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Fish Farming Business in Pakistan – Everything You need to know

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Fishing is one of the oldest and oldest lifestyles in the world. Every day millions of fish are caught by fishermen worldwide with fishing likely being the cheapest food production system available. Nevertheless, as a fishery gets more overabundant and fish farms find a marketing niche, fish farms have become the sort of monstrosities on our planet’s surface.

The fish swimming around in farms create a very different strain of marine ecosystems than the ones that were originally formed for fish to live on, and these ecosystems eventually collide with the fish they serve. Even our ideas of fish farm aesthetics have evolved in response to the corporations promoting fish farms, not to mention the onslaught of enormous farms set up in all cities of Pakistan.

Earth fish farming is a fish farming industry whereby fish is raised in water tanks in dry areas using cattle and fish power. These farms produce less carbon dioxide than Atlantic fish farming farms. Fish farming at home can be done if a person lives near a sea or a river or if he has a passion for it.

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The investment and cost required for fish farming in Pakistan are throughout the whole training it was detected that Per acre one-time venture required for grumble fish farm remains Rs, 1, 24,000, whereas regular per unit functioning charge remains Rs. 38,000/.The ocean floor is unreachable economically. However, the beaches are ideal for fish farming. fish farming in Pakistan feasibility is not that much

Fish farms are most affected by frost. Fish farmers can harvest fish when the same weather conditions are at their peak if they have prepared a shelter for the fish. Insects are a major parasite for fish farms. Some seeds cause insects to carry toxins to their host plants. This can cause many fish to die. The only way to deal with this parasite is by inoculating the fish with a treatment.

Ecological factors affect fish farming. These include air pollution, water scarcity and shift of rainfall, habitat factors, among others. Oceans are saline, but it occurs mainly in oceans near lands. As a result, fish farming has less of a chance of success because of water scarcity. Also, ocean waters have limited amounts of nutrients.

Nonetheless, water for marine fish farming can be bio-fortified with fish particles of nitrogen and phosphorous. Nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous help fish grow more quickly by reducing carbon dioxide and by improving the growth of aquatic plants. Fish farming is a form of aquaculture.

Marine fish farming is limited because of a lack of nutrients, inorganic pollutants, and pests. The quality of their products increases when fish is biodegradable. In conclusion, many things affect fish farming, but nowadays, aquaculture is one of the fastest-growing global industries.

How to start fish farming in Pakistan

How To Start A Fish Farming Business | StartupTalky

Starting a fish agribusiness business call for a lot of information, ability, as well as preparation as the venture capitalist, would have to look into a great deal of cost to make the occupational promising. All the same, starting a fish farming commerce would involve concentrated education of both the definite method in fish creation in addition to the expenditures individual has to capitalize for paraphernalia, the fish farming commercial can demonstrate to be a very moneymaking endeavor. Fish farming in Pakistan’s feasibility is not that good.

The principal thing that any potential fish farming commercial proprietor has to do is to remain an immerse knowledge upon so much in fish philosophy as likely. It remains highly worthwhile that individuals should take certain school progressions or else certain platforms that are connected to fish farming.

If the fish farming commercial possessor has no knowledge it stands good that the individual should first attempt then labor for a recognized fish farming skilled to know the dos and don’ts in fish farming. If an individual has the information then they should do the research work on fish farming.

The person who wants to do a fish farming business needs to learn the circumstances that edging his planned position on the fish farm. He needs to take into explanation the basis of water in the area in addition to how much stands fluid from it, what amount in addition to the temperature of the marine. He must likewise look into additional as you would expect obtainable possessions everywhere the zone for example geothermal water from springs.

Certain fishes rise more rapidly healthier in warm water than others. As well the person should look into the conduciveness of the constructions in addition to constructions from place to place in the farm. Once observing the circumstances of the atmosphere the businessperson as well has to look into the conceivable marketplace of the fish. It remains not lucrative to yield loads of catching fish with no purchaser.

If after this discussion the fish agribusiness still appears conceivable then it remains a period to plan the monetary characteristic by shaping the anticipated as well as unanticipated expenditures of the occupational. Exactly how much the whole thing cost in addition to what would be the foundations of the resources. Through this monetary examination, the businessperson will know in the long run just how much he desires to revenue for by what method pay back the variable price besides if it is moneymaking to start the go fishing farming or not.

Fish farming techniques

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Fish farming is a practice in which fish is raised indoors. It is easily sold by selling fish to institutions of higher learning as food. Or selling them to a market. Fish farming can be managed by the use of two main systems, Atlantic fish farming and Earth-fish farming Atlantic fish farming are fish raised directly in water because of the heat available. Moreover, they have easier access to water than plants. They also do not produce toxins or large amounts of carbon dioxide.

When something horrible seems to be happening in the sea, few people would hesitate to accuse fish farming of the same sort of misconduct. But what exactly is going on in the fish farm salmon aquaculture industry and why does it matter? The meat of fish available at Karachi port stands the Pakistan/Indian Salmon, also known as Rawas.

Fish farming has several objectives.

  • First, it increases harvests (i.e. increase the population of a species of fish) through the pressure of competition with individual fish.
  • Second, fish farming allows better conditions for spawning salmon (i.e. greater quantities of hatchery food, light, oxygen, and the like).
  • Third, fish farming also reduces the cost of food — for instance, fish farming in Chile features a price of more than 10000 rupees per metric ton of fish, versus just above 13000 per metric ton of beef.
  • On the flip side, fish farming also includes removing all the marine habitats from the ocean. In terms of aquatic life, salmon’s home at sea is a “capital island” — fish farm salmon grow up close to the ocean.

How To Start A Fish Farming Business | StartupTalky

They interact directly with the ocean water and seep for nutrients, perform photochemical reactions in the water, and accumulate pollutants. In return, this leads to the reduction of some habitats, with a vicious cycle being created. Why would we call fish farming simply an ecological problem? Fish farming is an ecological problem.

Fish farms have a generally negative reputation. If done in an ethically sound manner and accordance with nature, however, salmon farms can be met with respect and cooperation. There are fish farms that work very well and keep salmon plentiful, but fish farms with quarantined sheep on the bottom can be detrimental to animal welfare.

There are fish farms that act as fish traders and processors of fish stocks with reduced numbers, mixing fish stock, creating fish farms that take seed fish from marshes and distort their natural patterns, growing wild fish, and so on. If the fish farm that produces salmon is not up to standard, and no data comes from the fish that lives on the farm itself, then these farms should not be allowed to exist.

Instead, they should be in closer supervision and regulation, a system whereby fish farming is being monitored on a commercial scale. This is the reason fish farms have not yet been legalized or regulated by law in more than 50 countries, and it is now more important than ever to ban the worst fish meat farms because an industry with bad salmon farming would jeopardize all fish farming.

