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Crafting scientific papers in business management: a canvas roadmap proposal


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Crafting scientific papers in business management: a canvas roadmap proposal

Profile image of Marcos Ferasso

Management Research: Journal of the Iberoamerican Academy of Management

Purpose This paper aims to present a tool for helping the mindset organization of graduate students and early career researchers in the process of scientific papers writing. The canvas roadmap is proposed and summarizes the fundamental steps and main features of an academic paper in the business management field. Design/methodology/approach The adopted methodological procedures followed action research and focus groups precepts. Validation was applied in longitudinal and transversal procedures, with two early career researchers and with three groups of graduate students from different institutions. The validation procedures allowed the identification of 15 main features that were structured in a canvas format. Findings The conception of the canvas roadmap, influenced by the business model canvas, is a tool for easing researchers’ mindset when preparing a manuscript. Each of 15 features are explored according to main identified components along the paper writing process. Advices for ...

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How to write a Research Proposal: Home

What is a research proposal

What is a research proposal?

A research proposal is a document that outlines the approach a researcher will take in order to find a solution to a specific problem .  In other words, a research proposal is a summary of what you want to research, why you want to research the problem, as well as how you think the problem will be solved. The research proposal usually justifies the need for the study while presenting already existing literature and information on your topic.  Students and researchers need the research proposal to apply for either sponsorship or approval to embark on the proposed study. 

Useful information

If you wish to contact the Library or have a question, visit our  Ask a Librarian  page.

Postgraduate services

Requesting and downloading library material

Guidelines for submission of electronic versions of theses and dissertations  

Useful links

The function of a research proposal

The main function of a proposal is to convice the reader that your proposed study is essential and relevant to your field of study.  It is meant to show the focus of your research as well as the methods to be used to achieve the study's objectives .It is important, therefore, that you read widely on your topic to get familiar with the previous research that has been done to be able to refine your project and indicate its relevance and value to existing research.

crafting scientific papers in business management a canvas roadmap proposal

crafting scientific papers in business management a canvas roadmap proposal

Crafting your proposal

Your proposal is an important part of your program. Your proposal will be your guide through your research project, including a map of the relevant theoretical concepts, theories, and research process. 

The specific requirements of your proposal will vary by department but this page will provide you with an initial framework to begin. 

Getting an overview of your topic

Developing your proposal, drafting tips, preparing for your proposal defense, what is a thesis proposal.

crafting scientific papers in business management a canvas roadmap proposal

A thesis proposal is a map that outlines the relevant theoretical concepts, theories, and steps of your research project. 

Within your proposal, you will communicate the problem being researched, your research questions, and how you plan to answer this question. Thus, your proposal is ultimately your research plan and should include:

A strong research proposal will demonstrate your ability to establish: 1. that you are capable of independent critical thinking and analysis  2. that you are capable of communicating your ideas clearly  

crafting scientific papers in business management a canvas roadmap proposal

Before you start collecting books and articles, get an overview of your topic in encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks or atlases. These kinds of materials also help you to:

Research & reading resources

crafting scientific papers in business management a canvas roadmap proposal

Below are common thesis proposal components across disciplines:

Here’s another resource for working on the different sections of your proposal:

crafting scientific papers in business management a canvas roadmap proposal

Having trouble getting started? Here's a great way to get your ideas organized and plan out what to include in your proposal. 

Take a look at the links below for additional help!

The proposal defense is one of two defenses (the other being the thesis/dissertation defense ) The proposal defense practices vary by program.  Check out your program handbook , and ask your supervisor, or graduate program administrators for information about your program's requirements. 

The defence can be a very intimidating concept, remember though, often you are the expert in the room on your topic. Ultimately, your committee wants you to be successful, so try to do your best. 

1. Watch your peers' proposal defenses.

Some departments allow for public defenses. If possible, we recommend students watch defenses from your program to become familiar with your department's format. If your program doesn’t have public defense, you can always watch a proposal defense from a program similar to yours. However, be sure to remember that if the defense is from a different department, yours might go slightly differently. 

2. Practice, practice, practice.

The best way to prepare is to practice your presentation. Make sure your presentation stays within the allotted time and you feel comfortable with the material. You want to be able to present on your topic so you feel natural in your delivery.

3. Think of example questions you might be asked.

A great way to prepare is to imagine potential questions you might be asked. Your committee wants to make sure your plan is intentional and purposeful. Familiarize yourself with your methods and theories, and think about why you choose them instead of others. 

4. Hold a mock defense.

Hold a formal practice. If possible, try to hold your mock defense in the same room as the actual proposal defense. Invite fellow graduate students, friends, and family. This event will allow you to practice using the technology, delivering your presentation, and answering questions in a friendly, low-stakes environment. 

< Unpacking          2. CRAFTING          Researching >


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The Easy Guide to Developing an Effective Action Plan


Planning on turning your vision into reality? And what’s your best way to avoid challenges and problems during this journey? A solid action plan .

