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What Is Academic Writing? | Dos and Don’ts for Students
Academic writing is a formal style of writing used in universities and scholarly publications. You’ll encounter it in journal articles and books on academic topics, and you’ll be expected to write your essays , research papers , and dissertation in academic style.
Academic writing follows the same writing process as other types of texts, but it has specific conventions in terms of content, structure and style.
Table of contents
Types of academic writing, academic writing is…, academic writing is not…, academic writing checklist.
Academics mostly write texts intended for publication, such as journal articles, reports, books, and chapters in edited collections. For students, the most common types of academic writing assignments are listed below.
Different fields of study have different priorities in terms of the writing they produce. For example, in scientific writing it’s crucial to clearly and accurately report methods and results; in the humanities, the focus is on constructing convincing arguments through the use of textual evidence. However, most academic writing shares certain key principles intended to help convey information as effectively as possible.
Whether your goal is to pass your degree, apply to graduate school , or build an academic career, effective writing is an essential skill.
Formal and unbiased
Academic writing aims to convey information in an impartial way. The goal is to base arguments on the evidence under consideration, not the author’s preconceptions. All claims should be supported with relevant evidence, not just asserted.
To avoid bias, it’s important to represent the work of other researchers and the results of your own research fairly and accurately. This means clearly outlining your methodology and being honest about the limitations of your research.
The formal style used in academic writing ensures that research is presented consistently across different texts, so that studies can be objectively assessed and compared with other research.
Because of this, it’s important to strike the right tone with your language choices. Avoid informal language , including slang, contractions , clichés, and conversational phrases:
- Also , a lot of the findings are a little unreliable.
- Moreover , many of the findings are somewhat unreliable.
Clear and precise
It’s important to use clear and precise language to ensure that your reader knows exactly what you mean. This means being as specific as possible and avoiding vague language :
- People have been interested in this thing for a long time .
- Researchers have been interested in this phenomenon for at least 10 years .
Avoid hedging your claims with words like “perhaps,” as this can give the impression that you lack confidence in your arguments. Reflect on your word choice to ensure it accurately and directly conveys your meaning:
- This could perhaps suggest that…
- This suggests that…
Specialist language or jargon is common and often necessary in academic writing, which generally targets an audience of other academics in related fields.
However, jargon should be used to make your writing more concise and accurate, not to make it more complicated. A specialist term should be used when:
- It conveys information more precisely than a comparable non-specialist term.
- Your reader is likely to be familiar with the term.
- The term is commonly used by other researchers in your field.
The best way to familiarize yourself with the kind of jargon used in your field is to read papers by other researchers and pay attention to their language.
Focused and well structured
An academic text is not just a collection of ideas about a topic—it needs to have a clear purpose. Start with a relevant research question or thesis statement , and use it to develop a focused argument. Only include information that is relevant to your overall purpose.
A coherent structure is crucial to organize your ideas. Pay attention to structure at three levels: the structure of the whole text, paragraph structure, and sentence structure.
Academic writing uses sources to support its claims. Sources are other texts (or media objects like photographs or films) that the author analyzes or uses as evidence. Many of your sources will be written by other academics; academic writing is collaborative and builds on previous research.
It’s important to consider which sources are credible and appropriate to use in academic writing. For example, citing Wikipedia is typically discouraged. Don’t rely on websites for information; instead, use academic databases and your university library to find credible sources.
You must always cite your sources in academic writing. This means acknowledging whenever you quote or paraphrase someone else’s work by including a citation in the text and a reference list at the end.
There are many different citation styles with different rules. The most common styles are APA , MLA , and Chicago . Make sure to consistently follow whatever style your institution requires. If you don’t cite correctly, you may get in trouble for plagiarism . A good plagiarism checker can help you catch any issues before it’s too late.
You can easily create accurate citations in APA or MLA style using our Citation Generators.
APA Citation Generator MLA Citation Generator
Correct and consistent
As well as following the rules of grammar, punctuation, and citation, it’s important to consistently apply stylistic conventions regarding:
- How to write numbers
- Introducing abbreviations
- Using verb tenses in different sections
- Capitalization of terms and headings
- Spelling and punctuation differences between UK and US English
In some cases there are several acceptable approaches that you can choose between—the most important thing is to apply the same rules consistently and to carefully proofread your text before you submit. If you don’t feel confident in your own proofreading abilities, you can get help from Scribbr’s professional proofreading services or Grammar Checker .
What can proofreading do for your paper?
Scribbr editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes, but also strengthen your writing by making sure your paper is free of vague language, redundant words, and awkward phrasing.
See editing example
Academic writing generally tries to avoid being too personal. Information about the author may come in at some points—for example in the acknowledgements or in a personal reflection—but for the most part the text should focus on the research itself.
Always avoid addressing the reader directly with the second-person pronoun “you.” Use the impersonal pronoun “one” or an alternate phrasing instead for generalizations:
- As a teacher, you must treat your students fairly.
- As a teacher, one must treat one’s students fairly.
- Teachers must treat their students fairly.
The use of the first-person pronoun “I” used to be similarly discouraged in academic writing, but it is increasingly accepted in many fields. If you’re unsure whether to use the first person, pay attention to conventions in your field or ask your instructor.
When you refer to yourself, it should be for good reason. You can position yourself and describe what you did during the research, but avoid arbitrarily inserting your personal thoughts and feelings:
- In my opinion…
- I think that…
- I like/dislike…
- I conducted interviews with…
- I argue that…
- I hope to achieve…
Many students think their writing isn’t academic unless it’s over-complicated and long-winded. This isn’t a good approach—instead, aim to be as concise and direct as possible.
If a term can be cut or replaced with a more straightforward one without affecting your meaning, it should be. Avoid redundant phrasings in your text, and try replacing phrasal verbs with their one-word equivalents where possible:
- Interest in this phenomenon carried on in the year 2018 .
- Interest in this phenomenon continued in 2018 .
Repetition is a part of academic writing—for example, summarizing earlier information in the conclusion—but it’s important to avoid unnecessary repetition. Make sure that none of your sentences are repeating a point you’ve already made in different words.
Emotive and grandiose
An academic text is not the same thing as a literary, journalistic, or marketing text. Though you’re still trying to be persuasive, a lot of techniques from these styles are not appropriate in an academic context. Specifically, you should avoid appeals to emotion and inflated claims.
Though you may be writing about a topic that’s sensitive or important to you, the point of academic writing is to clearly communicate ideas, information, and arguments, not to inspire an emotional response. Avoid using emotive or subjective language :
- This horrible tragedy was obviously one of the worst catastrophes in construction history.
- The injury and mortality rates of this accident were among the highest in construction history.
Students are sometimes tempted to make the case for their topic with exaggerated , unsupported claims and flowery language. Stick to specific, grounded arguments that you can support with evidence, and don’t overstate your point:
- Charles Dickens is the greatest writer of the Victorian period, and his influence on all subsequent literature is enormous.
- Charles Dickens is one of the best-known writers of the Victorian period and has had a significant influence on the development of the English novel.
Use the checklist below to assess whether you have followed the rules of effective academic writing.
- Checklist: Academic writing
I avoid informal terms and contractions .
I avoid second-person pronouns (“you”).
I avoid emotive or exaggerated language.
I avoid redundant words and phrases.
I avoid unnecessary jargon and define terms where needed.
I present information as precisely and accurately as possible.
I use appropriate transitions to show the connections between my ideas.
My text is logically organized using paragraphs .
Each paragraph is focused on a single idea, expressed in a clear topic sentence .
Every part of the text relates to my central thesis or research question .
I support my claims with evidence.
I use the appropriate verb tenses in each section.
I consistently use either UK or US English .
I format numbers consistently.
I cite my sources using a consistent citation style .
Your text follows the most important rules of academic style. Make sure it's perfect with the help of a Scribbr editor!
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What is your plagiarism score?
11 Best Academic Writing Tools For Researchers
This article is organized into roughly 3 stages of writing:
Table of Contents
I. 5 Best Writing Software for Researchers
#1. jasper (formerly jarvis) – game-changing ai writing bot.
This tool is relatively new. And, I have become a heavy user. I can see how this tool will be VERY useful for knowledge work like professors and researchers. It takes a bit of a learning curve to master the tool. But, it’s absolutely worth it.
#2. Trinka – Designed for Academic and Technical writing
We have been testing Trinka recently and fell in love with it. Trinka is founded by Enago, an established academic service provider. So, they are well-versed in the needs of academic papers or technical writing.
We are also delighted to see its Publication Readiness feature included in the free plan. If you have issues with publishing your paper, chances are something is wrong with your manuscript. This Publication Readiness Checker may just be that difference maker.
#3. DraftIn – Minimalistic and free for laser-focus writing
I work with other people all the time, using Google Docs. But, sometimes there are issues with version control. This tool solves that problem by holding the version updated by the user in the user’s environment. So, you should review it first before accepting it.
#4. LaTeX – Great tool but difficult for non-coder
LaTeX is one of the most widely used academic writing tools that are free and reliable. We have even created a LaTex tutorial, where we help with the minimal programming knowledge that you need to use this too.
#5. Hemingway Editor – free and powerful
This makes it easy to see where you can cut out unnecessary words or phrases. You can also use the Hemingway Editor mobile app, which is available for free on iOS devices!
II. 3 Best Re-Writing Software
#1. quillbot – best paid option for the professional .
Writing modes are included to help you enhance clarity and meaning, and a Word Flipper helps you change your writing instantly.
#2. WordTune – The most convenient option
WordTune can generate rewrite suggestions by analyzing vast amounts of text and finding human language patterns. As a result, it may occasionally change the meaning to convey a more common idea or to include information it believes is implied.
#3. Spinbot – Best free option for starters
Spinbot is a free summarizing tool that converts the substance you paste or write directly into an editorial manager. When you submit a request, the Spinbot framework modifies the text automatically.
III. 3 Best Writing Organization Tools
#1. scrivener – best for academic researchers.
It’s helpful that it has a mobile app, too. If you want to walk around and research ideas or write on your phone, Scrivener can sync with your device so everything is in one place.
#2. Authorea – Best for Alternative Publication and Exposure
#3. reedsy – best for aspiring best-selling authors, final thoughts.
What are the top three things you wish someone had told you about academic writing when you were starting out?
Why should I use LaTeX?
What are the best tips for academic writing, what are the tools for effective writing.
Good academic writing relies on clear thinking, orderly presentation, and sustained focus.
10 thoughts on “11 Best Academic Writing Tools For Researchers”
Does quiltbot,save the changed text on its server, and then creata the problem of plagerisim.
Here is what it says about its plagiarism checker: “QuillBot stores your content in order to run the plagiarism report, so you can access your reports in the future. Our third-party vendor, CopyLeaks, does not store your content. QuillBot will never share your content with any third parties outside of CopyLeaks.”
Please provide information on resources for systematic review and meta-analysis; for conducting literature review
No it does not
i am a research scholar.i request you to kindly let me share information on rewrite cum plagiarism check, removal tool for best performance. Thank you all
Thank you, Dear Writer. It’s very much helpful.
These are very important for research students. Thank you very much for this piece of information. Great work Joannah.
Thank you for the kind words!
Thanks for sharing this well-researched article.
Nice article, might I suggest Writefull also, they have a number of tools designed for academic/technical writing…
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Purdue Online Writing Lab College of Liberal Arts
Welcome to the Purdue OWL
This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
These OWL resources will help you with the types of writing you may encounter while in college. The OWL resources range from rhetorical approaches for writing, to document organization, to sentence level work, such as clarity. For specific examples of writing assignments, please see our Common Writing Assignments area.
The Rhetorical Situation
This presentation is designed to introduce your students to a variety of factors that contribute to strong, well-organized writing. This presentation is suitable for the beginning of a composition course or the assignment of a writing project in any class.
These OWL resources will help you develop and refine the arguments in your writing.
Logic in Argumentative Writing
This resource covers using logic within writing—logical vocabulary, logical fallacies, and other types of logos-based reasoning.
Paragraphs and Paragraphing
The purpose of this handout is to give some basic instruction and advice regarding the creation of understandable and coherent paragraphs.
The Modes of Discourse—Exposition, Description, Narration, Argumentation (EDNA)—are common paper assignments you may encounter in your writing classes. Although these genres have been criticized by some composition scholars, the Purdue OWL recognizes the wide spread use of these approaches and students’ need to understand and produce them.
This resource will help you write clearly by eliminating unnecessary words and rearranging your phrases.
Paramedic Method: A Lesson in Writing Concisely
This handout provides steps and exercises to eliminate wordiness at the sentence level.
Reverse Paramedic Method
This resource will help you write clear, concise sentences while remaining in the passive voice. Passive voice is used quite often in scientific writing.
This handout provides information on visual and textual devices for adding emphasis to your writing including textual formatting, punctuation, sentence structure, and the arrangement of words.
This resource presents methods for adding sentence variety and complexity to writing that may sound repetitive or boring. Sections are divided into general tips for varying structure, a discussion of sentence types, and specific parts of speech which can aid in sentence variety.
Using Appropriate Language
This handout will cover some of the major issues with appropriate language use: levels of language formality, deceitful language and euphemisms, slang and idiomatic expressions; using group-specific jargon; and biased/stereotypical language.
Active and Passive Voice
This handout will explain the difference between active and passive voice in writing. It gives examples of both, and shows how to turn a passive sentence into an active one. Also, it explains how to decide when to choose passive voice instead of active.
Although instant and text/SMS messaging is beginning to supplant email for some groups' primary means of Internet communication, effective and appropriate email etiquette is still important. This resource will help you to become an effective writer and reader/manager of email.
Email Etiquette for Students
This presentation was designed in response to the growing popularity of email and the subsequent need for information on how to craft appropriate email messages. This presentation will help you send resumes and cover letters via email, and it will help you communicate with teachers / professors.
Using Foreign Languages in Academic Writing in English
This resource provides information on strategies that the students can use when incorporating languages other than English in their academic texts.
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Best Sites that will Pay You to Write Articles Online
Updated - September 8, 2022 By David Trounce 202 Comments
Are you looking for article writing websites so you can start earning money online? Freelance article writing gives you the opportunity to work from home. Jobs, where article writers can be earning money, are listed every day.
We provide article writing services for a living and have learned that just knowing where the writing jobs are online is half the battle won.
EARN MONEY WRITING GET INSTANT ACCESS TO 200 SITES THAT WILL PAY YOU TO WRITE.
Plus: 10 Free Premium Tools to Help You Write and Get Published!
Being able to write and earn money online can be very rewarding. You can choose to work with the clients, websites or create your own website that interest you most.
You’ll find freelance job portals very helpful since employers themselves are posting updated jobs. All you have to do is to create a writer’s account and start browsing job offers.
Enhancing Your Writing Skills
There are many other legit ways for freelance writers to make money online . But you need to have the skills to be chosen among the large pool of applicants. So, it’s crucial to enhance your writing skills and develop the right attitude towards this craft by being open to all possibilities.
Enhancing your knowledge and skills as a writer can help you earn money, which can even be a reliable source of your bread and butter. Take a look at the following tips on how to enhance your writing skills so you’ll find high-paying writing jobs online:
Know The Latest Trends:
Writing is an ever-ending journey, which means that it would require an intense thirst to improve your skills. For instance, Search engine optimization (SEO) involves creating content that aims to rank in search engines. This would be especially important for an SEO agency or an Adwords consultant
Meet Other Writers:
Take Writing Short Courses:
As a freelance article writer , you also get to enjoy working at your own pace, setting your own price (as demand for your writing grows) and you get to enjoy a steady income as a freelance writer .
If you want to earn money by writing online for others, here are 10 sites where you can get paid to write your own articles.
Wow Women on Writing: $50-100
Wow Women on Writing does one thing really well: They look after female writers, encourage them and genuinely seek to offer opportunities to budding freelancers. Their audience is diverse and all focused on providing excellent content for women.
Wow Women focus on innovative business, freelancing, and training. The articles are generally detailed and designed to help writers improve their skills and showcase their work. You have an option of either asking for a payment by Paypal or, if in the USA, by Check.
How to get started
Start by reading other Wow Articles. You will want to have an idea of the tone of the site. The site is informative, relaxed and excited about showcasing good writers.
- Ensure that you are not just duplicating their content and re-editing an old idea. Be creative.
- Wow will pay up to $150.00 for a 3,000-word feature article.
- Focus on being useful. How will your post help readers?
- Practical, actionable advice is what readers want with easy to follow steps.
Wow Women focuses on women, writers, and a monthly theme. I am not sure what they offer in terms of a link back to your own content in the articles but they do link back to your site from your Author profile.
Please note that they do not open attachments. Your article or pitch needs to be presented in plain text in the body of the email. Sending a Bio or a link to other published work is a good idea and will improve your chances of getting published.
Strong Whispers: $50 – $150
Strong Whispers offers readers a range of articles about lifestyle, environment and other social issues. The range is wide. Your contribution is not limited.
Articles can range from corporate greed to education reform or change in world leadership to letting the people govern and make decisions on the way we treat the environment and exploitation of resources.
Article earnings are negotiable, but they typically pay $50-$150 per published article. They are willing to pay more for the right article and website aims to publish 2-3 guest posts per month.
Step 1: Send them your best outline for an article you would like to write along with your fee expectation. Topics need to be unique and have a high impact.
They also ask that you send your current blog URL or an URL to published work so they can understand your writing style. They will tell you if the topic is of interest to them and if your sample meets their review criteria.
Step 2: After you have been invited to write for them, go ahead, write your article and submit it for review. They won’t publish simply mediocre or just okay guest posts.
Each article must be well written, accurate, grammatically correct and original content. You will get to view their guidelines so you can be sure to tick all the boxes.
Step 3: After you submit your article online, it will be reviewed. After review you will receive one of 3 emails:
- Rejected – Poor quality.
- Requires minor changes
If approved, it will be set to publish either immediately or at a future date. Once set to publish, you will be paid via PayPal and start earning money online.
Want to Start Writing and Earning Straight Away?
Vocal enables you to monetize your own writing by publishing it on their platform. The more readers you get, the more money you can earn .
Link-Able: $100 – $750
Link-Able is a great way for high-quality authors to earn money publishing for a wide range of clients and industries. Link-Able matches writers who are able to publish on relevant sites with businesses looking to earn mentions, links and traffic to their sites.
Founded by Jay Douglas, Link-Able offers good rates that depend on the sites you have authorship on – or are able to successfully pitch to. niches include business, finance, marketing, health, sport, tech, retail and more.
Note: The site will generally only accept native English authors and those with a track record of high-quality work in English .
The platform is simple and easy to use. Once you have been approved as an author, just browse the available writing jobs and apply.
- Apply for an Author account and choose your area of expertise
- Once approved, browse writing jobs
- Read the job specs carefully. Recommend a site or sites you can write on and a concept for your article.
- If you win the job, you write, publish and get paid – simple!
A quick tip – You will have more success if you limit your areas of expertise to only those things you are truly passionate about.
A Few Tips on Writing the Kind of Article that Gets published
- Make sure your article is free from grammatical errors. We suggest using a tool like the free grammar checker by EduBirdie
- Make sure your article is original.
- Make sure you follow the editorial guidelines regarding word length, style, and tone
These are basic to getting people to show interest in publishing your article and are absolutely necessary.
Cracked.com: $100 – $200
Cracked.com is basically a humour site. If you are a funny/smart/creative person, Cracked.com offers a good opportunity to earn some extra cash with article writing.
No experience necessary. If the content is good, this is a great way to make money blogging . You get to talk directly to the editors. Their content includes articles, photoshops, infographics, and videos. Take your pick.
Register for the site, click on the writer’s workshop, which leads you to the message board where everyone pitches their articles.
You pitch an article idea by writing the article idea, along with the five subtopics under the idea, a full column, and the information.
- At the time of writing, you get $100 per article.
- If you get up to five published articles, it goes up to $200 per article.
- If your article finishes in the top ten articles of the month (rated on website traffic.) you get a $100 bonus.