Fish farms can be as cruel to fish meat communities as Meat plants are to people. Fish farming should be done ethically and by nature, but at the same time, only the fish that live under stress will continue to reproduce and breed, and it is important to go out to fish so that humans will continue to fish with fewer negative impacts on salmon people.

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Fish Farming Business In Pakistan

If you are thinking to start the fish farming in Pakistan, then read out this post for the complete guidance of how to start a fish farming business in Pakistan, cost, feasibility, requirements, and of course the profit ratio. So let’s start with the introduction to Fish Farming in Pakistan: Fish farming is also known as an Aquaculture or pisciculture which is a procedure of rising fishes into big tanks or fish ponds. Before starting a fish farm, you should be aware of the different species of fishes, the nature of that species to get them successfully rise into an opposite environment for them. thirdly you also have to gather enough knowledge about what is going on in the Pakistani fish market at national or international levels. So when you will have a strong knowledge about starting a fish farming business in Pakistan then you will get earn a handsome fish farming profit in Pakistan which is the focal point of any business. We recommend you to read this article first and then congregates that facts which will affect the most for this subjected point of discussion.

How To Start A Fish Farming Business In Pakistan

How To Start A Fish Farming Business In Pakistan, Cost, Feasibility

Fish Farming In Pakistan Feasibility:

A grasping feasibility matters the most in any business. And when we are talking about fish farming in Pakistan feasibility then we first have to undertake a special species on which we are going to working. It is because different types of fishes have different investment and output ratio. For example, if you are going to rise a fish type which is sensitive, you have to provide maximum care to it which is the indication of a big investment. While on the other hand if you are going to illustrate Rahu, Baam, Moraki, or other types like this you will not require a sensitive environment. The reason is, these species can adjust any temperature and environment as well as the taste of water. In the following side, I am sharing fish farming in Pakistan feasibility for Rahu, Moraki, Gulfam, Theela, Grass, and Silver fish.

The following fasibiltiy for fish farming business in Pakistan is for a state level business whcih requires a medium investment.
  • Land: 40 acres, 1-year Rent will be approximately Rs. 300,000.
  • The Fish Seed, 20,000, Rs. 15 per seed Rs. 300,000
  • Fish Feed 20 Tracks will costs almost Rs. 3,15,000
  • Guard 15,000 per Month 1 year Salary 1,80,000
  • Total 1 year extra expenses 1,50,000
  • Total 1 Year Investment 11,85,000
  • Expected: 20,000kg. x Rs. 250 = 50,00,000
  • In case 2000 fishes lost rate is down 200 18,000kg. x Rs. 200 = 36,00,000
  • Total Investment: 11,85,000
  • Earning: 36,00,000
  • Total Profit one year: 24,15,000
Click Here to Read SMEDA Inland Fish Farming in Pakistan Feasibility

Fish Farming Business In Pakistan Basic Requirements:

The business of the fishing is very profitable in nature if it is handled with care.

The main important thing in the fish farm is land. The topography of the land is checked before being used. The soil must have 25-30% of clay content of building of dikes, water retention, and good production. If you are going to start a fish farm at a small scale, the minimum required land is almost 5 acres. And the land can be enhanced by the size of the fish farm. The large-scale fish farm can be managed in almost 50 acres of land. The nature of the land depends a lot more. Because the water stability of the land is affected very much in this business.

For the life of the fish, water is a most important ingredient. Before the initiation of the business one must make sure the availability of the water. So it will be more suitable for a fish farm businessmen to find a place for his business near to a river or a canal or a place where he can access enough water to waste it and to bring fresh water as per the requirement for his business.

  • Environment:

Fish is a business which needs a proper care and maintenance. Some of the Fish categories require the warmth of water to growth early but few of these requires the coldness to germinate. And it may depend upon the owner to provide these the basic requirements and get the least possible outcomes from these.

  • Cost of Fish Farming Business In Pakistan:

The initial investment for Fish Farming business in Pakistan on low scale business varies from small scale to large scale businesses. The initial fish farming cost per acre is almost Rs 30,000. The working capital per acre is almost Rs. 50000. But the matter of investment actually depends upon your own business scale. but the minimum investment you are requiring for starting a fishing business in Pakistan should at least Rs. 10 lakh which includes from renting a land, building the ponds and sheds, buying the new species of fish, the hiring of employees for different tasks, and then the feed of fish. Afterward, you will face a loss of fishes and there are so many other siliceous expenses are there which you have to face until you get a big amount of profit.

Fish Farming Profit In Pakistan:

As you have read out about the fish farming investment, and now the most important thing is what you will earn and what will be the profit ratio against your investment. In the above-given feasibility of fish farming in Pakistan, you see that you are earning the double profit of Rs. 24 lakhs against your 11 lakh investment after the struggle of one year. It means this is the most profitable business in Pakistan. but the need is just your proper information, updating, and care of fish species as per their nature. if you will successfully complete one breed of fish then you will get a handsome profit that is I think not involving in any other business.

Famous Fish Species in Pakistan:

Although these days the biomedical engineering have gained a lot of development in fishing. They have found a numerous fish species but all these are not suitable for rising inside Pakistan. They require a proper environment, temperature, feed, and other cares which is a tough task for a person who has recently started a fish farming business in Pakistan. So if that is why recommend you to take a start with the following species so that you can stay safe from any type of lost.

  • Rohu, MOtakhi, Mori, Their & Thela,
  • Singhari Malli, Yarko
  • Mundi, Sowl, Phool/Chitti Mundi

These are complete details about how to start a fish farming business in Pakistan, cost, feasibility, profit, and investment. Hope you have gained enough information regarding the fish farming business in Pakistan. Further, if you have any suggestions for others, or you want any assistance about this work, you can leave your comment in the following commenting section and we will try out best to guides you in the better sense.

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We are Starting Fish Farming with 8 Acres First time , We Have Few Questions ;

1. Which size of baby fish Should Be Use ? 2. Which Feed Should Be Used From Day First To End ? 3. How Can We Make our own feed?

how can I perches fish agg or child in pakistan

Hi A.o.A Mjy koi bty ga k ma khan se fish k bachy or andy perches kr sakta hon…..

