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Table of Contents
- Best Fertilizers
- Vertical Farming
- Sheep Farming
- Goat Farming
- Poultry Farming
- Fish Farming
- Pig Farming
- Dairy Farming
- Rabbit Farming
- Success Stories of Farmers
- Boost Fruit Yield
- District Wise Crop Production
- Schemes & Subsidies
- Agriculture Colleges
- Farm Insurance
- Disease Control And Management
Dairy Farming Business Plan Guide
Dairy farming business plan guide:.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Introduction to Dairy Farming:- No matter what the season is and no matter what the place is “There is always a great demand for milk” in India. Due to the population increase and consumption of milk tremendously increasing day by day. The rising unemployment and people who are looking for starting a dairy farm in recent years are almost doubled. Milk production in India is expected to grow at about 3 to 4% every year. There are many people who want to get into the small-scale or large-scale dairy farming business. However, due to lack of knowledge and initial investment involved they are unable to set up a dairy unit. We advise you not to get into this dairy business unless you dedicate your effort and time on your farm round the clock. You are not necessarily starting a dairy farm on a commercial scale; you can start on a small-scale business and expand it to a large scale once you are aware of ins and outs of dairy farming .
Before starting a dairy farm, makes sure to follow these:
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #1- However as a beginner, you should definitely get some professional training from Agriculture Universities or Training centers of the Animal Husbandry Department or Krishi Vigyan Kendras or any private training dairy consultancies.
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #2 – Visit local dairy farms and talk to the management so you can get an idea of managing the farm. Always question them about “problems” and ask how they are overcoming them.
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #3 – Read any dairy magazines, online dairy blogs, and YouTube videos to get an overall idea of farming.
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #4 – If you don’t have capital investment and want to get a subsidy and loan the dairy farm, visit your local agriculture/co-operative banks for more information.
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #5 – As feed or fodder is the main component of dairy farming that directly impacts the profits; you must have good knowledge of green fodder cultivation practices and silage-making procedures. You can study the feed and fodder market in your region to find out the feasible and economical fodder solution.
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #6 – Initially, you must visit some cattle markets to observe animals on sale and talk with persons engaged with purchasing animals to get an idea of the best breed, animal prices, and milk yield of animals. You can also learn some negotiation skills.
- Dairy Farming Business Plan #7 – You should learn good labour management skills.
To encourage the rural agriculture sector and increase the milk production as per demand, NABARD (National Bank For Agriculture & Rural Development) helping farmers by providing subsidies on dairy farms and dairy farming loans through approved banks. One can avail of this by visiting your nearest commercial or co-operative or rural agriculture banks. One can get decent profits in dairy farming under good dairy management practices. In the following write-up, let us talk about the “Dairy Farming Business Plan” in detail. Let us take an example of 15 dairy cow farming.
For Frequently Asked Dairy Farm Questions: Read here.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Requirements of Dairy Farming in India:- There are some components of dairy farming you should be aware of before setting up a dairy farm.
- Land – You must have some cultivated land for growing green fodder crops for your cattle on the farm. The land area depends on the number of animals (cows or buffalo’s). Usually, 2 acres of land is sufficient to feed about 15 cows.
- Shed – There must be a proper and covered secured shed in place before getting cows into your farm.
- Water – Clean and abundant water facility is required for both cattle and to grow the green fodder.
- Fodder – As cows need three types of fodder for best milk yield and high-fat content, you must have good fodder management from growing fodder to feeding fodder on daily basis. Dry fodder, green fodder, and feed concentrate (for extra nutrition) are required to feed the cows in your dairy.
- Breed Selection – Selection of a good breed of cows that yield more milk is essential in dairy farming. Good milk yielding cows such as “Jersy”, “Red Sindhi” “Holstein Friesian (HF cows)”, “Sahiwal”, “Gir”, “Deoni” and “Ongole” etc.
- Labour – Labour is a major task in dairy farming, the selected labour should be very good at handling the farm activities including growing green fodder. It is better to give one or two days of training so that they can understand the routine activities of dairy.
- Vaccinations – To control diseases and protect cow health, you must have a proper vaccination schedule. For this purpose, you can hire a veterinary doctor for routine checkups and medication of cows. For the vaccination schedule, see the vaccination schedule table at the bottom of this article.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Shed Construction:- Well ventilated and the spacious shed is required for dairy farming. Hygienic conditions are very important in the shed for cattle health. When it comes to space, it is recommended to have 8 feet x 12 feet area for 1 cow. So total space required for 15 cows is about 120 feet x 12 feet. However, this area is not fixed and depends on cow size. Cow feeders should be constructed in between with a separation wall so that the cows can be fed from both sides facing head to head each other; this is what is called a “Head to Head arrangement”.
Care should be taken while constructing the dairy shed . The selected location should be elevated to prevent any water stagnation around the shed and it also provides well ventilation (sunlight and air). The dairy shed roof should be made with asbestos sheets and the floor should be made of either bricks or cement with enough inclination. This can provide good drainage for cattle urine and excrete. The shed should be cleaned daily to maintain hygienic conditions. Collect the manure on daily basis and store it somewhere outside of the shed. You can also make an outlet to the shed so that whenever the shed is cleaned the cow urine any leftover manure can flow into the field. All electrical fittings and water supply requirements should be fully filled as per need in hot areas, it may need to have fans and coolers for cows, especially in summer.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Fodder Management:- Fodder management is very important in dairy farming. The daily milk yield of a cow depends on the type of fodder and the nutritional facts of the given fodder. High-yielding cows should be given 1 kg of concentrate along with mineral mixture to get 2.5 liters of milk yield. For example, if a cow yields 15 liters of milk daily then these cows should be given 6 kg of concentrate with a mineral mixture.
There are three types of fodder that can be provided under dairy fodder management practices.
- Dry fodder: wheat hay, kutti (rice / pady straw), chokar (wheat bran),
- Green fodder: Any leguminous crops which are good in protein supplements. For example Any gram crop, barseem, maize/corn, masoor, and hybrid grass-like CO-3 and CO-4, niper grass etc.. These green fodder crops can be utilized to make silage. This silage is very nutritious and milk yield will be increased. Silage making is very important and especially it is needed in dry periods. The link will be given at the bottom of the article about “steps in involved in silage making or how to make silage for cattle”. Generally, 2 to 3 acres of fertile land enough to grow green fodders for 15 cows. However, the yield of green fodder depends on many factors.
- Concentrate and Mineral Mixture: Mineral mixture:- It is necessary to provide concentrate feed along with a mineral mixer on regular basis to prevent cows from mineral deficiency. All three types such as dry green and mineral mixture should be accurate proportions for best milk yield.
Note: The cost of feed may depend on the animal milk capacity. On average, the feed may cost about 200 to 250 rupees/day/cow.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Water Supply:- Clean water supply is required for drinking and cleaning purposes of the shed. Arrangements can be done by providing overhead tanks on the shed.
For Green Fodder Production: Read here.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Selection of Dairy Breeds:- Successful dairy farming requires a good breed selection of cows. Select the dairy cow/cattle breed that is suitable for your climatic conditions and high milking capacity. You can visit your local farms and can observe the different breed types that are suitable. A crossbreed of HF cows (Holstein Frisian) with Indian Sahiwal. Or Jersey with Sahiwal or Jersey with Red Sindhi is preferable for the good milk yield. It is preferred to select the breed which produces milk of 20 to 25 liters/day. Artificial insemination plays a major role to cross with high-yielding breeds.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Cow and Calves Management and Care:- Artificial insemination or mating of cows should be carried out after every 3 months (90 days) of calving. Indian cattle breeds take 3 years in reaching the maturity phase whereas high yield Jersey crossbreed or HF cows reach maturity at 16 to 18 months and they will be ready for mating. In general, for every 13 months, cows should be calving. The lactation period of cows should be 300 days and the service period should be 90-120 days. The gestation period of cows is going to be 266 days. More attention and care are needed in the case of pregnant cows as they need more nutrition during this stage. Concentrate & mineral mixture should be given during the gestation period of cows and this feed intake should be increased as time passes to ensure proper growth of calves and their udder.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Vaccination Program in Dairy Cow Farming:- Before giving any vaccination in dairy, deworming should be done to get better results. However, deworming should be carried out frequently and the veterinary doctor is your point of contact for this. The following table is the typical vaccination schedule in dairy farming.