- You also get $100 for coming first in the Photoshop competitions of which I think they run two a week.
There is a bonus that runs in the design section also from time to time. It includes $500 for designing a winning T-Shirt, and a thread where you post (presumably humorous) infographics and they’ll pay you $100 if it’s featured on the site.
Watch Culture: $25 – $500
Watch Culture offers its news, opinion and entertainment coverage to millions of users worldwide each month.
As an online magazine based in the UK it covers the popular zeitgeist. Each day dozens of writers are earning money by publishing articles on Film, Music, Gaming, Sports, Television and much more to their ever-expanding five-million a month strong audience.
Several hundred articles are posted every single week from contributors, some of which you will see from time to time on Sky News, Metro Radio, BBC Radio, Dublin FM and in the national newspapers.
What Culture have begun rolling out a system entitling all writers to earn money from every article they contribute.
In the Beta testing phase, some of the contributors have earned as much as £700 from one individual article. The system is based on a per views basis, rewarding the very best writers whose content matches what their audience wants to read.
Typically, writers who could come up with original concepts and execute them well have really reaped the big benefits.
If writing isn’t your thing, they are also planning to set up a larger video presence and are looking for talented filmmakers and YouTubers to produce high-quality content for the site.
So if you think you’ve got what it takes to write interesting articles or create popular videos and make money online while doing it, get in touch with them at [email protected] for more details.
If you’d prefer to chat on Skype, the address is ‘whatculture’. Or if you live anywhere near Newcastle in the UK, they can arrange a face-to-face meeting.
Developer Tutorials: $30 – $50
Developer Tutorial provides its users with a regular supply of programming and design guides keeping them up-to-date on new and emerging technologies and techniques.
To help fuel this effort they utilise freelance writers to produce unique, high-quality tutorials in the following categories:
They are also looking for articles referencing cool and useful lists that users would both be interested in and benefit from reading.
An example of this might be, “30 Cool Web Tools to Make Your Development Easier” or “30 Awesome Photoshop Movie Poster Tutorials”.
They pay cash for your tutorials and list-based articles so not only are you helping out fellow coders and designers but you are making more of a name for yourself as a freelance writer.
Pay rates depend on factors such as the quality of the tutorial/article and the demand for the topic it covers.
- Pay rates for published list articles currently range between $30-$50.
- Payment is sent via PayPal immediately after your article is published.
- List based articles must target web developers or designers.
Tutorials are required to be a minimum of 1000 words and should include illustrations (screenshots etc) if needed to more effectively portray your message.
B. Michelle Pippin: $50 – $150
Michelle Pippin is looking for articles aimed at helping small businesses increase their profits, influence, or impact. Michelle Pippin provides sharp and high-quality business and marketing content to a wide audience.
If you have some original work, a great idea or a hack for the business, marketing niche, this could be a site to consider. While the site focuses on women in business, it provides an even-handed mix of articles on profit, entrepreneurial resources, marketing and case study articles as well as relevant news on the business world.
The site has a large audience and a wide mix of business and marketing related material.
Your articles don’t need to be too technical, as though they were being prepared for a peer-reviewed journal, but they should go beyond the basics.
Michelle will expect you to do the research and if it reaches her members only audience (which is a print edition) you will likely receive a bigger pay cheque.
Word count on the site for your average business or marketing article is about 800 words.
- Obviously, your work must be original work.
- If your work gets published in my members only (print) newsletter, you’ll get paid more money, but you will not be able to republish your article elsewhere.
- Payment is on a per article basis and will be paid via Paypal on the 1st of the month following the month it is posted.
Don’t send over full articles. Just complete the form and tell them your areas of expertise. A short pitch should be fine but keep your offer short and sweet.
Metro Parent: $50 – $75
Metro Parent Publishing Group is open to experienced freelance writers to help build the content of their magazine and website. Their general goal is to have a good mix of fun and substantive local stories of interest to local parents.
Here are a few factors to consider before sending your pitch.
- Make it local. They are looking for stories and sources that reflect the communities they cover: Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, Washtenaw and Wayne counties. Therefore, southeast Michigan ideas and sources are preferred.
- Pitch early. Content for Metro Parent is determined months in advance. Story ideas should be pitched a good two to three months before the month it would run. This is particularly important for seasonally-anchored stories.
If your article submission is accepted or you have been assigned a story, you should submit an invoice (within an email is fine) that includes name, address, phone number, Social Security Number, name of story and payment amount.
The invoice should be submitted within a week of submitting the story.
- Features 1,000-2,500 words: $150-$350, depending on the complexity of topic and number of sources required.
- Department columns: $50-75
- Parent Pipeline pieces: $35-50
- Reprints: $35
The finished story should be single-spaced with a hard return at each new paragraph. Do not indent for new paragraphs. And include only one space after punctuation marks.
- Include your byline plus the preferred tagline
- Font should be Times New Roman, 14-point
- Include a suggested headline and/or dek
- Subheads (i.e., within the body copy) are strongly encouraged for stories 1,000 words or more.
Metro Parent prefers stories to be sent as a Microsoft Word attachment. For those who don’t have Word, send the story within the body of an email.
Be sure to include the name and phone number of sources at the end of the story, in case they have follow-up questions.
Sitepoint: Visit Link for Pricing
Sitepoint writers are generally web professionals with a passion for development and design. Site Point is specifically looking for content that is technical, instructive, well-written and innovative.
Based in Melbourne, Australia, Site Point works with article writers from all over the world. The editors are web developers and designers at the top of the industry. They claim to pay above-industry rates for quality articles.
Site Point covers the following topics:
- Ruby, Mobile development, UX
- Design, HTML
You will have to inquire using the link above for rates and process.
Uxbooth is into design. I figured that much out. The rest of their site is gibberish. For example, their “About us” page begins with these words,
“The UX Booth is a publication by and for the user experience community. Our readership consists mostly of beginning-to-intermediate user experience and interaction designers..”
What that means is anybody’s guess. it might be good for the user experience but it’s nigh useless if you were looking for a reading experience . Nevertheless, they offer you money to join them in the art of gibberish.
Uxbooth does not accept fully written drafts outright. Instead, they pair authors with editors in order to collaborate throughout the writing process. It works like this:
- You pitch a topic or idea that you’d like to share. Don’t be shy!
- If accepted, a development editor is assigned to you in order to help you develop your narrative in accordance with their style guide. The two of you discuss and evolve the idea until it’s ready to share.
- That’s it! Articles are usually published four-to-eight weeks after they’re initially pitched.
- They pay $100 per article.
Related Article: Go deeper and learn how to set yourself up as a freelancer online.
Know about other great writing gigs? Do these need updating? Speak up in the comments below.
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February 26, 2014 at 5:38 pm
Thanks for the list. Writing’s a great way to earn money when you find yourself sitting at home.
July 18, 2014 at 5:51 pm
Thanks Kiran. Hope you make some money out of it all!
November 15, 2015 at 6:03 am
Hi Sir i hope you will be good, i want to start online job, for the basic what is the best job, and how can i get money, For example if i am writing articles for some one how will he/she pay me ? i look forward to hearing from you. Thanks
April 22, 2016 at 4:47 pm
Your article was great. I write articles on animals, history and travel mainly. I made very good money submitting to Bubblews before they went out. I have also submitted to other sites.
I really need the money so could you let me know where I could submit my articles. I have submitted over 9000 articles to different sites over the last several years.
September 11, 2016 at 1:07 am
You can create a blog or website (for passive income and portfolio) and monetize it with revenuehits or infinity ads, then add a Hire Me button and advertise the blog or website for free on Craigslist or with pay on people’s websites with Google Adwords.
May 22, 2014 at 11:18 pm
thanks for the list.
July 18, 2014 at 5:43 pm
Thanks for the Thanks!
June 9, 2014 at 7:37 pm
I did not unerstand that how to make articles…………
June 10, 2014 at 8:34 am
Saif, article writing is a skill learned, like any other skill. To begin your learning I would suggest:
1. Write in the language you are most comfortable in. 2. Write about subjects you really like. 3. Read. Read all the time. Read the articles that are already being published online in the area you are most interested in.
Once you have a good knowledge of your subject and you have some ideas about where you might want to get published, hit me up for a chat. I will show you how to write up your article.
July 26, 2014 at 4:12 am
Hi David, this is quite informative and I must say the little knowledge I had about article-writing websites and their rates has greatly been improved. I have a request though, do you have any account that you can help me out with. I am a beginner, a year to be specific, and still in college.
November 27, 2014 at 2:25 pm
Fantastic stuff, I re-designed my site and the search rankings plummeted I have added you in my reading list, keep up the interesting work.
November 9, 2015 at 9:24 am
I am a Finance and business writer even though I can write about other subjects as well. How can I get going? Any work available or links?
November 9, 2015 at 9:35 am
You could try Penny Hoarder. Those are both large fields so it would depend on your particular niche.
June 21, 2014 at 8:09 pm
Sir, I Want suggestions for writing article. First of all I want to ask you that I could write articles on my behalf or suggested by authors. I want to ask u that I have many subjects on writing about god, soul and about the cause of birth of a man in side the world………………………. suggest me pls sir
June 21, 2014 at 8:57 pm
I have emailed you a response to your questions. Let me know if I can help you some more.
July 18, 2014 at 5:40 pm
I recommend visiting one of the sites in this list.
July 18, 2014 at 2:30 pm
If you want to earn money by doing part time work, you can do it just by following these great business ideas.
July 18, 2014 at 5:37 pm
Thanks for the feedback, Mahendra. Are you any relation to Niel?
July 19, 2014 at 12:14 pm
Sir thank u for listing links related to earning good amount of money from writing articles .Sir can u advice me how can i improve my writing skills.
July 19, 2014 at 12:27 pm
Practise is the key, Ghufran. Practise in your own language for your own people. Write about the things that you love in your own culture and community. You should also join a forum like Writers Digest and try and learn from other good writers.
July 22, 2014 at 7:34 pm
Hello, I want to write articles. I have never written any ,but I am in serious need of money. I want to do any online job and whatever the paying is. I am student in university. I hope sir you will help me.
I shall be thankful for your guidance. THANKS IN ADVANCE
July 22, 2014 at 7:57 pm
Asim, if you are new to writing and you want to make some money, you could comment writing. It’s easier than writing a whole article. You can sign up to Post Loop in the link toward the top of this page.
They pay money for writing comments. You will need to read the instructions and follow them carefully. But once you do, you can earn a little bit of money by writing comments online.
July 25, 2014 at 3:46 am
Hey David… I also want to earn online….plz recommend me a website so that I may start earning……
July 25, 2014 at 8:54 pm
If you are new to writing online, you might want to start with something fairly simple – commenting for money. You will find a link near the top of this article. If you feel confident, you could try signing up for scripted.com for single jobs that pay better, you could try Blogging Pro’s Job Board here: http://www.bloggingpro.com/jobs/
July 29, 2014 at 11:41 am
Awesome article! In my opinion, if you’re already writing, why not start a blog? A Blog is one of the most effective ways to make a long-term sustainable income online.
Blogging is HUGE! You just have to know how to tap into it correctly. I started a blog in the “cooking” niche which is my passion less than 6 months ago. I’ll admit, my first couple months we’re definitely a struggle. Luckily I found a “blogging success” blueprint so to speak, and ever since then, I’ve been averaging $200+ per day..and that’s without any of my own products. All through affiliate sales.
Once again, great article! I’ll be subscribing for more!
August 22, 2014 at 7:11 am
Hi, the comment that you post really grabs my intention since I’ve been struggling for years to earn money on the internet. Thanks so much, David.
August 22, 2014 at 1:42 pm
My pleasure Harold.
October 7, 2014 at 10:50 am
How did you manage to gain success? I’ve been thinking about starting a blog, in the hopes that I could get a full time career out of it, but I’m not sure where to begin!
There are so many blogs out there, so much that I can’t shake the doubt that nothing will come of it.
Your help would be much appreciated!
October 17, 2014 at 3:05 pm
Thanks a lot, i will be glad to help you let me know how.
May 12, 2017 at 9:24 pm
Please suggest best affiliate sites for the blog . I want to earn at least $5 per day through the blog . Also, tell which sites are best that gives money to comment.
August 2, 2014 at 1:22 am
This is a great website for my article writing needs.
August 2, 2014 at 8:11 pm
Thanks Gerald, glad you like it.
August 3, 2014 at 8:17 pm
I’m so happy to have come across your post. If possible, can you email so we can chat some more? I have been doing content writing for a while now, but I’m hoping to start taking it to the next level. I’d love advice from someone who is knowledgable in the industry.
Thanks in advance and I look forward to hearing from you.
August 3, 2014 at 10:10 pm
Happy to help if I can. Let me know what kind of questions you had and I will do my best.
August 11, 2014 at 6:25 am
Thank you for the great articles. You did a great job putting them together. Regina
August 13, 2014 at 9:38 pm
This article surely helps, thanks David.
August 19, 2014 at 6:58 pm
Are you looking for the best tool on the Internet these days? Are you looking how to make more money on the Internet? Do not waste your time ! Get it right now!
August 20, 2014 at 3:30 pm
Hi Sonia. No, not really looking for any tools. I find that I get plenty of tools leaving comments on the blog and don’t need to go looking for them.
August 20, 2014 at 7:15 am
Thanks for the tips! But I have a query. I submitted an article on What Culture but I think it is small. Will it be rejected because of the article being small?
August 20, 2014 at 3:28 pm
Hi Raajit. Glad you like the article. Though I am not a decision maker at What Culture, I have given it some thought and yes, your article will be published and you will go on to have an awesome career in publishing. You may even win a prize of some sort one day. Well done and congratulations in advance!
August 20, 2014 at 6:44 pm
David Sir, you are being funny. But thanks for the encouragement!
August 20, 2014 at 6:54 pm
Yes, Raajit, I was being funny because, without actually seeing the article – and since I do not own What Culture – I have no way of knowing whether they will accept it or not. If you want to send me a copy of the article I will be happy to take a look at it.
August 20, 2014 at 9:07 pm
Please give me your email id so I may sen you the article.
August 25, 2014 at 4:51 pm
Thanks for this site. This site really helpful to write article for every new writer.
August 27, 2014 at 5:47 pm
No worries Nahida. Good luck.
August 26, 2014 at 1:02 am
Hello am a full time writer can you recommend to me any client who has writing projects
August 27, 2014 at 5:45 pm
Hi Morris, check out some of those listed in the post. Also check out Pro Bloggers job listings.
August 31, 2014 at 7:44 am
Hi, Thanks for the list but do you have a site that one can just register and get articles to write?
November 17, 2015 at 7:11 pm
I have been freelance writing since August and have a lot of education background in science, graphic design and political science. I found some academic writing sites that pay very well for writers with a higher education.
There are others, but none pay as good as this one. The support is great and you can call them with any issues. I recommend this only for writers with a strong background in writing academic essays. There is no startup fee but you will need to provide a transcript to prove your educational ability prior to bidding and sending proposals.
After a week I had 10+ invitations to write daily. I’m supporting my family and enjoying more time at home. Best of luck everyone, stick with it!
June 7, 2017 at 9:26 am
Hi , i want to write on some topics related to science and human moral development.what may be the best site for me in order to start writing and earning money as early as possible.
September 5, 2014 at 9:57 am
Some of these sites are fine – Cracked in particular is great – but I would be really careful about promoting WhatCulture to anyone.
I’ve heard some real horror stories from many, many people about them. They have a history of plagiarism, which they went to great lengths to cover up. They’ve lied about job descriptions so that they can trick people into doing free work for them. They’ve withheld pay from their writers and refused to pay others all that they are owed.
Maybe if you want to get a tiny amount of cash for an article titled ‘Best Sex Scenes Evah’ they’re fine, but otherwise I wouldn’t risk being exploited.
September 5, 2014 at 10:10 am
Never! Thanks for the feedback. We update this list all the time to keep it useful. If you find a site that’s reliable, let us know.
June 1, 2015 at 11:59 pm
Couldn’t agree more. I have never written for them but, having seen friends do so, I have spoken to them about the possibility. They were the most childish, unprofessional people I have ever interacted with. Petty nerds, quite frankly. Since then, my friends have either left or been forced to leave their writing duties because of the incompetence and harshness of the idiots in charge. Matt (editor in chief) is an idiot in particular. Peter is also a moron.
June 2, 2015 at 6:40 am
Thanks Ellie. I think it’s time I gave WhatCulture the boot. If you know of a good alternative, let me know.
September 17, 2014 at 4:54 pm
Really an inspiring article with earning keys…. thank you…. I want to know that I am from India.may I earn through these sites…. ? With regards… let me know sir…
September 21, 2014 at 4:22 pm
This list is like a treasure to the writers. They will surely enjoy this list. I would like to ask one question. Why did you mentioned the name as “Watch Culture” in your list when its real name is “What Culture”. I didn’t got that. Is there any specific reason behind it or it’s just a typo?
September 28, 2014 at 10:33 pm
I am a homemaker,currently i do surveys online and earn 2 to 3000 per month. I am looking for some better options to earn more will you please guide me.
October 7, 2014 at 10:53 am
This is awesome, thanks for the information!
Just wondering, what do you think is the best way to get my blog successful enough to pay the bills? Have I got a better shot posting articles for these companies, or running a blog myself?
October 23, 2014 at 9:01 am
Lisa, It depends on the niche your blog is in – and how competitive the niche and how you monetise it. Yes, you can make a good income writing for others, and in many ways it is less stressful – once you have the client base. Then again, building up your own online writing business or blog can be very rewarding.
Give us a shout if you would like to have a chat about your particular situation.
November 8, 2014 at 9:15 pm
I was leaning towards health and fitness. Unfortunately this is an extremely common subject, so if I end up having a go at this, I need to find a new and interesting way to portray it… to seperate myself from all the other fitness bloggers.
Any help/advice would be great.
November 11, 2014 at 8:06 am
You are right. The niche is highly competitive and standing out is hard. You have a couple of options, but both require the same precision. You could start your own blog or you could write for others.
One involves you marketing yourself to targeted (and well developed) websites, the other involves you marketing your own website and then finding a way to monetize it.
The precision issue is this: You need to narrow your niche interest down to one, or three elements at the most.
Sit down and come up with a list of all topics related to your interest. Health and fitness is generic, competition too high. So you want to aim at just one niche market in that industry.
For example, your speciality might be:
Women’s Fitness Programs. You could review and recommend them – a nice affiliate opportunity right there.
Weight Training for Women Exercising from Home Fitness training for mums…
You could even get more specific: Weight Training for Mums at Home (Ewk! – but again, a nice affiliate opportunity there). Belly Gym for Working Women – Entirely focused on one aspect of fitness and health, say, Daily exercise tips for working women that help maintain a figure.
The key factor is this – be precise. Start within a very narrow niche and become an authority on it. Then build from there once you begin having success. Become the Belly Gym Expert for working women.
There is a great angle right there – feel free to use it! I see that, amazingly, the domain is available – it’s a great short, easy to remember domain name and business title – quick grab it before I do! [www.bellygym.com]
All the best, Lisa.
October 12, 2014 at 9:57 pm
Thanks for the heads up. This is my first venture into writing an article. Can you suggest a site(s) where I can be able to practice and have my “work” assessed?
Any assistance will be greatly appreciated.
October 23, 2014 at 9:03 am
Most sites won’t give you a lot of helpful feedback unless they know you well. Most times it will simply be yes or no to your submission.
You can send your article to me for assessment if you like and I will be happy to direct you to the most likely sites to publish your work.
November 11, 2014 at 1:15 am
Hi. I am student of 11 grade. And I wanna make my self fully equipped with English writing. So, I was suggested to put my glance on this website and you get every thing. I expect that you will email me with warm welcome. Regards. Abdul Rafio Memon.
October 13, 2014 at 3:32 pm
The above mentioned 10 sites is great collections. It is helpful for writer to make money writing articles.
November 11, 2014 at 1:19 am
Sadia, if someone wants to improve his writing skills then which websites are best. Regards
November 7, 2014 at 4:01 pm
Nice List! One new site is NichePage. It is similar to Zujava and HubPages but it is completely focused on sharing information about amazon products and each page is structured for products alone.
