Communication Across the Disciplines
10 tips for writing assignments.
- Clarify the task. Don't let questions about the task encourage procrastination.
- Do the research early. Collecting and absorbing the material will help you meditate on what you will write, even if you don't get to work on the writing immediately.
- Leave a strong paper trail. Frequently, the lack of good note taking doesn't register until you are in the throes of the final preparation of your project, when deadlines loom, and materials are difficult to recover. This is because one often reads and discards materials as not being relevant during the research process, only to discover later, during the writing process, that they are.
- Brainstorm, make notes, jot down ideas as they occur, and begin by writing the stuff you do know. Most writing will be complex and you can't do all of the stages--brainstorming, drafting, revising, editing, proofreading--in one fell swoop. Breaking the process into smaller steps makes it more manageable, and lets you make progress even when you don't have large chunks of time to devote to writing.
- Get feedback. It's difficult to anticipate the gaps, confusion, and potential misinterpretations that complex writing can generate. You need to have at least one outside reader to help you.
- Allow time for revising and editing. Once the ideas are drafted, you'll usually find that you need to go back and re-read, re-search, re-organize, and re-think what you have said.
- Make the organization apparent. Use paragraphs, subheadings, and spatial divisions (layout) to indicate clearly changes in subject matter, focus, and depth. Sometimes this is a good time to prepare an outline, to make sure that your organization makes sense.
- Write the introduction last. A good introduction must point forward to what the writing contains. It is a promise to the reader, and should be accurate. The best introductions will be prepared after you know what you will say and how you will say it.
- Check for accuracy. Research-based writing is often complex and it is easy to overlook a mistake made while drafting. Check your sources, read carefully through your quotations, citations, and documentation.
- Proofread carefully. This is often a step left out in the crunch to finish by a deadline, and yet, it is often little mistakes (typos, errors of punctuation and grammar) which communicate to your reader a sense of carelessness or inability to write.
- Forgive yourself for what is not perfect. We never stop learning how to write. No draft is ever perfect, but the deadline requires that you do your best and then send it out into the world of the reader.
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How to Write an Effective Assignment
At their base, all assignment prompts function a bit like a magnifying glass—they allow a student to isolate, focus on, inspect, and interact with some portion of your course material through a fixed lens of your choosing.
The Key Components of an Effective Assignment Prompt
All assignments, from ungraded formative response papers all the way up to a capstone assignment, should include the following components to ensure that students and teachers understand not only the learning objective of the assignment, but also the discrete steps which they will need to follow in order to complete it successfully:
- Preamble. This situates the assignment within the context of the course, reminding students of what they have been working on in anticipation of the assignment and how that work has prepared them to succeed at it.
- Justification and Purpose. This explains why the particular type or genre of assignment you’ve chosen (e.g., lab report, policy memo, problem set, or personal reflection) is the best way for you and your students to measure how well they’ve met the learning objectives associated with this segment of the course.
- Mission. This explains the assignment in broad brush strokes, giving students a general sense of the project you are setting before them. It often gives students guidance on the evidence or data they should be working with, as well as helping them imagine the audience their work should be aimed at.
- Tasks. This outlines what students are supposed to do at a more granular level: for example, how to start, where to look, how to ask for help, etc. If written well, this part of the assignment prompt ought to function as a kind of "process" rubric for students, helping them to decide for themselves whether they are completing the assignment successfully.
- Submission format. This tells students, in appropriate detail, which stylistic conventions they should observe and how to submit their work. For example, should the assignment be a five-page paper written in APA format and saved as a .docx file? Should it be uploaded to the course website? Is it due by Tuesday at 5:00pm?
For illustrations of these five components in action, visit our gallery of annotated assignment prompts .
For advice about creative assignments (e.g. podcasts, film projects, visual and performing art projects, etc.), visit our Guidance on Non-Traditional Forms of Assessment .
For specific advice on different genres of assignment, click below:
Problem sets, source analyses, final exams, concept maps, research papers, oral presentations, poster presentations.
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Are you pondering over "How to write an academic assignment ?” Well, you are not alone. When students approach our experts asking for tips to write a good assignment online, we provide thorough guidance and assistance.
As per professionals, it is possible to write impressive assignments with enough time and proper guidance. Thus, if you are looking for a way to write a good assignment, here are some steps to help you out.
Understand The Question
Most assignment questions and topics consist of a particular functional word or keyword. These words enable you to understand what the question is all about and how you are supposed to answer it accurately. However, most students fail to comprehend the purpose of the question and write an incorrect paper. This is when they look for how to write assignment example to gain clarity.
Conduct Extensive Research
Researching and impressive assignment goes hand in hand. However, most students cannot do their research skills while assignment writing and look for tips to write a good assignment online. When they reach out to our experts, they can gather information from credible and genuine sources.
Draft An Outline
Preparing an outline for your assignment prevents you from missing out on any requirements. This will enable you to have a rough plan of the material you want to discuss in the paper. Once you have a layout, you will be able to break your arguments clearly and concisely. Thus if you are wondering how to start a writing assignment, start by developing a structure.
Begin To Write
Once you have your outline ready, it is time to start writing the assignment. Every paper usually consists of an introduction, body and conclusion. Thus, adhere to this basic format while writing your document and plan your arguments accordingly.
Add Accurate Citations
Citations are one of the most crucial parts of writing a good assignment. However, with so many citation styles out there, not every student knows all the guidelines and hence fails to cite sources accurately. Incorrect referencing might lead to plagiarism issues and might question the authenticity of your document. This is when most students ask, "How to make a good assignment?” and reach out to us for help.
Edit And Proofread
Delivering an assignment without final editing and proofreading can result in epic failure. Thus when you decide on delivering a good assignment, you need to edit and proofread your paper to ensure you have rectified all the spelling, grammatical and typos errors and adhered to the given word count.
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Thinking About Steps Of Assignment Writing Example Efficiently?
Best tips from experts.
An assignment is a piece of task or work assigned to a student during their course of study. Since you are dealing with numerous assignments daily, out of frustration, you might ask, "How to Write My Assignment efficiently?” We are aware that assignment writing is not an easy feat. Hence, we offer comprehensive solutions And Tips To Structure An Assignment whenever you come to us looking for how to write an assignment for college example.
If you are also losing your sleep over how to write a good assignment for the university, here are some of our expert's tips.
Determine The Purpose
Identifying the purpose of your assignment is the first and foremost thing to do when you wonder how to start writing an assignment. First, decide who your audience is and determine the tone and writing language. Then, understand the requirements carefully to answer the question adequately. Finally, if you have doubts about how to do an assignment, reach out to your professors for clarity.
Frame The Introduction
Your introduction allows your readers to understand what the assignment is all about. Thus provide background information about the issue you are dealing with. Then, draft a compelling thesis statement that will introduce the topic and let your readers know what to expect. If you cannot do an assignment introduction properly, reach out to us for help.
Organize Body Paragraphs
Writing good assignments is not enough, and presentation plays a huge role. Thus, once you are done with the introduction, move on to your body paragraphs. Include one topic sentence in one section and avoid making it too clumsy or chunky. Additionally, all your arguments should be logically and coherently arranged to prevent miscommunication.
Provide Relevant Conclusion
Offering a relevant conclusion is exceptionally crucial as this is where your readers will leave you off. Thus, summarizing all the critical arguments of your assignment is a must in this section. Avoid introducing any new information at this stage, as this will only confuse your readers.
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Sample Question And Solution Of Write Assignment
The stages of the counseling process and communication.
Discuss about The Stages of the Counseling Process and Communication.