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Vaccination Schedule in Dairy Farming:
Dairy Farming Business Plan – Bottom Line:- The above write-up can be assumed for Dairy Farming Business Plan in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, and other states of India. However, the labour cost, Cow breeds, feed cost, or green fodder production cost and inputs may slightly vary from region to region. You can expect excellent profits with proper dairy management practices, perfect planning, and dedication completely to the farm 24/7.
For Silage Making Process: Read here.
In case if you are interested in this: Quail Farming Business Plan .
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Hello, my name is Anuj purwar, I am a student. And want to start organic farming with two members team MAYANK SHINHA and rishab pandey. We planned for a loan by the bank and use hydraulic solar panels energy for electricity which help us in earning money because of this electricity were given to our nearly farmers who use petrol, diesel water pump by which we decrease less use of pratrol. We are 17-19 year old and planed for this. We need your support to prove ourselves and promote the organic forming and start online sale of our crops from us to customers directly.
I am not sure about your question. You say solar and talk about Organic.
Read here about : Organic Farming .
Selling electricity to anyone except the government is prohibited in india. Please make sure you are not breaking any law.
GUPTA DAIRY FARM KARNAL Supplying Pure Breed and vaccinated Murrah Buffalo, Sahiwal Breed Cattle, Jersey Cow, Dairy Cow, Cow Heifer, Buffalo Heifer, Australian Cow, American Cow, and other types of Cows and Buffaloes…
We don’t sell any livestock or agriculture produce.
we don’t call or have personal support. You can post comments and get reply.
Respected Concerned person/ / Can you deliver the cows and buffalos throughout india?
Dear sir, I want to open new dairy farm in Jhabua (MadhyaPradesh). I have required 10 Buffalo with good quality and can give 10-15 litre milk per day. please send me the details about buffalo , price, purchasing locations , transportation etc.
regards dinesh bhayal
We don’t sell any cattle/buffaloes.
You must be an adult for eligibility of the loan for dairy farming.
hi i want to set up dairy farm, kindly suggest me the details in pdf, want to do at odisha. if u have, [email protected]
Soon we will introduce farming or agriculture pdf’s to download.
Hello, Can any one suggest the process of dairy loan. I will start dairy farming immediately.
For Dairy farming subsidy and loan, read this: Dairy Farming Subsidy .
You mean for dairy shed construction and design?
Above article is really helping. I have around 7 Bigha land in Kotdwar-Uttarakhand and looking to get in to dairy farm business, Can I expect a professional help from you ? like in Planning the dairy farm, loans and subsidy, good milk yielding cows and buffalo.
Glad the information is helping at least some people. We don’t have personal consulting support at this point in time. However, you talk to NABARD branch in your city for qualified agriculture/farming loans.
Hai, my name is Mohith and I from Telagana state, I want to start Cow farm. Please guide me.
Well, Mohith Dairy farming needs investment, patience and hard work along with dedication. You can not trust the third person in this business as feed management and care is utmost priorities of dairy cow farming. From, NABARD you can get a subsidy and loan for setting up a dairy cow farm. Here is some information which may be helpful: Dairy Farming Subsidy .
Dairy Cow Farming Project Report t .
Sir, I am from Odisha. I am interested to start a Dairy Farming In Odisha where can I get assistance? and necessary help. Please advise.
NABARD is your point of contact for any livestock subsidy. You can read >DAIRY FARMING SUBSIDY .
Hi, I am Prashant Deshmukh. I really interested to start a new Dairy farm business in Maharashtra. How to start, please guide me.
Well, to start a dairy farm, you must have proper planning, dedication. It requires your hard work. First, decide which dairy breed, you would like to go for. Feed management is very important in dairy farming. Make sure you have enough laborers to handle the farm. Our advice is to start with less number of cows and start increasing as you get more experience. Apart from this marketing is another factor for your dairy products. Here is some information which may help you. Read: DAIRY COW FARMING PROJECT REPORT .
Hello Sir, I am Rohidas Sapke and looking to start my own dairy farm business. Can you advise me is there any private institute who gives training on How to handle dairy farms/animal care/business related things and all?
Very soon, we will update training and consulting services addresses.
I am exploring possibility of dairy farming near Raipur in Uttarakhand.The subject is new to me as I am not a professional from this field.I would like to see a viable business plan,if you have one,for a midsized investment. Regards
It is really a resourceful information on every aspect. Thank you Can you please write on financial breakups, for shed, cows , fodder cost etc all occurring expenses. just as a template it will give an idea for us on financial planning.
Dairy Farming FAQ .
How To Get NABARD Subsidy and Loan .
Dairy Shed Design and Construction .
Dairy Cow Farming Project Report .
Sir, I am 37 yrs old from Barshi, in Solapur district. We have some farm land and wish to start a dairy business from scratch. How can I start?
Read this: Dairy Farming FAQ .
Dear Sir, I really appreciate the guideline for my knowledge I am an MBA qualified. I hate jobs, I love business have a full plan to start a dairy farm business I have 5 acre land in one place 4 acre land in other areas which are in a part. Anyhow, I made a contact in our area and there is no a single dairy farm. This would be a great opportunity for me. But need knowledge of this business.
Umar Saood from pakistan currently working in UAE
Dairy farming is not simple as you think. However, with proper planning, dedication and hard work defiantly will pay you off. You cannot depend and trust third person.
To have complete idea. You better read all the dairy farming articles.
Read: Dairy Farming Information .
I am Mahesh and I want to know whether Coorg, Karnataka is best suited for HF breed cows, since we have 2 to 3 acres of land is coorg but due to heavy rain during June to October, we are still worried whether we can go-ahead for dairy farming with HF breeds. Your guidance and suggestions will help us further.
Hi I am a pure science graduate and I have interest in polyhouse and hydroponic agriculture. I want to start cultivation of vegetables in a small area like 1000 sq.m for commercial purposes..n establish my career on it. I like to spread it through out my state working as a professional consultant too. For this, I need proper training and guide and financial resources. Now plz help me to know all about high tech poly house, hydroponics that can help me to build my financial path as a grower and as a consultant too. Plese, help me show me the way. Thank u.
Dear sir new dairy farming business open in my village Bila gujarat so plz help me loan and ideas 7778014786 my WhatsApp number
hello sir, i am 20 yrs old and i want to open dairy farm. can you tell me about problems we face in this field.
Hello Mr. Reddy, Thanks for your effort to put this content in internet, it is very much informative. I am very much interested to start a dairy farm, but need proper guidance to set up this. I’m gathering information from youtube channels and some blogs like your. I may contact you to get some information.
very useful information sir Thank you
Hello sir, Iam r kanaka raj Ex-Servicemen Army I live from andaman and nicobar Islands. I want to open dairy farm. Can you tell me about problems we face in this field.
Please suggest the training institutes for dairy farming short courses.
Subject: New Dairy Farm
This is Harish (farmer) from Telangana state, I’m really interested to start to start new dairy farm in my village I am having 5 acres land, Hence pls could you advice that from where to get the good livestock’s and what is the cost per cow. Pls could you share with me the shed diagram how to build for at least 10-12 cows.
Kind regards: Harish
Hi, Can you explain this business in financial terms….like cost of animals…on average how much they can produce milk….cost of milk….animal maintenance cost etc…if you can provide a table then it will be very useful
Dear sir I have plan to start up a dairy farm but I don’t have any idea I need some guid line to start up I need some ideas can u tell how can help me on this can u help me on this
My name is Obeng Kingsley an M. PHIL student at University of Ghana pursuing Agricultural science. I am currently rearing sheep but facing challenges in the housing system. I need advise on housing management system. thanks
Dear sir, I want to open new dairy farm in CUMBUM (Andhra Pradesh). I have required 10 Buffalo with good quality and can give 20-30 litre milk per day. please send me the details about buffalo , price, purchasing locations , transportation etc. is it supporting goverment like subsidy and any extra allowance.let me know sir,i donot have any idea.ping me your phone number sir.i need to talk to you..ok sir.
Hi, Do you have any worksheet to make business plan? I need to calculate EBITDA for my Dairy Venture.
Thanks in advance.
thanks so much for such relevant information that will guide us in our development in business.
hi, I want to set up a dairy farm, kindly suggest to me the details in pdf, want to do it at Haveri.
can you please inform me about loans from centre govt subsidy and financial loans ?
i want starting small scale from kerala . please suggest to me rules and regulations
can you suggest names high feeding cows ?
I want to start Cow farming. How much amount will be required for 15 number Cow farming inclusive of Construction, feeder, medical treatment and labour cost etc.
How much monthly income i get with 15 cows?