November 10, 2014 at 4:26 am
sir I like to earn money by article writing and registration. please provide me guideline. thanks.
December 5, 2014 at 7:28 am
Subscribed and really enjoyed reading this post! I am sure you have other posts that give your readers some tips about the many differences to article submission guidelines, right! Probably it’s great practice to get your first articles approved by ezine articles or hub-pages (guess one of my last rushed works I wanted to add to hub-pages wasn’t approved uuh ooh) to have happy readers. Please let me know about these. I would also like to share this or any other post or article you would recommend with my “How To Make Money Online Newsletter Readers? Please let me know! Thanks again for your work! Respectfully, Oliver Ohene-Dokyi
December 7, 2014 at 1:47 pm
Awesome list. I would like to recommend one more that pays you for guest blogging. Web Tool Hub.
December 15, 2014 at 1:57 am
Thanks for this article. I have been searching for information on this topic for a while and your article has encouraged me to get started writing.
December 18, 2014 at 6:35 pm
Online business is all about the content. If content is king for your website you will do OK.
December 21, 2014 at 9:45 am
Thanks a lot David.
March 4, 2015 at 7:04 pm
Now a day’s content writing is not an easy affair for everyone due to high competition and due to plagiarism matter. It needs creativity and mind power. There are a numerous websites are coming to the internet everyday and those sites needs fresh and unique contents. Writing articles online can provide you money and fame. yes you are right there are a number of sites who are providing enough money for articles to add their site. That’s why freelancer content writers are getting enough writing projects with lots of money.
March 11, 2015 at 9:56 pm
I love writing and I am from Nigeria. Thank you for this great help.
March 15, 2015 at 8:09 pm
My pleasure David.
March 17, 2015 at 1:22 am
Great article! Thanks a lot David.
March 23, 2015 at 12:09 am
Hi David, I would like to write on issues like meditation and self healing. Could you please suggest something ?
April 5, 2015 at 3:06 pm
Really I am highly impressed to learn about make money online by reading your blog! I pray to almighty that you can grow up more and more and share your knowledge among us. By the way do you have anything special on your blog about oDesk Tests? looking forward to your reply.
April 11, 2015 at 11:57 am
Hi Odesk. What an unusual name you have. Thanks for your comments.
April 22, 2015 at 7:15 pm
Hi Sir I have read over 150 books in past 4 years and my thirst for reading didn’t end so I started reading articles and then began writing short stories. Here I found your blog which really spurred me to take a step further. To earn through writing.
May 2, 2015 at 6:18 pm
Nice list, good work, my question is have you ever tried one of this ways of article writing?
May 10, 2015 at 6:38 am
G’day, Hitesh. Yes, I have. It is hard work, but once you get a foot in the door it becomes easier.
May 2, 2015 at 9:43 pm
David, really a good work done by you. I am also interesting in write articles. Thanks for your help.
May 10, 2015 at 12:12 pm
I also want to start something in article writing but I am not getting a start
May 21, 2015 at 4:59 am
Hi David, Thank you, I need a piece of advice I have good experience of writing essays, reports, articles and dissertations for universities in UK and Australia. I want to make it big. I will appreciate if you could guide me through. Thank you, Sonu Sran
June 15, 2015 at 6:34 am
At The Daily Heckle, we pay between £10 and £20 for articles. We’d love to be on this list.
June 15, 2015 at 8:09 am
Hi Malcolm, thanks for stopping by. That sounds doable. Check you inbox for my email.
June 19, 2015 at 3:10 pm
Hi David, Thanks for your information. It really will be very helpful for me. I was helpless thinking what have to do. But now I’m thinking there are something by which I can start.
June 28, 2015 at 9:15 am
THANKS for the list David!! Did I say thank you?…THANKS A MILL!! 😀
July 1, 2015 at 5:23 pm
This is a very useful list of content writing websites that pay upfront payments. On top of that, as Lisa has suggested, a writer should not overlook the option of setting up his/her own blog, and using Adsense monetization. Blogspot and WordPress are the most popular free blogging platforms. Or use IZEA and other websites where a writer can find sponsored article opportunities. I am amazed with the fact that Penny Hoarder can pay up to $800 or What Culture up to $700, for a single article, as you have mentioned! Is it how incremental payments add up? Of course, I wouldn’t even try Ceramics.org, since I am totally ignorant on this topic. This is regardless of how much I would be tempted to write a 5,000-word article for the incredible amount of $950. This is definitely a niche market. Perhaps another established market for online writers is Constant Content, as it has been testified by writers that make a decent income there.
July 1, 2015 at 8:03 pm
Thanks for the tip on Constant Content, Barge.
July 2, 2015 at 2:51 am
It all sound good. A bit complicated but good.
July 13, 2015 at 4:26 am
Thank you for the insightful article. I’m impressed at your willingness to help and give advice to those who request it and that’s why I have decided to seek your help and guidance.
I’ve been blogging for 7 months now and while making money isn’t my primary focus yet I was wondering if you could guide me on how to carve a niche for myself writing football articles and also on how to make money writing sport articles. Writing football is my passion.
July 13, 2015 at 9:33 am
Hi Paul, I have replied with some suggestions to your email address. Give me a shout if I can be more helpful.
July 13, 2015 at 7:50 pm
Dear David Sir ,
It is very nice thought “writing” Please suggest a site , who purchase online my articles . I think its is very nice idea of self employment. In our mind so many thoughts of our brain every minute and every second , so it’s nice thing writing and earn something for our family.
July 19, 2015 at 8:00 am
I was just looking at your Best Article Writing Sites for Earning Money Online website and see that your site has the potential to get a lot of visitors. I just want to tell you, In case you didn’t already know… There is a website service which already has more than 16 million users, and most of the users are looking for topics like yours. By getting your site on this service you have a chance to get your site more visitors than you can imagine.
July 23, 2015 at 10:37 am
I am interested in writing articles on God and faith. Are there any websites that are interested in Spiritual uplifting and do they pay?
I also have a handbag business. Do you think I can write articles about women’s handbags.
July 28, 2015 at 1:06 am
nice article David. I want to start a food and relationship blog but don’t really know how to start. Pls i need ur help. I’v also writen some poems. Is there a way i can make money with that? Cheers!
August 13, 2015 at 3:28 pm
I just started writing articles and so looking for some good websites to publish my articles online and hence earn money out of it and also a number of visitors as well. I would like you guys to suggest me to go through some best article publishing sites.
August 13, 2015 at 8:20 pm
Respected David sir It is really great and awesome that, we got a website to narrate our thoughts and develop our writing skills .Iam really having a great passion and enthusiasm to write different articles in English on different topics,so that if you would help me in edifying my request and passion, I would be enough and more satisfied in my life. looking forward to your reply by Tony
August 14, 2015 at 5:08 am
Sir David Writing is a wonderful skill to attract people according to their mental requirements. The difficulty is how to judge the mind of the people; whether, your written stuff will have impact on their mind or not. Is there any suitable gauge exist to determine the liking of audience before writing our stuff or consulting others?
August 28, 2015 at 10:15 pm
This was very useful. I am currently taking some time off work and was exploring writing opportunities online, and came across your article. I have been writing for a while now but have never published anything (online). I have done a lot of report writing, case studies and success stories for organizations working in the development sector. I am working on a research article nowadays and hoping to have it published some time in the near future.I was wondering if you could provide any direction regarding sports websites that are in need of freelance writers. It is an area of interest and I think I may be able to contribute.
September 5, 2015 at 1:34 am
Hi David, I’m glad I have come across your site 🙂 it seems vey helpful indeed. My aim is to earn money through online writing. I have written several articles and I want to send you one of them to you for assessment if it is possible. Thanks in advance Cheers, Marwa
September 6, 2015 at 8:35 am
i am a newbie and above website seems high ranked. can you suggest me some other website from where i can start as a newbie
September 8, 2015 at 5:42 pm
love what you are doing sir, thanks a lot.. I am into writing short stories and would like to ask if there is a site that you could recommend, thanks once again
September 10, 2015 at 8:03 am
This is really informative. Thanks and keep up the good work
September 11, 2015 at 11:47 pm
Thanks Nick. I hope you find some success from one of these sites.
September 11, 2015 at 11:49 pm
Thanks Nick. Hope you find a site worth writing for.
September 10, 2015 at 9:13 am
Sir, i want to earn money by writing articles, but i don,t know the procedure of it. Kindly tell me how can i registered myself and how can i get articles topic for writing?what should i do for it?
September 11, 2015 at 11:46 pm
Hi Hussain, use the list in this post to find a good article writing site. Make sure you choose a site that writes about the things you like.
September 12, 2015 at 7:08 am
I am a blog writer and article I am going to start write where I can earn after posting blogs, articles and comments, likes, reviews, etc on each and every thing you will get a flight point which will convert in to money and that will be paid by cheque. This is very easy way to earn money by working from home. By writing blogs and articles you can earn money for writing.
September 13, 2015 at 11:49 pm
Thanks for dropping by, Vipin. All the best with your writing.
September 15, 2015 at 4:47 pm
G’day Erik. Glad you found it helpful. All the best with your money making efforts and your writing clients.
September 19, 2015 at 5:50 pm
Hello…this has lots of information. Thanks for such nice article.
September 25, 2015 at 7:06 pm
Sir, I have read all these suggestions, which websites that hire writers to post about computer games and hardware /software technology would you recommend?
September 26, 2015 at 5:15 pm
Faraz, I would start with Dev Tutorials, Tutts and SitePoint, depending on your niche.
October 2, 2015 at 10:51 pm
Please can you help and guide me to how to start my own blog? I have lived in Africa spent a lot of years in Asia. I have a huge experience on what life is all about in these parts of the world. I have mingled with the locals and seen a lot. Thanks
October 6, 2015 at 10:21 am
Hi Nathan. Sure, happy to help. What kind of help did you want?
September 27, 2015 at 1:55 am
This Article is very helpful and informative.
Please can you tell me the sites in which I can write Articles on Football. I’m a huge Arsenal Fan 🙂 and I can write short or long Article about Arsenal or about English Premier league. I have been watching EPL for the last 5 years.
Even though I don’t have any experience in writing Articles….
But I believe in myself. I have been practising on writing Articles for about 3 months now.
Just need an opportunity….so can you tell me any site other than Watch Culture where I can write Articles on Football and can make decent amount of money..
September 29, 2015 at 9:35 pm
Syed, you could get a regular gig on gfe sport. Even if they don’t pay you, you would get exposure that helps you fill out your resume. Email them. If you do well, then you will be able to point to those articles when talking to paying gig sites – they always ask for published samples.
September 30, 2015 at 12:32 am
Okay. Thanks for the help David. I’ll try it out.
September 30, 2015 at 6:51 am
After searching for information on writing online and only finding sketchy results, this list of actual paying sites instead of craigslist click bait was quite refreshing.
I’m 23, and I graduated with an English degree last year. I am confident in my writing ability; I only need to learn how to write for the online market. Is it really that simple? Just write and submit to these sites? Or are there other things to learn, like the proper citation format for sources and links in your article, how to write a query letter, maintaining/knowing your rights….I noticed that most authors/bloggers have a personalized “signature” or banner at the bottom of their article, along with their email and picture. Are these provided from the site, or are they made and coded by the authors? I understand making a blog is crucial to creating an online presence, but I’m wary of spending too much of my time writing for free. I’m not looking to make a living at the moment; I just need a second income. I’m in Canada, if location makes any difference. I look forward to hearing from you. Thank you,
October 6, 2015 at 10:34 am
Hi Mel. If you just want to earn a little extra in your spare time then writing for others is ideal. You don’t have to worry about having or maintaining a website. As far as writing for free goes, your blog is an investment. It’s a property. Every link that points to it and every bit of good quality content that you write on it is increasing its value in real monetary terms. So, if you love to write, you are not really writing for free. You are increasing the value of your site with every article.-
September 30, 2015 at 5:10 pm
Hi, David! An excellent article you have here! I’m sure it’ll help many other people (sure did give me a lot of information).
My question is; what do you think about sites that pay you per view/share/like and so on? I’m talking about sites like HubPages, Bubblews etc. I’m sure you know about them. Apparently, they pay 1 cent ($0.1) per view or something similar. Do you think it is possible to expose articles written for them enough to earn a significant amount of money? Some sites pay for ad clicks as well (like HubPages). Do you think it’s worth the time, or not? I’ve been doing some research, and I found many people who claimed to have earned $300~$900 as ‘passive’ income through such sites.
Thanks for giving your time to read this. Regards, K. Joshi
October 6, 2015 at 10:32 am
Sites like that tend to have a small handful of users who are genuinely making money, the rest of us are just propping up the site with all our hard work and articles. It’s not the way for a serious writer to go if they want to put bread on the table. Aim high.
October 14, 2015 at 1:24 pm
Thanks for the list. There are innumerable opportunities available these days for on line content writing but this goes without saying that the content should original and fresh enough so as it brings a good deal of traffic on your website.
October 21, 2015 at 10:24 pm
hi, I’m new to the writing world but would love to make some money online, what advice and / or suggestion would you give
October 29, 2015 at 3:39 pm
Thank you so much David.
November 5, 2015 at 10:23 am
No worries, Shanu. I hope you find a site you can write for and make a profit from. Good luck.
November 5, 2015 at 12:23 am
Your article is very helpful for me. I will follow your instruction. Thank you.
November 5, 2015 at 10:21 am
HI Habib, thanks for your feedback. All the best.
November 10, 2015 at 9:01 am
In my view, earning money online depends on how much traffic you will be able to generate for your blog. Super targeted traffic is essential if you are going to be able to make your money via online.
November 14, 2015 at 10:33 am
Hello, sir i am from india i want to know that if i am living in india. So can i writing for cracked.com or some other site from india. Please reply me sir… Thank you
November 17, 2015 at 10:58 am
Thanks for providing such great value information. Sharon.
November 21, 2015 at 12:53 pm
Halo Sir, Really Tnx for your article. It is really very helpful. I have a ques in my mind and i would like to ask you that. Is there any site where i can post article about any subjects and if it is choosen then they will pay? The name of the sites you have mentioned are quite good about choosing there own criteria and then writing about that,but i am lookin for a site that is open for all. I would really be grateful if u kindly ans my ques. Eagerly waiting to hear from you.Tnx.
December 1, 2015 at 12:18 am
Thank you so much for compiling this 🙂
It’s nice to know I don’t have to settle for .005 cents per every 1000 views like a lot if theseller ridiculous sites .
December 1, 2015 at 9:32 pm
Thanks Nicole. Yes, you can earn a living writing, but you have to start strong and really bring focus to all of your marketing and content – not just the content you create.
December 1, 2015 at 6:52 am
Oh….I am very grateful to find your article since I was looking for the way to earn money through my writing skills. I do hope that I can prove that earning from home is true, since nobody (around me) could not believe that. Thank you, David. Hope the best for you.
Regard Made Sandat
December 2, 2015 at 9:08 am
Thanks for sharing this list! It provides an opportunity for the budding Indian writers to share their articles with thousands of our visitors and start publishing.
December 4, 2015 at 6:06 pm
Hello Sir , Is there something for students willing to earn money through their writing skills as well ? You know for many of us writing and reading is not just a passion anymore , it is salvation.
December 5, 2015 at 12:57 am
A really helpful article, all told. As a international university student in the UK, I have wanted to pursue a part-time income for a while now. While I have little skill in writing, I am an absolute beginner at it’s online equivalent and was hoping you could advise me on how to start out.
Is there any particular site you could recommend for me? Or at least a place to test the waters and find my own niche with a few articles?
December 6, 2015 at 10:35 am
Hello Sir, Sir could you please help me out? Actually I want to write articles but I want to be given specific topics. Please suggest me some site. The topics can be absolutely anything. I’m sure I can write them. I hope you’d consider this. Thanking you.
December 12, 2015 at 2:36 pm
Hi David I want to earn by writing.I can write well about women’s issues and other related things and also about current issues.But Iam not able to understand how to start and to send them please help me out. Thank you
December 12, 2015 at 3:17 pm
Hi i know very well about College Humour, just now understand with this article there are so many site like this, as you mention, firstly will try with Wow Women on Writing site, thanks for sharing.
December 13, 2015 at 8:53 am
Thanks. Writing is really an underestimated source of revenue.
December 14, 2015 at 7:46 am
you can write your articles for Redgage and this site will pay you money for your content. So that you can earn life long for your article.
December 22, 2015 at 8:10 am
I wanted the article writing job to earn money and please help me how to submit the article.
December 17, 2015 at 10:15 am
I prefer Earn Honey to make money from home by playing games .
December 23, 2015 at 12:04 am
Loved it. Some really good points in there. Cheers, have a great day
January 1, 2016 at 9:56 am
Thank you for this great information Am a Kenyan,funny,social and got this love to write and finaly start a blog someday.I intend to start writing for pay.How will i get my money given i that i got my bank account in a kenyan bank?
January 25, 2016 at 1:17 pm
Hi sir I want you to suggest me some sites where I can able to publish articles on Indian society and other social causes and also some of my single lines quotes. So that I can make money from them and can enjoy my studies too
February 4, 2016 at 3:06 am
Hmm, sorry Gourav. Not being Indian myself, I have limited knowledge on writing on Indian Society. You could try Life Hack.
January 29, 2016 at 10:59 am
Please help me. I want to make income by writting on internet.What first step do i take?
February 4, 2016 at 2:59 am
John, take a look at the sites on offer at the top of this post.
January 29, 2016 at 8:38 pm
Hi David, really like your article!!
I currently write for two of SB Nation’s blogs and cover Spanish football, but I’m not being paid – and my search for websites that take paid contributors has been futile.
Would really appreciate any help 😀
February 4, 2016 at 2:57 am
Sarthak – I have 200 sites available for download – take a look at the top of this article for the link.
February 10, 2016 at 9:15 am
David, could you add my website http://www.ewriticle.com to your list. I am paying up to Rs300 for each article.
March 14, 2016 at 5:33 pm
David , really article writing on website is best online job.Nowadays it became popular in young generation.your website is really better than other.I have a site on online jobs.
March 24, 2016 at 11:02 am
Very nice and informative site. Thanks.
March 25, 2016 at 10:19 am
How can I commence content writing to earn money.
May 14, 2016 at 6:51 pm
Hi, Great Cover Article. People should follow your tips to make money. Passive Money Ideas to submit Article on Making Money Online.
May 22, 2016 at 9:58 am
When you’re just getting started to make your own home business, you need to sit down and think. You should also write down what you need to do, just so you can reference your notes later. You’ll need notes, because if you want to start a business, there’s a lot of things you need to consider.
What are my skills? What are my talents? What can I do to make money? Those are just a few of the many questions you should ask yourself. You need to know what your skills are, just like you need to know your talents. If you can combine those two elements together, you’ll have a way to start generating ideas for a business opportunity.
June 15, 2016 at 3:51 pm
Hi…. I m a home maker.I like work from home…can u please help me ..how to write and how the user will pay amount .what i should do?
June 15, 2016 at 5:45 pm
Hii……im a home maker i like to do work can u help ..what are the steps to follow….how tey will pay amount …to me? If i finish work…say me clearly
June 16, 2016 at 8:36 am
You doing really a good job. I have got so many tips from your article. Thanks.
David, I like writing about philosophy, time travel, all that stuff related to human existence, how human were created, who created us. If God created us were did they go, were they people from another solar system, another Galaxy, witches, superstition, ghost, spirit, life after death, metaphysics, the beauty of nature. I write about how I feel when the cold wind passes by me touching every part of me, and the moon struggling hard to shine as bright as she can despite of the dark cloud making all their effort to cover the moon. The sun, the running river, etc, etc. All this stuff which people don’t talk much about. All my writing are only thoughts that run through my mind. I don’t have strong evidence to prove my thoughts and that’s what make me not to publish my articles. I try searching for the niche familiar to my writing’s. But I find none. Do you think , there will be a niche related to such topics. If yes, please do let me know. Yes, I too can write article on any niche if I give time and research on it. But, my priority goes to the above outline I mention which is very rare in the world of Internet I guess. Thank you.
best regards Krishna Chhetry.