Introduction Counseling is the process by which a professional provide guidance and assistance meant to resolve psychological, social and personal difficulties (Pickard & Carroll, 2015). According to McLeod (2013), the psychological therapy that the counselor provides to the client includes relationship therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and psychotherapy. The client should communicate the difficult feelings to the counselor and the counselor help the client in finding their own solutions for the problem. The essay will discuss the main stages that are involved in the counseling process which includes: relationship building, problem assessment, the creation of assessment goals, interventions for the problem, follow-up, and termination. The essay also discusses the communication skills required during counseling and includes: listening skills, questioning skills, responding skills, analytic skills, observation skills, and influential skills. The communication barriers during counseling that include being judgmental, sending solutions and lack of attendant behaviors have also been discussed in the essay.... Read More
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What Are The Different Styles Of How To Make Assignments?
You are assigned homework, essays, research papers , and other academic coursework almost daily as a student. You try to score well in your educational journey but still always fail to do so. Have you ever wondered what could be the reason behind your low grades? Well, one reason can be poor writing skills and insufficient knowledge about the topic that led to an incorrect paper. The other reason can be that you are not aware of the various assignment writing style.
Thus, if you wonder about the various online writing styles, take a look.
In this type of writing, you usually explain something in a process and are often equipped with facts and figures. Usually, it is logical in order and follows a sequence.
This style of writing is equipped with arguments and reasons. Here, the author stands and asks the readers to agree on their viewpoint by explaining the situation.
This type of writing is often poetic and describes places, people, events, situations, locations, etc. It uses many sensory words to make the readers visualize and feel the problem.
This style of writing demands storytelling skills, and it narrates an event. It has characters and dialogues and definite and logical beginnings, intervals and endings.
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Get To Know The Various Steps Of How To Write A Assignment Example
Assignment writing can be daunting and time-consuming, especially when you don't know the different writing styles. Moreover, some students reach out to us asking for the steps of assignment writing. Now that you have our PhD qualified experts by your side, you can stop worrying and avail the best possible guidance. Here are some of the basic steps of writing assignment online you should know.
- Comprehend the question requirements so that you can answer all parts accurately.
- Brainstorm ideas to collate the most relevant information and add them to your paper.
- Organize thoughts and place every argument coherently in each section to maintain parity.
- Work on the format and adhere to the university guidelines to write an impressive paper.
- Revise for any mistakes before the final submission to ensure you turn in a taintless paper.
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Most Popular Questions Searched By Students:
Q1. how to present an assignment on paper.
Ans: Here are some tips for presenting an assignment on paper:
- Plan your assignment
- Follow an outline
- Make the content engaging
- Leave a strong paper trail
- Get regular feedback
Q2. Do We provide 100% Assistance for how to do an assignment?
Ans: When students approach us looking for how to write a good assignment, we ensure to assign the best subject matter expert at their disposal. All of our experts are PHD qualified and strive to offer complete guidance to students across all topics and disciplines. Moreover, all of our scholars are familiar with the guidelines of all accredited universities and hence assist you in writing flawless papers to achieve your dreams.
Q3. How To Write Assignment For University?
Ans: Follow these steps if you wish to write a stellar assignment for university:
- Clarify the task question
- Conduct early research
- Brainstorm ideas
- Follow accurate structure
- Cite sources
- Edit and proofread
Q4. How To Write An Assignment Step By Step?
Ans: Here is a step by step guide to writing an assignment:
- Comprehend the assignment
- Collect relevant data
- Focus on the structure
- Write the assignment accurately
- Review for any mistakes
Q5. How To Write A Good Assignment?
Ans: Here are some of the basic steps to writing a good assignment:
- Frame an incredible thesis statement
- Write an attention-grabbing introduction
- Logically and coherently arrange all the body paragraphs
- Summarize the key points in conclusion
Q.6. How to make an assignment topic?
Ans: If you do not know how to make a unique assignment topic, all you have to do is follow these simple steps -
- Research if the topic you are choosing is already a published work
- Check if the topic has a limited area for research or not.
- Explore if there is sufficient data to prove as evidence and reference for your case.
All these steps will teach you how to make an assignment topic.
Q.7. How to make an assignment structure?
Ans: Most people who do not know how to make an assignment structure must know that there is a general format followed. The essentials of the format are -
- Table of Content
You can also add additional sections as well in between them.
Q.8. How to make an outline assignment?
Ans: If you are confused about how to make an assignment outline, you can try the following process to make it easy -
- Choose your topic and establish your purpose
- Create a list of the main ideas by brainstorming
- Separate primary and secondary ideas
- Organise your ideas into chapters and sub-points
- Review & Adjust
Q.9. How to make an assignment introduction?
Ans: Is it bothering you how to make an assignment introduction creative yet short?
Follow the mentioned steps -
- A brief background of the topic in the intro
- Put the context in a brief paragraph
- Your statement
- Main points or highlights of the study
- Definition of the topic
- Why are you choosing this topic?
Q.10. How to make the main body of an assignment?
Ans: To know how to make a unique assignment, all you have to remember is that the main body of your assignment should be divided into paragraphs, each of which begins with a topic sentence and then supports that point with specific ideas and evidence.
Q.11. How to make an assignment conclusion?
Ans: Students who ask our experts, "How to make an appealing assignment conclusion?" here is what you can do -
- End the assignment on a positive note.
- Communicate the importance of your ideas and the subject matter.
- Provide a sense of closure
- Summarise your main points.
- Rephrase and then restate your thesis statement.
Q.12. How to make an assignment summary?
Ans: Even if you know how to make a unique assignment, you must first learn to create a strong summary. Try these ideas -
- Make a list of key points
- Note supporting evidence
- Start with a context sentence
- Describe the fundamental concept of the topic
- Follow up with supporting evidence
- Write a thesis statement
Q.13. How to make an assignment example?
Ans: If you are stuck with an incomplete assignment because you don't know how to make an assignment example, don't worry. You can connect with our experts, who will guide you anytime. You can also try this - narrow down the discussion of the area and include relevant case studies which will work as an example. For more such ideas, you can also avail of our free samples.
Q.14. How to make assignment references?
Ans: Most students score average even after hard work because they have less knowledge about how to make references for assignments. Hence, our experts have shared here a quick guideline -
- Entries should be alphabetically ordered by author's surname or title where there is no author mentioned
- When referencing four or more authors/editors, you can include the first name followed by 'et al.'
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9 Awesome Assignment Writing Tips to Get Better Marks!
There are some things that are common among every student in the universe: they do not like getting up early, they hate it when their best friend is absent, and they absolutely despise writing assignments.
Well, we can’t solve the first two problems (because it’s between you, your parents and your best friend) – we can definitely solve the third one – writing assignments.
We know that the word ‘assignment’ usually sends shivers down your spine. You have got a blank page, a ticking clock, and probably your best buddy – procrastination. Those are enough things to send you into panic mode.
So what if we tell you that writing those dreadful assignments can be a really fun and easy process? All you need is some assignment writing tips up your sleeve, and we’re going to give you just that.
Yes, in this blog, we’ll be sharing 9 tips that will completely transform your assignment writing process (and get you an A Grade.) Ready? Let’s go!
List of 9 Tips That Will Help You Write Awesome Assignments
1. understand what exactly you need to do.
Yes, we can use the “just swing it” method while doing a lot of things in life. But, it’s not very wise to practice it while writing assignments. (Unless you want to face the wrath of your teacher.)
Basically, even if there is even one tiny thing that you don’t get about the assignment, clarify it with your teacher or classmates BEFORE starting the assignment.
Otherwise, you’d end up working on something that wasn’t even supposed to be done, and all your effort and time would go down the drain, along with a good grade.
Moral of the story: If you want to ace the assignment, you’ve to be very, very clear about what you need to work on. Don’t be afraid to ask questions – because it’s always worth it.
2. Plan Your Time Well
Sometimes, we all wish there were more than 24 hours in a day. That way, we’d have so much more time to do assignments and meet the deadlines, right?
Well, you can still write great assignments on time. All you need to do is plan your time well. As soon as you get your assignment, create a solid schedule and follow it religiously until the deadline.
For example, you can set a deadline yourself for each sub-topic in the assignment, OR you can create a time-table and allot a few hours of the day to writing that assignment.