Hi everyone I am planing for Dairy farming.can any one tell about the cost and land requirements & government rules
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ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ | Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat, Loans, Subsidies,Schemes in 2022
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat, ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ,Dairy business plan, cow farming business plan, business plan for dairy farming, Loans, Subsidies, Schemes
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat : ડેરી ફાર્મ બિઝનેસ – જેને ઘણીવાર “ઓલ સીઝન” બિઝનેસ કહેવાય છે. ભારતમાં તથા વિશ્વમાં ક્યાંય પણ દૂધની માંગ ક્યારેય સમાપ્ત થશે નહીં તે હકીકતને કારણે, ઘણા વ્યવસાય માલિકો માટે Dairy Business હંમેશા એક આકર્ષક વિચાર રહ્યો છે. ભારતમાં ગમે તે ઋતુ હોય અને ગમે તે સ્થાન હોય “દૂધની હંમેશા ખૂબ જ માંગ રહે છે”. વસ્તી વધારાને કારણે અને દૂધનો વપરાશ દિન-પ્રતિદિન ખૂબ જ વધી રહ્યો છે.ભારતમાં દૂધ ઉત્પાદન દર વર્ષે 4-5% વધે છે.
એવા ઘણા લોકો છે જેઓ નાના કે મોટા પાયે ડેરી ફાર્મિંગના વ્યવસાયમાં આવવા માંગે છે. જો કે, જ્ઞાનના અભાવે અને તેમાં પ્રારંભિક રોકાણ સામેલ હોવાને કારણે તેઓ ડેરી યુનિટ સ્થાપી શકતા નથી. જ્યાં સુધી તમે તમારા ખેતરમાં 24 કલાક સમય આપી ના શકો,ત્યાં સુધી અમે તમને આ ડેરી વ્યવસાયમાં ન આવવાની સલાહ આપીએ છીએ. જરૂરી નથી કે તમે વ્યવસાયિક ધોરણે ડેરી ફાર્મ શરૂ કરો. એકવાર તમે ડેરી ફાર્મિંગના આવક-જાવક વિશે વાકેફ થઈ જાઓ પછી તમે નાના પાયે વ્યવસાય શરૂ કરી શકો છો અને તેને મોટા પાયે વિસ્તારી શકો છો. “Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat” આર્ટિકલમાં અમે તમને સંપૂર્ણ માહિતી જણાવીશું.
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat – ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ પ્લાન
અનુક્રમણિકા માટે અહીં ક્લિક કરો. (Table of Contents)
કોઈપણ Business Plan માં બિઝનેસની પ્રારંભિક રણનીતિથી લઈને તેના ધ્યેય સુધીની દરેક વસ્તુ શામેલ હોય છે. Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat – માટે બિઝનેસ પ્લાન બનાવવો તેના સંચાલનને સરળ બનાવે છે. બિઝનેસ પ્લાન હોય તો પૈસાની મદદ (મૂડીરોકાણ), સબસિડી અથવા તો બિઝનેસ લોન લેવામાં પણ મદદરૂપ થાય છે. અન્ય લોકોને બિઝનેસમાં જોડવા હોય તો આપણી પાસે બિઝનેસ પ્લાન હોય તો સરળતાથી સમજાવી શકીએ છીએ.
ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ પ્લાનમાં વિવિધ ઘટકોનો સમાવેશ થવો જોઈએ જે નીચે મુજબ છે.
- પરિચય – Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat : વ્યવસાયનું વર્ણન, ઉદ્દેશ્યો, મુખ્ય મુદ્દાઓ અને નાણાકીય સારાંશ. નાણાકીય સારાંશમાં આવક અને મૂલ્ય, ચોખ્ખી કૃષિ આવક અને રોકડ આવક, કાર્યકારી મૂડી વગેરે સંબંધિત મૂળભૂત ડેટા માહિતી હોવી જોઈએ.
- મિશન સ્ટેટમેન્ટ: બિઝનેસ મિશન જેમાં આ વ્યવસાય તેના ગ્રાહકો માટે પોસાય અથવા શ્રેષ્ઠ ભાવે, શ્રેષ્ઠ ગુણવત્તાયુક્ત દૂધ અથવા ડેરી ઉત્પાદનોનું ઉત્પાદન કરી શકે છે.
- ફાર્મ સ્થાન: વ્યવસાય યોજનામાં ફાર્મ સેટ કરવા માટે સંબંધિત વિસ્તાર, શહેર અને રાજ્યની માહિતી શામેલ હોવી જોઈએ. પ્લાનમાં લીઝ અથવા ભાડે લીધેલી જગ્યાની વિગતો પણ હોવી જોઈએ.
- પશુઓ અને ફાર્મ મશીનરી/સાધન: ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ વ્યવસાયમાં વપરાતા પશુઓની કુલ સંખ્યા, નામો અને બિલો સાથે ખરીદેલ મશીનરીની સંખ્યા અને પ્રકાર.
- માર્કેટિંગ વ્યૂહરચના: યોજનામાં વિવિધ જાહેરાતો, વ્યાપાર દરખાસ્તો, માર્કેટિંગ વ્યૂહરચના, નવા સાહસો, બ્રાન્ડ એડવર્ટાઇઝ ઝુંબેશ વગેરે સંબંધિત તમામ માહિતી હોવી જોઈએ.
- અમલીકરણ યોજના સારાંશ: યોજનાના સારાંશમાં પૂર્ણ થવાની અપેક્ષિત સમયરેખા સાથે નવા અને સુધારેલા સંચાલનને અમલમાં મૂકવા માટેની વ્યવસાય યોજનાઓ દર્શાવવી જોઈએ.
- ભવિષ્યનું પ્લાનિંગ – Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat: ભારતમાં ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ વ્યવસાય શરૂ કરવા માટે જરૂરી તમામ લાયસન્સ અને પરવાનગીઓની વિગતો સાથે આગામી પાંચ વર્ષ માટે લક્ષ્યાંક, વર્ષ-દર-વર્ષની વિગતો.
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat – ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ કેવી રીતે શરૂ કરવો?
ચાલો આપણે ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ શરૂ કરવા માટેના વિવિધ પગલાઓ વિશે કેટલીક મહત્વપૂર્ણ માહિતી મેળવીએ. ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ વ્યવસાય શરૂ કરતા પહેલા 7 સૌથી મહત્વપૂર્ણ કાર્યો છે જે નીચે મુજબ છે.
- બિઝનેસ પ્લાન બનાવવો
- નિષ્ણાતો/વ્યાવસાયિકો અને બજારના અગ્રણીઓ સાથે વાતચીત કરવી અને માહીતી મેળવવી.
- સંપૂર્ણ વ્યવસાય સંશોધન કરવું.
- પશુઓ માટે ઈન્ફ્રાસ્ટ્રક્ચરનું આયોજન કરવું
- ખોરાક અને કચરો વ્યવસ્થાપન પ્લાન બનાવવો.
- સંબંધિત અધિકારીઓ પાસેથી લાઇસન્સ મેળવવું.
- મૂડી-ભંડોળ એકઠું કરવું અથવા બિઝનેસ લોન મેળવવી.
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat – ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ વ્યવસાય શરૂ કરવા માટે (જો નાના પાયાનો ઉદ્યોગ હોય તો), બિઝનેસ કરનારે પ્રારંભિક તબક્કામાં ઓછી ગાય અથવા ભેંસ પસંદ કરવાની જરૂર છે. માંગના આધારે પછીના તબક્કામાં પશુઓની સંખ્યા વધારી શકાય છે.
સોલ પ્રોપ્રાઇટરશિપ, પાર્ટનરશિપ, પ્રાઇવેટ લિમિટેડ, પબ્લિક લિમિટેડ, લિમિટેડ લાયેબિલિટી, એનજીઓ વગેરે તરીકે તેની ફર્મની નોંધણી કરીને વ્યવસાય માલિકને કંપની નોંધણી પ્રમાણપત્ર મેળવવું.
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નાના બિઝનેસ ના આઈડિયા | 40 Small Business Ideas in Gujarat
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat – ધ્યાનમાં રાખવાની બાબતો
ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસ શરૂ કરવા માટે તમારે નીચેની બાબતો ધ્યાનમાં રાખવાની જરૂર છે.