June 19, 2016 at 5:57 pm
sir I am Vishal. I wanna earn money online. I know that I can earn money by blogging,creating site or by writing article. But I am not understanding what should i choose? How to start? How shall I get money. Plz help me sir. I shall be thankful to you.
June 21, 2016 at 3:20 pm
Thank you for sharing this info 🙂
Best regards, Errol Muller
August 7, 2016 at 4:57 pm
Hi, As you know, Paypal doesn’t support some countries. Do you know some websites which pay online money with alternative payment methods? If yes, I will be very grateful to send their list to my email address. thanks
August 12, 2016 at 1:20 pm
Hi, after reading your article, I have been boosted up and want to do something which I have been afraid of…I am into writing poetry a lot and fiction is my interest. I have started a wordpress blog and posting into it whenever I can and so I want to know, what should I do with my poetic talent to start earning money.
September 7, 2016 at 12:56 am
Hmmm, wish I had good news, Graham. Most Poets don’t make their money until they are returned to the dust from whence they came.
August 15, 2016 at 5:01 pm
Its one of the best posts full of good resources on writing content. I have not visited all of the sites yet but I am going to check them all one by one. Thank you so much.
August 25, 2016 at 9:50 pm
Great information. God bless you!
August 26, 2016 at 9:42 pm
Amazing Content!! Making money from home is made so simple now and days! i didnt have a penny to my name last year, and i currently make 1,500 a month from the simple steps given by David at Mallee Blue Media. This is a great company to learn self development, entrepreneurship, and how to generate an extra income!!
September 1, 2016 at 2:37 pm
Great content is an essential need for every website. I was really upset and discouraged when I wasn’t getting good traffic due to my bad content for my website readers. I found an agent who provides awesome contents for my website. Now I enjoy traffic with ease and joy because I know I have audience who will be reading. I have been using his writing services for sometimes now and he is the best so far.
September 10, 2016 at 12:12 am
This is just the sort of straight forward points I love to see!
It makes things clear and great to understand Thaniks 🙂
September 10, 2016 at 4:04 am
Most of online business is about affiliate marketing and ecommerce but there is almost no leverage because there is lots of hard work involved and everybody know that it’s tough to make money that way. Anyone can spend a bit of time understanding the new business model and make money effortlessly regardless you’re newbie or not.
October 15, 2016 at 4:08 am
Thanks for the writing site update. Finding a site that pays well is difficult for all writers, you shed a bit of light on the subject.
October 20, 2016 at 2:42 pm
No problem, Marlene. Glad it was helpful.
December 13, 2016 at 4:10 pm
I want to write my articles considering fashion and lifestyle will that well go with this online site
January 17, 2017 at 3:12 pm
Thank for the list. It’s amazing when we can stay home and still make money right? I love that so much.
January 20, 2017 at 1:17 pm
I gained a lot of insight after reading your article. I am going to redesign my website in the light of what you have said. Thanks.
January 28, 2017 at 12:39 am
What’s up, all is going perfectly here and of course every one is sharing facts, that’s really excellent, keep up writing.
February 20, 2017 at 7:27 pm
It really is truly a nice useful part of facts. I am just thankful you contributed this useful info along with us.. free business training Remember to keep us updated like that. Many thanks for expressing.
March 8, 2017 at 6:41 am
Thanks a lot for this article. Very useful David.
March 11, 2017 at 3:20 pm
So do links from Twitter activity now contribute for search engine optimisation? I was told they do after the Panda Google algorithm update Will surely be coming back, its a great blog!
March 15, 2017 at 4:22 am
Hey! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.
Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!
March 27, 2017 at 11:32 pm
Hi David, Thanks a lot for the guidance through that article, That is so much informative. I want to write stories and articles on life,travel,sales thought process etc but i don’t have that much good communication skill for English. I want to know is that possible to write those articles or stories in Hindi as well to earn some money and fame if I am capable to. If you have any suggestion for this query kindly mail me. that would be so nice of you.
March 30, 2017 at 7:53 pm
Hey Harry, take a look at the ebook of over 200 sites or use one of the 10 listed here. Find a subject you enjoy writing about nad try these sites. You can also let me know what your interests are and maybe I can help you with your first article.
March 30, 2017 at 7:59 pm
David, I am not a professional writer but on regular bases I try to write something new related to Life,relation,career,politics etc. My max blogs or stories are about relationships and politics.
March 30, 2017 at 10:40 pm
Interesting piece of writing. I will be joining some of these websites. Thank You, even if I am late.
April 10, 2017 at 4:13 pm
Inside the top 10 of my favourite posts, thankyou!
April 14, 2017 at 7:45 pm
hai!! I know Hw to write a movie of social life bt has no one to help me. Now think I have an idea ..
April 18, 2017 at 10:25 pm
Thanks for the article! I’m a teacher in China (from the US), and I’m looking for ways to supplement my salary because I only actually work about 20 hours a week. I have lots of time to do other work, but my contract prohibits me from taking on tutoring and the like.
Anyway, I realized I can get away with working online, and I’ve been looking for a venue ever since. I considered Textbrokers, and I may try that approach, but I wasn’t aware that there are more substantial opportunities out there for entry-level freelancing until I read your article. I tend to underestimate myself and overestimate the competition, but I’m realizing that I likely have a good chance of making some money and enjoying writing. I wrote some feature articles in magazines in the past, and I have a degree in English. Even though it’s been a while, I suppose the sort of writing you suggest would actually be doable for me.
Another option I considered is technical writing of some sort. Do you know of any entry-level opportunities?
Thanks, again, for the heads-up!
May 26, 2017 at 6:59 pm
Jared, thanks for your comments and feedback. I think writing is a good way to earn a living, but it does take time to build up a convincing portfolio. All the best.
April 24, 2017 at 10:12 pm
Hi there, These are the really very good article sites. i want to start writing, these sites will really help me out. Thanks
May 23, 2017 at 8:49 pm
Hi there! This blog post couldn’t be written much better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he’ll have a great read. Thak you for sharing!
May 25, 2017 at 2:51 am
Being a new bird , it takes a lot of time to understand the proper road to reach at the destination , but your information is truly precious. I am from India and have started my work as a reviewer. Thanks
May 26, 2017 at 6:51 pm
Hey Deepak, glad it was helpful.
June 13, 2017 at 10:22 am
Am I the only one who only sees 4/10 here? Where are the other 6 websites?
June 13, 2017 at 11:04 am
Yes, Lou, you are the only one. Everybody else clicked either Like, Tweet or Google +1 – 😉
June 27, 2017 at 6:38 am
SEO has never really had a proper home. Because it’s technical, it’s best suited for workers who have learnt the business and have practical experience. This can be quite rare with a lot of professionals though.
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10 Best Online Websites and Resources for Academic Research
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- Finding credible sources for academic research can be a major challenge for many college students.
- A growing number of online databases and libraries offer millions of potential sources.
- The university library helps students access restricted academic sources.
- Discover new online resources to make your next research project more efficient.
Every college student conducts research at some point. And professors have strong views on what counts as a credible academic resource. Choosing the wrong sources can hurt your grade.
So how can you conduct research efficiently while avoiding sleepless nights in the campus library? Online academic research websites make it easier to find reliable sources quickly.
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College students conduct academic research in all kinds of disciplines, including science, history, literature, engineering, and education. And when it comes to college research papers , academic resources are the best sources.
Rather than pulling random facts from the internet — and running into problems with citations — college students need to know how to find credible sources and how to use online academic tools. Keep reading to learn how you can find the best credible sources for your college research needs.
How to Find Credible Sources for Research
How can you find credible sources for research and avoid misinformation? Your instructor likely recommends avoiding general web content or Wikipedia.
Finding the most reliable websites for research starts with evaluating the website itself. Sites run by academic or government organizations rank high in reliability. Databases and specialized search engines can also provide good research sources.
Next, make sure you understand the source of the information and the process used to publish it. Scholarly articles and books that undergo peer review make for the best academic resources.
Finally, when in doubt, check with your instructor or an academic librarian. They can help point you to reliable sources or double-check sources you're unsure about.
The 10 Best Academic Research Sources
What resources will point you toward reliable sources for your academic research? Rather than scrolling through pages of search results, turn to these academic resources when you need to find sources.
1. Google Scholar
Looking for an academic article, thesis , or abstract? Google Scholar should be your first stop. Google Scholar helps you find related works, locate full documents at your school library , and access scholarly research.
While Google created Google Scholar, it's very different from a general online search. Google Scholar brings together academic articles and ranks them based on the authors, publication location, and citation record. That means the top results generally represent the most reliable scholarship on your topic.
For journal articles, books, images, and even primary sources, JSTOR ranks among the best online resources for academic research. JSTOR's collection spans 75 disciplines, with strengths in the humanities and social sciences . The academic research database includes complete runs of over 2,800 journals.
And if you're looking for images, turn to Artstor , which offers over 2.5 million images related to the arts, sciences, and literature. However, JSTOR is not an open-access database. That means you'll need to log in through your university library, which typically includes off-campus access .
3. Library of Congress
As the largest library in the world, the Library of Congress is an amazing online resource for academic research. Students can search its collections to access digital resources, videos, audio recordings, photographs, and maps.
The library's materials also include notated music, web archives, legislation, and 3D objects. You'll find materials for almost any topic in its extensive collections. You can search historic American newspapers from 1777-1963 with the Chronicling America tool or look up pirate trials in another digital collection.
4. PubMed Central
The National Library of Medicine, part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, runs PubMed Central. Founded in 2000, the database includes academic scholarship dating back to the 18th century. The resource connects college students with life sciences and biomedical academic sources.
And as an open-access database, PubMed Central offers free access to scholarly literature. Today, PubMed Central has over 7 million full-text records, making it a great resource for students in the life sciences or medical fields.
5. Google Books
Whether you're looking for a recent publication or an out-of-print book, there's a good chance you'll find it on Google Books. In 2019, Google announced that Google Books contains over 40 million books .
You can enter any search term to find books that contain matches. And you can download the full text of any book in the public domain — which includes 10 million titles. Make sure to check publisher and author information when using Google Books.
The site also includes reference pages that link to book reviews. Keep in mind that you'll have more limited access to recent books. Still, Google Books is a great first step to find sources that you can later look for at your campus library.
If you're looking for scientific research, Science.gov is a great option. The site provides full-text documents, scientific data, and other resources from federally funded research.
A U.S. government site, Science.gov searches more than 60 databases and 2,200 scientific websites. You'll find over 200 million pages of research and development information, including projects funded by 14 federal agencies. Students in any STEM field can benefit from the resource.
7. Digital Commons Network
University librarians curate the Digital Commons Network, which connects students with peer-reviewed articles. The site's other resources include dissertations, book chapters, conference proceedings, and working papers.
The Digital Commons Network includes scholarly work from diverse disciplines like architecture, business, education, law, and the sciences. You can also access humanities, social sciences, and engineering scholarship through the network.
ResearchGate has been described as social networking for research scientists. But ResearchGate is also a great option to find open-access academic sources. Scholars upload their work to ResearchGate, which makes it available to the public for free.
Currently, over 20 million researchers around the world use the site, which contains over 135 million publications. College students looking for scientific research can often find resources on ResearchGate and even connect with scholars.
When you're looking for library resources, WorldCat is one of the best tools. Connected to over 10,000 libraries, WorldCat is a database that allows you to search library collections.
The database lists books and articles available at your local libraries, making it easier to find materials that are not available online. In addition to books, WorldCat contains music, videos, audiobooks, and scholarly articles.
You can also find digital research materials, including photos. When you're logged into WorldCat through your university library, you can also access full-text articles and other resources. Or you can use WorldCat to find sources to request through interlibrary loan.
10. Your University Library
When you're conducting academic research, your university library can be one of your best resources. In addition to online databases, journal articles, and books, your campus library also has academic librarians who can point you to the best sources.
When you don't know where to start, reach out to an academic librarian to learn more about your school's research tools. Or use interlibrary loan to get a scanned copy of an article. Many of the campus library's resources are available online, making them easy to access.
How to Access Academic Resources
Many sites offer open-access resources. That means anyone can access the materials. Other sites restrict what you can read. For example, you might find some blank pages when searching on Google Books because of copyright restrictions. And many academic articles are behind paywalls.
Fortunately, college students benefit from one of the best resources for conducting research: the university library. Your library likely subscribes to multiple academic databases and journals. If you run into a paywall, check whether your library offers access to the resource.
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Just Publishing Advice For Writers and Authors
Free self-publishing advice, how to guides and tips
The Top 12 Best Free Online Publishing Platforms For All New Writers
Are you a new writer looking to publish articles online?
It might be a little confusing at first to choose the right digital publishing platform for your articles.
Before you go looking for the best publishing options, you need to decide which platforms are best suited to your topic or writing style.
You need to know what you want to publish, so you can decide which platform will help you find new readers.
You can publish articles online right now
With digital publishing, it is easy for anyone to learn how to publish articles online.
There are many online publishing platforms for writers, so you can publish your writing in a matter of minutes.
What works for one writer might not work for the other. Are you writing essays or how-to guides ? It is also important to know who your audience is when choosing article publishing sites.
Do you want to reach teens, young adults, or adults? Are you trying to reach young entrepreneurs or established business owners?
Are you writing poems? There are also many free sites where you can publish your poetry .
Figure out the type of writing you want to do and the audience you want to write for. Then you can go ahead and find the best online publishing platforms.
There are also plenty of free writing apps to help you write great content that readers will love. But you should always use a reliable online grammar checker to make sure your writing is as perfect as possible.
Then you can bring your vision and ideas to the world with digital content. With so many people reading articles and online content on laptops, smartphones, and tablets, there is always an audience for new writers.
There are many online magazines and sites that accept articles for free. It’s up to you to find the best digital publishing solution to suit your needs.
To get you started, here is a list of platforms offering free article publishing.
Medium is a very popular free publishing site where you can share your writing. You can connect with more sophisticated and dedicated readers than you might find on other social media platforms like Twitter or Facebook.
However, it is similar to a social network in its ease of connecting with other Medium users. But it is best suited to long-form writing.
It is very easy to create and set up your Medium account. Then take a quick tour and read the FAQs. You are now ready to be published online with your first article.
The publishing tools are super easy to use with click and edit or drag and drop to move elements.
Your content on Medium should be full-length articles that are highly informative. Using original images is highly recommended.
Be aware, though, that it is not a publishing platform suited to short and obvious promotional blog posts.
You can read our how to use Medium guide for more detailed information about the submission guidelines. But they are quite straightforward.
2. Linkedin Articles
You are probably already on Linkedin. So why not publish your articles there?
Follow the instructions for publishing Linkedin articles , and you are ready to go.
With so many people on the site, you are bound to find readers for professional articles.
It has to be one of the best places to easily publish your articles.
EzineArticles has been around for a very long time.
It is one of the most popular platforms for new writers to publish articles online and find an audience.
You can submit your articles for free. But make sure your writing is up to standard and free of any grammar and spelling mistakes.
If you are starting a new blog or website, it is an excellent digital marketing option to help you get backlinks for your site.
Scoop.It is one of the most popular free publishing platforms for new writers.
You can publish great magazines on this website, and it does what it promises.
There is a function where you can find great content to help as inspiration.
Simply use appropriate keywords, and you will be flooded with information.
You can find some excellent content on Issuu and some entertaining writing as well.
It is a user-friendly platform where anyone can create digital publications.
You don’t need to use any publishing software.
You can also sell your digital magazine directly from the website, making it possible to earn some money.
Issuu is definitely one of the leading platforms for anyone who has something worthwhile to say.
With more than 15000 updates daily, you can see why it is so popular with writers who are publishing articles online.
It also gives you the opportunity to reach a lot of people with your writing. It does not matter what your passion is; there is a place for you on this platform.
Your magazine can be about anything from cats to basketball, so there are no boundaries.
If you are a photographer who wants to share your multimedia with the world, you might find that Yudo is for you.
On this platform, you can mix your writing, videos, photographs, and audio.
Who wouldn’t like to read a digital magazine that offers all of these features?
It makes for a more exciting read, so it could be worth a shot.
All you need to have is a passion and start working hard at it.
7. Article Alley
Article Alley prefers original content. But that is what you should do when posting your articles online.
If you want free exposure for your writing, this is a good site to help you on your way.
There is a huge choice of categories, which means you are sure to find one that suits your writing topic.
8. PUB HTML5
PUB HTML5 is free of charge, so you can see if it is the right digital publishing tool for you.
The design is sleek and simple, which is what you want as a beginner.
You don’t want websites that are confusing to use.
But the great thing about this platform is that your publications will appear professional on all devices.
It can be a computer or a mobile device. The results are the same.
You can publish interactive elements in magazines, catalogs, and brochures and create rich-media flipping books.
If you are trying to get your name out there as an influential writer, you might want to give this website a try.
With over 500,000 publishers using this website, you can understand why I included Joomag in this list.
You can manage your subscribers on this platform and add more when you please.
It gives you full control over your publications.
Use might want to use a good grammar checker to help you write flawless articles. Then you can launch your own campaign.
You can use your mailing list to notify all of your subscribers when you publish a new article.
You can send emails that you write for your subscribers to make them feel part of the team.
It is an easy way to promote your work.
ArticleBiz offers you the chance to get your articles picked up by online publishers.
It’s very easy to submit your articles.
When you do, you will also complete a resource box. It is a short bio about yourself. You can include your email and website address information.
You can choose from a huge range of categories for your articles.
It has an Alexa ranking of 210,908. So it certainly gets a lot of traffic and readers.
If you are new to article writing, it is a great site to make a start with your online publishing.
For writers open to a different approach in publishing, Substack is well worth investigating.
It’s a free platform you can join to publish your articles. But the big focus with Substack is on getting readers to subscribe to your writing.
Your articles will certainly be available online. But if your sole aim is to get your articles to rank high on search engines, Medium might be a better option.
However, if you want to build a loyal readership, there’s no better way than to attract email subscribers.
You can start by offering your articles for free. But if you can build some traction and your mailing list, there is an option to monetize your writing later.
There are a lot of high-profile writers already earning money from paid subscribers. But many new writers are succeeding too.
If you only want to publish one or two articles, it’s not the platform for you.
But if you want to make writing your passion and publish regular articles on your topic, Substack might be precisely the right publishing option for you.
12. Google Sites
When you want to have more control over your articles, you might consider using Google Sites .
It’s a simple website builder from Google. The two big advantages are that it’s free and very easy to use.
All you need is your Google account to log in and get started.
You can set up your new site in only a few minutes. Just make sure you make it available online.
Once you start adding your articles, you then have a chance of them being indexed by Google.
Like other website platforms, you can add gadgets to create interest. But they are basic.
Submitting your articles to a lot of different sites can be time-consuming and difficult to track.
But with your own site, you are in control of all your content.
Google Sites is a great option when all you want is a free, simple, and easy way to publish articles online in one place.
A free option for PDF articles
You can also publish your articles online in PDF without a site or a submission platform.
All you need is a Google Drive account, and you can post your article online instantly.
If this is an option you would like to use, you can read our full tutorial on how to publish a PDF article for free .
It is a quick and easy option if you want to publish your article quickly and promote it on your social media accounts or by email.
When you see the choices you have, there are no limits today on interactive content creation and digital publishing.
Anyone can learn to publish articles online once they decide to start.
With all these fantastic platforms available to you, all you need to do is get to work and start writing.
Many have native apps for iOS, Android, and Google Play. Check your App stores.
Before you know it, you are going to be writing for free article submission sites .
All you need is to use your drive and passion to get you heading toward your goals.
Give one of these websites a try, and you will be publishing your fantastic articles in no time at all.