If you want to know more about how you can manage your time well and beat the procrastination monster, you can check out our comprehensive list of time management strategies.
3. Always Start With Research
First things first, gather as much knowledge as you can about the topic of your assignment. Read all the pre-existing material. In fact, take a deep dive into it.
After that, note down all the important points that you came across. Once that’s done, start working on your assignment using the knowledge you gained.
This way, you will be able to hand in a much more solid assignment because 1) the assignment would be more detailed and comprehensive, and 2) You do better when you know better.
Read more: How To Make Class Notes Worth Reading?
4. Prepare a Structure Beforehand
Even though all those inspirational quotes ask us to ‘go with the flow’, it’s not the right thing to do while writing assignments. Assignment writing isn’t a piece of cake, so it’s better to be prepared.
Before writing the content of your assignment, first lay down the structure you’re going to follow. This will make your assignment writing process a lot smoother.
For example, if you need to write about what buyer persona is, you should first divide your assignment into different subtopics like the definition, importance, steps to create one, and so on.
5. Write a Classy Introduction
Your introduction is going to set the tone for the rest of your assignment, so you need to make it awesome. Write an intro that makes the reader feel like you know what you’re talking about.
Also, don’t keep the introduction too long. Cut to the chase and get to the meat of your assignment quickly. Remember, your introduction needs to hook the readers and grab their attention in a matter of seconds!
At the end of the intro, write a little about everything that you’ve included in the assignment. You can include a little background information about the topic to establish the context.
6. Don’t Use Slang Words
This isn’t a chat room. This isn’t an extra paper you’re scribbling on to pass time. This is an assignment – a professional thing that needs to be written professionally.
Even though you might have the habit of using slang words while talking or texting, you absolutely can’t use them while writing your assignment. As simple as that.
For example, you can’t write, “LOL girl, that was hilarious” to describe a funny anecdote or “Damn, that was dope” to describe an incredible thing that happened. 🙂
7. Proofread, Proofread & Proofread
Don’t just hand over the assignment to your teacher the minute your write the last word. Proofread it at least three times. Read it out loud. Check for spellings, punctuations, and other grammatical mistakes.
No matter how great your assignment is and how hard you worked on it, if the teacher comes across tons of mistakes in the assignment, it won’t be able to leave a good impression.
So, if you don’t want your effort to go down the drain, have some patience and proofread your assignment until you’re sure that there are no more mistakes.
Read more: Study Guide: What is it & How to Create an Amazing One?
8. Cite Your References
When you’ll write your assignment, it’s natural that you’ll refer to books and other materials related to the topic. After all, as we said, research is the key to writing great assignments.
So, if you’re using a few lines, phrases, or stats from SOMEONE else’s work in YOUR assignment, don’t forget to cite the reference. Here’s why you need to do it:
First, if you cite the source of the information, your work won’t seem copied and it won’t be termed as ‘plagiarised’. Secondly, it’d give the impression that you researched thoroughly before writing the assignment!
9. Use Bit.ai
Last but definitely not least on our list of assignment writing tips is: use Bit.ai . This nifty platform simplifies and automates your entire documentation process.
See, you’ve spent hours working on the assignment. You did all the research, you compiled all the information, and you wrote the assignment really well.
But, between all this, you might overlook the presentation aspect of your assignment, which matters as much as the content of your assignment.
We totally understand. The deadline is lingering upon you, so you don’t have the time to care about the format of your assignment. But that doesn’t change the fact that a clumsy-looking assignment never works.
Luckily, Bit solves that problem for you by automating the design aspect of your documents for you. 😎 With over 90+ fully responsive and gorgeous templates , Bit has made the process of writing assignments super smooth.
With just one click, you can change the look of your entire assignment. You can even change the layout of the theme and update the color of your assignment too. How great is that?
Before you go!
Our team at bit.ai has created a few awesome education templates to make your processes more efficient. Make sure to check them out before you go, y ou might need them!
- Class Notes Template
- Lesson Plan Template
- Letter of Recommendation Template
- Recommended Reading Template
- Research Paper Template
- Thesis Template
- Checklist Template
- To-Do List Template
- White Paper Template
- eBook Template
Start Writing Efficient Assignments Today!
If you made it this far, we’re sure you’re going to ace your next assignment. Just follow all the tips we’ve given, use Bit.ai, and you’d end up with an assignment you could be proud of.
Remember, assignment writing doesn’t have to be a dreadful task. Just do thorough research on the topic first, prepare a structure beforehand, and you’ll be on your way to writing a great assignment.
If you’ve got any other assignment writing tips that worked for you, let us know by tweeting us @bit_docs. We’d be more than happy to include it on our list. Good luck!
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5 tips on writing better university assignments
Lecturer in Student Learning and Communication Development, University of Sydney
Alexandra Garcia does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
University of Sydney provides funding as a member of The Conversation AU.
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University life comes with its share of challenges. One of these is writing longer assignments that require higher information, communication and critical thinking skills than what you might have been used to in high school. Here are five tips to help you get ahead.
1. Use all available sources of information
Beyond instructions and deadlines, lecturers make available an increasing number of resources. But students often overlook these.
For example, to understand how your assignment will be graded, you can examine the rubric . This is a chart indicating what you need to do to obtain a high distinction, a credit or a pass, as well as the course objectives – also known as “learning outcomes”.
Other resources include lecture recordings, reading lists, sample assignments and discussion boards. All this information is usually put together in an online platform called a learning management system (LMS). Examples include Blackboard , Moodle , Canvas and iLearn . Research shows students who use their LMS more frequently tend to obtain higher final grades.
If after scrolling through your LMS you still have questions about your assignment, you can check your lecturer’s consultation hours.
2. Take referencing seriously
Plagiarism – using somebody else’s words or ideas without attribution – is a serious offence at university. It is a form of cheating.
In many cases, though, students are unaware they have cheated. They are simply not familiar with referencing styles – such as APA , Harvard , Vancouver , Chicago , etc – or lack the skills to put the information from their sources into their own words.
To avoid making this mistake, you may approach your university’s library, which is likely to offer face-to-face workshops or online resources on referencing. Academic support units may also help with paraphrasing.
You can also use referencing management software, such as EndNote or Mendeley . You can then store your sources, retrieve citations and create reference lists with only a few clicks. For undergraduate students, Zotero has been recommended as it seems to be more user-friendly.
Using this kind of software will certainly save you time searching for and formatting references. However, you still need to become familiar with the citation style in your discipline and revise the formatting accordingly.
3. Plan before you write
If you were to build a house, you wouldn’t start by laying bricks at random. You’d start with a blueprint. Likewise, writing an academic paper requires careful planning: you need to decide the number of sections, their organisation, and the information and sources you will include in each.
Research shows students who prepare detailed outlines produce higher-quality texts. Planning will not only help you get better grades, but will also reduce the time you spend staring blankly at the screen thinking about what to write next.
During the planning stage, using programs like OneNote from Microsoft Office or Outline for Mac can make the task easier as they allow you to organise information in tabs. These bits of information can be easily rearranged for later drafting. Navigating through the tabs is also easier than scrolling through a long Word file.
4. Choose the right words
Which of these sentences is more appropriate for an assignment?
a. “This paper talks about why the planet is getting hotter”, or b. “This paper examines the causes of climate change”.
The written language used at university is more formal and technical than the language you normally use in social media or while chatting with your friends. Academic words tend to be longer and their meaning is also more precise. “Climate change” implies more than just the planet “getting hotter”.
To find the right words, you can use SkELL , which shows you the words that appear more frequently, with your search entry categorised grammatically. For example, if you enter “paper”, it will tell you it is often the subject of verbs such as “present”, “describe”, “examine” and “discuss”.
Another option is the Writefull app, which does a similar job without having to use an online browser.