- ખોરાક અને ખાતરની દુકાન
- ઘાસચારા માટે સિંચાઈ વ્યવસ્થા
- દૂધની દુકાન
- હવામાન રક્ષણ માટે શેડ
- દૂધ સંગ્રહ માટે સંગ્રહ સુવિધા
- અન્ય સંબંધિત મશીનો
- વ્યવસાયના માલિકોએ સંબંધિત સત્તાવાળાઓ પાસેથી લાઇસન્સ, પરમિટ મેળવવાની જરૂરી હોય છે. રોગ, રસીકરણ વગેરે જેવા ખાસ સંજોગોમાં પ્રાણીઓને એક રાજ્યમાંથી બીજા રાજ્યમાં પાર કરવા માટે ખાસ લાયસન્સની જરૂર પડે છે.
SBI ડેરી પ્લસ એગ્રીકલ્ચર લોન સ્કીમ
SBI 50,000 થી 5 લાખ સુધીની ડેરી લોન આપે છે. SBI ડેરી સંબંધિત કૃષિ પ્રોજેક્ટ માટે બે બેંક લોન યોજનાઓ ઓફર કરે છે.
- પ્રથમ : ડેરી મંડળીઓ માટે એસબીઆઈ સ્કીમ – જે મિલ્કહાઉસ અથવા સોસાયટી ઑફિસનું બાંધકામ, સ્વચાલિત દૂધ સંગ્રહ પ્રણાલીની ખરીદી, પરિવહન વાહનો, યુનિટ જેવી માળખાકીય સુવિધાઓ બનાવવા માટે નાણાં પ્રદાન કરે છે.
- બીજી : SBI ડેરી પ્લસ એગ્રીકલ્ચર લોન સ્કીમ છે જે દૂધ ઉત્પાદક મંડળીઓને ધિરાણ પૂરું પાડે છે જે છેલ્લા બે વર્ષમાં નફો કરતી ખાનગી દૂધની ડેરીઓને માન્યતા આપે છે.
NABARD લોન સબસિડી
નેશનલ બેંક ફોર એગ્રીકલ્ચર એન્ડ રૂરલ ડેવલપમેન્ટ (NABARD) એ ડેરી એન્ટરપ્રેન્યોરશિપ ડેવલપમેન્ટ સ્કીમ (DEDS) હેઠળ સબસિડી સ્કીમ શરૂ કરી છે. જેમાં ખેડૂતોને માન્ય બેંકો દ્વારા ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ માટે લોન આપવામાં આવે છે. અરજદાર માન્ય પ્રાદેશિક ગ્રામીણ બેંકો (RRB), અથવા વ્યાપારી અને સહકારી બેંકોની મુલાકાત લઈને બેંક પ્રતિનિધિઓ પાસેથી તમામ જરૂરી માહિતી મેળવી, સબંધિત સબસિડી અને રૂ.5 લાખ સુધીની લોન મેળવી શકે છે.
નાના અને ગરીબ ખેડૂતો તેમની જરૂરિયાત અને જાળવણીની ક્ષમતા મુજબ 1 થી 20 પશુઓ ખરીદી શકે છે. ભારતીય રિઝર્વ બેંક દ્વારા માન્યતા પ્રાપ્ત કોઈપણ બેંક કોઈપણ ડેરી,પશુ,ગાય અને ભેંસ માટે લોન મંજૂર કરે છે, તો લાભાર્થીને બેંક લોનની રકમ પર વ્યાજ સબસિડી @ 12% વ્યાજ મળી શકે છે
ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ બિઝનેસની આવશ્યકતાઓ
વ્યવસાય શરૂ કરતા પહેલા અને પછી ઉપયોગમાં લેવા માટે ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ માટે નીચેની બાબતો જરૂરી છે.
- શેડ: ખેતરની જમીનમાં પશુ રાખવા માટે યોગ્ય ઢંકાયેલો વિસ્તાર હોવો જોઈએ.
- જમીન: ખેતરના માલિકોએ પશુધન માટે ઘાસચારાનો પાક ઉગાડવા માટે ખેતીલાયક વિસ્તારો અથવા જમીન જાળવવી આવશ્યક છે. જમીનનો વિસ્તાર મૂળભૂત રીતે પશુઓની સંખ્યા પર આધાર રાખે છે. સામાન્ય રીતે, 1 એકર જમીન લગભગ 7-10 પશુઓના ઘાસચારા માટે પૂરતી છે.
- પાણી અને ઘાસચારો: આ બંને વસ્તુઓ વધુ માત્રામાં હોવી જોઈએ, કારણ કે પાણી લીલા ઘાસના વિકાસમાં મદદ કરે છે અને ઘાસચારો પશુઓના યોગ્ય પોષણમાં મદદ કરે છે.
- નસ્લની પસંદગી અને રસીકરણ: વધુ દૂધ આપવા માટે સારી ઓલાદની પસંદગી કરવી જોઈએ. આ ઉપરાંત, રોગોને નિયંત્રિત કરવા અને પશુઓના સ્વાસ્થ્યનું રક્ષણ કરવા માટે તેમના રખેવાળ પાસે રસીકરણનો પ્લાન હોવો જોઈએ.
- જર્સી : જર્સી 15 થી 18 લિટર દૂધ આપવાની ક્ષમતા ધરાવે છે. તેની કિંમત થોડી વધુ હોય છે પરંતુ આ વ્યવસાય માટે તે બેસ્ટ છે.
- સાહિવાલ : સાહિવાલ પણ ખૂબ જ વધુ દૂધ આપવાની ક્ષમતા ધરાવે છે, આ પણ એક ઉમદા પશુ જાત છે.
- ગીર ગાય/ભેંસ : તે ગુજરાતના જૂનાગઢ, ભાવનગર, રાજકોટ અને અમરેલી જિલ્લાઓ સહિત ગીરના જંગલોની આસપાસના વિસ્તારમાં મળી આવે છે, તે મોટા પ્રમાણમાં દૂધ આપે છે.
- કાંકરેજ ગાય/ભેંસ : તેનું નામ ઉત્તર ગુજરાતના કાંકરેજ તાલુકાના નામ પરથી પડ્યું છે. આ જાતિ મુખ્યત્વે કચ્છના રણના દક્ષિણ ભાગમાં, બનાસકાંઠા જિલ્લા, કાંકરેજ તાલુકા, અમદાવાદ અને ડીસાથી રાધનપુર સુધી જોવા મળે છે. તે મોટા પ્રમાણમાં દૂધ આપે છે.
- ડાંગી ગાય/ભેંસ : આ પણ ખૂબ જ ઉચ્ચ ગુણવત્તાવાળું પશુધન છે અને મોટા પ્રમાણમાં દૂધ આપે છે.
ઉચ્ચ માંગનો વ્યવસાય હોવાને કારણે, પશુપાલનમાં જરૂરી રોકાણની તુલનામાં માર્કેટિંગમાં ખર્ચ ઘણો ઓછો છે. તાજેતરના સંશોધન અને રોકાણ બજાર વિશ્લેષણ અનુસાર, ભારતના ગ્રામીણ અથવા શહેરી વિસ્તારોમાં નાના પાયે ડેરી ફાર્મ શરૂ કરવા માટે રોકાણની મર્યાદા આશરે રૂ.5 લાખથી રૂ.10 લાખ છે. મોટા પાયે ડેરી ફાર્મિંગ વ્યવસાય શરૂ કરવા માટે 50 લાખ રૂપિયાનું રોકાણ જરૂરી છે.
ભારતમાં ગાય-ભેંસ ની કિંમત
ભેંસ કે ગાયની કિંમત તેમની જાતિના આધારે નક્કી કરવામાં આવે છે. જો તમે સારી નસ્લની ગાય-ભેંસ ખરીદો છો, તો તેની કિંમત 60-70 હજાર રૂપિયા સુધી આવશે. બીજી તરફ જો ગાય-ભેંસ બ્રીડ સારી ન હોય તો તમે 30 હજારમાં જ ગાય-ભેંસ ખરીદી શકો છો. તમે સરળતાથી સસ્તા ભાવે ગાય મેળવી શકો છો.
ભેંસ કે ગાય ખરીદતી વખતે ધ્યાનમાં રાખવા જેવી બાબતો
સમગ્ર વિશ્વમાં ભેંસ અથવા ગાયની ઘણી જાતો જોવા મળે છે અને ભેંસની દરેક જાતિ અલગ અલગ માત્રામાં દૂધ આપે છે. તેથી, તમારા વ્યવસાય માટે ફક્ત તે જ ભેંસ ખરીદો, જે તમારા વ્યવસાય માટે ફાયદાકારક છે. બીજી તરફ, જર્સી, સાહિવાલ જાતિની ભેંસ આ વ્યવસાય માટે યોગ્ય છે. જર્સી 15 થી 18 લિટર દૂધ આપવાની ક્ષમતા ધરાવે છે.