Related reading: Where To Publish Short Stories Online
- ← Amazon Author Central UK Causes Problems For Amazon Authors
- How To Market A Book Online In Three Easy Steps →
A Cambridge CELTA English teacher and author with a passion for writing and all forms of publishing. My days are spent writing and blogging, as well as testing and taming new technology.
46 thoughts on “ The Top 12 Best Free Online Publishing Platforms For All New Writers ”
I have written quite a few articles, most of them being inspirational. Some are in the form of messages learnt from incidents in everyday life. I also feel that as a citizen on this planet, it is my duty to share the good things I have learnt, so others can benefit too. Am wondering where would be a good place to begin publishing. Thanks.
Derek, I am a decent lady, not available for romance, but just want you to know that I like your way; I just like your website & the way you make your comments and respond to questions. There’s just something about you. I like you.
Thank you. I’m happy to hear that you enjoy the content of the site.
I think writing story’s and publishing them and seeing how people comment, will help me when i get older and see what I want to be. I haven’t chosen yet I’ve always wanted to be a journalist or a media worker, honestly, I don’t yet…
I notice that as a new writer, I have strong passion to publish. But I believe there is the need to learn to make my writing ‘clean’, mistake-free and perfect for my readers before publishing. What writing training apps would you recommend to help me ‘sanitize’ my writing?
I would suggest Prowritingaid for a new writer. It’s got everything you need to edit and improve your writing.
Will be paid for publishing articles on this platform listed above?
I’m seventy-two and have been writing for a long time. I have a folder full of articles and I also have a folder full of science fiction stories. I have poetry and comics. I need a platform that allows me to publish as I please.
Hello Derek, I’m new to writing articles, but I wasn’t to write articles focusing on Young People and their struggles. I would like to build some readership for my article. What site do you recommend? Thank you.
You can use any site, Paul. But before you do, make sure your writing is perfect. In your comment, I’m sure you meant, wanted to write, and not wasn’t to write. You can’t expect to find readers if you make errors like this. Always, always check your writing before you hit the button.
Dear Derek, I would like to write articles about personal awareness and development. I am a new writer and I would like to reach a large odience eventually .. which platform would you recommend, please?
The best platform is always the one that you feel will work for you, Paoletta. But if you are looking at building a readership, Medium and Substack are two you might consider.
I’m really grateful to have stumbled on this site which I believe will greatly help me in publishing my articles. I do news articles that focus much more on culture. But I sort of publish stuff that is newsworthy so I also write on crisis in Africa.
Be aware that on Medium your articles and you as an author won’t be searchable until you get a critical mass of readers and followers/claps. Which means that you need to actively promote your writing, for strangers to find your page on any given day (except the few first hours of the publication). Very disappointed.
Medium is no different from any other form of publishing articles. You need a certain amount of traction before it can rank in Google Search.
For a blog post, you need backlinks. On Medium, you need followers and claps.
It’s pretty standard stuff, but not disappointing if you know how to promote what you post.
There are no free rides at getting articles to rank. You still need to work on it to be successful.
i need to publish my story about chronic kidney disease and kidney transplants, the need for kidney donors and how this need is affected by the Covid pandemic.; and my personal need for a transplant to save my life. Where is the best place to submit my article?
Use any of the sites listed in this article. But I would try Medium first.
I need to publish my article which are explain about lidar technology. Where can I publish my article?
Dear sir I need to publish my paper which concerns on climate. so how can I publish it?
Really grateful to get these platforms to publish my article. Thanks to you for gifting us such information for these platforms.
how I can publish the article ??
Good information but why did you not include Substack?
this is great where do i publish my scholarly articles and class modules
Hi Derek, Impressive Collection shared on Free Publishing Articles. Would like to know where we can share technical content.
Ok how can I publish
Hey this is Simeone here. I already participate in the Medium corporative community, it is a good platform for publishing your stories online. I only have a technical problems with the platform. I’m hoping to enjoy my writing of articles with these other platforms.
According to me the best usage of time is writing. It makes an individual to think widely on every aspect. Writing enable person to do brainstorming over the topic. This improves the writing work of writer.
Thank you very much! I spent about 2-3 hours and looked at these sites. Medium appears to be educational and very helpful for beginning writers! I will use it and promote it! See where I am with it by the end of the year! Thank you again! Edina Back, Executive Establishment Officer, Personnel Efficiency Foundation
Good morning. Please I am a prolific writer. I write on a broad range of topics and areas ranging from Marriage, Relationship, Politics, amongst others. How do I publish my articles please?
Fine, thank you.
I want to publish my poetries. Where I can get it published?
I have 200 pages of musings and poetry in RHYMING format. Deep thoughts and shallow—-should it be published? C R Petty Col USMC Ret.
I’m looking for free publishing platform. I want to publish an article I wrote while I was in college. This an academic article for educators (teaching profession). What is the appropriate website for that.
Hlo sir/mam, we are the students of masters. Sir we want to publish our research article in your site. So sir please give us the details regarding publication criteria or fees. We shall be thankful to you for this kind of purpose.
As they say always seek knowledge I would like to seek knowledge and become one of the best poets ever in history by explaining to people about what’s love
Kindly please keep providing me the work related to writing . Iam hard working and dedicated.
“Life is my teacher and living is my lesson.” I believe everyday you live, you learn alot from life. When you stop living is when the lessons stop. Article is informative and useful. Reading it has set me in motion. I now know how to proceed. The lessons are a step forward in the right direction.
Very valuable information. Lot of secrets, thank you.
Hello Lisa, Great article. Thanks for bringing these tools on one platform for the world. Keep up the good work. Regards
Hello we are publishing house based in Rwanda Africa, we would like to get in touch with you for more information on the on how we can work with you in publishing working in have books for kids both fiction and non fiction kindly tell me how we can work together. Waiting from you soonest Best Regards Andrew.
Please use our site contact form if you wish to get in touch with us.
I want to publish a book. What is the process ? Can I contact you ?Nearest office ?
We only offer advice articles on our site, Abraham. Sorry, but we do not offer personal support or coaching.
Is it possible to publish a small article regarding medical science
Frankly speaking, and as human beings, we always learn from one another. You may good in x and I’m good at y, for that reason I may need your help and you may need my help. It’s a mutual learning.
Hi Derek Haines, I would like to publish my short gospel articles, Where do I start?
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Introduction to Academic Writing
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About this Course
Welcome to the Introduction to Academic Writing course! By the end of this course, you will gain an in-depth understanding of reading and writing as essential skills to conduct robust and critical research. This course introduces you to critical reading and writing skills within the conventions of academic writing.
In this course, you will learn to effectively communicate your research questions and findings to an interested audience using reading and writing skills. With writing being an important method of thinking, you will learn how the practice of writing allows you to arrive at complex insights about your research area and develop your arguments systematically. This course focuses on the process of developing an argument through the examination of claims and evidence. It also familiarizes you with the structure of academic writing, which will help you better grasp the process of reading academic articles and writing your research. Through a mix of presentations and practice questions, this course provides you with a solid foundation for approaching the process of critical reading and writing in your respective disciplines. It will also cover other writing genres that are relevant to you, including writing for popular media and policy briefs, allowing you to explain how the writing process differs in these areas.
No prior experience required.
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What you will learn
Identify the structural parts of an academic paper.
Construct evidence-based arguments and articulate them within conventions of academic writing.
Describe basic skills of writing policy briefs and writing for popular media.
Explain how to structure a dissertation or journal article.
Skills you will gain
- Academic Writing
- Strategies of reading
- Writing for popular media
- Research And Design
O.P. Jindal Global University
O.P. Jindal Global University is recognised as an Institution of Eminence by the Ministry of Education, Government of India. It is also ranked the No. 1 Private University in India in the QS World University Rankings 2021. The university has 9000+ students across 12 schools that offer 52 degree programs. The university maintains a 1:9 faculty-student ratio.
It is a research-intensive university, deeply committed to institutional values of interdisciplinary and innovative learning, pluralism and rigorous scholarship, globalism, and international engagement.
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Syllabus - What you will learn from this course
Introduction to academic reading and writing.
This module introduces you to the genre of academic writing and its distinction from other writing genres by focusing on the structure of an academic paper. You will learn how to develop your arguments based on claims and evidence. Through a detailed annotation of a sample academic paper, you will learn the basic building blocks of making an evidence-based argument.
Literature Review and Referencing
Literature review and referencing are two fundamental aspects of research writing. In this module, you will learn how literature review can help you assimilate insights from multiple texts into clear insights. You will discover that referencing is a technical requirement in academic writing and a crucial way to show the credibility of the evidence. This module focuses on the logic and place of literature review and citation in an academic text.
Writing Policy Briefs and Writing for Popular Media
This module introduces you to a different writing genre, which will enable you to communicate with a wider audience. You will learn about writing policy briefs and writing for popular media in the form of op-eds and blogs. You will gain insights into the useful guidelines for formulating arguments and thinking about diverse audiences.
In this module, you will learn about the process of writing a dissertation. You will build upon the skills learned in the earlier modules and focus on the stages of dissertation development. You will learn how to arrive at a research question. This module discusses some writing guidelines for publication in peer-reviewed academic journals.
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TOP REVIEWS FROM INTRODUCTION TO ACADEMIC WRITING
The course was good. However, the certificate says it is a "non-credit" course. For faculty, this is a big demotivation and let down.
The course brings enough perspectives on academic writing, and a must to go if you want to improve your academic writing.
Wounderful course , useful for researchers in all fields
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Access to lectures and assignments depends on your type of enrollment. If you take a course in audit mode, you will be able to see most course materials for free. To access graded assignments and to earn a Certificate, you will need to purchase the Certificate experience, during or after your audit. If you don't see the audit option:
The course may not offer an audit option. You can try a Free Trial instead, or apply for Financial Aid.
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21 Legit Research Databases for Free Journal Articles in 2022
Written by Scribendi
Has this ever happened to you? While looking for websites for research, you come across a research paper site that claims to connect academics to a peer-reviewed article database for free.
Intrigued, you search for keywords related to your topic, only to discover that you must pay a hefty subscription fee to access the service. After the umpteenth time being duped, you begin to wonder if there's even such a thing as free journal articles .
Subscription fees and paywalls are often the bane of students and academics, especially those at small institutions who don't provide access to many free article directories and repositories.
Whether you're working on an undergraduate paper, a PhD dissertation, or a medical research study, we want to help you find tools to locate and access the information you need to produce well-researched, compelling, and innovative work.
Below, we discuss why peer-reviewed articles are superior and list out the best free article databases to use in 2022.
Download Our Free Research Database Roundup PDF
Why peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles are more authoritative.
Determining what sources are reliable can be challenging. Peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles are the gold standard in academic research. Reputable academic journals have a rigorous peer-review process.
The peer review process provides accountability to the academic community, as well as to the content of the article. The peer review process involves qualified experts in a specific (often very specific) field performing a review of an article's methods and findings to determine things like quality and credibility.
Peer-reviewed articles can be found in peer-reviewed article databases and research databases, and if you know that a database of journals is reliable, that can offer reassurances about the reliability of a free article. Peer review is often double blind, meaning that the author removes all identifying information and, likewise, does not know the identity of the reviewers. This helps reviewers maintain objectivity and impartiality so as to judge an article based on its merit.
Where to Find Peer-Reviewed Articles
Peer-reviewed articles can be found in a variety of research databases. Below is a list of some of the major databases you can use to find peer-reviewed articles and other sources in disciplines spanning the humanities, sciences, and social sciences.
What Are Open Access Journals?
An open access (OA) journal is a journal whose content can be accessed without payment. This provides scholars, students, and researchers with free journal articles . OA journals use alternate methods of funding to cover publication costs so that articles can be published without having to pass those publication costs on to the reader.
Some of these funding models include standard funding methods like advertising, public funding, and author payment models, where the author pays a fee in order to publish in the journal. There are OA journals that have non-peer-reviewed academic content, as well as journals that focus on dissertations, theses, and papers from conferences, but the main focus of OA is peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles.
The internet has certainly made it easier to access research articles and other scholarly publications without needing access to a university library, and OA takes another step in that direction by removing financial barriers to academic content.
Features of legitimate oa journals.
There are things to look out for when trying to decide if a free publication journal is legitimate:
Mission statement —The mission statement for an OA journal should be available on their website.
Publication history —Is the journal well established? How long has it been available?
Editorial board —Who are the members of the editorial board, and what are their credentials?
Indexing —Can the journal be found in a reliable database?
Peer review —What is the peer review process? Does the journal allow enough time in the process for a reliable assessment of quality?
Impact factor —What is the average number of times the journal is cited over a two-year period?
Features of Illegitimate OA Journals
There are predatory publications that take advantage of the OA format, and they are something to be wary of. Here are some things to look out for:
Contact information —Is contact information provided? Can it be verified?
Turnaround —If the journal makes dubious claims about the amount of time from submission to publication, it is likely unreliable.
Editorial board —Much like determining legitimacy, looking at the editorial board and their credentials can help determine illegitimacy.
Indexing —Can the journal be found in any scholarly databases?
Peer review —Is there a statement about the peer review process? Does it fit what you know about peer review?
How to Find Scholarly Articles
Keywords are included in an article by the author. Keywords are an excellent way to find content relevant to your research topic or area of interest. In academic searches, much like you would on a search engine, you can use keywords to navigate through what is available to find exactly what you're looking for.
Authors provide keywords that will help you easily find their article when researching a related topic, often including general terms to accommodate broader searches, as well as some more specific terms for those with a narrower scope. Keywords can be used individually or in combination to refine your scholarly article search.
Narrow Down Results
Sometimes, search results can be overwhelming, and searching for free articles on a journal database is no exception, but there are multiple ways to narrow down your results. A good place to start is discipline.
What category does your topic fall into (psychology, architecture, machine learning, etc.)? You can also narrow down your search with a year range if you're looking for articles that are more recent.
A Boolean search can be incredibly helpful. This entails including terms like AND between two keywords in your search if you need both keywords to be in your results (or, if you are looking to exclude certain keywords, to exclude these words from the results).
Consider Different Avenues
If you're not having luck using keywords in your search for free articles, you may still be able to find what you're looking for by changing your tactics. Casting a wider net sometimes yields positive results, so it may be helpful to try searching by subject if keywords aren't getting you anywhere.
You can search for a specific publisher to see if they have OA publications in the academic journal database. And, if you know more precisely what you're looking for, you can search for the title of the article or the author's name.
The Top 21 Free Online Journal and Research Databases
Navigating OA journals, research article databases, and academic websites trying to find high-quality sources for your research can really make your head spin. What constitutes a reliable database? What is a useful resource for your discipline and research topic? How can you find and access full-text, peer-reviewed articles?
Fortunately, we're here to help. Having covered some of the ins and outs of peer review, OA journals, and how to search for articles, we have compiled a list of the top 21 free online journals and the best research databases. This list of databases is a great resource to help you navigate the wide world of academic research.
These databases provide a variety of free sources, from abstracts and citations to full-text, peer-reviewed OA journals. With databases covering specific areas of research and interdisciplinary databases that provide a variety of material, these are some of our favorite free databases, and they're totally legit!
CORE is a multidisciplinary aggregator of OA research. CORE has the largest collection of OA articles available. It allows users to search more than 219 million OA articles. While most of these link to the full-text article on the original publisher's site, or to a PDF available for download, five million records are hosted directly on CORE.
CORE's mission statement is a simple and straightforward commitment to offering OA articles to anyone, anywhere in the world. They also host communities that are available for researchers to join and an ambassador community to enhance their services globally. In addition to a straightforward keyword search, CORE offers advanced search options to filter results by publication type, year, language, journal, repository, and author.
CORE's user interface is easy to use and navigate. Search results can be sorted based on relevance or recency, and you can search for relevant content directly from the results screen.
Collection: 219,537,133 OA articles
Other Services: Additional services are available from CORE, with extras that are geared toward researchers, repositories, and businesses. There are tools for accessing raw data, including an API that provides direct access to data, datasets that are available for download, and FastSync for syncing data content from the CORE database.
CORE has a recommender plug-in that suggests relevant OA content in the database while conducting a search and a discovery feature that helps you discover OA versions of paywalled articles. Other features include tools for managing content, such as a dashboard for managing repository output and the Repository Edition service to enhance discoverability.
Good Source of Peer-Reviewed Articles: Yes
Advanced Search Options: Language, author, journal, publisher, repository, DOI, year
Functioning as a research and publishing network, ScienceOpen offers OA to more than 74 million articles in all areas of science. Although you do need to register to view the full text of articles, registration is free. The advanced search function is highly detailed, allowing you to find exactly the research you're looking for.
The Berlin- and Boston-based company was founded in 2013 to "facilitate open and public communications between academics and to allow ideas to be judged on their merit, regardless of where they come from." Search results can be exported for easy integration with reference management systems.
You can also bookmark articles for later research. There are extensive networking options, including your Science Open profile, a forum for interacting with other researchers, the ability to track your usage and citations, and an interactive bibliography. Users have the ability to review articles and provide their knowledge and insight within the community.
Other Services: None
Advanced Search Options: Content type, source, author, journal, discipline
3. Directory of Open Access Journals
A multidisciplinary, community-curated directory, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) gives researchers access to high-quality peer-reviewed journals. It has archived more than two million articles from 17,193 journals, allowing you to either browse by subject or search by keyword.
The site was launched in 2003 with the aim of increasing the visibility of OA scholarly journals online. Content on the site covers subjects from science, to law, to fine arts, and everything in between. DOAJ has a commitment to "increase the visibility, accessibility, reputation, usage and impact of quality, peer-reviewed, OA scholarly research journals globally, regardless of discipline, geography or language."
Information about the journal is available with each search result. Abstracts are also available in a collapsible format directly from the search screen. The scholarly article website is somewhat simple, but it is easy to navigate. There are 16 principles of transparency and best practices in scholarly publishing that clearly outline DOAJ policies and standards.
Advanced Search Options: Subject, journal, year
4. Education Resources Information Center
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) of the Institution of Education Sciences allows you to search by topic for material related to the field of education. Links lead to other sites, where you may have to purchase the information, but you can search for full-text articles only. You can also search only peer-reviewed sources.
The service primarily indexes journals, gray literature (such as technical reports, white papers, and government documents), and books. All sources of material on ERIC go through a formal review process prior to being indexed. ERIC's selection policy is available as a PDF on their website.
The ERIC website has an extensive FAQ section to address user questions. This includes categories like general questions, peer review, and ERIC content. There are also tips for advanced searches, as well as general guidance on the best way to search the database. ERIC is an excellent database for content specific to education.
Advanced Search Options: Boolean
5. arXiv e-Print Archive
The arXiv e-Print Archive is run by Cornell University Library and curated by volunteer moderators, and it now offers OA to more than one million e-prints.
There are advisory committees for all eight subjects available on the database. With a stated commitment to an "emphasis on openness, collaboration, and scholarship," the arXiv e-Print Archive is an excellent STEM resource.
The interface is not as user-friendly as some of the other databases available, and the website hosts a blog to provide news and updates, but it is otherwise a straightforward math and science resource. There are simple and advanced search options, and, in addition to conducting searches for specific topics and articles, users can browse content by subject. The arXiv e-Print Archive clearly states that they do not peer review the e-prints in the database.
Good Source of Peer-Reviewed Articles: No
Advanced Search Options: Subject, date, title, author, abstract, DOI
6. Social Science Research Network
The Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is a collection of papers from the social sciences community. It is a highly interdisciplinary platform used to search for scholarly articles related to 67 social science topics. SSRN has a variety of research networks for the various topics available through the free scholarly database.
The site offers more than 700,000 abstracts and more than 600,000 full-text papers. There is not yet a specific option to search for only full-text articles, but, because most of the papers on the site are free access, it's not often that you encounter a paywall. There is currently no option to search for only peer-reviewed articles.
You must become a member to use the services, but registration is free and enables you to interact with other scholars around the world. SSRN is "passionately committed to increasing inclusion, diversity and equity in scholarly research," and they encourage and discuss the use of inclusive language in scholarship whenever possible.
