of the environmental information that should be considered for inclusion in the Program Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for the proposed project. The project description, location, and potential environmental effects are contained in the materials provided in the form of a Notice of Preparation (NOP), see link below. A public Scoping Meeting has been scheduled for Tuesday, February 1, 2022 from 6:00 P.M. to 7:30 P.M . via zoom. See the Notice below for meeting information.
- Notice of Preparation (description)
- Notice of Preparation Notice (NOP and Scoping Meeting information)
- Scooping Meeting Presentation Slides
- Existing Conditions Report
The Existing Conditions, Opportunities and Challenges Report provides the planning team and the community with important background about the place and its history, the people who live and work here, land use and circulation patterns, other plans and development projects in the vicinity, and market conditions. Each of these topics is a critical piece of the puzzle in helping to Realize the Vision while Balancing Community Needs with Development Realities .
The City of Santa Clara is excited to be planning for the revitalization of our Downtown by developing a Precise Plan that will provide guidance for new development within a portion of the Downtown Precise Plan Focus Area (as identified in the General Plan) through policies, guidelines, and illustrations that implement the community vision and objectives for a vibrant, pedestrian-oriented destination Downtown.
The Precise Plan process will occur in close collaboration with Reclaiming Our Downtown (ROD), the Old Quad Residents Association (OQRA), Santa Clara University (SCU) and all interested community members. The foundation for the Downtown Precise Plan has been laid through the completion of a series of community planning workshops between October 2015 and November 2017 where community input on a vision for the Downtown’s future was gathered.
The Downtown will serve as an important gathering place within the local community as well as a symbolic center for all of Santa Clara, continuing the City’s focus on “Placemaking” as a key strategy to support quality of life for all Santa Clarans.
Downtown Precise Plan Area Boundary
The Downtown Precise Plan planning area encompasses approximately 25-acres of land bounded by Benton Street, Lafayette Street, Homestead Road, and Madison Street, as shown below.
The City the consultant, WRT, developed a community engagement strategy to ensure that citizens and stakeholders participate throughout the Precise Plan process. Outlined below are the engagement activities that have occurred since the start of the planning process. New and upcoming engagement activities will be posted at the top of this page as they are scheduled.
- Downtown Community Task Force (DCTF) Meetings
- Community Workshops
- Online Surveys
- Meetings in a Box
Once the engagement item is completed, details, including meeting materials and meeting summaries can be found under Community Engagement .
To be added to the Downtown Precise Plan e-mail notification list please subscribe to eNotifications for Downtown Precise Plan on the City’s website. By signing up for eNotifications you will be notified of upcoming meetings and planning process updates for the Downtown Precise Plan – signing up is easy and efficient and should take less than 1-minute to do so. You will also have the option to subscribe to other notification lists that interest you.
Alternatively, you may be added to the Downtown Precise Plan e-mail notification list, by contacting the Planning Department at [email protected] or by phone at 408-615-2450.
Please submit any questions or comments about the Downtown Precise Plan to Lesley Xavier at [email protected] or Steve Le at [email protected] .
The biosecurity plan can only work if EVERYONE on the site follows it ALL of the time, which requires training. Encourage caretakers to watch the three training videos below, which can be completed in just 30 minutes, or download the corresponding PowerPoints to use in your employee training program. Training documentation form Educational Videos
Standard Poultry Biosecurity Plan Proper biosecurity can prevent the spread of disease from Humans (hands, hair, footwear) Vehicles (contaminated vehicles and equipment) Animals (domestic and wild, including rodents) Carcasses (those that are improperly disposed of) and manure, litter, debris, and feathers
A biosecurity plan documents the various biosecurity risks within and outside of your property and outlines measures to manage these risks. Having a plan in place will help to minimise the introduction and spread of infectious pathogens and disease, and in turn help protect the productivity and profitability of your business.
Biosecurity practices are proven, cost effective techniques to control and prevent the spread of diseases in poultry operations. In an expanding global economy, it is of extreme importance to protect the health of our flocks in order to maintain and improve efficiencies and minimize economic losses due to disease outbreaks.
For more information on biosecurity and other poultry farming topics, be sure to like and subscribe to our YouTube channel. If you have questions about our videos or products, reach out to our Poultry Sales Rep, Allen Reynolds, at [email protected], or give us a call at 800-608-3755. Tags: Poultry.
Biosecurity refers to procedures used to prevent the introduction and spread of disease-causing organisms in poultry flocks. The benefits of biosecurity include: Helps keep out diseases Reduces the risks Limits the spread of disease Improves overall health of the flock Reduces mortality losses Improves profitability
Farm biosecurity is important to keep your animals healthy and can prevent diseases in your livestock (cattle, swine, sheep, goats) and poultry. ... Step 3: Biosecurity Plan Template for Livestock and Poultry. Download. Agritourism. Animal Health and Disease Monitoring. Animal Movements. Carcass Disposal. Cleaning and Disinfection.
should be reported as required in the site-specific biosecurity plan and appropriate actions should be taken to rule out reportable disease agents. PDA 24/7: 717-772-2852 PDA inspectors will complete a voluntary biosecurity risk assessment for any poultry producer who wants to assess and improve their biosecurity plans on site.
Writing a biosecurity plan using National Poultry Improvement Plan audit principles. It is a best practice to have, maintain and use a site-specific, operational biosecurity plan, no matter the annual production size. A site-specific biosecurity plan allows you to best fit your individual farm needs.
Biosecurity is the most cost-effective disease prevention and control approach for poultry, pork, and other livestock farms worldwide. A study conducted in Finland stated that when measuring the costs of Biosecurity on poultry farms, they found that for a batch of 75,000 broilers, the total cost would be €2,700.
Poultry biosecurity basics Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in Minnesota and the Midwest can cause great loss to commercial poultry farms. HPAI represents a change in what avian producers have come to expect, given spring introductions of avian influenza are usually rare.
Biosecurity in poultry farms involves a set of fundamental practices and strategies. These measures prevent the entry and transmission of pathogens in the farms, thus minimizing the negative impact they can have on poultry production. Figure 1. Laying hen farms must implement biosecurity measures to prevent diseases. What is biosecurity?
The biosecurity program should include training materials that cover both farm site-specific procedures as well as premises-wide and/or company-wide procedures as appropriate. All poultry owners and caretakers that regularly enter the perimeter buffer area (PBA) must complete this training.
12 poultry farm biosecurity principles you should know Penn State's Dr. Gregory Martin offers tips on drafting a biosecurity plan and ensuring it will work during a crisis. After witnessing the disruption caused by 2015's avian influenza outbreak, every farmer should ask if their biosecurity plan is strong enough.
Secure Live Poultry Supply: CA will combine all live poultry on-farm ... implementation and verification of appropriate biosecurity ... Activate your SFS Plan 3. Have an on-farm visit from regulatory personnel to verify the activation of the SFS Plan and collect required premises information 4.
Directory of organic poultry websites and businesses in California. Facebook. Google+. Blog. Home | Register | Login | Submit Link. Search Farmer's Pal: ... BeeLoved Farm Visit BeeLoved Farm's Facebook Page 2949 Ponderosa Rd Shingle Springs, CA 95682 (530) 306-8739 [email protected]
Poultry Farms in Los Altos on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Poultry Farms in Los Altos, CA.
The foundation for the Downtown Precise Plan has been laid through the completion of a series of community planning workshops between October 2015 and November 2017 where community input on a vision for the Downtown's future was gathered. The Downtown will serve as an important gathering place within the local community as well as a symbolic ...