Conclusion of Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat – નિષ્કર્ષ
ગુજરાતમાં પાણીની અછત હોવા છતાં, ભારતના અન્ય રાજ્યોની સરખામણીમાં ડેરી ઉદ્યોગનો વિકાસ સારો છે. એશિયામાં જાણીતી અમૂલ ડેરી ગુજરાતની છે. ગુજરાતના પશુપાલકો ઓછું ભણેલા, ગરીબ અને બિનઅનુભવી છે. જો કે, તેઓ આ વ્યવસાય સાથે ખૂબ જ ઊંડાણપૂર્વક સંકળાયેલા છે, જો કે આ વ્યવસાયમાં કેટલીક સમસ્યાઓ છે જો આ સમસ્યાઓને દૂર કરવા સઘન પ્રયાસો કરવામાં આવે તો ગુજરાતનો ખેડૂત સમૃદ્ધ અને આત્મસન્માનિત બની શકે છે અને સમગ્ર વિશ્વમાં આદરણીય સ્થાન પ્રાપ્ત કરી શકે છે.
હાલમાં, હજુ પણ, ડેરી ઉદ્યોગ સંપૂર્ણપણે સહકારી ક્ષેત્રની માલિકીનો છે. જો કોઈ ખાનગી ક્ષેત્ર આની સામે સ્પર્ધામાં ઉતરશે તો સ્પર્ધાત્મક વાતાવરણ સર્જાશે અને ડેરી ઉત્પાદનોના ઉત્પાદન ખર્ચમાં ઘટાડો થવાથી આ ઉત્પાદનોની માંગમાં તેજી આવી શકે છે. બીજી તરફ, ગુજરાતના દૂધ ઉત્પાદકને સ્પર્ધાનો વધુ સારો લાભ મળી શકે છે, જે ઉદ્યોગના વિકાસ માટે ખૂબ જ જરૂરી છે.
FAQ – Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat
Q. શું dairy farming business plan in gujarat ઓછા રોકાણમાં થઈ શકે.
Ans. હા, Dairy Farming Business ઓછા રોકાણમાં શરૂ કરવા માટે તમારી પાસે પોતાની જમીન અને ગાય,ભેંસ હોવી જોઈએ. શરૂવાત માં તમે ઘરનાં સભ્યો દ્વારા ફાર્મ ની દેખરેખ રાખી શકો અને જેમ પશુધન માં વધારો થાય તો તમે રખેવાળ રાખી શકો.
Q. શું Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat માટે લાઇસન્સ લેવું જરુરી છે?
Ans. ના. તમારી પાસે શરૂવાત માં લાઇસન્સ ન હોય તો ચાલે. જ્યારે મિલ્ક પ્રોસેસિંગ યુનિટ સ્થાપવો હોય ત્યારે તમારી પાસે જરૂરી કંપનીના ડોક્યુમેન્ટ અને લાઇસન્સ હોવા જોઈએ. મિલ્ક પ્રોડક્ટ્સ માટે તમારી પાસે fssai license હોવું જરૂરી છે.
Q. ગાય-ભેંસ ની કિંમત કેટલી હોય છે?
Ans. ભેંસ કે ગાયની કિંમત તેમની જાતિના આધારે નક્કી કરવામાં આવે છે. જો તમે સારી નસ્લની ગાય-ભેંસ ખરીદો છો, તો તેની કિંમત 60-70 હજાર રૂપિયા સુધી આવશે. બીજી તરફ જો ગાય-ભેંસ બ્રીડ સારી ન હોય તો તમે 30 હજારમાં જ ગાય-ભેંસ ખરીદી શકો છો. તમે સરળતાથી સસ્તા ભાવે ગાય મેળવી શકો છો.
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Dairy Farming Business Plan
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Business plan is all about developing an overall aim and mission for any particular business. Preparing a business plan for a dairy farming business makes its management easy and quick, moreover helps in procuring grants, subsidies, or even business loans for doing business. With the help of a written dairy farming business plan, entrepreneurs shall set short- and long-term targets for at least five years.
Opening a dairy farm, often termed an “All Season” business has always been a lucrative idea for numerous business owners, as a fact that there will be never-ending demand for milk in India and anywhere in the world. India’s milk production is an increase by 3% – 4% every year. Due to this, the dairy farming business is evolving into a successful business ride for entrepreneurs.
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Creating Dairy Farming Business Plan in March 2023
Dairy Farming business plan should consist of various components that are as follows:
Introduction: Describing the nature of business, purpose, key issues, basic business details, and financial summary (for existing businesses). The financial summary should hold basic data information related to consolidated gross revenue and net worth, net farm income, cash flow, current ratio, working capital, etc.
Mission Statement: Business mission in which this business can produce the best quality milk or dairy products at affordable or best prices for its customers.
Farm Location and History: The business plan should consist of information related to the proposed farm location with a specified area, city, and state. The plan should also hold details of acres owned or rented with lease terms.
Cattle and Farm Machinery/Equipment: Information on the total number of cattle to be used in the dairy farming business and the number and types of machinery and equipment purchased with names and bills to be presented.
Proposed Business Ideas and Marketing Strategies: Plan should contain all the information regarding various commercials, business proposals, marketing strategies, new ventures to be undertaken, brand campaigns, etc.
Implementation Plan Summary: Plan summary should depict business plans for implementing new and improved management practices with anticipated timelines for completion.
Goal projection of next five years, description year-by-year with realistic information with necessary details of all the licenses and permissions required to start a dairy farming business in India.
Tips to Start Your own Dairy Farming Business
Further, let’s gain some important information regarding several steps involved in starting a dairy farming business. There are 8 important tasks to undertake before starting a dairy farming business that is as follows:
- Consulting with experts/professionals and market leaders
- Performing thorough business research
- Planning healthy infrastructure for animals
- Generating feeding and waste management program
- Obtaining licenses from concerned authorities
- Getting funds or availing business loans
- Finalizing a name for your business
- Getting your business registered as a Company or an MSME
To start a dairy farming business (if small-scale venture), entrepreneurs need to opt for lesser cows or buffaloes at the initial stages. At later stages, the number of cattle can be increased, depending upon the demand.
The business owner needs to require a company registration certificate by registering his/her firm as a sole proprietorship , partnership , private limited , public limited , limited liability partnership , NGO , etc.
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Comparison of Business Loan Interest Rates offered by Top Banks/NBFCs
Note: Business loan interest rates are updated as on March 2023.
Next, business owners need to own and manage various facilities required to start a dairy farming business:
- Feed and manure storage room
- Irrigation system for pasture
- Milking store
- Sheds or barns sheltered from the weather
- Sterile facility for storage of milk and pasteurizing purpose
- Other related machinery and equipment
Further, business owners need to obtain licenses, permits, and permissions from the respective authorities. A special license is required to cross animals from one state to another in special circumstances like illness, vaccinations, etc.
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Get 33% Subsidy on Loans up to Rs. 7 Lakh to Open Dairy Farm
The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) initiated a subsidy scheme under Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) in which farmers shall be benefited from getting subsidies on dairy farming loans via approved and eligible banks and NBFCs. Farmers can avail of 33.33% subsidy of total project cost on dairy farming loans up to Rs. 7 lakh by visiting the approved Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), or commercial and co-operative banks. Applicants can avail subsidy and loan-related all the necessary information by visiting the nearest bank or NBFC.
Source: Krishi Jagran
Requirements of Dairy Farming Business Plan
Below mentioned are the components of Dairy Farming to be used or installed before and after starting your own business:
- Shed: There must be a properly covered area built in the farmland before bringing in cattle to be kept
- Land: Farm owners should maintain cultivated areas or land for growing fodder crops for cattle. The land area basically depends on the number of cattle to be kept. Usually, 1 acre of land is sufficient to feed around 7-10 cows
- Water and Fodder: Both of these things should be in abundance, as water helps in the growth of green fodder, and fodder further helps in the proper nourishment of cattle
- Breed Selection and Vaccination : To yield more milk, there should be good cow breed selection. Moreover, to control diseases and protect cow’s health, their caretaker should have a strict vaccination schedule
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Being a business of high demand, marketing cost is much lesser, as compared to the investment required in animal husbandry. As per the recent research and investment market analysis, approximately Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 20 lakh is the investment range to start a small-scale dairy farm in rural or urban areas of India.
The investment required to start a large-scale dairy farming business can exceed up to Rs. 1 crore or even more. Therefore, interested business owners here can check and compare all the available business loan options offered by banks and NBFCs at competitive interest rates, as per their business requirements.