Collection: 1,058,739 abstracts; 915,452 articles
Advanced Search Options: Term, author, date, network
7. Public Library of Science
Public Library of Science (PLOS) is a big player in the world of OA science. Publishing 12 OA journals, the nonprofit organization is committed to facilitating openness in academic research. According to the site, "all PLOS content is at the highest possible level of OA, meaning that scientific articles are immediately and freely available to anyone, anywhere."
PLOS outlines four fundamental goals that guide the organization: break boundaries, empower researchers, redefine quality, and open science. All PLOS journals are peer-reviewed, and all 12 journals uphold rigorous ethical standards for research, publication, and scientific reporting.
PLOS does not offer advanced search options. Content is organized by topic into research communities that users can browse through, in addition to options to search for both articles and journals. The PLOS website also has resources for peer reviewers, including guidance on becoming a reviewer and on how to best participate in the peer review process.
Collection: 12 journals
Advanced Search Options: None
OpenDOAR, or the Directory of Open Access Repositories, is a comprehensive resource for finding free OA journals and articles. Using Google Custom Search, OpenDOAR combs through OA repositories around the world and returns relevant research in all disciplines.
The repositories it searches through are assessed and categorized by OpenDOAR staff to ensure they meet quality standards. Inclusion criteria for the database include requirements for OA content, global access, and categorically appropriate content, in addition to various other quality assurance measures. OpenDOAR has metadata, data, content, preservation, and submission policies for repositories, in addition to two OA policy statements regarding minimum and optimum recommendations.
This database allows users to browse and search repositories, which can then be selected, and articles and data can be accessed from the repository directly. As a repository database, much of the content on the site is geared toward the support of repositories and OA standards.
Collection: 5,768 repositories
Other Services: OpenDOAR offers a variety of additional services. Given the nature of the platform, services are primarily aimed at repositories and institutions, and there is a marked focus on OA in general. Sherpa services are OA archiving tools for authors and institutions.
They also offer various resources for OA support and compliance regarding standards and policies. The publication router matches publications and publishers with appropriate repositories.
There are also services and resources from JISC for repositories for cost management, discoverability, research impact, and interoperability, including ORCID consortium membership information. Additionally, a repository self-assessment tool is available for members.
Advanced Search Options: Name, organization name, repository type, software name, content type, subject, country, region
9. Bielefeld Academic Search Engine
The Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) is operated by the Bielefeld University Library in Germany, and it offers more than 240 million documents from more than 8,000 sources. Sixty percent of its content is OA, and you can filter your search accordingly.
BASE has rigorous inclusion requirements for content providers regarding quality and relevance, and they maintain a list of content providers for the sake of transparency, which can be easily found on their website. BASE has a fairly elegant interface. Search results can be organized by author, title, or date.
From the search results, items can be selected and exported, added to favorites, emailed, and searched in Google Scholar. There are basic and advanced search features, with the advanced search offering numerous options for refining search criteria. There is also a feature on the website that saves recent searches without additional steps from the user.
Collection: 276,019,066 documents; 9,286 content providers
Advanced Search Options: Author, subject, year, content provider, language, document type, access, terms of reuse
10. Digital Library of the Commons Repository
Run by Indiana University, the Digital Library of the Commons (DLC) Repository is a multidisciplinary journal repository that allows users to access thousands of free and OA articles from around the world. You can browse by document type, date, author, title, and more or search for keywords relevant to your topic.
DCL also offers the Comprehensive Bibliography of the Commons, an image database, and a keyword thesaurus for enhanced search parameters. The repository includes books, book chapters, conference papers, journal articles, surveys, theses and dissertations, and working papers. DCL advanced search features drop-down menus of search types with built-in Boolean search options.
Searches can be sorted by relevance, title, date, or submission date in ascending or descending order. Abstracts are included in selected search results, with access to full texts available, and citations can be exported from the same page. Additionally, the image database search includes tips for better search results.
Advanced Search Options: Author, date, title, subject, sector, region, conference
11. CIA World Factbook
The CIA World Factbook is a little different from the other resources on this list in that it is not an online journal directory or repository. It is, however, a useful free online research database for academics in a variety of disciplines.
All the information is free to access, and it provides facts about every country in the world, which are organized by category and include information about history, geography, transportation, and much more. The World Factbook can be searched by country or region, and there is also information about the world’s oceans.
This site contains resources related to the CIA as an organization rather than being a scientific journal database specifically. The site has a user interface that is easy to navigate. The site also provides a section for updates regarding changes to what information is available and how it is organized, making it easier to interact with the information you are searching for.
Collection: 266 countries
Paperity boasts its status as the "first multidisciplinary aggregator of OA journals and papers." Their focus is on helping you avoid paywalls while connecting you to authoritative research. In addition to providing readers with easy access to thousands of journals, Paperity seeks to help authors reach their audiences and help journals increase their exposure to boost readership.
Paperity has journal articles for every discipline, and the database offers more than a dozen advanced search options, including the length of the paper and the number of authors. There is even an option to include, exclude, or exclusively search gray papers.
Paperity is available for mobile, with both a mobile site and the Paperity Reader, an app that is available for both Android and Apple users. The database is also available on social media. You can interact with Paperity via Twitter and Facebook, and links to their social media are available on their homepage, including their Twitter feed.
Advanced Search Options: Title, abstract, journal title, journal ISSN, publisher, year of publication, number of characters, number of authors, DOI, author, affiliation, language, country, region, continent, gray papers
13. dblp Computer Science Bibliography
The dblp Computer Science Bibliography is an online index of major computer science publications. dblp was founded in 1993, though until 2010 it was a university-specific database at the University of Trier in Germany. It is currently maintained by the Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz Center for Informatics.
Although it provides access to both OA articles and those behind a paywall, you can limit your search to only OA articles. The site indexes more than three million publications, making it an invaluable resource in the world of computer science. dblp entries are color-coded based on the type of item.
dblp has an extensive FAQ section, so questions that might arise about topics like the database itself, navigating the website, or the data on dblp, in addition to several other topics, are likely to be answered. The website also hosts a blog and has a section devoted to website statistics.
EconBiz is a great resource for economic and business studies. A service of the Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, it offers access to full texts online, with the option of searching for OA material only. Their literature search is performed across multiple international databases.
EconBiz has an incredibly useful research skills section, with resources such as Guided Walk, a service to help students and researchers navigate searches, evaluate sources, and correctly cite references; the Research Guide EconDesk, a help desk to answer specific questions and provide advice to aid in literature searches; and the Academic Career Kit for what they refer to as Early Career Researchers.
Other helpful resources include personal literature lists, a calendar of events for relevant calls for papers, conferences, and workshops, and an economics terminology thesaurus to help in finding keywords for searches. To stay up-to-date with EconBiz, you can sign up for their newsletter.
Advanced Search Options: Title, subject, author, institution, ISBN/ISSN, journal, publisher, language, OA only
15. BioMed Central
BioMed Central provides OA research from more than 300 peer-reviewed journals. While originally focused on resources related to the physical sciences, math, and engineering, BioMed Central has branched out to include journals that cover a broader range of disciplines, with the aim of providing a single platform that provides OA articles for a variety of research needs. You can browse these journals by subject or title, or you can search all articles for your required keyword.
BioMed Central has a commitment to peer-reviewed sources and to the peer review process itself, continually seeking to help and improve the peer review process. They're "committed to maintaining high standards through full and stringent peer review." They publish the journal Research Integrity and Peer Review , which publishes research on the subject.
Additionally, the website includes resources to assist and support editors as part of their commitment to providing high-quality, peer-reviewed OA articles.
Other Services: BMC administers the International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) registry. While initially designed for registering clinical trials, since its creation in 2000, the registry has broadened its scope to include other health studies as well.
The registry is recognized by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, as well as the World Health Organization (WHO), and it meets the requirements established by the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.
The study records included in the registry are all searchable and free to access. The ISRCTN registry "supports transparency in clinical research, helps reduce selective reporting of results and ensures an unbiased and complete evidence base."
Advanced Search Options: Author, title, journal, list
A multidisciplinary search engine, JURN provides links to various scholarly websites, articles, and journals that are free to access or OA. Covering the fields of the arts, humanities, business, law, nature, science, and medicine, JURN has indexed almost 5,000 repositories to help you find exactly what you're looking for.
Search features are enhanced by Google, but searches are filtered through their index of repositories. JURN seeks to reach a wide audience, with their search engine tailored to researchers from "university lecturers and students seeking a strong search tool for OA content" and "advanced and ambitious students, age 14-18" to "amateur historians and biographers" and "unemployed and retired lecturers."
That being said, JURN is very upfront about its limitations. They admit to not being a good resource for educational studies, social studies, or psychology, and conference archives are generally not included due to frequently unstable URLs.
Collection: 5,064 indexed journals
Other Services: JURN has a browser add-on called UserScript. This add-on allows users to integrate the JURN database directly into Google Search. When performing a search through Google, the add-on creates a link that sends the search directly to JURN CSE. JURN CSE is a search service that is hosted by Google.
Clicking the link from the Google Search bar will run your search through the JURN database from the Google homepage. There is also an interface for a DuckDuckGo search box; while this search engine has an emphasis on user privacy, for smaller sites that may be indexed by JURN, DuckDuckGo may not provide the same depth of results.
Advanced Search Options: Google search modifiers
Dryad is a digital repository of curated, OA scientific research data. Launched in 2009, it is run by a not-for-profit membership organization, with a community of institutional and publisher members for whom their services have been designed. Members include institutions such as Stanford, UCLA, and Yale, as well as publishers like Oxford University Press and Wiley.
Dryad aims to "promote a world where research data is openly available, integrated with the scholarly literature, and routinely reused to create knowledge." It is free to access for the search and discovery of data. Their user experience is geared toward easy self-depositing, supports Creative Commons licensing, and provides DOIs for all their content.
Note that there is a publishing charge associated if you wish to publish your data in Dryad. When searching datasets, they are accompanied by author information and abstracts for the associated studies, and citation information is provided for easy attribution.
Advanced Search Options: No
Run by the British Library, the E-Theses Online Service (EThOS) allows you to search over 500,000 doctoral theses in a variety of disciplines. All of the doctoral theses available on EThOS have been awarded by higher education institutions in the United Kingdom.
Although some full texts are behind paywalls, you can limit your search to items available for immediate download, either directly through EThOS or through an institution's website. More than half of the records in the database provide access to full-text theses.
EThOS notes that they do not hold all records for all institutions, but they strive to index as many doctoral theses as possible, and the database is constantly expanding, with approximately 3,000 new records added and 2,000 new full-text theses available every month. The availability of full-text theses is dependent on multiple factors, including their availability in the institutional repository and the level of repository development.
Advanced Search Options: Abstract, author's first name, author's last name, awarding body, current institution, EThOS ID, year, language, qualifications, research supervisor, sponsor/funder, keyword, title
PubMed is a research platform well-known in the fields of science and medicine. It was created and developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Library of Medicine (NLM). It has been available since 1996 and offers access to "more than 33 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books."
While PubMed does not provide full-text articles directly, and many full-text articles may be behind paywalls or require subscriptions to access them, when articles are available from free sources, such as through PubMed Central (PMC), those links are provided with the citations and abstracts that PubMed does provide.
PMC, which was established in 2000 by the NLM, is a free full-text archive that includes more than 6,000,000 records. PubMed records link directly to corresponding PMC results. PMC content is provided by publishers and other content owners, digitization projects, and authors directly.
Advanced Search Options: Author's first name, author's last name, identifier, corporation, date completed, date created, date entered, date modified, date published, MeSH, book, conflict of interest statement, EC/RN number, editor, filter, grant number, page number, pharmacological action, volume, publication type, publisher, secondary source ID, text, title, abstract, transliterated title
20. Semantic Scholar
A unique and easy-to-use resource, Semantic Scholar defines itself not just as a research database but also as a "search and discovery tool." Semantic Scholar harnesses the power of artificial intelligence to efficiently sort through millions of science-related papers based on your search terms.
Through this singular application of machine learning, Semantic Scholar expands search results to include topic overviews based on your search terms, with the option to create an alert for or further explore the topic. It also provides links to related topics.
In addition, search results produce "TLDR" summaries in order to provide concise overviews of articles and enhance your research by helping you to navigate quickly and easily through the available literature to find the most relevant information. According to the site, although some articles are behind paywalls, "the data [they] have for those articles is limited," so you can expect to receive mostly full-text results.
Other Services: Semantic Scholar supports multiple popular browsers. Content can be accessed through both mobile and desktop versions of Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, Apple Safari, and Opera.
Additionally, Semantic Scholar provides browser extensions for both Chrome and Firefox, so AI-powered scholarly search results are never more than a click away. The mobile interface includes an option for Semantic Swipe, a new way of interacting with your research results.
There are also beta features that can be accessed as part of the Beta Program, which will provide you with features that are being actively developed and require user feedback for further improvement.
Advanced Search Options: Field of study, date range, publication type, author, journal, conference, PDF
Zenodo, powered by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), was launched in 2013. Taking its name from Zenodotus, the first librarian of the ancient library of Alexandria, Zenodo is a tool "built and developed by researchers, to ensure that everyone can join in open science." Zenodo accepts all research from every discipline in any file format.
However, Zenodo also curates uploads and promotes peer-reviewed material that is available through OA. A DOI is assigned to everything that is uploaded to Zenodo, making research easily findable and citable. You can sort by keyword, title, journal, and more and download OA documents directly from the site.
While there are closed access and restricted access items in the database, the vast majority of research is OA material. Search results can be filtered by access type, making it easy to view the free articles available in the database.
Advanced Search Options: Access, file type, keywords
Check out our roundup of free research databases as a handy one-page PDF.
How to find peer-reviewed articles.
There are a lot of free scholarly articles available from various sources. The internet is a big place. So how do you go about finding peer-reviewed articles when conducting your research? It's important to make sure you are using reputable sources.
The first source of the article is the person or people who wrote it. Checking out the author can give you some initial insight into how much you can trust what you’re reading. Looking into the publication information of your sources can also indicate whether the article is reliable.
Aspects of the article, such as subject and audience, tone, and format, are other things you can look at when evaluating whether the article you're using is valid, reputable, peer-reviewed material. So, let's break that down into various components so you can assess your research to ensure that you're using quality articles and conducting solid research.
Check the Author
Peer-reviewed articles are written by experts or scholars with experience in the field or discipline they're writing about. The research in a peer-reviewed article has to pass a rigorous evaluation process, so it’s a foregone conclusion that the author(s) of a peer-reviewed article should have experience or training related to that research.
When evaluating an article, take a look at the author’s information. What credentials does the author have to indicate that their research has scholarly weight behind it? Finding out what type of degree the author has—and what that degree is in—can provide insight into what kind of authority the author is on the subject.
Something else that might lend credence to the author’s scholarly role is their professional affiliation. A look at what organization or institution they are affiliated with can tell you a lot about their experience or expertise. Where were they trained, and who is verifying their research?
Identify Subject and Audience
The ultimate goal of a study is to answer a question. Scholarly articles are also written for scholarly audiences, especially articles that have gone through the peer review process. This means that the author is trying to reach experts, researchers, academics, and students in the field or topic the research is based on.
Think about the question the author is trying to answer by conducting this research, why, and for whom. What is the subject of the article? What question has it set out to answer? What is the purpose of finding the information? Is the purpose of the article of importance to other scholars? Is it original content?
Research should also be approached analytically. Is the methodology sound? Is the author using an analytical approach to evaluate the data that they have obtained? Are the conclusions they've reached substantiated by their data and analysis? Answering these questions can reveal a lot about the article’s validity.
Reliable articles from peer-reviewed sources have certain format elements to be aware of. The first is an abstract. An abstract is a short summary or overview of the article. Does the article have an abstract? It's unlikely that you're reading a peer-reviewed article if it doesn’t. Peer-reviewed journals will also have a word count range. If an article seems far too short or incredibly long, that may be reason to doubt it.
Another feature of reliable articles is the sections the information is divided into. Peer-reviewed research articles will have clear, concise sections that appropriately organize the information. This might include a literature review, methodology, and results in the case of research articles and a conclusion.
One of the most important sections is the references or bibliography. This is where the researcher lists all the sources of their information. A peer-reviewed source will have a comprehensive reference section.
An article that has been written to reach an academic community will have an academic tone. The language that is used, and the way this language is used, is important to consider. If the article is riddled with grammatical errors, confusing syntax, and casual language, it almost definitely didn't make it through the peer review process.
Also consider the use of terminology. Every discipline is going to have standard terminology or jargon that can be used and understood by other academics in the discipline. The language in a peer-reviewed article is going to reflect that.
If the author is going out of their way to explain simple terms, or terms that are standard to the field or discipline, it's unlikely that the article has been peer reviewed, as this is something that the author would be asked to address during the review process.
The source of the article will be a very good indicator of the likelihood that it was peer reviewed. Where was the article published? Was it published alongside other academic articles in the same discipline? Is it a legitimate and reputable scholarly publication?
A trade publication or newspaper might be legitimate or reputable, but it is not a scholarly source, and it will not have been subject to the peer review process. Scholarly journals are the best resource for peer-reviewed articles, but it's important to remember that not all scholarly journals are peer reviewed.
It’s helpful to look at a scholarly source’s website, as peer-reviewed journals will have a clear indication of the peer review process. University libraries, institutional repositories, and reliable databases (and you now might have a list of some legit ones) can also help provide insight into whether an article comes from a peer-reviewed journal.
Common Research Mistakes to Avoid
Research is a lot of work. Even with high standards and good intentions, it’s easy to make mistakes. Perhaps you searched for access to scientific journals for free and found the perfect peer-reviewed sources, but you forgot to document everything, and your references are a mess. Or, you only searched for free online articles and missed out on a ground-breaking study that was behind a paywall.
Whether your research is for a degree or to get published or to satisfy your own inquisitive nature, or all of the above, you want all that work to produce quality results. You want your research to be thorough and accurate.
To have any hope of contributing to the literature on your research topic, your results need to be high quality. You might not be able to avoid every potential mistake, but here are some that are both common and easy to avoid.
Sticking to One Source
One of the hallmarks of good research is a healthy reference section. Using a variety of sources gives you a better answer to your question. Even if all of the literature is in agreement, looking at various aspects of the topic may provide you with an entirely different picture than you would have if you looked at your research question from only one angle.
Not Documenting Every Fact
As you conduct your research, do yourself a favor and write everything down. Everything you include in your paper or article that you got from another source is going to need to be added to your references and cited.
It's important, especially if your aim is to conduct ethical, high-quality research, that all of your research has proper attribution. If you don't document as you go, you could end up making a lot of work for yourself if the information you don’t write down is something that later, as you write your paper, you really need.
Using Outdated Materials
Academia is an ever-changing landscape. What was true in your academic discipline or area of research ten years ago may have since been disproven. If fifteen studies have come out since the article that you're using was published, it's more than a little likely that you're going to be basing your research on flawed or dated information.
If the information you're basing your research on isn’t as up-to-date as possible, your research won't be of quality or able to stand up to any amount of scrutiny. You don’t want all of your hard work to be for naught.
Relying Solely on Open Access Journals
OA is a great resource for conducting academic research. There are high-quality journal articles available through OA, and that can be very helpful for your research. But, just because you have access to free articles, that doesn't mean that there's nothing to be found behind a paywall.
Just as dismissing high-quality peer-reviewed articles because they are OA would be limiting, not exploring any paid content at all is equally short-sighted. If you're seeking to conduct thorough and comprehensive research, exploring all of your options for quality sources is going to be to your benefit.
Digging Too Deep or Not Deep Enough
Research is an art form, and it involves a delicate balance of information. If you conduct your research using only broad search terms, you won't be able to answer your research question well, or you'll find that your research provides information that is closely related to your topic but, ultimately, your findings are vague and unsubstantiated.
On the other hand, if you delve deeply into your research topic with specific searches and turn up too many sources, you might have a lot of information that is adjacent to your topic but without focus and perhaps not entirely relevant. It's important to answer your research question concisely but thoroughly.