5. Edit and proofread
If you’re typing the last paragraph of the assignment ten minutes before the deadline, you will be missing a very important step in the writing process: editing and proofreading your text. A 2018 study found a group of university students did significantly better in a test after incorporating the process of planning, drafting and editing in their writing.
You probably already know to check the spelling of a word if it appears underlined in red. You may even use a grammar checker such as Grammarly . However, no software to date can detect every error and it is not uncommon to be given inaccurate suggestions.
So, in addition to your choice of proofreader, you need to improve and expand your grammar knowledge. Check with the academic support services at your university if they offer any relevant courses.
Written communication is a skill that requires effort and dedication. That’s why universities are investing in support services – face-to-face workshops, individual consultations, and online courses – to help students in this process. You can also take advantage of a wide range of web-based resources such as spell checkers, vocabulary tools and referencing software – many of them free.
Improving your written communication will help you succeed at university and beyond.
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What Makes a Good Writing Assignment?
Why include writing in my courses?
What is writing to learn?
What is writing to engage?
What is writing in the disciplines?
What should I know about rhetorical situations?
Do I have to be an expert in grammar to assign writing?
What should I know about genre and design?
What should I know about second-language writing?
What teaching resources are available?
What should I know about WAC and graduate education?
What makes a good writing assignment?
How can I avoid getting lousy student writing?
What benefits might reflective writing have for my students?
Using Peer Review
Why consider collaborative writing assignments?
Do writing and peer review take up too much class time?
How can I get the most out of peer review?
Responding to Writing
How can I handle responding to student writing?
Sample Grading Sheets
How can writing centers support writing in my courses?
What writing resources are available for my students?
How can computer technologies support writing in my classes?
Designing and Assessing WAC Programs
What is a WAC program?
What designs are typical for WAC programs?
How can WAC programs be assessed?
More on WAC
Where can I learn more about WAC?
Surprisingly, teachers have been known to assign writing tasks without articulating to themselves what the task is supposed to do for students. Good writing assignments always start with a clear goal that the teacher can express, usually on the assignment sheet so that students understand the goal as well.
Good writing assignments also often take shape by thinking backwards. In effect, teachers ask themselves, "What do I want to read at the end of this assignment?" By working from what they anticipate the final product to look like, teachers can give students detailed guidelines about both the writing task and the final written product.
As you think about making up writing assignments, use these five principles:
- Tie the writing task to specific pedagogical goals, particularly those articulated in the overall course goals.
- Note rhetorical aspects of the task, i.e., audience, purpose, writing situation.
- Break down the task into manageable steps.
- Make all elements of the task clear.
- Include grading criteria on the assignment sheet.
Principle 1. Writing Should Meet Teaching Goals
Asking questions like these about your assignment will help guarantee that writing tasks tie directly to your teaching goals in the class:
- What specific course objectives will the writing assignment meet?
- Will informal or formal writing better meet teaching goals?
- Will students be writing to learn course material or writing conventions in the discipline or both?
- Does the assignment make sense?
Work Backward from Goals
Although it might seem awkward at first, working backwards from what you hope the final drafts will look like often produces the best assignment sheets. We recommend jotting down several points that will help you with this step in writing your assignments:
- Why should students write in your class? State your goals for the final product as clearly and concretely as possible.
- Determine what writing products will meet these goals and fit your teaching style/preferences.
- Note specific skills that will contribute to the final product.
- Sequence activities (reading, researching, writing) to build toward the final product.
Beyond the Basics
Writing tasks fill many different roles for students, so defining good writing assignments begins with the specific instructional context. For that reason, the first key to writing a good assignment is tying the task to the specific course goals. After taking your class and its goals into account, though, several other principles can improve the writing tasks you assign and the writing you get from students.
Principle 2. Consider the Rhetorical Situation
Perhaps most important, as noted in the five principles section, is to consider the rhetorical situation. By this, writing experts mean that you should think carefully about the audience you want students to write to as well as the particular genre or format for the final document and the larger context for the document.
Setting up your writing assignment so that the target reader is someone other than you, the teacher, might result in the most improvement in student writing. Students, after all, have had extensive experience writing to teachers, and students know that teachers are a "captive" audience. Your job mandates that you read carefully and respond to their texts. Chinn & Hilgers (2000) explain this role for the teachers as often limited to "corrector." However, instructors can move beyond the corrector role into a "collaborator" role by varying writing tasks, encouraging peer collaboration, and emphasizing professional contexts for writing. So for students, the teacher is not necessarily a reader or audience that will motivate the best possible work on a writing task. Indeed, Hilgers et al . (1999) report that their interview research with 33 upper-division students yielded an intriguing statistic: "56% of the interviewees also described one or more nonteacher audiences" (328) for their academic tasks. In many instances, the assignment called for a hypothetical audience other than the teacher, but even when the assignment didn't prompt students to write for readers other than the teacher, students directed their work toward "an individual they believed has specific content knowledge such as a CEO, coworker, or technician" (328).
Although some experts (Freedman et al ., 1994) argue that setting up a fictitious scenario with a specified audience does not motivate students any more highly than simply writing for the teacher, other practitioners across the disciplines have seen improvement in student writing when they use cases with embedded audiences for students' documents. (See, for instance, Brumberger, 2004; Cass & Fernandez, 2008; Stevens, 2005; Sulewski, 2003.)
A further extension of this move toward providing rich writing contexts beyond the teacher involves writing tasks that actually target real readers. Many senior design projects and management projects in engineering and natural resources involve pairing students with actual clients so that students must take into account the particular needs of their readers. Across many disciplines, teachers are investigating alternative methods to connect undergraduate writers with real audiences, including client-based partnerships (Kiefer & Leff, 2008; Kreth, 2005; Planken & Kreps, 2006;) and service-learning opportunities (Addams et al ., 2010; Bourelle, 2012), among other options.
But even if your particular class doesn't allow you to pair students with actual clients or other readers, consider ways in which you can create a meaningful context with readers beyond the teacher in the classroom (see, for example, Ward, 2009). Chamely-Wiik et al . (2012), for instance, describe in detail how, drawing on materials from The Council of Writing Program Administrators and The Foundation for Critical Thinking, they developed a case study writing context for first-year general chemistry students. As they explain,
Our initial case-study assignment, used for the first two years of the course, required students to explore the scientific principles involved in the Bhopal disaster where thousands of people died in an industrial chemical accident.... The second assignment, used in the third year, required students to formulate and defend an argument whether research in the field of cold fusion should continue to be supported. (504)
Students write with a local audience of classmates and a larger institutional context of the university community in mind. Students responded positively on affective surveys, a typical reaction to carefully designed writing tasks. More significantly, "students in this chemistry course outperformed the majority of students across all undergraduate levels at the university" (506). (For other examples of science students writing to lay audiences, see Martin, 2010; McDermott& Kuhn, 2011; Moni et al ., 2007; Sivey & Lee, 2008).
In addition to audience concerns, students also benefit from understanding how and why a particular format or genre helps them communicate with a target audience (especially when we think of genres as those recurring rhetorical reactions to typical communicative situations). From YouTube videos in organic chemistry (Franz, 2012) to position papers in public relations (Powell, 2012) to posters in physiology (Mulnix, 2003), teachers are helping students to write in genres that immediately connect them with the real readers of their future professional settings. (See also Blakeslee, 2001; Guilford, 2001; Jebb, 2005; LeBigot & Rouet, 2007; Mizrahi, 2003; Motavalli et al ., 2007; Schwartz et al ., 2004; Wald et al ., 2009.)