We have outlined 6 steps explaining how to write an action plan. Once you familiarize yourself with them, go ahead and use the editable templates below to start planning right away.

What is an Action Plan

An action plan is a checklist for the steps or tasks you need to complete in order to achieve the goals you have set.

It’s an essential part of the strategic planning process and helps with improving teamwork planning . Not only in project management, but action plans can be used by individuals to prepare a strategy to achieve their own personal goals as well.

Components of an action plan include

What’s great about having everything listed down on one location is that it makes it easier to track progress and effectively plan things out.

An action plan is not something set in stone. As your organization grows, and surrounding circumstances change, you will have to revisit and make adjustments to meet the latest needs.

Why You Need an Action Plan

Sometimes businesses don’t spend much time on developing an action plan before an initiative, which, in most cases, leads to failure. If you haven’t heard, “failing to plan is planning to fail” said Benjamin Franklin supposedly once.

Planning helps you prepare for the obstacles ahead and keep you on track. And with an effective action plan , you can boost your productivity and keep yourself focused.  

Here are some benefits of an action plan you should know;

How to Write an Action Plan | Best Practices

From the looks of it, creating an action plan seems fairly easy. But there are several important steps you need to follow with caution in order to get the best out of it. Here’s how to write an action plan explained in 6 easy steps.

Step 1: Define your end goal

If you are not clear about what you want to do and what you want to achieve, you are setting yourself up for failure.

Planning a new initiative? Start by defining where you are and where you want to be.

Solving a problem? Analyze the situation and explore possible solutions before prioritizing them.

Then write down your goal. And before you move on to the next step, run your goal through the SMART criteria . Or in other words, make sure that it is

Use this SMART goal worksheet to simplify this process. Share it with others to get their input as well.  

SMART Goals Worksheet

And refer to our easy guide to the goal-setting process to learn more about setting and planning your goals.

Step 2: List down the steps to be followed

The goal is clear. What exactly should you do to realize it?

Create a rough template to list down all the tasks to be performed, due dates and people responsible.

Simple Action Plan Template How to Write an Action Plan

It’s important that you make sure that the entire team is involved in this process and has access to the document. This way everyone will be aware of their roles and responsibilities in the project.

Make sure that each task is clearly defined and is attainable. If you come across larger and more complex tasks, break them down to smaller ones that are easier to execute and manage.

Tips: Use a RACI Matrix template to clarify project roles and responsibilities, and plan projects

Step 3: Prioritize tasks and add deadlines

It’s time to reorganize the list by prioritizing the tasks . Some steps, you may need to prioritize as they can be blocking other sub-steps.

Add deadlines, and make sure that they are realistic. Consult with the person responsible for carrying it out to understand his or her capacity before deciding on deadlines.

Step 4: Set milestones

Milestones can be considered mini goals leading up to the main goal at the end. The advantage of adding milestones is that they give the team members to look forward to something and help them stay motivated even though the final due date is far away.

Start from the end goal and work your way back as you set milestones . Remember not to keep too little or too much time in between the milestone you set. It’s a best practice to space milestones two weeks apart.  

Step 5: Identify the resources needed

Before you start your project, it’s crucial to ensure that you have all the necessary resources at hand to complete the tasks. And if they are not currently available, you need to first make a plan to acquire them.

This should also include your budget. You can assign a column of your action plan to mark the cost of each task if there are any.  

Step 6: Visualize your action plan

The point of this step is to create something that everyone can understand at a glance and that can be shared with everyone.

Whether your action plan comes in the shape of a flowchart , Gantt chart , or table , make sure that it clearly communicates the elements we have identified so far – tasks, task owners, deadlines, resources, etc.

This document should be easily accessible to everyone and should be editable.

Step 7: Monitor, evaluate and update

Allocate some time to evaluate the progress you’ve made with your team.

You can mark tasks that are completed as done on this final action plan, bringing attention to how you’ve progressed toward the goal.

This will also bring out the tasks that are pending or delayed, in which case you need to figure out why and find suitable solutions. And then update the action plan accordingly.

Action Plan Templates

Business action plan.

Business Action Plan How to write an action plan

Marketing action plan

Marketing Action Plan Template

Strategic action plan

Strategic Action Plan Template

Corrective action plan template

Corrective Action Plan Template

Action plan template

Action Plan Template

Any More Tips on Creating an Action Plan?

An action plan is designed to guide your way to accomplishing your goals. It turns your vision into actionable goals and steps. And it helps you stay focused and motivated.

From an individual employee in an organization to larger departments can make use of action plans to steer their way towards completing their goals.

Maybe you are about to create your very first action plan, or you are already a pro at writing them. Either way, we’d like to hear your opinions on how to write an action plan. Do share them with us in the comments section below.

Join over thousands of organizations that use Creately to brainstorm, plan, analyze, and execute their projects successfully.

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Amanda Athuraliya is the communication specialist/content writer at Creately, online diagramming and collaboration tool. She is an avid reader, a budding writer and a passionate researcher who loves to write about all kinds of topics.


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