Must Read: Know All Details on Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana Loan
8 Things You Need to Know Before Starting Your Own Dairy Farm
Develop a Business Plan and SWOT Analysis
It is important to remember that a dairy farm is a business. Development of detailed business plan and a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) of your plan and the resources you have available will be critical to the success of your business. How many cows will you milk? Where will you market your milk? Will you hire employees? How much money do you need to live on after the dairy bills are all paid? Your business plan should include a cash flow plan that will help you set reasonable expectations for your expenses and cost of production.
Consult the Experts
Even if you grew up on a dairy and learned how to feed and milk cows from your parents and grandparents it is important to consult experts in the dairy industry as you develop your business plan and design your management system. Other dairy producers are great resources. Attend field days and open houses on dairy farms in your area and other parts of the state or country. When visiting other farms find out what has worked well on those farms and what has not worked, but keep in mind that just because something worked on one farm does not mean it will work for you on your farm. In addition to farmers, talk to veterinarians, nutritionists, agronomists, bankers, extension educators, and others that can provide different perspectives on management of your dairy.
Create a Cropping and Feeding Program
Whether you are going to feed a TMR (total mixed ration), graze your cattle, or some combination of both; dairy cattle require a certain set of nutrients to support themselves, produce milk, and grow a calf. Work with a nutritionist to develop rations for your lactating cows and dry cows and heifers if these animals are to be raised on the farm. Many dairy farms in Pennsylvania produce most if not all their own forages and many of their concentrate (grain) needs. Raising all your own feed takes land and time, not to mention equipment for planting and harvesting the crops. Hiring custom operators to plant and harvest crops, or making arrangements with neighbors to share equipment and labor can reduce your capital investment as you get started with your dairy business and are building capital. Double cropping systems, with small grain crops following corn silage, are used successfully on many Pennsylvania farms.
Create a Waste Management Plan
Dairy cattle produce a lot of manure. While this manure is often referred to as waste, if managed and used properly it can be a great resource on the farm. Manure management will be tied closely to your cropping and feeding program. If you are able to use a double cropping system on your farm it will not only allow you to produce more feed but will also allow you to apply more manure to your land. Alternatives to direct land application of manure include composting and anaerobic digestion of manure, while these options may provide additional revenue and other benefits to your dairy they will also increase the capital investment required to get your dairy started. Every farm will need a manure management plan, but depending on the size of your farm a nutrient management plan may also be required. Check with your county Conservation District or local Extension office for more information.
Build Your Equity Over Time
Dairy farming requires a large capital investment. Land, buildings, equipment, and cows are expensive and few new dairy farmers will have the capital required to purchase everything when they get started in business. Many beginning farmers begin by purchasing their cows first and renting the farm and land. These initial animals are your farms equity.
Dairy Farming is a Biological System
The dairy farm is dependent on the cow's ability to live a healthy life, produce milk, and have calves that can become the next generation of the farm. Dairy farming requires detailed programs for herd health, reproduction and calf care in addition to the nutrition and financial aspects on the farm. Working with your veterinarian, genetics representatives and extension agents can help you develop comprehensive farm plans to create a positive future.
One Size Does Not Fit All
All dairy farms are different based on the producer's wishes, resource requirements, market needs and more. Multiple systems exist and can be profitable. Some producers contract out their replacements to a custom heifer raiser while others diversify by selling crops, raising steers or creating a home-bottling plant. How you farm will depend on your desires, resources, and drive.
You are a Manager First
All these previous items are just pieces of the puzzle. In order to succeed you will need to combine each aspect of management into a whole farm plan. However, you don't need to do it all. Work with trusted consultants to help you build a plan, and stick with your strengths. If you love milking cows but hate planting corn, find someone to work with who does, or contract that work out to a third party. Consider creating a farm management team or profit team that engages your consultants to be active participants in the farm's progress.
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Dairy industry in Gujarat
Dairy industry in gujarat: market size, growth, prices, segments, cooperatives, private dairies, procurement and distribution.
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IMARC Group’s latest report, titled “ Dairy Industry in Gujarat: Market Size, Growth, Prices, Segments, Cooperatives, Private Dairies, Procurement and Distribution ”, offers an in-depth analysis of the Gujarat dairy market. The state currently represents the fifth largest dairy market in India. The milk production in Gujarat mainly consists of cow and buffalo milk. According to the report, the dairy market in Gujarat size reached INR 983.7 Billion in 2021. Looking forward, the market is expected to reach INR 2,384.3 Billion by 2027, exhibiting a growth rate (CAGR) of 15.7% during 2022-2027.
Note: Information in the above chart consists of dummy data and is only shown here for representation purpose. Kindly contact us for the actual market size and trends.
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Based on the product type, this report has categorized the Gujarat dairy market into 18 major product segments:
- Liquid Milk
- Table Butter
- Skimmed Milk Powder
- Frozen/Flavoured Yoghurt
- Fresh Cream
- Butter Milk
- Flavoured Milk
- Dairy Whitener
- Sweet Condensed Milk
- Infant Food
- Malt Based Beverages
For each of the product segments, the report provides a thorough analysis of the current and historical value and volume trends, market share of key players and market forecast. Currently, liquid milk represents the biggest product segment in Gujarat, accounting for majority of the market share. Some of the fastest growing segments include frozen/flavoured yogurt, cheese, probiotic milk drinks, UHT milk and flavoured milk. The competitive landscape of Gujarat’s dairy market has also been examined in this report. Some of the major players include Amul (Gujarat State Cooperative Milk Producers’ Federation), Maahi Milk Producer Company Ltd and Vimal Dairy Ltd.
The study provides a detailed evaluation of the dairy market landscape in Gujarat, covering the current, historical and future trends for milk production, milk production by cattle, milk procurement prices, etc. The report also offers SWOT, Value Chain and Porter’s Five Forces analysis of Gujarat dairy market along with market segmentation by product type and an analysis of the competitive landscape. The study is based on both desk research and multiple waves of qualitative primary research. This report is a must-read for entrepreneurs, investors, researchers, consultants, business strategists, and all those who have any kind of stake or are planning to foray into the Gujarat dairy market in any manner.
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In this presentation I have mentioned all the opportunities in starting a dairy farm in Gujarat
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- 1. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 1 Introduction Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or an animal husbandry, enterprise, for long-term production of milk, usually from dairy cows but also from goats, sheep and camels, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale. Most dairy farms sell the male calves born by their cows, usually for veal production, or breeding depending on quality of the bull calf, rather than raising non-milk- producing stock. Many dairy farms also grow their own feed, typically including corn, and hay. This is fed directly to the cows, or is stored as silage for use during the winter season. A profitable dairy farming needs a complete study about Dairy farming Information and in- depth knowledge. Dairy farming can be an excellent opportunity for self-employment of unemployed youth. It is a good source of income generation for small/marginal farmers and agricultural laborers. As we know India is one of the largest milk producers in the world, and the demand for milk and milk products is increasing rapidly. So, there is an immense scope of dairy farming in India. The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability can balance by undertaking fodder cultivation. Developing circumstance Dairy is right now the top-positioning product in India, with the estimation of yield in 2004 at 1.179 billion rupees (US$39 million), which is practically equivalent to the consolidated yield estimation of rice and wheat. Regardless of the significance of the dairy part in by and large GDP, it gets less government planning than the horticulture area. Further, there has been no moved interest in the improvement of significant worth included or creative items, nor any genuine exertion to help and modernize the casual area. Considering the expanding request driven by the developing populace, higher salaries and more wellbeing awareness, the stoppage in dairy industry development is seriously troubling. In view of evaluations by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), the interest for milk is probably going to arrive at 180 million tons by 2022. To supply the market, a normal steady increment of 5 million tons for each annum throughout the following 15 years is required – a multiplying of the normal gradual rate accomplished in the course of recent years. Without adequate expanded creation, India should depend on the world market for imports. Also, as a result of the gigantic volume required, it will influence worldwide milk costs. Hence, concentrating on regions for nearby dairy improvement is basic.