Why does this attention to audience and genre seem to matter so much to student writing? In recent years, several studies (Adam, 2000; Beaufort, 2004; Belfiore et al ., 2004; Freedman & Adam, 2000; Spinuzzi, 2010) have explored the reasons why writers attentive to specific contexts are more successful. In particular, workplace literacy and socio-cognitive apprenticeship theory (among related theoretical perspectives) both emphasize the role that knowledgeable mentors within a workplace play as they initiate newcomers to the communicative context. (See especially Beaufort, 2000, and Ding, 2008, for social apprenticeship studies and Paretti, 2008, on situated learning and activity theory.) As Dias et al . (1999) explain, writing is not a fixed set of skills that we learn once and then simply plug into as we need to communicate. Rather,
Written discourse... is regularized but not fixed; fluid, flexible, and dynamic; emerging and evolving in exigency and action; reflecting and incorporating social needs, demands, and structures, and responsive to social interpretations and reinterpretations of necessarily shifting, complex experiences. (23)
And, as a result of the fluidity of discourse in varied workplace settings, writers themselves should be prepared for major development of their communication skills when they enter new workplaces. MacKinnon's qualitative study (2000) of new analysts and economists at the Bank of Canada showed that
Overall, the writing-related changes were considerable, consequential, and a shock for some participants: "It's like going to China," said one. For most of the ten participants, the complex totality of the writing-related changes they experienced added up to a "sea change": a major shift in their understanding of what writing is an does in an organization, a revised understanding of the roles they saw for themselves as writing workers and as working writers, and often major changes in various aspects of the macro writing process. (50)
When students have opportunities as undergraduates or graduate/professional students to anticipate these major shifts, then the transitions to workplaces of all sorts become easier. For the most part, moreover, students recognize that apprenticeship learning in academic settings provides both more structured scaffolding of writing tasks and lower-stakes learning. They thus embrace the learning opportunities when offered to them in academic classes.
Principle 3. Break Down the Task into Manageable Steps
The fifth principle noted in the general section on "what makes a good writing assignment?" is to break down the task into manageable steps. Many teachers approach this element of good assignment design by thinking carefully about assignment sequence. One particularly thorough explanation of this process appears in Leydens & Santi (2006). This writing specialist and geoscientist take up the details of designing assignments with an eye to course goals. They also consider the importance of not overwhelming teachers and students (the Less is More approach) as they explain their specific process of questioning their assignments (pp. 493-497). (See also Lord, 2009, and Greasley & Cassidy, 2010.)
Scaffolded assignments, such as the agricultural economics assignment noted in the Additional Resources section, help students reach a larger goal by asking them to collect resources in stages. A final stage requires that students transform each of the earlier stages in a final document. Sequenced assignments, on the other hand, each stand independently, but each task builds on particular skills and challenges to enable students to meet a larger set of goals. Herrington (1997) describes a scaffolded assignment (71-72) with a preliminary plan for a major project followed by an annotated bibliography, early draft (with cover note focused on successes and challenges thus far) and final draft (with cover note). Mulnix & Mulnix (2010) also describe a similar argumentative assignment that uses sequenced tasks to repeat and reinforce critical thinking skills. See also Sin et al . (2007) for a sequence in accounting, Howell (2007) in materials science, Fencl (2010) on a sequence in physics, Zlatic et al . (2000) on pharmaceutical education, and Harding (2005) on freshman mechanical engineering. Coe (2011), on the other hand, describes a series of scaffolded writing tasks to help students build argument skills in philosophy, Alaimo et al . (2009) explain their project for sophomore organic chemistry students, and Lillig (2008) looks at upper-division chemistry.
Principles 4 and 5. Make the Assignment Clear to Students
A well-designed assignment will make the elements of the task clear to students. This includes identifying relevant intermediate assignments and activities, such as topic proposals or literature reviews for longer assignments, as well as providing information about relevant writing, research, and collaboration processes. In general, it is also advisable to list grading criteria on the assignment sheet. Making the assignment clear to students will help them better understand the scope and challenge of the assignment. It also is likely to produce better learning and performance.
Resource: Sample Assignment from an Advanced Undergraduate Agricultural Economics Seminar
Good analytical writing is a rigorous and difficult task. It involves a process of editing and rewriting, and it is common to do a half dozen or more drafts. Because of the difficulty of analytical writing and the need for drafting, we will be completing the assignment in four stages. A draft of each of the sections described below is due when we finish the class unit related to that topic (see due dates on syllabus). I will read the drafts of each section and provide comments; these drafts will not be graded but failure to pass in a complete version of a section will result in a deduction in your final assignment grade. Because of the time both you and I are investing in the project, it will constitute one-half of your semester grade.
Content, Concepts and Substance
Papers will focus on the peoples and policies related to population, food, and the environment of your chosen country. As well as exploring each of these subsets, papers need to highlight the interrelations among them. These interrelations should form part of your revision focus for the final draft. Important concepts relevant to the papers will be covered in class; therefore, your research should be focused on the collection of information on your chosen country or region to substantiate your themes. Specifically, the paper needs to address the following questions.
Developing countries have undergone large changes in population. Explain the dynamic nature of this continuing change in your country or region and the forces underlying the changes. Better papers will go beyond description and analyze the situation at hand. That is, go behind the numbers to explain what is happening in your country with respect to the underlying population dynamics: structure of growth, population momentum, rural/urban migration, age structure of population, unanticipated populations shocks, etc. DUE: WEEK 4.
What is the nature of food consumption in your country or region? Is the average daily consumption below recommended levels? Is food consumption increasing with economic growth? What is the income elasticity of demand? Use Engel's law to discuss this behavior. Is production able to stay abreast with demand given these trends? What is the nature of agricultural production: traditional agriculture or green revolution technology? Is the trend in food production towards self-sufficiency? If not, can comparative advantage explain this? Does the country import or export food? Is the politico-economic regime supportive of a progressive agricultural sector? DUE: WEEK 8.
This is the third issue to be covered in class. It is crucial to show in your paper the environmental impact of agricultural production techniques as well as any direct impacts from population changes. This is especially true in countries that have evolved from traditional agriculture to green revolution techniques in the wake of population pressures. While there are private benefits to increased production, the use of petroleum-based inputs leads to environmental and human health related social costs which are exacerbated by poorly defined property rights. Use the concepts of technological externalities, assimilative capacity, property rights, etc., to explain the nature of this situation in your country or region. What other environmental problems are evident? Discuss the problems and methods for economically measuring environmental degradation. DUE: WEEK 12.
4. Final Draft
The final draft of the project should consider the economic situation of agriculture in your specified country or region from the three perspectives outlined above. Key to such an analysis are the interrelationships of the three perspectives. How does each factor contribute to an overall analysis of the successes and problems in agricultural policy and production of your chosen country or region? The paper may conclude with recommendations, but, at the very least, it should provide a clear summary statement about the challenges facing your country or region. DUE: WEEK15.
Adam, C. (2000). "What do we learn from the readers? Factors in determining successful transitions between academic and workplace writing." In P. Dias and A. Paré (Eds.), Transitions: Writing in Academic and Workplace Settings ; pp. 167-182. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Addams, L.H., Woodbury, D., Allred, T., & Addams, J. (2010). Developing Student Communication Skills while Assisting Nonprofit Organizations. Business Communication Quarterly, 73 (3), 282-290.
Alaimo, P.J., Bean, J.C., Langenhan, J.M., & Nichols, L. (2009). Eliminating Lab Reports: A Rhetorical Approach for Teaching the Scientific Paper in Sophomore Organic Chemistry. The WAC Journal, 20 , 17-32.
Beaufort, A. (2004). Developmental gains of a history major: A case for building a theory of disciplinary writing expertise. Research in the Teaching of English, 39 (2), 136-185.
Beaufort, A. (2000). Learning the trade: A social apprenticeship model for gaining writing expertise. Written Communication, 17 (2), 185-224.
Belfiore, M.E., Defoe, T.A., Folinsbee, S., Hunter, J., & Jackson, N.S. (2004). Reading Work: Literacies in the New Workplace. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Blakeslee, A.M. (2001). Bridging the workplace and the academy: Teaching professional genres through classroom-workplace collaborations. Technical Communication Quarterly, 10 (2), 169-192.
Bourelle, T. (2012). Bridging the Gap between the Technical Communication Classroom and the Internship: Teaching Social Consciousness and Real-World Writing. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication, 42 (2), 183-197.