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Fish Farming in Pakistan - A Profitable Business

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  • FISH FARMING A PROFITABLE BUSINESS Guidelines for Site Selection , Pond Designing, Management Strategy, Economics and Other Aspects of Fish Culture SILVER CARP JUP THAILA GRASS CARP ROHU #' BIG HEAD MORI
  • Contents Sr . No. TITLE Page no. 1- Introduction 1 2- Site Selection 3- Lay of the land 1 1 4- Soil Sampling 2 5- Types of Ponds 3 6- Pond Designing 4 7- Management Strategy 4 a) Water quality and quantity 4 b) Water quality Management 5 c) Fertilization 6 d) Stocking densitiesv' 7 e) Fish Growth 8 9 f) Supplementary feed g) Feeding of Grass Carp 10 8- Economics of One Acre Fish Farm 12 9- Management Calendar 13
  • FISH FARMING A Profitable Business Guidelines for Site Selection Pond Designing , Management Strategy Economics and other Aspects of Fish Culture DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES PUNJAB
  • 1 . INTRODUCTION This brochure provides essential technical information for the person interested in getting into the fish farming business in Punjab. The report focuses directly on step-by-step recommendations to follow for a successful aquaculture venture in the Punjab. If further information is desired prior to enter into the fish farming business, the extension personnel of the Punjab Department of Fisheries should be contacted. Not every site is suitable for aquaculture, and not everyone should get into the fish farming business; the entrepreneur will have to examine his resources, both site-specific and financial, before breaking ground on the proposed facility. But if the site is appropriate and good management is practiced, a fish farming venture will provide the greatest economic return of any agricultural enterprise as well as an important high quality protein source for rapidly increasing population of the country. f> In addition to information provided on all aspects of fish farming specific to the Punjab, a flow of farm activities are provided for a calendar year in order that the entrepreneur and the farm manager can better anticipate and plan labour and financial resources. 2. SITE SELECTION Special consideration should be given to the location of the proposed facility. It should be located in an area that is not subject to frequent flooding, have enough elevation that it can be pumped dry at least during the dry season, have the proper soil so as not to seep excessively, have an adequate water supply year around, have market road access even during the rainy season, and be away from agricultural activities that would include the spray application of pesticides. 3. LAY QF THE LAND The proposed fish farm site will require proper surveying to determine the slope and lay of the land as well as highest point of the site to take advantage of the natural slope by allowing the water to flow as much as possible by gravity, and by having the least amount of soil excavated for the proposed ponds. 1
  • The more work that gravity can do , is the lowering of the operational costs of the fish farm. Thus, a slight slope to the lay of the land is desirable. Flat land, however, can and often is utilized for fish farms; though one must be aware that all management of water on flat land (initial fill and subsequent replenishment) will be by pumping. If there is a natural slope to the land, the tubewell should be drilled at the higher point, the water distribution channels should be placed on top of the pond dikes, and the drainage channels from the ponds should be at the lowest point of the land. Every effort should be made to utilize the natural attributes of the land to minimize capital costs and to facilitate the operational efficiency. 4. SOIL SAMPLING Soil samples should be taken from the proposed site. They should be from the surface, and from a depth that will represent that bottom of the ponds and slightly below: for example, if three feet of soil are anticipated to be excavated for the construction of the pond, the soil sample should be taken from between three and four feet deep. A soil sample is taken by drilling a soil auger in to the desired depth, and removing the auger. Atleast one kg soil in the head of the auger is then placed in a plastic bag and taken. The bag should be labeled with the name of the farm, the location, and the depth at which the soil sample was taken and then send it to the nearest soil testing laboratory of the Punjab Fisheries Department. The required lab tests are pH, soil composition (the ratio of sand to silt to clay), total dissolved salts, calcium and magnesium etc. Clay is most desirable for water retention in the fish ponds. If the soil is sandy at the surface but contains sufficient clay at an accessible depth, the sandy soil should be excavated completely, and the clay used for the final layers of the pond bottom and pond banks. In addition to this, two field tests can also be accomplished to give an idea of soil composition and permeability: a 'squeeze' test and a water retention test. The squeeze test simply requires that the soil sampled from the requested depth be moistened until damp, then squeezed together: if there is enough clay to construct ponds for a fish farm, the soil will form together in the shape of the hand, and indented sharply between the fingers if there is too much sand, the sample will not form the finger indentations well.
  • A water retention test will confirm the clay content : a hole three feet in diameter and three to four feet deep should be dug and filled with water to the top. For two days, the hole should be refilled to saturate the soil with water in the hole. The hole should then be refilled on last time, covered with plastic to minimize evaporation, and the water loss due to seepage should not lose more than one to two inches of water per day. The hole should not lose more than one to two inches of water per day. If the loss is greater than this, the pond will require a clay lining of at least six inches in depth; otherwise the cost of adding water for seepage will increase the operational costs of the project. 5. TYPES OF PONDS There are four types offish ponds: barrage, excavated, elevated and combination excavated / elevated. (i) Barrageponds:These types of ponds are most appropriate in hilly areas. This type of pond is constructed by buildings a dam across a low point in a valley that may have intermittent water flow. The barrage dam captures the surface runoff, and a crop of fish can be raised in this water. This type of pond is the least expensive to construct and most appropriate for a hilly area; however, it is more difficult to manage than ponds with a more regular shape (See Figure 1). (ii) ExcavatedPonds:These are most appropriate in lowlying areas. Often this pond type will not be drainable because of natural seepage into the pond; because of the inability to dry the pond bottom, these low-lying sites are generally least preferred to build the fish farm. (See Figure 2) (iii) Elevated ponds: Can only be built when the soil contains high clay content. The water supply almost always has to be pumped; however, gravity can often be utilized for drainage.(See Figure 3) (iv) Excavated/Elevated ponds: The most appropriate pond type for most areas of the Punjab is the combination excavated/elevated pond. If the soil has sufficient clay content, the dikes can be built from the soil that is removed during pond excavation; thus excavation costs are minimized. Additionally, because the pond is not 3