Different Types of Scholarly Articles
Different types of scholarly articles have different purposes. An original research article, also called an empirical article, is the product of a study or an experiment. This type of article seeks to answer a question or fill a gap in the existing literature.
Research articles will have a methodology, results, and a discussion of the findings of the experiment or research and typically a conclusion.
Review articles overview the current literature and research and provide a summary of what the existing research indicates or has concluded. This type of study will have a section for the literature review, as well as a discussion of the findings of that review. Review articles will have a particularly extensive reference or bibliography section.
Theoretical articles draw on existing literature to create new theories or conclusions, or look at current theories from a different perspective, to contribute to the foundational knowledge of the field of study.
10 Tips for Navigating Journal Databases
Use the right academic journal database for your search, be that interdisciplinary or specific to your field. Or both!
If it’s an option, set the search results to return only peer-reviewed sources.
Start by using search terms that are relevant to your topic without being overly specific.
Try synonyms, especially if your keywords aren’t returning the desired results.
Even if you’ve found some good articles, try searching using different terms.
Explore the advanced search features of the database(s).
Learn to use Booleans (AND, OR, NOT) to expand or narrow your results.
Once you’ve gotten some good results from a more general search, try narrowing your search.
Read through abstracts when trying to find articles relevant to your research.
Keep track of your research and use citation tools. It’ll make life easier when it comes time to compile your references.
7 Frequently Asked Questions
1. how do i get articles for free.
Free articles can be found through free online academic journals, OA databases, or other databases that include OA journals and articles. These resources allow you to access free papers online so you can conduct your research without getting stuck behind a paywall.
Academics don’t receive payment for the articles they contribute to journals. There are often, in fact, publication fees that scholars pay in order to publish. This is one of the funding structures that allows OA journals to provide free content so that you don’t have to pay fees or subscription costs to access journal articles.
2. How Do I Find Journal Articles?
Journal articles can be found in databases and institutional repositories that can be accessed at university libraries. However, online research databases that contain OA articles are the best resource for getting free access to journal articles that are available online.
Peer-reviewed journal articles are the best to use for academic research, and there are a number of databases where you can find peer-reviewed OA journal articles. Once you've found a useful article, you can look through the references for the articles the author used to conduct their research, and you can then search online databases for those articles, too.
3. How Do I Find Peer-Reviewed Articles?
Peer-reviewed articles can be found in reputable scholarly peer-reviewed journals. High-quality journals and journal articles can be found online using academic search engines and free research databases. These resources are excellent for finding OA articles, including peer-reviewed articles.
OA articles are articles that can be accessed for free. While some scholarly search engines and databases include articles that aren't peer reviewed, there are also some that provide only peer-reviewed articles, and databases that include non-peer-reviewed articles often have advanced search features that enable you to select “peer review only.” The database will return results that are exclusively peer-reviewed content.
4. What Are Research Databases?
A research database is a list of journals, articles, datasets, and/or abstracts that allows you to easily search for scholarly and academic resources and conduct research online. There are databases that are interdisciplinary and cover a variety of topics.
For example, Paperity might be a great resource for a chemist as well as a linguist, and there are databases that are more specific to a certain field. So, while ERIC might be one of the best educational databases available for OA content, it's not going to be one of the best databases for finding research in the field of microbiology.
5. How Do I Find Scholarly Articles for Specific Fields?
There are interdisciplinary research databases that provide articles in a variety of fields, as well as research databases that provide articles that cater to specific disciplines. Additionally, a journal repository or index can be a helpful resource for finding articles in a specific field.
When searching an interdisciplinary database, there are frequently advanced search features that allow you to narrow the search results down so that they are specific to your field. Selecting “psychology” in the advanced search features will return psychology journal articles in your search results. You can also try databases that are specific to your field.
If you're searching for law journal articles, many law reviews are OA. If you don’t know of any databases specific to history, visiting a journal repository or index and searching “history academic journals” can return a list of journals specific to history and provide you with a place to begin your research.
6. Are Peer-Reviewed Articles Really More Legitimate?
The short answer is yes, peer-reviewed articles are more legitimate resources for academic research. The peer review process provides legitimacy, as it is a rigorous review of the content of an article that is performed by scholars and academics who are experts in their field of study. The review provides an evaluation of the quality and credibility of the article.
Non-peer-reviewed articles are not subject to a review process and do not undergo the same level of scrutiny. This means that non-peer-reviewed articles are unlikely, or at least not as likely, to meet the same standards that peer-reviewed articles do.
7. Are Free Article Directories Legitimate?
Yes! As with anything, some databases are going to be better for certain requirements than others. But, a scholarly article database being free is not a reason in itself to question its legitimacy.
Free scholarly article databases can provide access to abstracts, scholarly article websites, journal repositories, and high-quality peer-reviewed journal articles. The internet has a lot of information, and it's often challenging to figure out what information is reliable.
Research databases and article directories are great resources to help you conduct your research. Our list of the best research paper websites is sure to provide you with sources that are totally legit.
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How To Find Scholarly Articles Online
Being assigned to any research project is a stressful and responsible situation. One of the assurances of successful research is relevant and checked data that cover all aspects of the problematics. The Internet has widened the abilities of modern students, making it easier to source relevant data.
However, some kinds of resources are still not easy to find. In our post, you will learn the most effective ways to find scholarly articles online. After reading our article, we hope your research will become more fruitful and effective.
Why search for scholarly articles?
Scholarly articles are among the best options for effectively sourcing information because they are most trustworthy and complete. Students can use scholarly articles as ultimate resources for any type of project in any college discipline. Before you read about the tips for finding scholarly articles online, please, note that the quality of used material is crucial. Be attentive and use only checked online resources.
University Online Library
A university library is a fundamental source for finding scholarly articles online. One does not have to limit the search only to a local database as many universities allow accessing their online libraries to the public. Hence, even if you are not a student of a particular educational establishment, you can use its database for free. Students often search for colleges and universities nearby to be able to access their offline libraries as well.
Websites of Academics
Try using one of the best accessible sources to get scholarly articles online – Google Scholar . By getting to a page with a database, you can apply personalized search details and widen your possibilities of sourcing. Google Scholar allows students to find various resources on any discipline, including dissertations, theses, scientific journals, abstracts, and more. You will get a list of citations from relevant sources by entering the necessary details on your search request. Note that Google scholar does not provide the list of resources in chronological order, so one must manually check the dates and actuality of the information. Most articles are free to download on your device.
National official government pages are excellent sources because they provide checked and reliable information. Legislative websites, parliamentary pages, etc., are perfect resources for law students and not only for them. The phone can find the newest updates on governmental decisions, petitions, policies, laws, and other documents. In addition, you can often find scholarly articles and abstracts of them on government resources. Check the official pages of various committees to source documents that relate to the legislation process and analysis of existing laws.
Discipline Search Engines
In addition to sourcing data from the websites and databases of government organizations, you also need to consider non-governmental portals and international authorities. For example, many students find scholarly articles on such portals as the UN website as it provides many actual and checked data. Moreover, some departments of the United Nations proceed with scholarly research and publish articles with availability for free download.
In addition to discipline-focused databases that allow searching for profile information, one can source actual data in available electronic databases. A standard informational portal will enable students to get various scholarly publications, journals, articles, abstracts, etc. Most public databases require users to create a personal account and provide the registration procedure. Some databases offer partial materials for free, and some require payments to access the information you need.
The Directory Of The Open Access Journals
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How to use ChatGPT to summarize an article
Save time when you know how to use ChatGPT to summarize an article
Knowing how to use ChatGPT to summarize an article is useful when you’re in a rush and looking for the key points of an article. You might be a fast reader, but no one can compete with an AI. It can also often help to understand more complicated subject matter if it’s presented in smaller chunks. Of course, it’s always worth going back and reading the article properly when you have more time, to make sure you get the full gist of it.
We know you would never summarize one of our lovingly-written articles on Tom’s Guide, but for other sites and sources, here’s how to use ChatGPT to summarize an article.
And we’ll keep it brief, we promise.
How to use ChatGPT to summarize an article
- Log in and select the chat bar
- Type TLDR and link to the article
- Press send Read on to see detailed instructions for each step.
As of the time of writing the main ways to use ChatGPT to summarize an article are on the new Bing with ChatGPT (which you may not have access to yet) or on OpenAI’s own website , where you can make a free account and then sign in. One thing to bear in mind is the openai.com version of the chatbot is limited to information pre-September 2021. Both methods use the same command, TLDR, which is internet speak for “Too long, didn’t read”. Make sure to put this before the text you wish to summarize.
How to use ChatGPT to summarize an article - on ChatGPT.com
1. log in and select the chat bar.
Login to https://chat.openai.com and select the chat bar at the bottom of the page.
2. Type TLDR and link to the article
Type in TLDR and then paste a link to the article you wish to summarize.
3. Press send
Select the send button (or press enter) and then wait for ChatGPT's response. Rest assured, the chatbot can skim the article much quicker than you can.
How to use Bing with ChatGPT to summarize an article
- Select chat
- Enter TLDR and the article link
- Press enter and wait Read on to see detailed instructions for each step.
1. Select chat
Navigate to the Bing homepage in your browser of choice, select chat .
2. Enter TLDR and the article link
Enter TLDR and then copy and paste the link to the article that you want summed up.
3. Press enter and wait
Press enter and then wait for Bing to prepare its response.
There you go, remember of course that just because an AI has summarized an article, it won't have altered the information at all. That means if the information isn't accurate to begin with, it won't be accurate in the summary. Your best bet is to stick to trusted sources like Tom’s Guide!
If you want some more AI assistance why not check out the 7 best ChatGPT tips to get the most out of the chatbot , how to use ChatGPT for travel advice or how to use the Dall-E 2 AI image generator .
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Andy is Tom’s Guide’s Trainee Writer, which means that he currently writes about pretty much everything we cover. He has previously worked in copywriting and content writing both freelance and for a leading business magazine. His interests include gaming, music and sports- particularly Formula One, football and badminton. Andy’s degree is in Creative Writing and he enjoys writing his own screenplays and submitting them to competitions in an attempt to justify three years of studying.
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Swann, W. B., Jr., Sellers, J. G., & McClarty, K. L. (2006). Tempting today, troubling tomorrow: The roots of the precarious couple effect. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin , 32 (1), 93–103. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167205279584
Sanderse, J., de Langren, F., & Perez Salgado, F. (2020). Proposing a business model framework for nonprofit organizations. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research , 10 (1), 40–53.
Coleman, A.D. (2016). Ethics in photojournalism then and now: The case of Robert Cupa. Media Ethics , 27 (2). https://www.mediaethicsmagazine.com/index.php/browse-back-issues/201-spring-2016-vol-27-no-2/3999107-ethics-in-photojournalism-then-and-now-the-case-of-robert-capa
Use our DOI, Other URL, or No Retrieval Information? clickable flowchart to help you understand what to include in your reference list entry.
Also see our Quick Answer FAQ, "Can I use the DOI format provided by library databases?"
For more information about DOI numbers, consult the Library's page:
- Help : DOIs
Alvarez, E., & Tippins, S. (2019). Socialization agents that Puerto Rican college students use to make financial decisions. Journal of Social Change , 11 (1), 75–85. https://doi.org/10.5590/JOSC.2019.11.1.07
Laplante, J. P., & Nolin, C. (2014). Consultas and socially responsible investing in Guatemala: A case study examining Maya perspectives on the Indigenous right to free, prior, and informed consent. Society & Natural Resources , 27 , 231–248. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2013.861554
Use the DOI number for the source whenever one is available. DOI stands for "digital object identifier," a number specific to the article that can help others locate the source. In APA 7, format the DOI as a web address. Active hyperlinks for DOIs and URLs should be used for documents meant for screen reading. Present these hyperlinks in blue and underlined text (the default formatting in Microsoft Word), although plain black text is also acceptable. Be consistent in your formatting choice for DOIs and URLs throughout your reference list. Also see our Quick Answer FAQ, "Can I use the DOI format provided by library databases?"
Jerrentrup, A., Mueller, T., Glowalla, U., Herder, M., Henrichs, N., Neubauer, A., & Schaefer, J. R. (2018). Teaching medicine with the help of “Dr. House.” PLoS ONE , 13 (3), Article e0193972. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193972
For journal articles that are assigned article numbers rather than page ranges, include the article number in place of the page range.
For more on citing electronic resources, see Electronic Sources References .
Found in a Common Academic Research Database or in Print
Casler , T. (2020). Improving the graduate nursing experience through support on a social media platform. MEDSURG Nursing , 29 (2), 83–87.
If an article does not have a DOI and you retrieved it from a common academic research database through the university library, there is no need to include any additional electronic retrieval information. The reference list entry looks like the entry for a print copy of the article. (This format differs from APA 6 guidelines that recommended including the URL of a journal's homepage when the DOI was not available.) Note that APA 7 has additional guidance on reference list entries for articles found only in specific databases or archives such as Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, UpToDate, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, and university archives. See APA 7, Section 9.30 for more information.
Found on an Open Access Website
Eaton, T. V., & Akers, M. D. (2007). Whistleblowing and good governance. CPA Journal , 77 (6), 66–71. http://archives.cpajournal.com/2007/607/essentials/p58.htm
Provide the direct web address/URL to a journal article found on the open web, often on an open access journal's website. In APA 7, active hyperlinks for DOIs and URLs should be used for documents meant for screen reading. Present these hyperlinks in blue and underlined text (the default formatting in Microsoft Word), although plain black text is also acceptable. Be consistent in your formatting choice for DOIs and URLs throughout your reference list.
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- how to write an academic paper
- How to Write Good Academic Papers: Easy Guide for Beginners
How to Write Academic Paper: Main Points to Consider
General principles, essential steps of the writing process, thesis statement, introduction, body paragraphs, editing and proofreading.
Have no idea how start an engaging introduction paragraph in your history essay? Need advice on how to write good academic paper - you are not alone. Academic writing is an important skill for the success in higher education and in any career field but many university students find their written assignments too challenging and often consider them to be a form of a medieval torture.
Why is it so? The problem is that a lot of high school graduates enter colleges and universities having no idea how to complete grammatically correct sentences that make sense, to say nothing about writing a college-level academic paper because no one taught them how to do it right and present a clear, logical and convincing argument.
If you struggle with similar issues, read this article where you will find a complete guide on how to write good academic papers. We will provide you with all necessary information. You can order a well-written model essay on our website to have a better understanding of the general rules of academic writing and the proper paper structure and format.
Many young people have difficulties with academic paper writing. This type of writing is specific and differs a lot from what you were asked to produce in high school because it involves a lot of reading, doing in-depth research of scholarly literature, planning, revising, making changes in content and structure, rewriting, editing, proofreading, and formatting. Don’t be scared. Writing is a skill that any student can learn and master. We hope that this short guide will explain everything you need to succeed.
What is an academic paper ? This type of writing can be defined in many ways and your instructors can give different names to these assignments – essay, term paper, analysis essay but all of them have the same purpose and are based on the same principles.
The goal of completing written assignments is to show that you have a profound knowledge of a specific topic and to share your own thoughts about a scientific question or an issue that may be of interest to your audience – students, your professor, and other scholars. You have to demonstrate your critical thinking skills.
Take into account 8 key principle of academic writing.
- Your papers must have a clear purpose (inform, analyze, synthesize or persuade) and answer your topic question.
- Your papers must present your original point of view.
- Your writing must have a single focus – all paragraphs have to include relevant evidence (facts, expert opinions, quotations, examples) to support your thesis statement.
- You must follow a standard organizational pattern. Every academic text must include the following parts: an introduction, the main body, and a conclusion. Some papers may require an abstract .
- As an author, you need to provide clear, logical, and simple explanations to your reader.
- You should refer to a number of scholarly sources. You need to integrate source materials into your discussion. Take care to include all sources (books, articles from a scientific journal, publications on online resources) that you cite, introduce, analyze or explain on a reference list in the bibliography page.
- To ensure academic integrity, all college essays should be formatted in accordance with the requirements of one of the specific citation styles – APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago that determine the rules for in-text citations, paper sections, format, reference list.
- You need to use your own words. Don’t try to be too formal or you may sound boring to your readers. Use natural language, common for conversations.
Writing an academic paper can be done step-by-step. If you are a beginner, you can follow these steps that have worked for millions of college students; they can save you a lot of time.
- Select an interesting topic. If you lack ideas, you may search the internet using Google, look through your lecture notes, and consider your course readings or current news.
- Do research and record sources’ information. Keep in mind that you may need to continue research as you discover thesis, make an outline, write and revise the document.
- Formulate a strong thesis statement that you will argue.
- Plan your essay and make a basic outline. Take notes from your sources and add details to your outline and make sure that you have supporting evidence for your points.
- Write the first draft of your essay. You can start from any part and you shouldn’t worry about grammar, punctuation and spelling as you construct your sentences. You will fix it later.
- Revise your first draft and improve the content, logic, and the flow. Make transitions between your ideas. Make changes to improve the content and rewrite your draft. You may need to do it more than once.
- Edit and proofread your final draft to ensure that your essay is flawless.
These are basic steps. When you gain experience, you may think about a different order that can work best for you. Find that this process complicated? Buy a professionally written sample to analyze it and see how your essay should look like!
Let’s discuss the major steps of the writing process.
A thesis statement determines the main argument of your essay. A good thesis statement expresses the main idea of your essay, presents your own point of view, and gives an answer to your research question. The success of your entire project depends on your thesis and you need to do your best to ensure that it is debatable, specific, and concise. Try to write your thesis early. It will help you stay focused when you do research and take notes.
Introductions and conclusions are very important. The introduction introduces your argument to your reader and convinces them why they should care about reading your paper. Your task is to engage your audience. Wondering how to do it? Check this useful article on our blog that discusses engaging strategies for starting an essay .
Start your introduction with attention grabber and provide background information about the significance of your topic, introduce a subject, and give some definitions of the key terms. End your introduction with a thesis statement.
Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence; don’t begin a paragraph with a fact. The topic sentence should present the main idea of the paragraph and express your point of view. In the next sentences, you should support the topic sentence with additional supporting ideas, specific details, interesting facts, statistics, clear explanations, relevant examples. All supporting sentences should be logical. You should make sure they are connected with connection words to help your reader follow your argument.
Finish every paragraph with a concluding sentence. It should be your own idea and not a source citation. The last sentence in a paragraph should review the key points you have discussed in it, emphasize your main idea or your thesis statement, and prepare your audience to the points that you are going to discuss in the next paragraph.
This part of your paper is the most important. Actually, readers remember the first and the last parts of what they read; a conclusion is your last chance to make an impression and show the significance of your findings. How can you achieve that? When writing a conclusion, you need to provide connections to the previous ideas, briefly summarize your findings or restate the thesis. You shouldn’t include any new information. Finish your essay with a strong concluding statement that your readers will remember.
No one can write a perfect first draft. It’s impossible - revising is critical if you want to impress your professor and get a high grade for your work. You should start revising the content at least a week before your paper is due. You can use another strategy as well - revise individual paragraphs as you write them. Be ready that you may need to write more than one draft or revise your paper several times.
Read your paper and make changes to fix it and make impeccable. You can do it in a number of ways.
- Eliminate irrelevant ideas and unnecessary information
- Add new explanations, details, points to ensure additional support for your argument
- Rewrite paragraphs and sentences to present your ideas better
- Re-organize paragraphs and sentences to make your paper logical
Do you like your essay’s content? If you do, it’s time to edit it and add finishing touches. The goal of editing is making your writing clearer, more precise to ensure that your readers will be able to understand it.
How should you do it? You may ask someone to read your essay and request their feedback. You can read your college paper aloud yourself to hear the lack of clarity, repetition, wordiness, grammar mistakes and correct them. Use English dictionaries and grammar books.
You should use the following editing strategies to make your essay as best as it can be.