Brumberger, E.R. (2004). The "Corporate Correspondence Project": Fostering Audience Awareness and Extended Collaboration. Business Communication Quarterly, 67 (3), 349-58.
Cass, A.G., & Fernandes, C.S.T. (2008). Simulated conference submissions: A technique to improve student attitudes about writing. 2008 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Vols. 1-3 ; pp. 1535-1540.
Chamely,Wiik, D.M., Kaky, J.E., & Galin, J. (2012). From Bhopal to cold fusion: A case-study approach to writing assignments in honors general chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 89 (4), 502-508.
Chinn, P.W.U., & Hilgers. T.L. (2000). From corrector to collaborator: The range of instructor roles in writing-based natural and applied science classes. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 37 (1), 3-25.
Coe, C.D. (2011). Scaffolded writing as a tool for critical thinking: Teaching beginning students how to write arguments. Teaching Philosophy, 34 (1), 33-50.
Dias, P., Freedman, A., Medway, P., & Paré. (1999). "Introduction: Researching Writing at School and at Work." Worlds Apart: Acting and Writing in Academic and Workplace Contexts; pp. 3-13. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Dias, P., Freedman, A., Medway, P., & Paré. (1999). "Situating Writing." Worlds Apart: Acting and Writing in Academic and Workplace Contexts; pp. 17-41. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Ding, H. (2008). The use of cognitive and social apprenticeship to teach a disciplinary genre: Initiation of graduate students into NIH grant writing. Written Communication, 25 (1), 3-52.
Fencl, H.S. (2010). Development of Students' Critical-Reasoning Skills through Content-Focused Activities in a General Education Course. Journal of College Science Teaching, 39 (5), 56-62.
Franz, A.K. (2012). Organic chemistry YouTube writing assignment for large lecture classes. Journal of Chemical Education, 89 (4), 497-501.
Freedman, A., & Adam, C. (2000). "Write where you are: Situating learning to write in university and workplace settings." In P. Dias and A. Paré (Eds.), Transitions: Writing in Academic and Workplace Settings ; pp. 31-60. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Freedman, A., Adam, C., & Smart, G. (1994). Wearing suits to class: Simulating genres and simulations as genre. Written Communication, 11 (2), 193-226.
Greasley, P., & Cassidy, A. (2010). When it comes round to marking assignments: how to impress and how to 'distress' lecturers. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 35 (2), 173-189.
Guildford, W.H. (2001). Teaching peer review and the process of scientific writing. Advances in Physiology Education, 25 (3), 167-175.
Harding, B.A. (2005). "A simple mechanism to teach a complex practitioner knowledge set." Innovations in Engineering Education 2005 ; pp. 479-486. ASME.
Herrington, A. (1997). "Developing and responding to major writing projects ." In M.D. Sorcinelli & P. Elbow (Eds.), Writing to learn: Strategies for assigning and responding to writing across the disciplines , pp. 67-75. New directions for teaching the learning, No. 69 . San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Hilgers, T.L., Hussey, E.L., & Stitt-Bergh, M. (1999). "As you're writing, you have these epiphanies": What college students say about writing and learning in their majors. Written Communication, 16 (3), 317-353.
Howell, P.R. (2007). "Writing to specification: An approach to teaching scientific literacy, and a prelude to writing 'The World of Materials' essays." In J.E.E. Baglin (Ed.), Proceedings of the Symposium and Forum Education in Materials Science, Engineering and Technology ; pp. 247-289.
Kiefer, K., & Leff, A. (2008). "Client-based writing about science: Immersing science students in real writing contexts." Across the Disciplines , vol. 5 .
Kreth, M.L. (2005). A Small-Scale Client Project for Business Writing Students: Developing a Guide for First-Time Home Buyers. Business Communication Quarterly, 68 (1), 52-59.
LeBigot, L., & Rouet, J.F. (2007). The impact of presentation format, task assignment, and prior knowledge on students' comprehension of multiple online documents. Journal of Literacy Research, 39 (4), 445-470.
Leydens, J., & Santi, P. (2006). Optimizing faculty use of writing as a learning tool in geoscience education. Journal of Geoscience Education , 54 (4), 491-502.
Lillig, J.W. (2008). Writing across the semester: A non-standard term paper that encourages critical data analysis in the upper-division chemistry classroom. Journal of Chemical Education, 85 (10), 1392-1394.
Lord, S.M. (2009). Integrating effective "writing to communicate" experiences in engineering courses: Guidelines and examples. International Journal of Engineering Education, 25 (1), 196-204.
MacKinnon, J. (1993). "Becoming a rhetor: Developing writing ability in a mature, writing-intensive organization." In R. Spilka (Ed.), Writing in the Workplace: New Research Perspectives ; pp. 41-55. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP.
Martin, A.M. (2010). "Astronomy and writing: A first-year cosmology course for nonmajors." In J. Barnes, D.A. Smith, M.G. Gibbs, and J.G. Manning (Eds.), Science Education and Outreach: Forging a Path to the Future . Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, Vol. 431; pp. 368-371. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McDermott, M., & Kuhn, M. (2011). Using writing for alternative audiences in a college integrated science course. Journal of College Science Teaching, 41 (1), 40-45.
Mizrahi, J. (2003). Teaching technical writing to university students using the medical report. STC's 50 th Annual Conference Proceedings ; 190-193.
Moni, R.W., Hryciw, D.H., Poronnik, P., & Moni, K.B. (2007). Using explicit teaching to improve how bioscience students write to the lay public. Advances in Physiology Education, 31 (2), 167-75.
Motavalli, P.P., Patton, M.D., & Miles, R.J. (2007). Use of web-based student extension publications to improve undergraduate student writing skills. Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education, 36 : 95-102.
Mulnix, A.B. (2003). Investigations of Protein Structure and Function Using the Scientific Literature: An Assignment for an Undergraduate Cell Physiology Course. Cell Biology Education, 2 (4), 248-255.
Mulnix, J.W., & Mulnix, M.J. (2010). Using a writing portfolio project to teach critical thinking skills. Teaching Philosophy, 33 (1), 27-54.
Paretti, M.C. (2008). Teaching communication in capstone design: The role of the instructor in situated learning. Journal of Engineering Education, 97 (4), 491-503.
Planken, B., & Kreps, A.J. Raising Students' Awareness of the Implications of Multimodality for Content Design and Usability: The Web Site Project. Business Communication Quarterly, 69 (4), 421-425.
Powell, V. (2012). Revival of the Position Paper: Aligning Curricula and Professional Competencies. Communication Teacher, 26 (2), 96-103.
Schwartz, R.S., Lederman, N.G., & Crawford, B.A. (2004). Developing view of nature of science in an authentic context: An explicit approach to bridging the gap between nature of science and scientific inquiry. Science Education, 88 (4), 610-645.
Sin, S., Jones, A., & Petocz, P. (2007). Evaluating a method of integrating generic skills with accounting content based on a functional theory of meaning. Accounting and Finance, 47 (1), 143-163.
Sivey, J.D., & Lee, C.M. (2008). Using popular magazine articles to teach the art of writing for nontechnical audiences. Journal of Chemical Education, 85 (1), 55-58.
Spinuzzi, C. (2010). Secret sauce and snake oil: Writing monthly reports in a highly contingent environment. Written Communication, 27 (4), 363-409.
Stevens, B. (2005). The Car Accident: An Exercise in Persuasive Writing. Communication Teacher, 19 (2), 62-67.
Sulewski, R. (2003). Integrating communication and technical material int eh first-year engineering curriculum: The role of the laboratory. STC's 50 th Annual Conference Proceedings ; 176-178.
Wald, H.S., Davis, S.W., Reis, S.P., Monroe, A.D., & Borkan, J.M. (2009). Reflecting on reflections: Enhancement of medical education curriculum with structured field notes and guided feedback. Academic Medicine, 84 (7), 830-837.