  • completely excavated , it can be partially drained by gravity. (See Figure 4). Size Of Ponds The grow-out ponds should be from one-acre to two and a half acres area. The nursery ponds should be from one to four kanals. The total nursing pond area should be one sixth of the total production area. Ponds should have an inflow structure that protects the ponds bank from erosion while aerating the water. Ponds should also have outflow structures that regulate their water level, and have an ample catch basin. (See Figure 5 and 6). 6. • POND DESIGN Preferably a rectangular shaped production/nursing pond is most desirable as it can be managed easily. It can be -constructed by excavating 2 to 2.5 feet soil and then elevating it 4.5 to 5.0 feet. The crest of the embankment should be 10-15 feet and inner slope 1:2 and bed slope 1:100 towards harvest basin (see Figure 7). The depth of production ponds should be 6.5 - 7.5 feet and Nursing pond should be of 5.5 - 6 feet. 7. MANAGEMENT STRATEGY Prior to the initial filling of a newly constructed pond, five times the amounts of fertilizers either in Case 1 or Case 2 should be added in the pond. An aggressive fertilization programme should be implemented to develop and maintain a robust algal bloom throughout the year as the primary source of food for all of the Major/Chinese Carps. 7-a. Water Quality and Quantity Water should be sourced from a tubewell. Irrigation canal water comes from the entire catchment area of the drainage; thus it carries high loads of silt, and is subject to changes in environmental conditions and water quality (i.e. temperature changes, rainfall silt loadings, alkali salt runoff, etc.) It may also carry a large number of trash / carnivorous fish. 4
  • The water quality of the tubewell should be analyzed . The temperature and dissolved oxygen should be tested at the site; a sample should be taken in a one litre bottle capable of being sealed, and transported immediately to a Department of Fisheries lab for further analyses. Total alkalinity, pH, total nitrogen, salinity, and total dissolved solids (conductivity) are required. The Punjab typically has high quality, slightly alkaline water (alkalinities greater than 100 mg/liter, pH greater than 7.5). This is a desirable characteristic for fish culture. At the tubewell source, however, the water often has low or no dissolved oxygen. This can be overcome by constructing inflow splash pads to break up and aerate the inflow water to the pond. The tubewell should have the capacity to pump sufficient water to make up for seepage and evaporative loss. If the farm is designed correctly and has sufficient clay content in the soils, a 10 surface acre farm will require a minimum pumping capacity of 1 cubic foot per second. Additional water may be required if the seepage rate and evaporative loss combined is anticipated to be greater than 2 cm per day, and if more complex water quality management strategies are to be incorporated (see 'Water Quality Management'). 7-b. Water Quality Management Water colour is a good indicator of the pond water quality. A good robust green colour is most desirable, maintainable by the addition of fertilizers when the green starts to fade to a light brown. Transparency of the water gives a direct indicator of the intensity of the plankton bloom. A secchi disk reading of 30-40 cm is recommended. Water quality should be managed for fastest fish growth and optimum fish health. Since we do not have an adequate supplemental fish feed at this time, all of the food the fish consumes (except fodder for the grass carp) are produced by plankton blooms within the pond. Thus, better the plankton bloom is managed (see fertilization), the faster the fish will grow. The fodder fed to grass carp also functions as manure in the pond; be aware that the rate of cow dung application will have to be lessened if the feeding rate of fodder is heavy.
  • In the presence of phytoplankton , photosynthesis increases as the sun rises through the day. With the increase in photosynthetic activity, pond chemistry changes: carbon dioxide is consumed and oxygen is liberated in this reaction. At sunset, with the cessation of photosynthetic activity, transpiration begins; oxygen is then uptaken and carbon dioxide is liberated. During this 24-hour cycle, the lowest dissolved oxygen occurs in the early morning, just prior to sunrise. Dissolved oxygen levels in the pond should be monitored at this time regularly by the farm manager. Gathering of fish at the surface particularly at this time is an indicator of oxygen depletion in the pond water, it should be rectified forthwith through the addition of fresh water. If this situation does not improve the Fisheries expert should immediately be contacted. 7-c. Fertilization Nitrogen and phosphorus are the primary nutrients required to stimulate phytoplankton growth. In Pakistan, we have two sources of organic fertilizers, chicken and cow manure. The recommended inorganic fertilizers are Urea, Di-ammonium Phosphate, single super phosphate, ammonium sulphate and Nitrophos. The following two combinations of manure/fertilizers applied per surface acre yield approximately the same amounts of nitrogen and phosphorous: For Acidic and Neutral Soil Case 1 Case 2 Di-ammonium Urea Cow manure For Alkaline Soil Phosphate 5 kg/week Ammonium Sulphate 2 1.5 kg/week kg/week 2 500 Nitrophos kg/week kg/week 2 kg/week Di-ammonium Phosphate 2 kg/week Single Super Phosphate 1 Urea 1.5 Urea kg/week kg/week manure with liquid fertilizers or Chicken can also be used200 to ChickenFollowing manure 300 Cowdung kg/week enhance productivity of water particularly in Alkaline areas kg/week of the Manure Province. i) ii) iii) Phosphorus plus : Urea : Cowdung or : chicken manure iv) Neutricalcium : 5 kg/ar^e/week 5 kg/acre/week 250 kg/acre/week 10 kg/acre/fortnight
  • Different fertilizers require different application procedures : manures should be spread evenly throughout the pond bottom prior to filling as mentioned above i.e. five times of the case 1 or 2. The inorganic fertilizers urea and others except DAP dissolves quite rapidly, and can be placed directly into the pond water; Diammonium Phosphate, however, requires considerably more effort to dissolve and should be mixed with water in a bucket or basin and dissolved as much as possible prior to distribution in the pond. Fertilizers should be added on regular basis throughout the warmer months to sustain the plankton bloom. Water transparency is a direct indicator of the intensity of the bloom (see 'Water Quality Management). A secchi disk reading of 30-40 cm is recommended for nursery and grow-out ponds. If the transparency is greater than these recommendations, either case 1 or 2 should be applied to the pond; this can occur as often as once every week, depending on the amount of sunlight and the intensity of the bloom. Water colour due to the plankton bloom is also a good indicator; a robust green colour is the most desirable, maintainable by the addition of fertilizers when the green starts to fade to brown. 7-6. Stocking Densities The desired final size of the fish within a designated period of time is determined by the environmental conditions of the pond, the stocking densities of the various polycultures species (See Figures No. 8-13), and the availability and application of the required resources necessary to maintain the optimum conditions for growth (i.e. water flow, supplemental fertilization). The most marketable size fish for the Punjab province weighs approximately 1-2.0 kg. This is attainable in an eight months culture period (March through October). If 100-200 gram advanced fingerlings are stocked, and the stocking density recommendations and fertilization application rates are followed. For each surface acre of pond area, the final product definition is 1000-1200 kg of 1.5 kg fish per culture period. To obtain this final pond weight and individual fish size, the following polyculture stocking recommendations are made: The recommended ratio of species is; 7
  • Labeo rohita (Rohu) Cirrhnius m rig a la (Mori) Catla catla (Thaila) Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver carp) Ctenopharyngodon idella (Grass carp) 3 1 1 2 1 To obtain a final weight of 1000-1200 kg of 1.5 kg fish per surface acre, 750 fish per acre are required at harvest. Allowing for a maximum of 10% mortality, 825 fish per acre are to be stocked. The 825 fish are split according to the above stocking ratio, resulting in the following species requirements per surface are stocked: Labeo rohita (Rohu) 310 Cirrhnius m rig a la (Mori) 103 Catla catla (Thaila) 103 Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Silver carp) 206 Ctenopharyngodon idella (Grass carp) 103 825 Fingerlings are required to be at least 100-150 grams each. To obtain fingerlings of this size, the farmer is required to have a nursery to grow the fingerling stock from approximately 10 grams to the desired 150 grams during the growth period. 7-e. Fish Growth Growth is defined as weight gain during a period of time. Fish are cold-blooded animals, and as such, their metabolic rate is governed directly by the ambient water temperature. Every species has an optimum temperature for growth (OTG), a temperature at which all of its physiological functions are optimized, including growth rate and resistance to disease. Although the OTG has not been precisely determined for the Major and Chinese Carps, the available empirical growth data suggests that their OTG occurs at approximately 25-30°C. At temperature higher than this, a thermal stress occurs, resulting in an excessive metabolic rate, reduced growth, increased oxygen consumption, and greater susceptibility to disease. If temperatures are significantly high than 30°C to keep 8