- 2. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 2 Market structure Until 2002, cooperatives traditionally were the dominant players in the formal sector. With liberalization of the dairy industry, private investment has increased quite significantly. However, the organized sector’s share in milk procurement is very low because a large proportion of the milk and milk products are sold through the informal channel. The informal demand absorbs approximately 41 percent of the milk and milk products produced in the country, accounting for about 75 percent of the marketable surplus of milk. The formal channel, with its packaged milk and dairy products, accounts for only about 25 percent of the marketable surplus, which is about 15 percent of production. MarketStructure Performance Still large share of produce; 85% of marketable surplus goes through informal channel Quality of milk through informal channel is an issue and to some extent in formal channel as well Competitive structure Little competition to cooperatives because private sector was not allowed in the sector until recently Entry of supermarkets in retailing of milk is increasing the competitive structure Governance (value chain type) Governance of cooperative structures is constaining efficiency and expansion Role of "lead" or organizing firms Role of lead agency has been hampered by government interference in cooperatives Farmer organization Immense scope for improving management and governance through farmer organizations Marketing chain capacity and efficiency Scope for enhancing efficiency of distribution Distribution channels Cooperatives have a well-developed distribution channel in urban areas How market signals are conveyed or distorted Government and political interference in price setting, limits prices being determined by market forces.
- 3. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 3 Flow of milk through different channels Share of marketable surplus % of production Total production (million tonnes) Use 45% 45 Home consumption 55% 55 Marketable surplus sold in urban and rural markets (informal and formal) 34.5% 19% 19 Sold in urban markets as loose unpackaged milk 40% 22% 22 Sold as processed products through informal markets 14.5% 8% 8 Sold as packaged milk through formal markets 12.7 % 7 % 7 Sold as packaged milk products through formal markets Factor conditions Factor conditions for dairying involve the nature of creatures, HR and specialized aptitudes, land accessibility, capital, credit, foundation and different sources of info applicable to the worth chain, as the accompanying clarifies. The nature of creatures is basic in deciding its milk efficiency and subsequently by and large generation. Presently, low profitability per creature blocks advancement of the dairy area. In spite of being the world's biggest milk maker, India's efficiency per creature is extremely low, at 987 kg for every lactation, contrasted and the worldwide normal of 2 038 kg for each lactation. The low profitability is a consequence of insufficient steers and bison rearing projects, constrained augmentation and the executives on dairy venture improvement, customary encouraging practices that are not founded on logical nourishing strategies, and restricted accessibility and reasonableness of value feed and grub. What's more, the constrained stockpile of value creatures is exacerbated by approaches restricting interstate development of creatures. Indigenous steers and wild ox make up 45 percent of the nation's all out mulch populace, rather than the cross-reproduced dairy animals at 10 percent. Creature wellbeing and rearing administrations arrangement, veterinary foundation advancement and inoculations are the duty of the state government. These administrations have generally been accommodated free or at a sponsored rate. In the previous barely any years, there has been expanding mindfulness that the state pays intensely to offer these
- 4. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 4 administrations, which are effectively accessible to ranchers (Ahuja et al.). Thus, numerous states have founded incomplete or full-cost recuperation charges for offering the types of assistance. Factorconditions Herd: Herd inventory Very large number of indigenous animals with low productivity and a small portion of cross-breeds Breed Lack of policy focus on strengthening indigenous breeds Very poor awareness of quality feed, which hinders productivity Feed Farmers not interested in quality feed because of the low price of milk Increasing feed costs Veterinary medicine Availability is not an issue Veterinary medicine costs Duplicate or cheap medicines Human capacity: Farmer technical capacity Knowledge and new techniques are not accessible Support services technical capacity Accessibility to good quality veterinary services is an issue in many parts of the country Organization and managerial capacity Organizational and managerial capacity of farmer cooperatives is very poor Entrepreneurial capacity Entrepreneurial capacity is hindered by a low capacity to take risks Credit or finance market Formal credit mechanisms Access to formal credit mechanisms is very poor Informal credit mechanisms Accessible but at very high interest External economies Transmission of learning Very poor extension support services, leading to very poor knowledge transfer Social capital and trust Strong social capital and trust in the villages, which can sustain dairy farmer organizations if properly managed
- 5. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 5 Business Model Dairy Farming Production Unit, Halol Gujarat In Gujarat, Dairy industry is well-established at present and is taken as a model for other states of the country. The dairy sector in the state is given a key importance as it is a business that helps generate the best alternative source of income and employment for poor, rural farmers. Milch animal-holders feed and nourish dairy animals with crop residuals and agriculture by-products that are available with them. And many districts of the Gujarat are experiencing shortage of fodder and feed due to negligible and inadequate irrigation facilities in those regions even today. The growth of dairy development in Gujarat was very fast due to assured market, and there are reasonably good prices for milk supplied to the dairy and easy access for all to health care services offered by the co-operative dairy sector. The State Government policy is supporting dairy industry development through co-operative sector. Dairy farming Business in Gujarat is one of the safe business for the following reasons: Dairy farm is an eco-friendly project and does not cause environmental pollution when compared to other industries. Dairy farm doesn’t require skilled labor. There will a good market for Dairy product round the year. A dairy farm doesn’t need huge investment on inventory. Dairy farm can be shifted to one place to another, if need arises e.g. Fire, Floods etc. There is insurance coverage for dairy animals. A dairy farm doesn’t need more energy. We can build a Biogas plant, which can be fed with cow dung can supply maximum energy to meet farms day to day requirement. Starting Dairy Farming – How to begin with: One needs to decide first on the aims and objective of the farm. Every year there should be a progressive aim for breeding (including number of animals to be maintained) and production. You can visit dairy farms that run on commercial basis and have a discussion with experienced farm owners. You need not have to rely much on others experience, analyze every event logically and if needed consult with local Veterinarians for more information. If you plan to manage the farm on your own, look for opportunities to work for an existing farm for a minimum period of six months. Develop interest and study feed and fodder’s market in your region, its difficulties in relation to seasons. Manage a good team of labourers. You need to choose hardworking reliable persons preferably with some experience. You can also train them for specific jobs.
- 6. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 6 Visit the cattle market occasionally. Observe animals on sale and talk with persons engaged with purchasing of animals. Loans for Dairy Farming in Gujarat: SBI is offering two bank loan schemes for Dairy related agricultural projects. The first one is -SBI Scheme For Dairy Societies- that provides finance for creating infrastructure like Construction of Milk house or Society office, Purchase of Automatic milk collection system, transport vehicles, Bulk chilling unit; and the second one is SBI Dairy Plus Agriculture loan scheme that provides finance for milk producing societies recognized private milk dairies posting profits in the past two years. SBI DAIRY PLUS AGRICULTURE LOAN SCHEME: gives loans from 50000 to 5 Lakhs SBI DAIRY SCHEME FOR Dairy Societies: LIMIT OF LOAN FOR DAIRY SOCIETIES: Milk house or society office Rs. 2 lakh, Automatic milk collection system Rs. 1 lakh, Milk transportation Rs. 3 lakh, Chilling Unit Rs. 4 lakhs. Subsidies for Diary Farming by Gujarat Government: Scheme for subsidy on interest for starting a Commercial Dairy Farm with 1 to 20 milch animals. Dairy farming is an important source of constant subsidiary income. The small and poor farmers can purchase 1 to 20 animals as per their need and capacity to maintain. If any bank recognized by Indian Reserve Bank sanction loan for any dairy animal cow & buffalo, the beneficiary can get interest subsidy @ 12 % interest on the bank loan amount (as per unit cost of NABARD guidelines). It also provides a good quality organic manure for improving. Crop fertility & crop yields. Dung is also used as fuel for domestic purposes. The surplus fodder of agricultural by products is utilized by animals & converted into value-add products viz. Milk, Meat etc. NABARD Dairy Farming Subsidy Schemes: Type1:For establishment of small dairy units with crossbred cows/ indigenous descript milch cows like Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir, Rathi etc / graded buffaloes up to 10 to 15 animals. Investment: the investment will be Rs 5.00 lakh for 10 animal units – minimum unit size is 2 animals with an upper limit of 10 animals. Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33 .33 % for SC / ST farmers,).The Subsidy shall be restricted depending on the unit size. Type2: Rearing of heifer calves – cross bred, indigenous descript milch breeds of cattle and of graded buffaloes – upto 20 calves. Investment: Rs 4.80 lakh for 20 calf unit – minimum unit size of 5 calves with an upper limit of 20 calves. Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers. The Subsidy shall be restricted depending on the unit size.