Ward, M., Sr. (2009). Squaring the learning circle: Cross-classroom collaborations and the impact of audience on student outcomes in professional writing. Journal of Business and Technical Communication, 23 (1), 61-82.
Zlatic, T.D., Nowak, D.M., & Sylvester, D. (2000). Integrating general and professional education through a study of herbal products: An intercollegiate collaboration. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 64 (1), 83-94.
Related Web Sites
[email protected] ( http://www.engl.niu.edu/wac/ ) has two useful items in their archives under "Ccomputer-intensive assignments" in the first Key Web Sites section of links:
- "checklist, a series of questions to help plan writing assignments"
(If the questions under rhetorical situation confuse you, call our Writing Center for a quick explanation.)
- "setting up a writing assignment"
[email protected] includes a much more detailed explanation of how and why to design writing assignments at http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/teaching/fys/assignmentwriting.cfm .
13 Best Tips To Write An Assignment
Whenever the new semester starts, you will get a lot of assignment writing tasks. Now you enter the new academic session; you have been given your course material and assigned assignment writing tasks for every subject and are ready to go. Are you ready?
If you say A BIG NO, we can understand your situation. Many students don’t know the tips to write an assignment; they open a blank document and think about how to write an assignment, and nothing happens for a long time!
If you want to score well on your assignments? You must need to know the important things about how to write an assignment .
Using these 13 tips to write an assignment. These will help you to write a good assignment.
What Is An Assignment?
Table of Contents
An assignment is an academic assignment or work. It allows students to learn, exercise, and show they have gained their learning objectives. Also, it gives proof to the teacher that the students have gained their objectives.
It is a process of giving a certain job or piece of work to someone or transmitting someone to a selected place to do a job: assigning different assignments. These are the following types of assignments, such as;
- Business Reports
- Case Study Assignments
- Class Presentations
- Lab Reports
- Research Papers
How To Write An Assignment?
These are the following best 13 tips to write an assignment. It is such as;
1. Select And Understand The Topic
- If you are free to choose your assignment topic, select the topic that interests you, which will help you develop an interesting and informative assignment.
- If your professor has assigned you a topic, you need to start researching this topic.
2. Research Your Topic Well
- After deciding on the assignment topic, it is important to research it well.
- Take help from books and classroom notes.
- You can also search online and visit the library or contact the librarian for better references.
3. Collect Information
- A good way to start collecting information is to recollect your books, lecture notes, and course materials.
- You can collect the information from the internet as well.
4. Structure Of Your Assignment
- Every assignment has a different assignment structure.
- Three sections must always appear on writing an assignment.
- It includes an introduction, a body section, and, finally, a conclusion.
- Other different forms of assignment structure are headings.
- If you are unaware of an assignment format, you can get help from your professor.
5. Outline For Write An Assignment
- First of all, outline the general assignment to save your time.
- It makes it easy for you to organize their ideas or points.
- It also helps to divide the assignment into sections.
- The outline contains the main points as well as the assignment’s theme.
6. Start With the Introduction
- An introduction is a key aspect that hints the reader into further discussion.
- Keep the introduction short.
- Keeping the word count in control is necessary, but it doesn’t mean you make the introduction boring.
- It would help if you made the introduction interesting and attractive.
- In the introduction, you must define the purpose or goal of the assignment.
7. Take Care With The Language
- The language that you use should be simple and understandable.
- Try using easy and simple words.
- Avoid using complex sentences.
- Also, check the readability of your assignment.
8. Main Body Of An Assignment
- You can use five to six sentences in body paragraphs.
- When you start to discuss a new idea, create a new paragraph
- Always mention the question in the main body of your assignment
- Conclusions are easy to write but can also be challenging if ignored the initial instructions.
- Your conclusion is your final step to summarise your assignment.
- A conclusion for an assignment should leave a lifelong impression on your reader.
- You don’t introduce any new ideas in your conclusion. This section is only used for summarising your previous arguments.
References play an important role in assignments. When you write an assignment, you will use the concepts and ideas of other writers.
Referencing is usually considered in two forms-
- End-texting referencing
It appears at the end of the writing section.
- In-texting referencing
It appears on the body of assignments with the author’s name and the date of the source.
Here are some important tips to write an assignment reference-
Arrange the references in an alphabetical list at the end of the assignment.
Suppose your teacher needs to specify a significant referencing style. You can use the APA style of referencing for your assignment.
APA, MLA, Harvard, and Chicago are the various referencing styles used in universities.
11. Revise And Proofread Your Assignment Before Submission
Once you complete your assignment, you need to revise it to ensure that you don’t miss anything. You need to check-
- Is Your assignment structure correct or not?
- The assignment title, introduction, conclusion, and reference list are complete.
- Check if your assignment is well presented or not.
The content of your assignment is well-arranged.
12. Get Expert Help If Needed.
Take online assignment help services from expert writers to get an error-free assignment.
Save your time by taking online homework help services.
You will get a 100% plagiarism-free assignment within the deadline.
13. Submit The Assignment.
After completing an error-free assignment , you should always submit it before the deadline.
The above tips to write an assignment help you in writing your assignment effectively. Follow these tips to write an assignment sincerely and obtain excellent grades.
Brain activity before writing an assignment
Before we explain the tips to write an assignment. Now we will discuss the brain activity or the points you must remember before writing an assignment-
These are the hints that you must capture in your mind to include your brilliant ideas in an assignment.
Create a Picture in Mind
It would help if you remembered all the ideas and put them on paper. Don’t think which one is right or which one is wrong. The objective of brain activity is not to judge. You can remove the ideas later if it is not appropriate.
Make a sequence of your ideas.
After writing down your ideas, make a sequence of them before starting to write. Sort them as per the priority and can also reshuffle them. Use markers, pens, and highlighters and mark as per the priority.
Try to include questions – What, when, why, who, how.
Consider the word limit.
Always take care of the word limit. Also, break down the main points into the sections of your assignment. For example, If you assign the assignment writing tasks and a word limit of 1500, remember to include relevant content in the introduction and conclusion. In the body paragraph, you will detail all the main points.
Now you can start writing. It is not the time to worry about which ideas you must include because you already make a sequence. You need to turn your rough draft into a perfect assignment.
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- How To Write Good Assignment
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Conclusion (Tips To Write An Assignment)
The above discussion includes the assignment writing tips. It will help you in writing an assignment. If you want to write an assignment perfectly, then follow these tips to write an assignment. This will help you to achieve good grades in your assignments. or get connected with us.
FAQ (tips to write an assignment)
What is the body of an assignment.
It is the main part of an assignment where you present all your arguments and logically analyze them by following the tips to write an assignment.
What word can I use to start a conclusion?
Following words you can use to start a conclusion: Taking everything into account in the synopsis, all things considered, to summarize, etc.
What is the context of the assignment?
Context refers to the situation which tells the reader why the document is written and how it was written.
How to Write an Assignment Introduction – 6 Best Tips
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How To Delete An Assignment In Google Classroom
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Home / Blog / 15 foolproof tips for writing a great assignment
15 foolproof tips for writing a great assignment
15th Aug 2015
If you’re the kind of person that only has to hear the word “assignment” and immediately has flashbacks to stuffy classrooms, ticking clocks and staring a blank page for hours….DON’T PANIC.
Our 15 foolproof tips for writing a great assignment will guide you to success.
Before you start…
1. do your reading.
Your course or module will have a reading list; make sure you actually use it! Your tutors choose texts to specifically help with your assignments and modules, and you’ll gain some valuable insights into the topic that are sure to make writing your assignment easier.
Expert tip: If you have the time, do some reading from other sources not on your list to back up your argument.
2. Check the deadline
There’s nothing worse than scheduling time to sit down and write then glancing at the calendar and realising you’ve only got a few days left. Double-checking the deadline means you’ll have no nasty surprises.