  • at the desirable extent , the management strategy should be to add new water to the pond. Growth monitoring of all species are required at thirty- days intervals, and at the final harvest. These interval data are utilized to help/adjust the feeding rates of the grass carp, and the fertilization rates for the rest of the polycultured species. The desired final product for all species is a 1.5 kg fish at harvest. 7-f. Supplementary Feeding In a well managed fertilized pond enough food will be produced to permit the silver, rohu, mori and thaila to attain marketable size in a prescribed growth period. All species including the specialist plankton feeders (silver and thaila) will accept supplemental feeds and additional weight gain may be realized, but the bottom and water column feeding species (rohu and mori) may receive the most benefit, especially if the amount of organic material in the pond is limited. Four rules should be followed when feeding fish. First, a regular feeding schedule must be followed, because infrequent feeding will have little measurable effect on growth. The fish should be fed, on daily basis during the warm months prior to harvest. Second, the quantity of feed given must be calculated by the farmer based on actual sample weight data collected at the end of each month. Third, the fish must be fed at the same time each day, and at the same place in the pond. The fish will quickly become accustomed to being fed, and will often move to the feeding area as soon as the farmer appears at the edge of the pond. This practice helps the farmers to avoid wasting feed. Fourth, the farmer must carefully observe feeding behaviour and determine the extent to which the fish are consuming the feed given. The following table shows some simple feeds and feed mixtures for supplemental feeding of carp. The most common supplemental feeds used in the Punjab are rice bran or polishings. These feeds are relatively inexpansive, but their low protein content necessitates that relatively large amounts be fed to the fish. Simple mixture of rice bran or polishings and any of the oilseed cakes commonly available in the Punjab can also be used. Addition of fish meal further improves the nutritional value 9
  • and increases the protein content of the feed . Although the cost of feed will increase with increasing protein content, the greater cost may be offset with higher growth rates and yield per unit feed intake. The farmer must maintain good records to evaluate the costs and benefits associated with the use of different feeds under the conditions at his own farm. Name of Ingredient Percentage of Ingredient 45% Rice bran/ Rice Polish/ Wheat bran Recommended feeding Rate (daily) 2-3% body weight for fish in production pond and Maize glutin (30% Protein) Sunflower oil cake 30% Fish meal Mollases 5% 10% 10% 3-5% of body weight of fish seed in Nursery Pond. Supplemental feeds and feed mixtures must never be fed dry, since the materials quickly disperse and become unavailable to the fish. Instead, the feed should be mixed with enough water to form a sticky ball. Balls of feed measuring 2-4 inches in diameter may be carefully placed in the pond at the designated feeding areas, where they will be readily located and consumed by the fish. The fish should be fed slowly, and the farmer must stop feeding the fish when there is no feeding activity and also in cloudy / rainy days. 7-G. Feeding of Grass Carp The natural diet of grass carp larger than about 30 mm is almost exclusively macrovegetation, initially tender aquatic weeds, and later, other aquatic vegetation and the softer land plants. Availability of aquatic macrovegetation in fish ponds is usually limited, so the farmer has to provide supplementary feed. Grass carp will accept a variety of supplemental feeds, including rice bran and polishings, oil seed cake, etc. However the most common method is to cut grass and feed it directly to 10
  • the fish in the pond . Soft grasses should be selected, cut and fed daily. The amount of feed required will increase with as the fish increase in size. The amount to feed can be estimated using the following relationships. First, grass carp will consume their weight in fodder every day. If you know the approximate weight of the fish, you can estimate how much fodder to feed per day. Second, grass carp consume about 40 kg. of fodder for every 1.0 kg of gain in weight. Fodder should be placed in the same area of the pond at each feeding, and held in place with a floating enclosure constructed of bamboo or wood scraps. Grass carp should be given one morning feeding, and frequent observations made on how much is consumed over the course of the day. The fish should be able to completely consume the fodder by the end of the day. Coarse stalks of the plants and uneaten fodder should be removed at the end of each day, otherwise, it may cause oxygen depletion in the pond water. 11
  • ECONOMICS OF ONE ACRE FISH FARM i . Capital Cost Buldozer Tractor Excavation/compaction of pond embankments. Rs. 60,000/- 80,000/- Cost of water channel/ Inlet/out flow structure Rs. 30,000/- 30,000/- Miscellaneous Rs. 10.000/- 10.000/- Rs.100.000/- 120.000 /- Total “A” i. Recurring Expenses Initial filling and subsequent Replenishment of water. Cost of fish seed Rs. 60,000/Rs. 6,000/- Manure / Fertilizers Rs. 35,000/- Supplementary feed Rs. 15,000/- Fodder for grass carp O&M and other charges Total “B” Rs. 8,000/Rs. 24.000/Rs.148.000/- Gross Income (1300 kg fish @ Rs.200/- per kg) Rs. 2,60,000 Net Income (Gross Income - Recurring expenses) Rs. 1,12,000 Note: The installation of a tubewell and employment of full time personnel for one acre fish farm is un economical. However, a commercial scale fish farm of 8-10 acre is economically viable.
  • One Year Calendar of Farm Events Month Grow-out Pond January Dry pond to cracking February March April May Nurserv Pond Maintain water at required level . Plough the pond bottom until Maintain water at smooth and spread organic manure required level. evenly on bottom. Harvest advanced Fill the pond with water fingerlings and shift to grow out ponds. Add inorganic fertilizers, disperse evenly Drain out water and leave for Sun dry. Transfer advanced fingerlings from the nursery pond to the grow-out pond. Maintain water at required level Apply fertilizers at the required levels. Dry pond to cracking. Plough the pond until Maintain water at required level. smooth Apply manures/fertilizers at the Spread organic manure evenly on bottom. required levels. Fill the pond with water. Monitor growth on monthly basis. June Add inorganic fertilizers, Maintain water at required level. disperse evenly. Apply manure/fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. 13 Maintain water at required level. Stock with fingerlings of Silver, Grass Carps.
  • July August September October November December Maintain water at required level . Apply manures/fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. Maintain water at required level. Apply manures/fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. Maintain water at required level. Apply manure/fertilizers at the required levels. Stock with fry of Rohu, Mori, Thaila. Maintain water at required level. Apply fertilizers at the required levels. Maintain water at required level. Apply manures/fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. Maintain water at required level. Apply manure/fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. Maintain water at required level. Apply manures/fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. Maintain water at required level. Apply fertilizers at the required levels. Monitor growth. Maintain water at required level. Initial harvest of fish by net and market. Harvest by draining entire pond, to market. Drain, dry pond. 14 Maintain water at required level. Maintain water at required level.