- 7. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 7 Type3: Vericompost (with milch animal unit.To be considered with milch animals and not separately). Investment: Rs. 20,000/- Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers). Type4: Purchase of milking machines /milkotesters/bulk milk cooling units (upto 2000 lit capacity). Investment: Rs 18 lakh. Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers). Type5: Purchase of dairy processing equipment for manufacture of indigenous milk products. Investment: Rs 12 lakh. Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers). Type6: Establishment of dairy product transportation facilities and cold chain. Investment: Rs 24 lakh. Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers). Type7: Cold storage facilities for milk and milk products. Investment: Rs 30 lakh. Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers) . Type8: Dairy marketing outlet / Dairy parlour. Investment: Rs 56,000/- Subsidy: 25% of the investment (33.33 % for SC / ST farmers) . Reasons To Invest The Indian dairy market is amongst the largest and fastest growing markets in the world. Growing private sector investment in dairy farming, supply chain, processing facilities and backward integration is providing further impetus to India’s dairy industry. Read on to know why it is profitable to invest in Dairy Franchise. Rising Demand Demand for dairy products in India is likely to grow significantly in the coming years, driven by more consumers, higher incomes and greater interest in nutrition. The demand for quality dairy products is rising and production is also rising in many developing countries. Consumption of processed and packaged dairy products is increasing in urban areas. Because of the increasing competition from the private sector, several national and international brands have entered the market and expanded consumers’ expectation of quality.
- 8. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 8 Health and wellness Consumer demand for healthy products is growing and this is being reflected in spending patterns. According to a recent study, 74% of consumers pay close attention to the nutritional content of the foods they purchase. Today’s people are willing to pay up to 10 per cent more for a healthy version of a product. The dairy sector is well positioned to capitalise on this trend, due to the increasing use of protein for satiety, training and weight management. Furthermore, there is a growing demand for ‘functional foods’ which carry specific health benefits. Dairy is playing a key role in this sector, through products such as probiotic yoghurts and cholesterol-lowering butters. Amul’s Success Story Amul’s success had a huge impact on Indian Dairy Industry. Amul is now making way for entrepreneurs by offering franchisees without any royalty or revenue share. The interested person would, however, have to invest something in between Rs 1.5 lakh to Rs 6 lakh for setting up of the shop. The owner can make from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 10 lakh per month through these franchisees. This will not only provide thriving business opportunities for aspiring entrepreneurs but will also boost up the Indian Dairy Sector. Conclusionof Dairy Farming In Gujarat Despite of scarcity of water in Gujarat, the development of the dairy industry as compared to other states of India is better. Moreover, the Amul dairy, renowned in Asia is from Gujarat. Animal keepers of Gujarat are illiterate, poor and inexperienced; however, they are very deeply involved in this profession, though this occupation has some problems if intense efforts are made to eliminate these problems, the farmer of Gujarat could become prosperous and self-esteemed and could accomplish respectful position in the whole world. At present, still, the dairy industry is entirely owned by cooperative sector. If, any private sector enters into competition against this, a competitive atmosphere would be created and reduced production cost of dairy products could create a boom in demand of these products. On the other hand, the milk producer of Gujarat could get better benefit from the competition, which is like engine for the development of the industry.
- 9. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 9 Our Business 1.DETAILS OF ACTIVITIES Procurement of Tech. know how/ transfer of technology. Market survey, tie ups Selection of site – Halol, Gujarat Preparation of project report Registration and financing Placement of orders for machinery and receipt of machines. Recruitment of staff and training. Alteration in rental premises. Electrification and commissioning Trial production. 2. LEGAL OBLIGATIONS FSSAI license registration MSME Registration Obtaining PAN and CIN of the new company after performing due diligence Open bank account with these 2 documents. Apply for GSTN on the GST portal. Register AD (Authorized Dealer). 3. QUALITY CONTROLAND STADARD: You may like to follow various standards suggested by BIS (BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS) in connection with dairy farm. BIS IS 11799:1986 (R2002): Recommendations for Cattle Housing In Rural Areas BIS IS 11942:1986 (R2002): Recommendations for Gaushalas and Other Organized Milk Producers BIS IS 12237:1987 (Reaffirmed 2004): Recommendations for loose housing system for animals. 4. POLLUTION CONTROL: This process is pollution free, however NOC from the Pollution Department may be obtained.
- 10. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 10 5. FINANCIAL ASPECTS. Fixed Capital Land & Building Land 17500 Sq. feet Office Building, Stores etc. Workshop shed 200 sq. meters. 6. PRODUCTIONCAPACITY(per annum): Quantity: 4.2 lac litres Factors that influence the Dairy Farming in Gujarat: It is very difficult for any industry to achieve the peak of development and production, because they have to encounter many problems before reaching there. These problems depend on two factors: (1) Natural factors and (2) Psychological factors. The problems created by psychological factors could be as under: Shortage of Milch Animals of Better Breed: Every farmer of Gujarat keeps milch animals for milk production for own use. But both, male and female animals are of inferior breed quality. However, at present in the research laboratory of dairy industries, an artificially cultured cells are produced from high quality males, but, most of the farmers of orthodox ideology are not ready to accept these new- cultured seeds. Lack of Protein and Fat Rich Food: The Majority of the farmers of Gujarat live below the poverty line. Because of this, farmers are not getting enough quantity of protein-reach food for their own family consumption, the female animals before and after delivery do not get ample protein and fat reach food which results in to decrease in production of milk and fat in the milk. Ultimately, farmers are at a loss. Scarcity of Green Fodder: Green fodder is the main food of animals. But, due to the scarcity of water, shortage of irrigation resources, high prices of good quality seeds in Gujarat, the green fodder is not being grown in ample quantity for the animals. As a result, during the summer and winter animals have to depend only on dry fodder. Consequently, decrease in per-animal milk productivity leads to decrease of total milk production of entire Gujarat. Hence, people have to face an increase in milk and milk product prices. Absence of Sheds for Milch Animals:
- 11. D a i r y F a r m i n g I n G u j a r a t P a g e | 11 Clean and convenient sheds give mental peace to the animals. Also, sheds protect against heat, cold and rain. This has a direct effect on productivity and quality of the milk. This profession has developed in rural areas where people don’t have enough capital to construct permanent sheds because of which milch and pregnant animals are badly affected during summer. Due to excess heat the fat in the milk decreases hence farmers get low price of the milk. Also, because of these milch animals being kept in open, during monsoon they become victim of different diseases from poisonous insect and mosquito bites. Shortage of Veterinary Facilities in Rural Area: There is a shortage of veterinary doctors in Gujarat from the beginning. Hence, the veterinary services could not be made available to the every smallest village possible. As a result, instances like non-availability of artificial insemination treatment after reproduction period, not getting timely protection against diseases, absence of service of the doctor at the time of delivery resulting in death of females or kid have increased. Poor Animal Keepers: It is everybody’s dream to set-up and develops a business. But, capital, the driving force for it disappoints farmers. In the absence of necessary capital, animal keepers could not develop in the areas like enough nutritious food, veterinary treatment, shed facilities for animals and milk preservation. The direct effect of this is seen on the dairy industry. Limitations and Constraints of Dairy Farming in Gujarat: Breeding of animals and getting expected milk yield is a biological phenomenon, which is influenced by many factors. Dairy farming along with planning requires hardworking, reliable and alert manager. In many farms, usually persons from the family take the responsibility. Improper management of feeding heard health and poor-quality control in various stages of production can cause major loss affecting the profitability of the entire venture.
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NABARD Dairy Farming Subsidy Schemes · Investment: Rs 4.80 lakh for 20 calf units – the minimum unit size of 5 calves with an upper limit of 20
High-yielding cows should be given 1 kg of concentrate along with mineral mixture to get 2.5 liters of milk yield. For example, if a cow yields 15 liters of
FAQs · Choose an ideal location. · Research the animals' species and breed. · Select the ideal number of cows or buffalo. · Determine a food source.
Proper shed construction. · Surplus area of land for cultivation of green fodder (1-2 acre of land is sufficient for 15 cows) · Adequate water supply · Proper
Dairy farming business plan in Gujarat : ડેરી ફાર્મ બિઝનેસ – જેને ઘણીવાર “ઓલ સીઝન” બિઝનેસ કહેવાય છે
Tips to Start Your own Dairy Farming Business · Consulting with experts/professionals and market leaders · Performing thorough business research · Planning healthy
Develop a Business Plan and SWOT Analysis · Consult the Experts · Create a Cropping and Feeding Program · Create a Waste Management Plan · Build
Likewise Gujarat State is also leading state for milk production in the country. "Amul" pattern is well known and accepted by all the states in
The milk production in Gujarat mainly consists of cow and buffalo milk. According to the report, the dairy market in Gujarat size reached INR 983.7 Billion in
Dairy farming Business in Gujarat is one of the safe business for the following reasons: Dairy farm is an eco-friendly project and does not