- Fix sentences with the passive voice
- Improve word choice by replacing long words with shorter ones
- Improve sentence structure and word order – correct run-ons and fragments
- Fix the logic, flow, and connections between ideas
- Rewrite long sentences and make them concise; eliminate unnecessary sentences in paragraphs if they don’t convey new messages
- Fix repetition and use thesaurus to find synonyms
When you finish editing, proofread your essay and fix minor errors, careless mistakes, typos. Check punctuation and spelling. Use the printed copy to notice mistakes you may overlook on a computer screen. Start proofreading with the last sentence and go backward; in this way, you will focus on spelling and grammar and not on the content.
We have discussed how to write academic paper. Let’s talk about another important aspect of your future essay – citations. To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit to other people whose ideas you use in your own work.
You have the right to express your opinions. You have the right to use ideas of people to support your argument and draw conclusions, but it’s your responsibility to inform your audience which ideas in your essay are not yours and which are your own. With proper citations, you demonstrate that you understand the significance of other people’s research, findings, and ideas in developing your own argument.
How to cite your sources? You should include in-text citations in accordance with the guidelines of the citation style recommended by your instructor. You are required to include a list of the sources you have cited at the end of your paper. Don’t cite works that are not in your bibliography.
Follow these guidelines and useful tips to create great papers and impress your professor. Need interesting topic ideas for your projects? Check other articles on our blog.
Writing academically on a college level is a hard work that requires a lot of time and effort. You can’t become a confident writer in a few days if you just read grammar and style guides no matter how full and detailed they are. You have to practice a lot. It means working for many hours every day.
If you are not sure that you can cope with your complicated assignment on your own, you can pay to get professional help in any subject from experts on our site. Our writers can provide you with quality sample papers on different topics that will be perfect in content and style. They are sure to be free of errors. You can use paid custom papers as good templates you can follow when creating your own works and understand how to write good academic papers. In this way, you can easily improve your analytical, critical and writing skills and become a successful student who gets high grades.
How to Write an Academic Essay: Guide and Tips
A large portion of university and high school education is based on writing academic essays. They are most effective at demonstrating students’ knowledge of a subject and showcasing their abilities to gather and present information and data. In this guide from our essay writing service , we are going to explain to you how to write an excellent academic essay and show you the different types you can choose from.
What Is an Academic Essay?
In a nutshell, an academic essay is a structured form of writing students face in school, college, and university as a part of their curricula. The most common purposes of such writing are to either present some new pieces of information or to use existing facts and knowledge to deliver specific ideas. This type of assignment allows students to demonstrate their knowledge and creativity and encourages them to develop their ideas to communicate a message.
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Compared to other types of academic writing, essays are usually shorter in length and present the authors’ opinions to support their arguments. Here are some key features of an academic essay for you to keep in mind:
- Conciseness — as a rule, essays are short; the length of such papers range from 200 to 500 words.
- Topic — due to their short lengths, a perfect topic for an essay should be narrowed-down and not too broad.
- Well-structured text — although essays can be considered as one of the least formal types of writing, they still need to have a solid structure and follow the proper academic paper format.
- Clear central idea — every academic essay should deliver a specific point that should be clear and powerful (i.e. thesis statement).
- Personal motivation — unlike other types of writing, essays often imply that their authors are personally interested in the subjects they are discussing.
- Supporting facts, evidence, and examples — although essays may present an author’s personal beliefs and ideas, they should also provide arguments that support those ideas.
It helps to develop your academic writing skills early—as they are skills you will carry forward throughout your studies and lifetime. People who are good at writing academic essays also tend to be able to articulate themselves more clearly, and tend to have more confidence when speaking.
To fully understand how and when to use an academic essay, our custom writing service will describe the main types of them for you.
Academic Essay Example
Here is a perfect academic essay example from our research paper writer .
Types of Academic Essays
Academic writing can be categorized into four main types of essays that serve unique purposes—though some share similar structures. With that being said, the four types of academic papers are narrative, descriptive, expository, and persuasive.
Expository and persuasive types are most commonly seen in university curriculums as they are more scientific and objective. Narrative and descriptive essays are more subjective and engage your creativity. Now, let’s break down each type and look at each academic essay definition.
This type of writing requires the author to create a compelling story of practically anything imaginable. In other words, it is a super-condensed version of a novel. This type of essay requires students to demonstrate their creative abilities. Therefore, it implies the constant use of strong adjectives. Their use will help the author of an essay to create a strong, graphic picture for their story and enhance the audience's perception of the topic. Although telling a compelling story is basically the main purpose of this type of essay, there is much more to it than there seems. A well-written narration should also have a point that is “written between the lines”. Simply put, there should be a clear message delivered through the text. By putting a hidden message between the lines, you motivate the reader to read the paper in its entirety as it sparks their curiosity.
Read more about how to write a narrative essay .
In short, in this type of essay, the author chooses a specific thing, experience, emotion, or idea and describes it for the reader. Just like with narrative writing, this style requires the author to be subjective and creative. And, just like a narrative essay, the author is meant to draw a picture in the audience’s eyes. Another key to success in writing a descriptive essay is carefully selecting words. Such a paper should evoke certain emotions in the reader and connect them to the object of discussion. Finally, the paper should describe the subject in simple terms. When the reader understands the subject well after reading an essay - that’s when you know you have written a stellar descriptive paper.
Another type of academic writing — an expository essay is used to help readers understand subject matter by providing grounded information and facts. This type of writing requires its author to support all of the information included in the paper with valid evidence. An expository paper is no place for opinions or personal views on a subject. A quality paper should use analysis that consists of factual information on its subject. The author's key goal is to inform and educate the audience through clear logic and facts. Just to give you an example, this “How to Write an Academic Essay” article can be considered as expository writing.
Writing a persuasive paper requires one to embrace the role of a salesman (or saleswoman). You can state an opinion, project, or idea which you then have to sell to your reader(s). The logic behind how you supply the reader(s) with information should be impenetrable, leaving them with no doubt that what you are expressing is the only truth they need to know. Cater your points carefully to avoid being pushy, and hide your sales tactic behind well-thought-out sentences. When it comes to defending an argument, you can use logical tactics, emotional tactics, or a mix of both; this depends on what you are attempting to argue.
Good Academic Essay Topics
Logically, topics will vary based on the style of writing you are creating. Sometimes you can find the same topic within separate academic essay categories, but the main content will always vary depending on the category of paper you write about. That being said, here are some good academic essay topics for high school and college students:
Narrative Essay Topics
- Describe how you and your family survived the quarantine. Explain how it affected you.
- Talk about your experience of being engaged in remote learning. How did it affect your grades and overall performance? Do you think that remote education is better or worse than the traditional alternative?
- Write a story that explains the importance of technology in the modern person’s life.
- Write a story that explains the value of every person’s contribution to the process of solving the global problem of climate change.
Descriptive Essay Topics
- Describe a person who has had the biggest impact on your life.
- What is the most significant recent event in global history?
- Describe the experience of falling in love. How does it affect one’s personality?
- Describe the most impactful piece of art or music you have ever seen. What traits do you think define powerful art?
Expository Essay Topics
- Why does the rate of teen suicides keep increasing? What forces youth to commit suicide?
- What can each individual do to contribute to the prevention of climate change and reduce the threats it brings with it?
- What strategies can our society adopt to recover after the global pandemic as quickly and painlessly as possible?
- George Floyd’s death and the police’s abuse of authority: What can we do to prevent future cases?
Persuasive/Argumentative Essay Topics
- Should the government make relevant amendments to the constitution to restrict the actions permitted by police officers during arrests?
- Should we keep on following self-distancing rules even now since the danger has diminished?
- Gun control: Provide arguments for stricter gun control in the US.
- Should technology (apart from those devices used for educational purposes) be banned in colleges?
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Proper Format for Your Academic Writing
Usually, an academic essay follows the standard 5-paragraph structure: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Moreover, each section will have its own unique internal structure. The introduction’s main goal is to introduce the topic and to reveal the essay’s main message (a.k.a. the thesis statement). The body paragraphs’ primary tasks are to defend the thesis with 3 sub arguments—1 per paragraph. Lastly, the conclusion is there to wrap up the entire argument and to leave a lasting impression in the form of an overall concluding statement. Down below we have presented a graphic organizer that illustrates the breakdown.
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Start Off the Writing Process by Creating an Outline
Before commencing any academic writing, you need to create four essential components that need to be answered beforehand. They are the thesis statement, subpoints, a connection, and the summary.
- Thesis Statement: This is the focal point of your writing and one of your introductory paragraphs' key elements. It is the main message the author is trying to deliver.
- Body Points (Subpoints): These are the key points or statements that you will use to support your thesis.
- Connection: When writing an academic essay, it is important to tie it directly or indirectly to the real world. Provide a reason why it is important to you or why it is relevant to society. This will fill your paper with new meaning and showcase your unique way of thinking.
- Summary: This is a short and strong statement that briefly explains your given points.
You might also be interested in getting more info about HOW TO WRITE AN OUTLINE in MLA and APA styles.
To help you get a better idea of how to shape a perfect outline for your essay, here is a sample outline for a paper written about “Police Brutality and Its Impact on the Society”:
- ~ Hook: Statistics show that in 2019 alone, almost two thousand people were killed due to police brutality.
- ~ Background information and explanation of key terms: The term "police brutality" refers to the excessive, unwarranted, and often illegal use of force by the policemen. Throughout the US, and throughout global history, there have been plenty of cases of fatal force that range from assault to torture, and even murder. Moreover, statistical data indicates that the levels of violent crime in the United State do not determine the rates of police violence. That is why, recently, police brutality has become a real and prevalent issue that is being widely discussed and spotlighted in the media.
- ~ Thesis statement: The unwarranted use of force is a real problem that has a significant impact on how people view their society, and it has to be addressed appropriately to prevent further growth of discontent and violence.
- ~ Point 1 + example/evidence
- ~ Point 2 + example/evidence
- ~ Point 3 + example/evidence
- ~ Summary of the key points discussed in the main body.
- ~ Restatement of the thesis statement.
- ~ A final sentence that leaves readers with more to consider.
Once you have created a proper outline, listed your main points, and collected evidence to support your ideas, it is time to start writing your paper. A lot of people choose to come up with a title before the writing process as it helps them set the mood for their work. Others prefer writing first and then creating a title based on their written information. The second option is more suitable for writing a narrative or descriptive essays, as the title’s meaning could be abstract. However, when it comes to expository and persuasive papers, it is important to set a specific essay title and to follow its general theme.
Introduction: How to Start an Academic Essay
The academic essay format we are talking about in this article is pretty basic. It has been widely used to create high-quality essay examples for university for years. The main reason students still use it is that it is considered to be the most effective in terms of delivering information to the reader.
Where to start: When writing any academic writing assignment, a student should begin by shaping a solid introduction.
Quick tip: If you are not too experienced in writing academic papers, don’t hesitate to find a good academic paper example to give you an idea about how to make a good introduction. Looking at good samples can help to get you going.
A reader’s attention span is at its peak at the very beginning of a paper, when they just start reading, so your introductory paragraph will basically set the tone for the entire academic paper. Luckily, EssayPro can share a few handy and highly effective techniques to help you build a compelling introduction!
First of all, you should begin with a powerful hook. The term “hook” is used to refer to the first sentence of the introduction paragraph—the main purpose of which is to grab the reader's attention and encourage them to read on. To help you get on the right track, here are some of the best tactics for creating a hook that works:
- Quote: Starting an introduction with a creative and meaningful quote is one of the most popular techniques for introducing a paper. When the quote is chosen right, it can make a powerful impact on a reader and set the right tone for the entire essay. Therefore, quotes often serve as good openers. However, it is vital to pick the right quote that will directly relate to your topic and does not distract your reader from your topic’s main point.
- Fact: Another common opening technique is to begin an essay with a factual statement or statistic. This is most helpful when writing an expository or persuasive essay, as, in this case, such an opener will add credibility to your paper. Also, starting with a fact will demonstrate that you have researched your topic well.
- Rhetorical Question: Finally, another way to begin your essay is to start with a rhetorical question. This technique will help you to connect more with your reader(s). A good rhetorical question will stick in your reader's mind as they go through the rest of the paper. However, it is important that you answer the rhetorical question from the introduction in your essay’s body or, at least, guide your audience towards a relevant observation.
Bad Hook Example: “Police brutality must stop.” – This is not intriguing and does not grab the reader’s attention, though it gives the reader an idea of what the essay will be about.
Good Hook Example: “I don’t have a gun. Stop shooting.” – This hook will have a stronger impact on a reader because it is a famous quote from a police-brutality victim. Consequently, it hints on the topic of the essay, but keeps the intrigue.
When you have a powerful hook, it is time to give your readers an insight into the essay's main topic. Since the main theme of the paper may not yet be evidently clear at this point, you need to narrow down your paper’s focus by introducing some valuable contextual background information. Outlining the background data will help readers understand how the topic will unfold throughout the paper. Finally, after you provide the background, it is time to shape your golden sentence (a.k.a. thesis statement).
In a nutshell, the thesis statement is the key theme, idea, or argument of your essay. In other words, it summarizes the entire message you are going to deliver in a single sentence.
Bonus tip: When shaping your thesis statement, do not overload it with unnecessary information. Keep it straight to the point and concise. Remember that the main purposes of this sentence are to lay out the focus of the paper and to introduce the readers to the main ideas you will cover within the body paragraphs.
Bad Thesis Statement Example: “Police violence is bad for society.” – This is too short and does not indicate a solid opinion from the author.
Good Thesis Statement Example: “The unwarranted use of force is a real problem that has a significant influence on society and has to be addressed appropriately to prevent the growth of discontent and violence further.” – This is concise, but detailed enough to let the readers understand the purpose of the writing. It is logical and states the clear position the author supports.
The Main Body
The body paragraphs of your essay will be the source of information for your audience. The main body is always the biggest part of a 5 paragraph assignment and requires the most attention. When writing your body paragraphs, your main points should be stated according to the order of your outline and should support your thesis statement with valid arguments and facts. If you deviate from that, it’s going to confuse the audience, especially those who are very attentive to your essay’s flow.
Here are the main requirements for writing a strong body section:
- Accuracy : Be cautious with information and do not contradict yourself. Include the relevant subpoints (based on the body paragraphs) you presented in your thesis.
Bad Example: Due to the rapid growth of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, we can assume that climate change is a real issue. (Point 1) However, according to some sources, Antarctica is now gaining back ice, which indicates that the problem is being resolved. (Point 2)
Good Example: Due to the rapid growth of atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, we can assume that climate change is a real issue. (Point 1) Also, according to scientists and the reports from statistics taken from satellites, Antarctica keeps losing its land ice rapidly, which also indicates continued global warming. (Point 2)
- Evidence: Every topic or idea you present should be defended with sufficient evidence to accredit your words. Provide details such as facts, statistics, and references.
Bad Example: Global warming is a real threat because of the increase in the carbon footprint left by people.
Good Example: According to the official Nasa report, the atmospheric carbon dioxide levels have now almost reached the point of 420 parts per million. This indicator is considerably larger compared to the level of the atmospheric carbon dioxide reported in 1950, which barely reached 320 parts per million. These facts let us conclude that the issue of climate change is now indisputable.
- Word Choice: Mind your vocabulary, especially when it comes to persuasive or descriptive papers. The words you use should accurately represent your information. Use vivid adjectives and strong adverbs. Some things you want to avoid in terms of word choice are misused words, jargon or technical terms that confuse readers, slang or inappropriate language, cliches, wordiness, etc.
Bad Example: Last but not least, police brutality cases cause society discontent that leads to mass riots and generates even more violence.
Good Example: Lastly, police brutality causes discontent that leads to mass riots and generates even more violence.
- Keep It Consistent: A body paragraph should be between 5-7 sentences. Logically, they should all follow a similar structure, with the main difference revolving around the presentation of the subpoint. We always recommend students check out a quality academic writing sample to get a good idea of how the whole piece should look like.
The main body's goal is to answer any questions that have appeared in the reader’s mind after the introduction. Every new point should get the audience closer to understanding the complete concept you deliver throughout your essay. Ideally, your goal is to bring them to the same level of knowledge on the subject as you have in your capacity. After doing so successfully, it is time to transition to the conclusion.
Academic Essay Conclusion
In any assignment you write, you have to start strong and finish even stronger. As you move towards the end of your paper, your reader might not even remember what the first paragraph you wrote was about. Therefore, you have to remind them. Overall, a good essay conclusion is going to include:
- Summary: A condensed paraphrasing of the information stated in the thesis and the subpoints. (Only if you are writing an expository, descriptive, or persuasive paper)
- Personal or Social Connection: In other words, why this information is relevant to society. Stating such a connection showcases the general importance of the subject and its modern-day relevance.
- Overall Concluding Statement: This will normally be the last sentence that serves the purpose of tying a knot around your work. If you have initially started with a rhetorical question, a nice touch would be to give the audience an answer to it here. If you have written a quote, rephrase it in your own words. It is important to leave the audience with a strong statement that will stay in their minds.
The drafting process takes you from a compilation of information to the structured delivery of your idea within your essay. No excellent-quality paper has ever been written in a single draft. The process begins with a rough draft – a stage where you use all of the information you have acquired from your relative outline. From there, you narrow down this information to the most relevant parts that add actual value to your academic essay topic. Every new draft must also rid itself of content problems, structural flaws, or simple typos. The final draft of an essay might end up being drastically smaller than its original draft.
Word choice is one of the factors that define the quality of an academic essay. It is also often overseeded or neglected. It is no secret that some words are better at communicating ideas than others. It is also no secret that vocabulary plays a big role in the writing process. Focusing on word choice is especially significant in descriptive essay writing when your goal is to paint a picture in a reader’s mind. If you are writing a paper on a specific area of study, it is crucial to use words related to that field and avoid simple neutral words that offer no contribution to the text.
Finalizing the Submission
At this stage of writing, your content should be well polished. After taking your essay through a peer review and/or red pen edits, make sure to:
- Fix all grammatical mistakes and punctuational errors
- Finalize your title
- Add a bibliography if needed (basically, a “references” or “works cited” page that also includes the sources you have used, but weren’t referenced within the text)
- Make sure your paper meets its specified academic paper formatting requirements.
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We hope we’ve given you a good head start at becoming an expert academic essay writer. Remember, the purpose of an academic essay is to develop your ideas to deliver a message. As a result of getting better at academic essay writing, you will be able to articulate yourselves clearly and be able to write and speak more confidently. Good luck with your assignment!
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Academic writing is a formal style of writing used in universities and scholarly publications. You'll encounter it in journal articles and books on academic topics, and you'll be expected to write your essays, research papers, and dissertation in academic style.
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Scholarly Writing: Overview Print Page Report a broken link Introduction Scholarly writing is also known as academic writing. It is the genre of writing used in all academic fields. Scholarly writing is not better than journalism, fiction, or poetry; it is just a different category.
Academic Writing. These OWL resources will help you with the types of writing you may encounter while in college. The OWL resources range from rhetorical approaches for writing, to document organization, to sentence level work, such as clarity. For specific examples of writing assignments, please see our Common Writing Assignments area.
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On academic writing November 2006 Authors: Sten Jönsson University of Gothenburg Abstract Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to give advice on how to achieve more productive academic...
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Introduction to Academic Reading and Writing. This module introduces you to the genre of academic writing and its distinction from other writing genres by focusing on the structure of an academic paper. You will learn how to develop your arguments based on claims and evidence. Through a detailed annotation of a sample academic paper, you will ...
Academic articles are pieces of writing intended for publication in academic journals or other scholarly sources. They may be original research studies, literature analyses, critiques, or other forms of scholarly writing. Article Structure Title Abstract and keywords Introduction Materials and methods Results Discussion Conclusion
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An essay is a short piece of writing, usually between 1,500 to 2,000 words, that presents an idea or argument. Typically, an essay aims to convince the reader of an idea using research and analysis. The writer provides context on the subject to help support their argument. Academic writers often publish their essays in scholarly journals.
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Body Points (Subpoints): These are the key points or statements that you will use to support your thesis. . Connection: When writing an academic essay, it is important to tie it directly or indirectly to the real world. Provide a reason why it is important to you or why it is relevant to society.