Pembayaran Dam Harus Sesuai Syariat (lndonesia)

  • Vegetable Farming

Fruit Farming

Flower farming, livestock farming, aquaculture, poultry farming.

Table of Contents


How to select the area for fish farming?

  • Select the areas that clean and fertile. Don’t go for sloped lands.
  • Don’t select the flooded and polluted lands, these can harm your business.
  • Don’t select the land near the farming lands, as fertilizers and pesticides used in farming lands may mix with water and can the fishes.
  • You should select the land that is slightly lower than the main water source. Areas near main water resources can reduce the cost of filling water to your farmland.
  • Area your select should have a good transportation system that can be easy to market your products and other necessities.

Select the type of fish farm for your Fish Farming Business Plan:

Fish farming business can be started in many types, cage system, tank system, or pond system.

Cage System of Fish Farming Business Plan: Make a suitable cage and place it in lakes, ponds, bayous, or oceans and start feeding the fish until they grow for marketing.

Tank System of Fish Farming Business Plan: In this system fishes are raised in tanks, make of a few tanks, and grown fish in them .

Pond system of Fish Farming Business Plan:  In this pond system, first you should construct the pond;

  • Fish Farming Business Plan – Pond Construction: Construct the suitable pond in the area you selected for fishing. For that, you make a perfect design and construct the pond according to that. The design of the pond depends on the fish species you opted to raise. While designing the ponds, you should ensure the availability of all types of facilities for maintaining a profitable fish farming business. In designing the ponds, you take suggestions from the nearest fisheries institute to learn about the specific pond design. The pond environment should good and clean, which promotes the healthy growth of fish.
  • Fish Farming Business Plan – Pond Management: Successful fish farming depends on the pond ecosystem. The source of water can be a river, lake, or other natural ways like rainwater and underground water. Ponds should have the facility to change water weekly or monthly. For high fish production, the pond water should be changed or replaced only when it would lose from evaporation or seepage. Changing the whole water more and more may reduce the reduce production. Small-sized and medium-sized ponds are easy to maintenance. Giant ponds are not suitable for good maintenance.
  • Fish Farming Business Plan – Size of the Pond: The size  of the farming depends on your farming type.  If your cultivating fish commercially you must make a large one. The shape of the pond should be square or rectangular.
  • Fish Farming Business Plan – The depth of the Pond: The water depth will be 30% in one corner and 100% in another corner. The depth of the water depends on the species of fish you are cultivating. The depth of the pond can be more if you want to use it for reserving water for the dry season .  

The pond should be well-drained to remove all water while collecting the fish. The shore of the fish pond should be wide enough for reducing the erosion problem. Fishpond should be prevented from theft, so you should construct the pond near the residence or it should keep people for security. Another way is by keeping bamboo poles or tree branches with thorns in the ponds, it will make it impossible to collect fish with the net. The bamboo pole and tree branches not only prevent fish from theft but also serves fish come extra natural food.

Equipment  Required for Commercial Fish Farming Business Plan

For commercial fish farming you need some additional equipment:

  • Aerations Devices.
  • Net or seine reels.
  • Handling and grading equipment.
  • Water testing equipment.

Select the Suitable Fish Species for your Fish Farming Business Plan

Selecting the suitable species is very important that keeps your business in profits. You should select the breeds that have a huge market and high prices in your local and export markets. The most famous fish breeds that used in fish farming are carp, salmon, tilapia , and catfish . There are even many other fish species that have many varieties that are suitable for farming in all types of agro-climatic conditions. You should the fish species for farming, depending on your local climate, facilities, demand, and price.

Fishes that are grown in Saltwater: Prawn, Green Tiger shrimp , Indian White Shrimp, Horina Chingri, Bhetki, Bombay Duck, Rupchanda, Lalpoa, Hilsa, Tuna, Lakha, Dogfish, Ribbon Fish.

Fishes Grown InFresh Water: Katla, Ruli, Kalibaus, Ghonia, Mrigal, Nandina, Common crap, Sharpunti, Titpunti, Mola, Chela, Dankina, Boumach, Gutum, Aier, golsa Tangra, Rita, Pangas, Magur, African Catfish, Shing, Gozarm Taki, Kuche, Vheda, Nilotica, Koi, kholisa, Tepa, Chapila, FOli, Chotal, Lobster.

Tilapia Fish Farming ( Pic source Wikimedia Commons).

There are different fish species that are raised on fish farms, the most common fish species raised are salmon, carp, tilapia, catfish, catla, and cod, etc.

  • Catfish Farming of a Fish Farming Business Plan: Catfish farming is suitable for the warm climate. These grown in freshwater ponds and fed with soybean, corn, and rice. This is more sustainable fish species for fish farming. It is popular for its health benefits. Harvesting periods for catfish are 18 months. There are a number of varieties of catfish some popular ones are blue catfish, channel catfish, and flathead catfish.
  • Tilapia Farming of a Fish Farming Business Plan: One of the most popular fish used in fish farming in Asia. This fish has great demand for high protein, size, and production capability. Tilapia grow well in the warmer climate. Water temperature should be between 28 to 30 degreesCelsius of temperature. Tilapia fish require a cereal-based diet and don’t eat other fish. The reproduction rate in this fish species is very high so managing them is a bit challenging. These fish’s good resistance power in fighting the diseases.
  • Salmon Farming of a Fish Farming Business Plan: One of the most popular fish farming species having great demand in the market. There are two other varieties of Pacific salmon that are also farmed-chinook and coho. These fish should be vaccinated to prevent diseases. Salmon feed is made to conserve wild fish stocks .
  • Tuna farming of a Fish Farming Business Plan: These fish are saltwater fish and have great demand in the commercial fish farming business. Japan is having a great market for this fish species. Their many species of tuna are bluefin, yellowfin, and albacore. Tuna are carnivorous and eat other fishes, these are farmed in net pends offshore and recirculation systems.
  • Eel Farming a Fish Farming Business Plan: These fishes have a huge export market. Eel fish farming majorly is done in Asia, Japan and Taiwan are leading producers of Eel fish. Eel fish live in freshwater they are young, and as they are mature they migrate to the sea for breeding.

Feed Management in Fish Farming Business Plan

Feeding the most important part of fish farming. You should always provide fish a high quality and nutritious food. As the quality of food leads to maximum production but also keeps the fish healthy with more weight. You should provide them both supplementary fish feed along with natural food. There are many brands of supplementary fish feed is available in the market depends on the specific fish species. The fish feed can be prepared on your own, you can learn preparation. You should take care that the feed should have all the necessary nutrients, vitamins, minerals, salt, etc. Feeding time depends on the fish species. Overfeeding may affect the fish .