Expert tip: There are many apps out there that can add a ‘countdown’ to your phone or tablet. Use these to keep your assignment deadline front of mind.
3. Plan your time
Finding time to write is easier said than done, but if you break your time down into manageable chunks you’ll find it’s much easier to keep on top of your workload. Try scheduling mini-deadlines along the way (e.g. aim to have the first section done by a certain day) to keep your momentum going.
Expert tip: Be realistic about the time you have spare, and the time you’re willing to give up. If you schedule a writing session at 9 p.m. on Friday evening when you’d rather be relaxing, chances are you won’t get anything done.
4. Ask for help (if you need it)
If there’s any doubt in your mind about the question or the requirements of the assignment, ask your tutor. It’s better to start right than have to re-write in the last few days.
Expert tip: Remember, your tutor wants you to do well. He or she will not be annoyed if you need to ask a few questions.
5. Plan your assignment structure
Before you start, it can help to create a basic assignment structure. This can be as detailed as you like but the basic structure should contain your introduction points, your key arguments and points, and your planned conclusion.
Expert tip: Try writing out your plan on sticky notes. These will allow you to rearrange your arguments and points easily as your plan develops.
As you’re writing…
You wouldn’t start a conversation without introducing yourself; your assignment is the same. Your first paragraph should introduce your key argument, add a bit of context and the key issues of the question, and then go on to explain how you plan to answer it.
Expert tip: Some people find it easier to write their introduction after they’ve finished the rest of their assignment. Give it a try!
7. Structure your argument
As you write the body of your assignment, make sure that each point you make has some supporting evidence. Use statistics or quotes you gathered during your reading to support your argument, or even as something to argue against.
Expert tip: If you’re using a lot of different sources, it’s easy to forget to add them to your reference list. Make things easier for yourself by writing it as you go along.
Your conclusion is your final chance to summarise your argument and leave a lasting impression with your reader. Make sure you recap the key points and arguments you made in your assignment, including supporting evidence if needed.
Expert tip: Make sure that you don’t introduce any new ideas in your conclusion; this section is purely for summarising your previous arguments.
9. Getting over writer’s block
Struggling to write? There’s nothing more frustrating than putting aside time to write and then just staring at a blank page. Luckily, there are lots of thing to try to get you inspired: a change of scenery, putting on some music, writing another section of the essay or just taking a short break.
Expert tip: If you find yourself unable to write, try to use your time to read ahead or re-read what you’ve already written.
10. Make sure you use your ‘essay voice’
While each university, school or each college will probably have its own style guide, you should always use a neutral and professional tone when writing an assignment. Try to avoid slang, overly-familiar phrases and definitely don’t use text-speak!
Expert tip: If you’re not sure about a phrase or word, search for it online to see what other publications use it. If it’s in a dictionary or used by a national newspaper it’s probably OK to use in your assignment.
After you finish…
11. get a little distance.
If you’ve got time (and you should have if you managed to stick to your schedule!), put your first draft aside for a day or two before re-reading it. This will give you time to step back and read your assignment objectively, making it easier to spot mistakes and issues.
Expert tip: If you find it easier to review on paper, print out your assignment with double-line spacing to accommodate your notes and corrections.
12. Make sure you’ve answered the question
As you’re reading through your first draft of your assignment, check that all your points are relevant to the original question. It’s easy to drift off on a tangent when you’re in mid-flow.
Expert tip: Read each paragraph and consider it on its own merit as to whether it answers the question, and also to check that it contributes to your overall argument.
13. Don’t be afraid to cut text out
Sometimes, when you’ve struggled to reach a word count it can be hard to remove text that you’ve slaved over. But if a piece of text isn’t supporting your argument then it doesn’t have a place in your assignment.
Expert tip: With word processing software, the ‘Track Changes’ feature allows you to edit text without losing it forever. And if you realise later that you’ve made a mistake, just reject the change.
14. Check and double-check your spelling
Nothing can give a bad impression as quickly as a spelling mistake. Errors are distracting, look unprofessional and in the worst case they can undermine your argument. If you’re unsure about the correct use of a word, look it up online or use an alternative that you’re more comfortable with.
Expert tip: While you’re running your spell-checker, check your word count too. You’re usually allowed to deviate by 10% above or below the assignment word count, but check with your institution’s guidelines.
15. Cite your sources
References and creating a bibliography are key skills that you unfortunately have to master when writing an assignment. Check your institution’s guidelines before you start to make sure you’re including all the information you need.
Expert tip: Some eBooks have a citation feature that automatically collates all the information you need for your bibliography.
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Most Effective Tips for Writing an Impressive Assignment
When in college, you have to accomplish all of your assignments as part of your education. One of the most common assignments is written essays that will contribute to your grade at the end of your course.
But you might feel apprehensive when you receive such an assignment, especially if it's your first time. You might not feel like you have the necessary skills to write a good essay. But there are certain tips you can use to write a good assignment and lay your apprehensions to rest.
Research and plan
When you take on a course, you will receive a reading list. Familiarize yourself with it right away because your professors will choose texts from this list that will specifically help you with your tasks and assignments. Reading what's on your list will provide you with valuable insight into the topics you have to write about. It will make life easier for you when you need to write an assignment.
After researching, you should make a schedule for writing your assignments. Stick to your schedule. Also, double-check your deadline so you won't have to feel overwhelmed when you realize that your deadline is right around the corner. Break down your time and tasks into more manageable chunks so that you will always be on top of your work. Make a schedule that consists of mini-deadlines. Knowing that you have completed a task will keep you motivated.
Understand your assignment and take notes
Before starting your assignment, make sure that you understand it because writing an essay that contains irrelevant information or isn't coherent will prove disastrous. You should always know what you're doing and what you need to convey. If needed, rereading the instructions will help you understand what's expected of you. Moreover, you also need to determine how long the essay should be and how you will proceed with it.
Note-taking is another important aspect of writing. Before you start, you must collect various materials and resources relevant to your topic. You should also create an outline that will guide you. Go through various research materials, then take down notes on the most crucial information that you can include in your work. The writing process will become more manageable when you have all of the information you need.
Assignment writing by professionals
As a student in college, you have the option to ask for help when you need to complete an assignment and you have no time to do it. Since written tasks are an unavoidable aspect of college education, the best thing you can do is to seek assistance when you need it. The writers at AssignmentBro helped with my assignment writing in college. Thanks to their professional writers, I still had plenty of time to study and tackle my other responsibilities.
Use various resources
Aside from the deadlines and instructions that your professor will provide, they might also recommend some resources to you. Sadly, this is something that many students tend to overlook. For instance, for you to understand how your professor will grade your assignment, you will need to examine their rubric. This is a chart that provides information on what you must do. You will also learn about the objectives of the assignments or the learning outcomes.
Other resources you might receive include reading lists, lecture recordings, discussion boards, and sample assignments. Usually, you will find all of these resources in an online platform known as a Learning Management System (LMS). Research has shown that students who use LMS tend to get higher grades. If you still have any questions, you can ask your professor either online or offline.
Determine the objective and structure of your assignment
The next thing you need to do is to define the objectives of your written work and its structure. This is where you will determine the pattern of a well-written assignment. You want to make your work look impressive in the eyes of your reader. One way to accomplish this is to include more theoretical content and details in your essay.
Make sure all of your paragraphs flow smoothly
It's not enough for the essay writing project assigned to you to provide enough information. It's also important to remain coherent. You must link each paragraph to each other.
This will keep your reader connected with the content . To achieve this, you need to go back to your plan for your assignment, then search for significant concepts that will help you connect the paragraphs smoothly. Here's an easy tip to do this - include phrases or words that will attract the eyes of your readers while supporting the context of your written assignment.
University life is full of challenges. One of which is the writing of assignments that will require higher communication, critical thinking, and information gathering skills that you may have practiced in high school. Instead of feeling daunted because of your assignments, use the tips you learned to make things easier for you.
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