  • Natural Fish Feed: Water is the medium for surviving fish. There are much natural fish feeds available in the water.  This natural feed depends upon water and soil fertility. This natural fish feed can be increased by using fertilizer. Natural fish feeds are Plankton(microscopic plants), Aquatic plants and insects, tiny moss, the organic substance of pons, various types of grasses in water.
  • Supplementary Fish Feed:
  • Rice Bran- A very common and cheap better fish feed. It contains 10 to 14% proteins, Vitamin B1, B2, B6, and many enzymes .
  • Wheat Chaff: Contains more fiber, controls many types of fish diseases. The amount of protein is 10 to 15%.
  • Maize: Best fish supplementary feed, it contains proteins, carbohydrates, fat, vitamin A, and E.
  • Tiny moss: Floaty water plants, contain 14 to 20 % protein.
  • Fish Powder: Easily digestible fish meal, contains 55 to 60% protein.
  • Bone Powder: Best food for Fishbone, contains calcium and magnesium .
  • Other supplementary feeds are Vitamins, animal blood, etc

For best fish production you provide both natural and supplementary fish feeds.

Ornamental Fish Farming.

Fish Care in a Fish Farming Business Plan

The food you provide to fish should be fresh and nutritious. Pond maintaining plays a major role in fish productions. Water in the pond can be changed occasionally or can use some necessary chemicals according to the suggestion of an expert. Fish health should be monitored regularly on a regular basis. All the necessary far tasks should be done timely. The pond environment should be maintained properly with timely maintenance for good fish production and growth. Regular soil and water quality test should be done on regular basis. You should keep stock of necessary drugs on your farm. Should take all necessary steps to prevent all types of predators, including frogs, snakes, etc.

Diseases of Fish in a Fish Farming Business Plan

Fish may get infected by diseases for many reasons. Some reasons for diseases in fishes:

  • Bacterial, fungus, viral, and germ attack.
  • Parasites like worms, leech, lice, etc.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Changes in water.
  • Pollutions in water.
  • Using excessive organic and chemical fertilizer.

Types of Diseases:

  • Bacterial Diseases: Tail and fin rot diseases, gill rot diseases, etc.
  • Fungus Diseases.
  • Viral Diseases.
  • Parasite Diseases: White spot diseases, argulosis fluke diseases, etc.
  • Malnutrition’s Diseases: Caused due to lack of protein food.

Fish Farming Business Plan – Disease Symptoms in Fish:

  • Fish stops consuming food.
  • Losing physical balance.
  • Floats over water.
  • Rubbing their body to stones in water.
  • Swimming restlessly.
  • Head grows large.
  • Losses bright looks.
  • The natural color of fish get changes and becomes light or dark.
  • Excessive release of mucus.
  • Belly gets swelled and eyes come out.
  • Fish become very sick.
  • Rotation can be seen in the gill of the fish.

Fish Farming Business Plan  – Prevention Method for Fish Diseases:

Some prevention methods to keep your fishes away from diseases:

  • Pond or tank environments should be favorable for fish farming.
  • Should maintain the quality of soul and water suitable for fish.
  • Always stock healthy, strong, and high-quality minnow in the pond.
  • Fishpond should in an open place and free from aquatic weeds.
  • Ponds should be kept safe from harmful animals.
  • Don’t allow floodwater to enter the pond.
  • Supply sufficient quality fertilizer and food in the pond regularly.
  • The pond should be germ-free by using lime in the pond 2-3 times a year.
  • Test the fish health once a month.
  • Diseases or infected fish should be removed from the pond.
  • The net used for removing infected fish should not used to catching healthy fish.
  • You should maintain the balance between the number of stocked fish and the stocking power of the pond.
  • Should provide nutritious food at regular times .

Harvesting in Fish Farming Business Plan

Read this: tilapia fish farming ..

Fish Harvest (Pic Source Wikimedia Commons).

Fish takes a certain period of time to become suitable for harvesting. Each fish species take a different period to get ready for harvesting.  You can start harvesting when fish start reaches a marketable weight for marketing. For harvesting, you can use nets or by removing water from the pond. Harvesting of the fish should be done during the morning or afternoon when the temperature is low. After harvesting, send the fish directly to the market as soon as possible.

Marketing in Fish Farming Business Plan

Marketing is not a big task in fish farming. There are many markets available where you can market your products. All types of fishes are in great demand in the market. After harvesting, you can sell your fish at your nearest markets. Even there many companies that export the fish to other countries. So, there no matter to worry about marketing you just need to focus only on producing quality fish.

Commercial fish farming is really a very profitable and good source of earning living. If you are planning to enter into this business, you need to fish make a complete study of fish farms and fish breeds. For this, you need to visit nearby fish farms.

Fish Farming Business Plan – Indoor Fish Farming

Indoor fish farming is the best alternative to cultivate fish outdoor in a cage system. Under many technological advances, raising fish indoor is now possible with proper control production methods.  Indoor fish farming is a bit troublesome below are some advantages and disadvantages of fish farming.


  • Fish will be safe from predators and weather changes.
  • Fish are grown under suitable temperatures in good water with regular feeding.
  • Fish escaping can be prevented and getting loose amongst wild fish populations.
  • Allows higher stock densities and often saved farm labor input costs.
  • Indoor fish farming is flexible and can save transportation costs .


  • Huge maintenance like electricity, infrastructure.
  • Huge investment.
  • Fish raised indoors are carnivorous, they require a large amount of other fish for their diet.

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Thanks, Mr. Reddy. I read your article on fish farming. It is a very insightful document for aspiring fish farmers. Thanks a lot

Thank you Mr Reddy for your effort to provide the required information related to the poultry and fish farming project. I am a newcomer in the farm sector but your articles reduced my doubts in this segment.

Thanks with regards

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Fish Farming Business Planning

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The objective of commercial fish farming is to produce fish for sale and earn profits. Therefore, production should be planned from the onset to target identified markets. This means one should: 1. have the required product (size and form) available when the market wants it, 2. be able to produce adequate volumes to sustain targeted markets, 3. produce at a competitive price and profit. When making a production and business plan for table fish, one should endeavor to answer the following questions beforehand. 1. Where is the market? – its location, what category of people are likely to buy the fish I produce, etc 2. What does the market want? – type of fish, how much, what size, how frequently, fresh or processed, etc. 3. What resources do I have? – number of pond(s), size of pond(s), water for production (quantity, quality, flow rates), feeds, labour, seed, etc. 4. From where and when should I source my seed and feed? 5. What is the quality of feed I intend to use? This is important because it limits possible FCRs, water quality and carrying capacity. 6. How much feed and seed shall I require? 7. What technology do I have at my disposal and which would be the best to adopt? 8. How frequently do I need to harvest for the market? (complete harvest/partial harvests) 9. How do I get my fish to the market? 10. What returns can I expect from the above?


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6 Steps to Get Started With Fish Farming Business


Fish farming is the fastest-growing food production segment in the world. It is the process of raising aquatic organisms commercially in a controlled or semi-controlled environment to increase productivity. We can start a fish farming business through these 6 steps.

Fish farming is the process of raising aquatic organisms commercially in a controlled or semi-controlled environment to increase productivity. It is possible to raise many different kinds of fish from table fare to exotic tropical species. Most of the peoples are growing fish for harvesting and selling to restaurants. Also, many fish farms operate as fun places where individuals and families are able to go fishing. Let us discuss how to start a fish farming business.

Fish farming is the fastest-growing food production segment in the world. Fish is a protein-rich, tasty, and healthy food with low cholesterol . So, fish and fish-related products have great demand all over the world. Fish farming has a significant role in the economy. It offers so many job opportunities in ancillary services and operations. This business demands day-to-day careful monitoring, skills, and special knowledge.

Commercial fish farming is considered an economically profitable business venture.  There are so many types of fast-growing species available. So, this business ensures quick returns on your investment. The fish consumption rate is increasing every year. Irresponsible harvesting of fish leads to depletion of natural species and the extinction of some species. So, fish farming is a way to conserve species and prevent the depletion of natural resources.

How to start fish farming? Step 1. Select the type of fish farming Step 2. Understand the target market Step 3. Learn the skills required for Fish Farming Step 4. Calculate the cost Step 5. Select the right location for fish farming Step 6. Procurement of equipment needed for fish farming

How to start fish farming?

Global fish production

People with different jobs and occupations are able to start this business. You can raise funds from investors or take a loan from the bank. You can start a fish farming business through these 6 steps as given below.

Step 1. Select the type of fish farming

The first thing you need to consider when starting a fish farm is the type of fish that you are going to use for farming. Selecting the right species of fish plays an important role in the success of the fish farming business.  The decision should be based on a maintenance point of view, market demand, management outlook, and availability of resources , etc. Some of the popular fish farming business ideas which give good returns are given below.

Tilapia fish farming

Tilapia is a popular fish in the market. Its large size, high protein content, quick growth (6 to 7 months), is the main reasons that making tilapia fish farming highly popular and profitable. In commercial fish farming, earth ponds are mostly used.

Commercial catfish farming is considered as profitable fish farming. The farmers are able to start catfish farming alone or in combination with other species. Also, it can be started on a small scale basis and with relatively low cost.

Commercial crab farming can be done with minimized labor and land in smaller areas and at higher densities.  Mud crab is a good aquaculture species due to its price, market acceptability, and rapid growth.

Carp fish shows a high tendency to consume animal food, including worms, water insects, mollusks, larvae of insects, and zooplankton. These eating habits of the fish play an important role in the profitability of carp farming.

Salmon farming is the production of salmon from egg to market in a container system, net-cage, or pond. Salmon fishes are carnivores. We need to use around 2 to 5 kilograms of wild fish in feed to produce one kilogram of farmed salmon.

Step 2. Understand the target market

Business planning and feasibility analysis are important to be done before starting a fish farming business. Also, we should do deep market research before starting fish farming business. Try to understand the local market demand .  If you are going to begin aquaculture for export, talk to the fish processing units beforehand. Develop an alternative marketing strategy. Consumer types will differ relied on the type of fish you are raising.

If you are raising fish for commercial food products , re-stocking, or sport, then your base will contain large businesses. It requires a higher quantity of fish. Some consumers may include state or federal organizations that re-stock natural resources. If you are raising fish for pets or aquariums, your consumer group will be pet shops and specialty fish dealers. Customers maybe choose to contact you directly to remove the mediators and to expedite sales.

Step 3. Learn the skills required for Fish Farming

It is important to have some skills when starting a fish farming business. There are some government running farms that conduct training programs. You can attend those types of programs to learn skills. Also, we can learn skills through working at a successful fish farm. It will teach you how to perform disease control, water quality management, marketing, feeding, and processing . There are some important things that we need to pay attention to when starting a fish farming business. They are given below.

fish farming business plan in pakistan

Step 4. Calculate the cost

The fish farming business includes two types of capital investment. They are fixed capital costs and operating costs . Fixed capital cost includes crafting ponds, land & building, plumbing arrangements, vehicles for transport , oxygen meters, several tanks, etc. Operating cost includes buying fingerlings or fish eggs, electricity, fish feed, labor, fuel, medicine, chemical, insurance , tax, telephone, transportation , and other maintenance cost involved.

You should prepare a detailed cost calculation of your fish farming project, before entering into the business.  The calculations will vary depending on the type of fish that you are choosing for fish farming , total land area, and your desired output . Costs will vary depending on the size and scope of the project you are starting.

If you are making an aquarium-based farm, you will require tanks and pumps, water aerators, fish food and refrigerators, free/eggs or initial parent fish, water testing kits and equipment, etc. If you are starting a commercial fish farm, you will require land for ponds, boat, motor, equipment for excavating ponds, aerators, reclamation devices, fish food, equipment for managing and cleaning the pond, and fish processing equipment, and commercial-sized pumps, etc.

fish farming business plan in pakistan

Step 5. Select the right location for fish farming

We need to consider some factors when selecting land. It includes soil quality, size, and source of water. Choose a place that is big enough. Also, consider your future plans so that size does not limit you when expanding your business . The soil quality directly affects the quantity and the quality of fish you get. So, choose a place with high-quality soil. You must do a soil test to make sure that it is at least over 20% clay also, check the relative level of space.

It is important to make sure that this place is not easily flooded. It will help you to prevent dirty water from entering the bond. The land should have fewer rocks. The continuous flow of water is the most important factor in fish farming.  If you want to start a fish farm in the city or town area, you must have access to the municipality water source. If you want to start in a village area, it is essential to find a place near the stream, lake, or river.

Step 6. Procurement of equipment needed for fish farming

The process of launching a fish farm is same for small and large scale farmers. Some of the basic equipment and tools required for fish farming business are given below.

Pumps are used to pump water in or out of the pond. These pumps are well equipped. Also, it helps to make sure that you have a constant supply of water for the pond. Water testing equipment is used to help in testing the water. We can determine if the water is good for the fish by using this device.

The net collects all fish species together for the harvest. They help to catch large numbers of fish. Fish tanks or ponds are designed to raise large quantities of fish for marketing and harvesting. They are constructed to provide a better environment for the fish. Aeration equipment enables the good flow of oxygen within the pond .

fish farming business plan in pakistan

Unemployment is one of the biggest problems in the current digital world. Raising fish will create so much employment. It will offer job opportunities for transporters, sellers, and farm workers . The increasing popularity of fish as food boosted the fish farming business globally. Also, so many peoples believe that eating fish will give many benefits. So there is always a stable and reliable market for the fish business.

Here are the steps to start fish farming:

Step 1. Select the type of fish farming Step 2. Understand the target market Step 3. Learn the skills required for Fish Farming Step 4. Calculate the cost Step 5. Select the right location for fish farming Step 6. Procurement of equipment needed for fish farming

What are the types of fish farming businesses?

Different types of Fish farming businesses are:

What is the size of fish market?

The global fish farming market size was valued at $285,359.7 million in 2019, and is projected to reach $378,005.5 million by 2027.

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